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Chinese Text Project

U+5B6B

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Simplified character

Radical:+ 7 strokes = 10 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.117#33 Kangxi: p.279#23 Cihai: p.401r6c02 GSR: 434.a Hanyu: v2,p1016#05
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𭗅 𠹀 𣻆 𬎄 𫆮 𫲰 𥱖 𦥊 𧎤 𡒐 𧪾 𨶉 𫤅
Mandarin:sūn xùn ㄙㄨㄣ ㄒㄩㄣˋ
Cantonese:syun1
Tang reconstruction:*suən
Shuowen:系部》孫:子之子曰孫。从子从系。系,續也。
Guangyun:廣韻·上平聲··》孫:爾雅釋親曰凡子之子爲孫孫之子爲曾孫曾孫之子爲𤣥孫𤣥孫之子爲來孫來孫之子爲晜孫晜孫之子爲仍孫仍孫之子爲雲孫又岱謂之天孫又姓周文王子康叔封于衞至武公子惠孫曾耳爲衞上卿因氏焉後有孫武孫臏俱善兵法各撰書凡太原東莞吳郡安樂四望又漢複姓二十三氏左傳秦大夫逢孫氏魯卿有臧孫辰仲孫何忌魯桓公之子慶父之後有孟孫氏叔孫氏季孫氏同出桓公号爲三桓子孫代爲魯之上卿秦下大夫楊孫氏齊大夫長孫修丗本云食邑於唐其孫仕晉後号唐孫氏衞有王孫賈出自周頃王之後王孫賈之子自以去王室久改爲賈孫氏晉濟南太守魚孫瑋出自宋魚石奔楚其孫在國者因以魚孫爲氏漢有烏孫昆彌後漢有士孫瑞古封公之後自皆稱公孫故其姓多非一族也,孔子弟子有顓孫師國語晉公子利孫夫之後以利孫爲氏何氏姓苑有經孫新孫古孫牟孫室孫長孫叔孫等氏望稱河南之者是虜姓也。思渾切,六。
Kangxi:康熙字典·子部·》孫:《唐韻》《集韻》思䰟切《韻會》《正韻》蘇昆切,𠀤音飱。《說文》子之子也。从子从系。系,續也,言順續先祖之後也。《爾雅·釋親》子之子爲孫,孫之子爲曾孫。《朱子曰》曾,重也,自曾孫以至於無窮,皆得稱之也。又凡臨祭祀,內事曰孝孫,外事曰曾孫。《·小雅》神保是饗,孝孫有慶。《·武成》告於皇天后土,所過名山大川,曰惟有道曾孫周王發。又物再生亦曰孫。《周禮·春官·大司樂》孫竹之管。《註》竹枝根之末生者。又《番禺志》稻再生曰稻孫。又織女曰天孫。《前漢·天文志》織女,天帝孫也。又《博物志》岱嶽亦名天孫。又靑海旁馬多龍種,曰龍孫。又矢名。《晉語》申孫之矢。又烏孫,西戎國名。又姓。又公孫,長孫,王孫,俱複姓。《廣韻》衞公子,惠孫曾耳之後,因氏焉。又《集韻》蘇困切,音巽。與遜同。《論語》孫以出之。《禮·學記》入學鼓篋,孫其業也。《註》猶恭順也。又遁也。《春秋·莊元年》三月,夫人孫于齊。《閔二年》九月,夫人姜氏孫于邾。又叶荀緣切,音宣。《趙壹窮鳥賦》天乎祚賢,歸賢永年。且公且侯,子子孫孫。
考證:〔《·武成》告於皇天后土,所過名山大川,曰惟有道曾孫發。〕謹照原文發字上增周王二字。〔《春秋·閔二年》夫人姜氏孫于楚。〕謹照原文楚改邾。
Fanqie:思渾 (《廣韻·上平聲··》)
Unihan definition:grandchild, descendent; surname

