Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates Follow us on sina.com's microblogging site to receive important updates Follow us on Douban to receive important updates
Chinese Text Project

U+5B50

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant

Semantic variant
𡐫
Semantic variant
𢀈
Semantic variant
𢀉
Semantic variant
𣕓
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 0 strokes = 3 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.253#30 Kangxi: p.277#01 Cihai: p.395r1c01 GSR: 964.a Hanyu: v2,p1006#06
Composition:Component of: 𡤽 𠨯 𡥀 𫥱 𫲡 𡤾 𭒶 𡤿 𭒷 𡥁 𭒸 𡥂 𭒹 𡵇 𨸀 [More]
Mandarin: zi ㄗˇ ㄗ·
Cantonese:zi2
Tang reconstruction:*tziə̌
Shuowen:子部》子:十一月,陽气動,萬物滋,人以為偁。象形。凡子之屬皆从子。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》子:子息環濟要略曰子猶孳也,孳恤下之稱也,亦辰名。《爾雅》云:太歳在子曰困敦又殷姓又漢複姓十一氏左傳鄭大夫子人氏魯大夫子服氏子家羈莊子有子桑扈皇子吿敖何氏姓苑有子乾子仲子工子革子臧子師等氏。即里切,八。
Kangxi:康熙字典·子部·子部》子:〔古文〕㜽𢀈𢀉𡐫𣕓《唐韻》卽里切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》祖似切,𠀤音梓。《說文》十一月陽氣動,萬物滋入,以爲稱。《徐鍇曰》十一月夜半,陽氣所起。人承陽,故以爲稱。又《廣韻》息也。《增韻》嗣也。《易·序卦傳》有男女,然後有夫婦。有夫婦,然後有父子。《白虎通》王者父天母地曰天子。天子之子曰元子。《·顧命》用敬保元子釗。又《儀禮·喪服》諸侯之子稱公子。又凡適長子曰冢子,卽宗子也。其適夫人之次子,或衆妾之子,曰別子,亦曰支子。《禮·曲禮》支子不祭,祭必告於宗子。又男子之通稱。《顏師古曰》子者,人之嘉稱,故凡成德,謂之君子。《王肅曰》子者,有德有爵之通稱。又自世婦以下自稱曰婢子,見《禮記·曲禮》。又卿之妻曰內子。《儀禮·有司徹註》內子不薦籩。又《禮·檀弓》兄弟之子猶子也。又《前漢·嚴助傳註》令子出就婦家爲贅壻,曰贅子。又人君愛養百姓曰子。又辰名。《爾雅·釋天》太歲在子曰困敦。《前漢·律歷志》孳萌於子。又《禮·王制》公侯伯子男,凡五等。《疏》子者,奉恩宣德。又左庶子,中庶子,官名。又國名。《括地志》子城,在渭州莘城縣。又長子,縣名。周史辛甲所封,後爲趙邑,屬上黨。又姓。《史記·殷本紀》契,母吞鳦子而生,故曰子氏。又複姓。《左傳》鄭大夫子人氏,魯大夫子服氏,子家氏。又子細,猶分別。《北史·源思禮傳》爲政當舉大綱,何必太子細也。《正字通》子讀若薺,方語別也。俗作仔細。又去聲,才四切。《中庸》子庶民也。徐邈讀。又與慈通。《禮·樂記》易直子諒之心,油然生矣。《韓詩外傳》子諒作慈良。又叶濟口切,音走。《前漢·班固敘傳》侯王之祉,祚及孫子。公族蕃衍,枝葉暢茂。茂音某。又叶子德切,音則。《·豳風》旣取我子,無毀我室。《楊愼·古音叢目》與朱傳同。
考證:〔女子亦稱子。《禮·曲禮》夫人自稱曰婢子。〕謹按自稱曰婢子乃世婦以下之稱,非夫人也。夫人自稱曰小童,不曰婢子。据改自世婦以下自稱曰婢子,見禮記曲禮。〔《爾雅·釋歲》太歲在子曰困敦。〕謹照原書釋歲改釋天。
Fanqie:即里 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
Unihan definition:offspring, child; fruit, seed of; 1st terrestrial branch

