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Chinese Text Project

U+59D3

Seal script

Jiaguwen
𤯣
Semantic variant
𤯧
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 5 strokes = 8 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.431#7 Kangxi: p.259#05 Cihai: p.381r6c02 GSR: 812.q Hanyu: v2,p1037#12
Composition:Left: , right: . Compositionally related: 𤯕 .
Mandarin:xìng ㄒㄧㄥˋ
Cantonese:seng3 sing3
Tang reconstruction:siɛ̀ng
Shuowen:女部》姓:人所生也。古之神聖母,感天而生子,故稱天子。从女从生,生亦聲。《春秋傳》曰:「天子因生以賜姓。」
Guangyun:廣韻·去聲··》姓:姓氏。《說文》云:姓人所生也,古之神聖母感天而生子故稱天子从女生聲又姓漢書貨殖傳臨菑姓偉貲五千万。
Kangxi:康熙字典·女部·》姓:〔古文〕𤯧𤯣《唐韻》《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤息正切,音性。《說文》人所生也。《左傳·隱八年》天子建德因生以賜姓。又孫謂之子姓。《·周南》振振公姓。《楚語》率其子姓,從其時享。又晐姓,備庶媵也。《吳語》一介嫡女願執箕箒,以晐姓于王宮。又百姓,民庶也。《·堯典》平章百姓。又百官族姓。《酒誥》越百姓里居。又生子曰姓。《左傳·昭四年》庚宗之婦人,獻以雉。問其姓,對曰:余子長矣,能奉雉而從我矣。又姓。《前漢·食貨志》臨葘人姓偉,貲五千萬。《註》姓,姓也。偉,其名。又推律定姓。京房本姓李,推律定姓爲京氏。又筮易得姓,陸羽不知所生,自筮得蹇之漸,乃姓陸,名羽,字鴻漸。又《集韻》師庚切,音生。人名。《春秋·哀四年》蔡殺其大夫公孫姓。又叶桑經切,音星。《·唐風》豈無他人,不如我同姓。叶上菁。《鄭曉曰》姓,字从女生。上古八大姓,姜姬嬀姒嬴姞姚妘,皆从女。𠇷,从人。
考證:〔䀭姓,備庶媵也。《吳語》一介嫡女願執箕箒,以䀭姓于王宮。〕謹照原文兩䀭字俱改晐。〔《君奭》越百姓里居。〕謹照原書君奭改爲酒誥。〔京房本姓李,推律定性爲京氏。〕謹照漢書京房傳定性改定姓。
Fanqie:息正 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:one's family name; clan, people

