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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+5B6B

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Simplified character

Radical:+ 7 strokes = 10 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.117#33 Kangxi: p.279#23 Cihai: p.401r6c02 GSR: 434.a Hanyu: v2,p1016#05
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𠹀 𣻆 𭗅 𫆮 𬎄 𫲰 𥱖 𦥊 𧎤 𧪾 𡒐 𨶉 𫤅
Mandarin:sūn xùn ㄙㄨㄣ ㄒㄩㄣˋ
Cantonese:syun1
Tang reconstruction:*suən
Shuowen:系部》孙:子之子曰孙。从子从系。系,续也。
Guangyun:广韵·上平声··》孙:尔雅释亲曰凡子之子爲孙孙之子爲曾孙曾孙之子爲𤣥孙𤣥孙之子爲来孙来孙之子爲晜孙晜孙之子爲仍孙仍孙之子爲云孙又岱谓之天孙又姓周文王子康叔封于衞至武公子惠孙曾耳爲衞上卿因氏焉后有孙武孙膑俱善兵法各撰书凡太原东莞吴郡安乐四望又汉复姓二十三氏左传秦大夫逢孙氏鲁卿有臧孙辰仲孙何忌鲁桓公之子庆父之后有孟孙氏叔孙氏季孙氏同出桓公号爲三桓子孙代爲鲁之上卿秦下大夫杨孙氏齐大夫长孙修丗本云食邑于唐其孙仕晋后号唐孙氏衞有王孙贾出自周顷王之后王孙贾之子自以去王室久改爲贾孙氏晋济南太守鱼孙玮出自宋鱼石奔楚其孙在国者因以鱼孙爲氏汉有乌孙昆弥后汉有士孙瑞古封公之后自皆称公孙故其姓多非一族也,孔子弟子有颛孙师国语晋公子利孙夫之后以利孙爲氏何氏姓苑有经孙新孙古孙牟孙室孙长孙叔孙等氏望称河南之者是虏姓也。思浑切,六。
Kangxi:康熙字典·子部·》孙:《唐韵》《集韵》思䰟切《韵会》《正韵》苏昆切,𠀤音飱。《说文》子之子也。从子从系。系,续也,言顺续先祖之后也。《尔雅·释亲》子之子爲孙,孙之子爲曾孙。《朱子曰》曾,重也,自曾孙以至于无穷,皆得称之也。又凡临祭祀,内事曰孝孙,外事曰曾孙。《·小雅》神保是飨,孝孙有庆。《·武成》告于皇天后土,所过名山大川,曰惟有道曾孙周王发。又物再生亦曰孙。《周礼·春官·大司乐》孙竹之管。《注》竹枝根之末生者。又《番禺志》稻再生曰稻孙。又织女曰天孙。《前汉·天文志》织女,天帝孙也。又《博物志》岱岳亦名天孙。又靑海旁马多龙种,曰龙孙。又矢名。《晋语》申孙之矢。又乌孙,西戎国名。又姓。又公孙,长孙,王孙,俱复姓。《广韵》衞公子,惠孙曾耳之后,因氏焉。又《集韵》苏困切,音巽。与逊同。《论语》孙以出之。《礼·学记》入学鼓箧,孙其业也。《注》犹恭顺也。又遁也。《春秋·庄元年》三月,夫人孙于齐。《闵二年》九月,夫人姜氏孙于邾。又叶荀缘切,音宣。《赵壹穷鸟赋》天乎祚贤,归贤永年。且公且侯,子子孙孙。
考证:〔《·武成》告于皇天后土,所过名山大川,曰惟有道曾孙发。〕谨照原文发字上增周王二字。〔《春秋·闵二年》夫人姜氏孙于楚。〕谨照原文楚改邾。
Fanqie:思浑 (《广韵·上平声··》)
Unihan definition:grandchild, descendent; surname