CTP Dictionary


ㄗˇ (1.1): 孩子,子嗣。兼指兒子和女兒。 Child, heir. Refers to both sons and daughters.
墨子·親士》:雖有慈父,不愛無益之
Even the affectionate father will not love his useless sons.
論語·八佾》:或曰:「孰謂鄹人之知禮乎?」
Some one said, "Who say that the son of the man of Zou knows the rules of propriety!"
孟子·梁惠王下》:老而無曰獨。
The old and childless, or solitaries.
史記·五帝本紀》:黃帝者,少典之,姓公孫,名曰軒轅
Huangdi (Yellow emperor) was the son of Shaodian. His surname was Gongsun, and his prename Xuanyuan.
禮記·曲禮上》:凡為人之禮:冬溫而夏凊,昏定而晨省,在醜夷不爭
For all sons it is the rule: In winter, to warm (the bed for their parents), and to cool it in summer; in the evening, to adjust everything (for their repose), and to inquire (about their health) in the morning; and, when with their companions, not to quarrel.
說苑·建本》:曾子自以無罪,使人謝孔子,孔子曰:「汝聞瞽叟有名曰舜,舜之事父也,索而使之,未嘗不在側,求而殺之,未嘗可得。」
ㄗˇ (1.2): 慈愛。 Love, charity.
禮記·禮運》:選賢與能,講信修睦,故人不獨親其親,不獨其子,使老有所終,壯有所用,幼有所長,矜寡孤獨廢疾者,皆有所養。
They chose men of talents, virtue, and ability; their words were sincere, and what they cultivated was harmony. Thus men did not love their parents only, nor treat as children only their own sons. A competent provision was secured for the aged till their death, employment for the able-bodied, and the means of growing up to the young. They showed kindness and compassion to widows, orphans, childless men, and those who were disabled by disease, so that they were all sufficiently maintained.
戰國策》:今欲並天下,凌萬乘,詘敵國,制海內,元元,臣諸侯,非兵不可!
ㄗˇ (2.1): 古代對男子的美稱。也用以尊稱對方。 Respectful term for a man.
墨子·小取》:援也者,曰「然,我奚獨不可以然也?」
"Leading" is saying, "You take it as so - why can I alone not take it as so?"
論語·學而》:曰:「學而時習之,不亦說乎?」
The Master said, "Is it not pleasant to learn with a constant perseverance and application?"
孟子·梁惠王上》:之謂也。
This is verified, my Master, in your discovery of my motive.
莊子·逍遙遊》:許由曰:「治天下,天下既已治也。」
Xu You said, 'You, Sir, govern the kingdom, and the kingdom is well governed.'
禮記·檀弓上》:曰:「仲子亦猶行古之道也。」
Bo-zi replied, 'Zhong-zi perhaps has done in this, like others, according to the way of antiquity.'
詩經·無衣》:豈曰無衣、與同裳。
How shall it be said that you have no clothes? I will share my lower garments with you.
ㄗˇ (2.2): 泛指人。 People in general.
ㄗˇ (3): 五等爵位中的第四等。 Fourth of the five levels of nobility.
禮記·王制》:王者之制:祿爵,公、侯、伯、、男,凡五等。
According to the regulations of emolument and rank framed by the kings, there were the duke; the marquis; the earl; the count; and the baron - in all, five gradations (of rank).
孝經·孝治》:子曰:「昔者明王之以孝治天下也,不敢遺小國之臣,而況於公、侯、伯、、男乎?」
The Master said, "Anciently, when the intelligent kings by means of filial piety ruled all under heaven, they did not dare to receive with disrespect the ministers of small states. How much less would they do so to the dukes, marquises, counts, and barons!"
史記》:周封五等:公,侯,伯,,男。
春秋繁露·奉本》:下至公、侯、伯、、男,海內之心懸於天子,疆內之民統於諸侯。
逸周書·職方解》:凡國,公、侯、伯、、男以周知天下。
國語·周語中》:其餘以均分公侯伯男,使各有寧宇,以順及天地,無逢其災害,先王豈有賴焉。
ㄗˇ (4): 十二地支的第一位。 First of the twelve earthly branches of the zodiac.
[Show proper names]
Enjoy this site? Please help.Site design and content copyright 2006-2021. When quoting or citing information from this site, please link to the corresponding page or to https://ctext.org. Please note that the use of automatic download software on this site is strictly prohibited, and that users of such software are automatically banned without warning to save bandwidth. 沪ICP备09015720号-3Comments? Suggestions? Please raise them here.