Example usage

論語·述而》:君取於吳為同,謂之吳孟子。
The prince married a daughter of the house of Wu, of the same surname with himself, and called her, 'The elder Zi of Wu.'
孟子·萬章下》:有貴戚之卿,有異之卿。
There are the high ministers who are noble and relatives of the prince, and there are those who are of a different surname.
禮記·緇衣》:子曰:「上人疑則百惑,下難知則君長勞。」
The Master said, "when the highest among men has doubts and perplexities, the common people go astray. When (the ministers) below him are difficult to be understood, the toil of the ruler is prolonged."
孝經·孝治》:故得百之歡心,以事其先君。
Thus it was that they got all their people with joyful hearts (to assist them) in serving the rulers, their predecessors.
揚子法言》:或曰:「有人焉,曰雲孔而字仲尼,入其門,升其堂,伏其几,襲其裳,則可謂仲尼乎?」
Someone said: Suppose there is a man who says that his surname is Kong, and his name Zhongni. If he enters Confucius's gate, ascends his hall, sits in his chair, and wears his clothes, then may he be called Confucius?
莊子·在宥》:天下好知,而百求竭矣。
All were eager for knowledge, and the people were exhausted with their searchings (after what was good).
道德經》:聖人不仁,以百為芻狗。
The sages do not act from (any wish to be) benevolent; they deal with the people as the dogs of grass are dealt with.
商君書·更法》:今吾欲變法以治,更禮以教百,恐天下之議我也。
I intend, now, to alter the laws, so as to obtain orderly government, and to reform the rites, so as to teach the people; but I am afraid the empire will criticize me.
孫子兵法·作戰》:國之貧于師者遠輸,遠輸則百貧,近于師者貴賣,貴賣則百財竭,財竭則急于丘役,力屈財殫,中原內虛于家,百之費,十去其七,公家之費,破車罷馬,甲冑矢弩,戟楯蔽櫓,丘牛大車,十去其六。
Poverty of the State exchequer causes an army to be maintained by contributions from a distance. Contributing to maintain an army at a distance causes the people to be impoverished. On the other hand, the proximity of an army causes prices to go up; and high prices cause the people's substance to be drained away. When their substance is drained away, the peasantry will be afflicted by heavy exactions. With this loss of substance and exhaustion of strength, the homes of the people will be stripped bare, and three-tenths of their income will be dissipated; while government expenses for broken chariots, worn-out horses, breast-plates and helmets, bows and arrows, spears and shields, protective mantles, draught-oxen and heavy wagons, will amount to four-tenths of its total revenue.
史記·五帝本紀》:黃帝者,少典之子,公孫,名曰軒轅。
Huangdi (Yellow emperor) was the son of Shaodian. His surname was Gongsun, and his prename Xuanyuan.
荀子·》:下覆百,上飾帝王。
說苑·君道》:好善道不能甚,則百之親之也,亦不能甚。
春秋繁露·竹林》:自是之後,頃公恐懼,不聽聲樂,不飲酒食肉,內愛百,問疾吊霄,外敬諸侯。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:寬而容眾,百信之。
大戴禮記·主言》:畢弋田獵之得,不以盈宮室也:徵斂於百,非以充府庫也。
白虎通德論·》:故《論語》曰:「有過,在予一人。
新書·脩政語上》:故道以數取之為明,以數行之為章,以數施之萬為藏。
新序·善謀下》:四人前對,各言其名,上乃驚曰:「吾求公數歲,公避逃我,今公何自從吾兒游乎?」
中論·虛道》:是以辜罪昭著,腥德發聞,百傷心,鬼神怨痛,曾不自聞,愈休如也。
孔子家語·始誅》:若是三年而百正矣。
潛夫論·思賢》:是故先王為官擇人,必得其材,功加於人,德稱其位,人謀鬼謀,百與能,務順以動天地如此
論衡·奇怪》:禹母吞薏苡而生禹,故夏曰姒。
太玄經·》:人或陰言,百和之。
風俗通義·六國》:哀之,為之語曰:「楚雖三戶,亡秦必楚。」
孔叢子·廣言》:、命、孥,子也。
申鑒·政體》:上下睹利害之存乎己也,故肅恭其心,慎脩其行,內不忒惑,外無異望,慮其暏去徼倖,無罪過不憂懼,請謁無所聽,財賂無所用,則民志平矣。
新語·道基》:故虐行則怨積,德布則功興,百以德附,骨肉以仁親,夫婦以義合,朋友以義信,君臣以義序,百官以義承,曾、閔以仁成大孝,伯姬以義建至貞,守國者以仁堅固,佐君者以義不傾,君以仁治,臣以義平,鄉黨以仁恂恂,朝廷以義便便,美女以貞顯其行,烈士以義彰其名,陽氣以仁生,陰節以義降,《鹿鳴》以仁求其群,《關雎》以義鳴其雄,《春秋》以仁義貶絕,《詩》以仁義存亡,《乾》、《坤》以仁和合,《八卦》以義相承,《書》以仁敘九族,君臣以義制忠,《禮》以仁盡節,樂以禮升降。
獨斷·卷上》:刺史太守相劾奏申下上遷書文亦如之,其徵為九卿,若遷京師,近臣則言官具言名,其免若得罪無
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:群臣異有功封者,謂之徹侯。
墨子·經說上》:命之馬,類也。
列子·黃帝》:又十有五年,憂天下之不治,竭聰明,進智力,營百,焦然肌色皯黣,昏然五情爽惑。
鶡冠子·天則》:夫使百釋己而以上為心者,教之所期也。
文子·道原》:真人者,大己而小天下,貴治身而賤治人,不以物滑和,不以欲亂情,隱其名,有道則隱,無道則見,為無為,事無事,知不知也,懷天道,包天心,噓吸陰陽,吐故納新,與陰俱閉,與陽俱開,與剛柔卷舒,與陰陽俯仰,與天同心,與道同體。
列仙傳·老子》:老子李名耳,字伯陽,陳人也。
老子河上公章句》:德化厚,百安。
韓非子·主道》:是故明君之行賞也,曖乎如時雨,百利其澤。
慎子·威德》:聖人雖不憂人之危,百准上而比於下,其必取己安焉,則聖人無事也。
諫逐客書》:孝公用商鞅之法,移風易俗,民以殷盛,國以富彊,百樂用,諸侯親服,獲楚、魏之師,舉地千里,至今治彊。
管子·輕重己》:以秋日至始,數四十六日,秋盡而冬始,天子服黑絻黑而靜處,朝諸侯卿大夫列士,循於百,發號出令曰:「毋行大火,毋斬大山,毋塞大水,毋犯天之隆」,天子之冬禁也。
吳子·圖國》:吳子曰:「昔之圖國家者,必先教百而親萬民。」
六韜·盈虛》:戴其君如日月,親其君如父母。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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