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

论语·为政》:樊迟御,子告之曰:“孟问孝于我,我对曰‘无违’。”
Soon after, as Fan Chi was driving him, the Master told him, saying, "Meng-sun asked me what filial piety was, and I answered him, - 'not being disobedient.'"
孟子·尽心下》:丑问曰:“何谓也?”
Gong Sun Chou said, 'What do you mean?'
礼记·曲礼上》:《礼》曰:“君子抱不抱子。”
A rule of propriety says, 'A superior man may carry his grandson in his arms, but not his son.'
扬子法言》:或问:“公龙诡辞数万以为法,法与?”
Someone asked: Gongsun Long took his ten thousand clever words to be a model. Can they be used as a model?
论衡·率性》:是故叔通制定礼仪,拔剑争功之臣,奉礼拜伏,初骄倨而后逊顺,教威德,变易性也。
In the same way the officers who were wont to draw their swords to fight out, whose merits were first, went through all the ceremonial, and prostrated themselves (before the emperor), when Shusun Tong had fixed the rites. Imperious and overbearing first, they became obedient and submissive. The power of instruction and the influence of virtue transform the character.
墨子·所染》:齐桓染于管仲、鲍叔,晋文染于舅犯、高偃,楚庄染于叔、沈尹,吴阖闾染于伍员、文义,越句践染于范蠡大夫种。
Lord Huan of Qi came under the influence of Guan Zhong and Bao Shu; Lord Wen of Jin, under that of Uncle Fan and Gao Yan; Lord Zhuang of Chu, under that of Sun Shu and the Minister of Shen; He Lu of Wu, under that of Wu Yuan and Wen Yi; and Gou Jian of Yue, under that of Fan Li and Minister Zhong.
庄子·大宗师》:曰:“闻诸副墨之子,副墨之子闻诸洛诵之,洛诵之闻之瞻明,瞻明闻之聂许,聂许闻之需役,需役闻之于讴,于讴闻之玄冥,玄冥闻之参寥,参寥闻之疑始。”
'I learned it,' was the reply, 'from the son of Fu-mo; he learned it from the grandson of Luo-song; he learned it from Zhan-ming; he learned it from Nie-xu; he, from Xu-yu; he, from Ou; he, from Xuan-ming; he, from Shen-liao; and he learned it from Yi-shi.'
道德经》:善建不拔,善抱者不脱,子以祭祀不辍。
What (Dao's) skilful planter plants Can never be uptorn; What his skilful arms enfold, From him can never be borne. Sons shall bring in lengthening line, Sacrifices to his shrine.
商君书·更法》:孝公平画,公鞅、甘龙、杜挚三大夫御于君,虑世事之变,讨正法之本,求使民之道。
Duke Xiao discussed his policy. The three Great Officers, Gong sun Yang, Gan Long and Du Zhi, were in attendance on the Prince. Their thoughts dwelt on the vicissitudes of the world's affairs; they discussed the principles of rectifying the law, and they sought for the way of directing the people.
孙子兵法·始计》:子曰:兵者,国之大事,死生之地,存亡之道,不可不察也。
Sunzi said: The art of war is of vital importance to the State. It is a matter of life and death, a road either to safety or to ruin. Hence it is a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected.
史记·五帝本纪》:黄帝者,少典之子,姓公,名曰轩辕。
Huangdi (Yellow emperor) was the son of Shaodian. His surname was Gongsun, and his prename Xuanyuan.
荀子·君子》:先祖当贤,后子必显,行虽如桀纣,列从必尊,此以世举贤也。
说苑·君道》:诗人曰:‘岐有夷之行,子其保之!’
春秋繁露·竹林》:齐顷公亲齐桓公之,国固广大而地势便利矣,又得霸主之余尊,而志加于诸侯。
韩诗外传·卷一》:闻之,曰:“公甫文伯之母、贞女也。”
大戴礼记·主言》:曾子惧,肃然抠衣下席曰:“弟子知其不也,得夫子之间也难,是以敢问也。”
白虎通德论·》:所以有夏殷周号何,以为王者受命,必立天下之美号以表功自克,明易姓为子制也
新书·大政上》:故君子富贵也,至于子而衰,则士民皆曰何君子之道衰也,数也。
新序·善谋下》:至十二年,上从破黥布军归,疾益甚,愈欲易太子,留侯陈不听,因疾不视事,太傅叔通称说引古,以死争太子,上佯许之,犹欲易之。
中论·智行》:豹好善,而不知择人,终以凶饿。
孔子家语·相鲁》:不得意于季氏,因费宰公山弗扰,率费人以袭鲁。
潜夫论·务本》:是以贤人智士之于子也,厉之以志,弗厉以诈。
太玄经·太玄数》:九属:一为玄,二为曾,三为仍,四为子,五为身,六为父,七为祖父,八为曾祖父,九为高祖父。
风俗通义·三王》:据国而起,功德浸盛,故造美论。
孔丛子·广训》:硕肤,徳音不瑕道,成王大美声,称远也。
申鉴·杂言下》:子曰:‘性无善恶’。
忠经·报国章》:光格祖考,庆垂子
新语·术事》:贪颛臾之地,而变起于萧墙之内。
独断·卷下》:文帝、弟虽在三,礼、兄弟不相为后,文帝即高祖子,于惠帝、兄弟也,故不为惠帝后而为弟二,宣帝弟次昭帝,史皇之子,于昭帝为兄,以系祖,不得上与父齐,故为七世。
蔡中郎集·独断》:又有蹋猪车,慢轮有画,田猎乘之,绿车名曰皇车,天子乘之,以从。
鲁胜墨辩注叙》:墨子著书作辩经以立名本,惠施、公龙祖述其学,以正别
列子·天瑞》:子非汝有,是天地之委蜕也。
鶡冠子·王鈇》:夫以效末传之子,唯此可持,唯此可将,将者养吉,释者不祥,墠以全牺,正以斋明,四时享之,祀以家王,以为神享,礼灵之符,藏之宗庙,以玺正诸。
文子·道德》:夫失道者,奢泰骄佚,慢倨矜傲,见馀自显自明,执雄坚强,作难结怨,为兵主,为乱首,小人行之,身受大殃,大人行之,国家灭亡,浅及其身,深及子,夫罪莫大于无道,怨莫深于无德,天道然也。
列仙传·彭祖》:姓籛名铿,帝颛顼之陆终氏之中子,历夏至殷末八百馀岁。
老子河上公章句》:祭祀不辍。
韩非子·难言》:故文王说纣而纣囚之,翼侯炙,鬼侯腊,比干剖心,梅伯醢,夷吾束缚,而曹羁奔陈,伯里子道乞,傅说转鬻,子膑脚于魏,吴起收泣于岸门、痛西河之为秦、卒枝解于楚,公叔痤言国器、反为悖,公鞅奔秦,关龙逢斩,苌宏分胣,尹子阱于棘,司马子期死而浮于江,田明辜射,宓子贱、西门豹不斗而死人手,董安于死而陈于市,宰予不免于田常,范睢折胁于魏。
慎子·逸文》:善为国者,移谋身之心而谋国,移富国之术而富民,移保子之志而保治,移求爵禄之意而求义,则不劳而化理成矣。
谏逐客书》:昔缪公求士,西取由余于戎,东得百里奚于宛,迎蹇叔于宋,来丕豹、公支于晋。
管子·轻重甲》:今每战,舆死扶伤,如孤荼首之,仰倳戟之宝,吾无由与之,为之奈何?
公孙龙子·迹府》:龙,六国时辩士也。

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