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

論語·為政》:樊遲御,子告之曰:「孟問孝於我,我對曰『無違』。」
Soon after, as Fan Chi was driving him, the Master told him, saying, "Meng-sun asked me what filial piety was, and I answered him, - 'not being disobedient.'"
孟子·盡心下》:丑問曰:「何謂也?」
Gong Sun Chou said, 'What do you mean?'
禮記·曲禮上》:《禮》曰:「君子抱不抱子。」
A rule of propriety says, 'A superior man may carry his grandson in his arms, but not his son.'
揚子法言》:或問:「公龍詭辭數萬以為法,法與?」
Someone asked: Gongsun Long took his ten thousand clever words to be a model. Can they be used as a model?
論衡·率性》:是故叔通制定禮儀,拔劍爭功之臣,奉禮拜伏,初驕倨而後遜順,教威德,變易性也。
In the same way the officers who were wont to draw their swords to fight out, whose merits were first, went through all the ceremonial, and prostrated themselves (before the emperor), when Shusun Tong had fixed the rites. Imperious and overbearing first, they became obedient and submissive. The power of instruction and the influence of virtue transform the character.
墨子·所染》:齊桓染於管仲、鮑叔,晉文染於舅犯、高偃,楚莊染於叔、沈尹,吳闔閭染於伍員、文義,越句踐染於范蠡大夫種。
Lord Huan of Qi came under the influence of Guan Zhong and Bao Shu; Lord Wen of Jin, under that of Uncle Fan and Gao Yan; Lord Zhuang of Chu, under that of Sun Shu and the Minister of Shen; He Lu of Wu, under that of Wu Yuan and Wen Yi; and Gou Jian of Yue, under that of Fan Li and Minister Zhong.
莊子·大宗師》:曰:「聞諸副墨之子,副墨之子聞諸洛誦之,洛誦之聞之瞻明,瞻明聞之聶許,聶許聞之需役,需役聞之於謳,於謳聞之玄冥,玄冥聞之參寥,參寥聞之疑始。」
'I learned it,' was the reply, 'from the son of Fu-mo; he learned it from the grandson of Luo-song; he learned it from Zhan-ming; he learned it from Nie-xu; he, from Xu-yu; he, from Ou; he, from Xuan-ming; he, from Shen-liao; and he learned it from Yi-shi.'
道德經》:善建不拔,善抱者不脫,子以祭祀不輟。
What (Dao's) skilful planter plants Can never be uptorn; What his skilful arms enfold, From him can never be borne. Sons shall bring in lengthening line, Sacrifices to his shrine.
商君書·更法》:孝公平畫,公鞅、甘龍、杜摯三大夫御於君,慮世事之變,討正法之本,求使民之道。
Duke Xiao discussed his policy. The three Great Officers, Gong sun Yang, Gan Long and Du Zhi, were in attendance on the Prince. Their thoughts dwelt on the vicissitudes of the world's affairs; they discussed the principles of rectifying the law, and they sought for the way of directing the people.
孫子兵法·始計》:子曰:兵者,國之大事,死生之地,存亡之道,不可不察也。
Sunzi said: The art of war is of vital importance to the State. It is a matter of life and death, a road either to safety or to ruin. Hence it is a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected.
史記·五帝本紀》:黃帝者,少典之子,姓公,名曰軒轅。
Huangdi (Yellow emperor) was the son of Shaodian. His surname was Gongsun, and his prename Xuanyuan.
荀子·君子》:先祖當賢,後子必顯,行雖如桀紂,列從必尊,此以世舉賢也。
說苑·君道》:詩人曰:『岐有夷之行,子其保之!』
春秋繁露·竹林》:齊頃公親齊桓公之,國固廣大而地勢便利矣,又得霸主之余尊,而誌加於諸侯。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:聞之,曰:「公甫文伯之母、貞女也。」
大戴禮記·主言》:曾子懼,肅然摳衣下席曰:「弟子知其不也,得夫子之間也難,是以敢問也。」
白虎通德論·》:所以有夏殷周號何,以為王者受命,必立天下之美號以表功自克,明易姓為子制也
新書·大政上》:故君子富貴也,至於子而衰,則士民皆曰何君子之道衰也,數也。
新序·善謀下》:至十二年,上從破黥布軍歸,疾益甚,愈欲易太子,留侯陳不聽,因疾不視事,太傅叔通稱說引古,以死爭太子,上佯許之,猶欲易之。
中論·智行》:豹好善,而不知擇人,終以凶餓。
孔子家語·相魯》:不得意於季氏,因費宰公山弗擾,率費人以襲魯。
潛夫論·務本》:是以賢人智士之於子也,厲之以志,弗厲以詐。
太玄經·太玄數》:九屬:一為玄,二為曾,三為仍,四為子,五為身,六為父,七為祖父,八為曾祖父,九為高祖父。
風俗通義·三王》:據國而起,功德浸盛,故造美論。
孔叢子·廣訓》:碩膚,徳音不瑕道,成王大美聲,稱遠也。
申鑒·雜言下》:子曰:『性無善惡』。
忠經·報國章》:光格祖考,慶垂子
新語·術事》:貪顓臾之地,而變起於蕭墻之內。
獨斷·卷下》:文帝、弟雖在三,禮、兄弟不相為後,文帝即高祖子,于惠帝、兄弟也,故不為惠帝後而為弟二,宣帝弟次昭帝,史皇之子,于昭帝為兄,以係祖,不得上與父齊,故為七世。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:又有蹋豬車,慢輪有畫,田獵乘之,綠車名曰皇車,天子乘之,以從。
魯勝墨辯注敘》:墨子著書作辯經以立名本,惠施、公龍祖述其學,以正別
列子·天瑞》:子非汝有,是天地之委蛻也。
鶡冠子·王鈇》:夫以效末傳之子,唯此可持,唯此可將,將者養吉,釋者不祥,墠以全犧,正以齋明,四時享之,祀以家王,以為神享,禮靈之符,藏之宗廟,以璽正諸。
文子·道德》:夫失道者,奢泰驕佚,慢倨矜傲,見餘自顯自明,執雄堅強,作難結怨,為兵主,為亂首,小人行之,身受大殃,大人行之,國家滅亡,淺及其身,深及子,夫罪莫大於無道,怨莫深於無德,天道然也。
列仙傳·彭祖》:姓籛名鏗,帝顓頊之陸終氏之中子,歷夏至殷末八百餘歲。
老子河上公章句》:祭祀不輟。
韓非子·難言》:故文王說紂而紂囚之,翼侯炙,鬼侯腊,比干剖心,梅伯醢,夷吾束縛,而曹羈奔陳,伯里子道乞,傅說轉鬻,子臏腳於魏,吳起收泣於岸門、痛西河之為秦、卒枝解於楚,公叔痤言國器、反為悖,公鞅奔秦,關龍逢斬,萇宏分胣,尹子阱於棘,司馬子期死而浮於江,田明辜射,宓子賤、西門豹不鬥而死人手,董安于死而陳於市,宰予不免於田常,范睢折脅於魏。
慎子·逸文》:善為國者,移謀身之心而謀國,移富國之術而富民,移保子之志而保治,移求爵祿之意而求義,則不勞而化理成矣。
諫逐客書》:昔繆公求士,西取由余於戎,東得百里奚於宛,迎蹇叔於宋,來丕豹、公支於晉。
管子·輕重甲》:今每戰,輿死扶傷,如孤荼首之,仰倳戟之寶,吾無由與之,為之奈何?
公孫龍子·跡府》:龍,六國時辯士也。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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