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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+5B97

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Radical:+ 5 strokes = 8 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.33#42 Kangxi: p.283#14 Cihai: p.411r6c01 GSR: 1003.a Hanyu: v2,p0917#11
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of: 𫟡 𨛱 𪞥 𫐱 𠵻 𢮱 𢃏 𡸶 𫮁 𡨫 [More]
Mandarin:zōng ㄗㄨㄥ
Cantonese:zung1
Tang reconstruction:*tzong
Shuowen:宀部》宗:尊祖庙也。从宀从示。
Guangyun:广韵·上平声··》宗:衆也,本也,尊也,亦官名汉书宗正秦官也,掌亲属亦姓周郷宗伯之后出南阳又汉复姓二氏前汉有宗伯凤南燕録有宗正谦善卜相。作冬切,二。
Kangxi:康熙字典·宀部·》宗:《唐韵》作冬切《集韵》《韵会》祖賨切《正韵》祖冬切,𠀤音㚇。《说文》尊祖庙也。《白虎通》宗者何,宗有尊也,爲先祖主也,宗人之所尊也。《郉昺曰》宗者,本也。庙号不迁,最尊者祖,次曰宗,通称曰宗庙。《礼·祭法》有虞氏祖颛顼而宗尧,夏后氏祖颛顼而宗禹,殷人祖契而宗汤,周人祖文王而宗武王。《贾谊曰》祖有功,宗有德也。又流派所出爲宗。《礼·丧服小记》别子爲祖,继别爲宗,继祢爲小宗。《程颐曰》凡言宗者,以主祭祀爲言,人宗于此而祭祀也。又同姓曰宗。《·大雅》宗子维城。《注》同姓也。又《·舜典》禋于六宗。《注》谓所尊祭者,其祀有六,寒暑日月星水旱也。贾逵曰:天宗三,日月星。地宗三,河海岱。司马彪曰:天宗日月星辰寒暑之属,地宗社稷五祀之属。又秩宗,官名。《·舜典》咨伯,汝作秩宗。《注》主郊庙之官,掌叙鬼神尊𤰞,故曰秩宗,周礼谓之宗伯。又曰祝宗。又《周礼·春官·大宗伯》宾礼亲邦国,春见曰朝,夏见曰宗。又瞽宗,殷学名。又人物所归往亦曰宗。《·禹贡》江汉朝宗于海。《注》言百川以海爲宗也。《史记·孔子世家》孔子以布衣传十馀世,学者宗之。又姓。又叶则郞切,音臧。《史记·司马迁自叙》蠲除肉𠛬,开通关梁。广恩施博,厥称太宗。《说文》从宀从示。《徐曰》宗庙,神祇所居。示,古祇字。
考证:〔《周礼·春官·大宗伯》诸侯朝于天子,春见曰朝,夏见曰宗。〕谨照原文诸侯朝于天子改爲宾礼亲邦国。
Fanqie:作冬 (《广韵·上平声··》)
Unihan definition:lineage, ancestry; ancestor, clan

Example usage

论语·学而》:因不失其亲,亦可也。
When the parties upon whom a man leans are proper persons to be intimate with, he can make them his guides and masters.
孟子·告子下》:无城郭、宫室、庙、祭祀之礼,无诸侯币帛饔飧,无百官有司,故二十取一而足也。
There are no fortified cities, no edifices, no ancestral temples, no ceremonies of sacrifice; there are no princes requiring presents and entertainments; there is no system of officers with their various subordinates. On these accounts a tax of one-twentieth of the produce is sufficient there.
礼记·服问》:君为天子三年,夫人如外之为君也。
The ruler of a state mourned for the son of Heaven for the three years. His wife observed the rule of a lady of her husband's house who had gone to her own married home in mourning for the ruler.
孝经·丧亲》:为之庙,以鬼享之。
They prepare the ancestral temple (to receive the tablet of the departed), and there they present offerings to the disembodied spirit.
扬子法言》:文、宣、灵,兴鄜、密、上、下,用事四帝,而天王不匡,反致文、武胙。
Dukes Wen, Xuan and Ling built temples at Fu, Mi, Shang and Xia to sacrifice to the Four Deities. The Son of Heaven did not rectify this, and to the contrary, wrongly made offerings to King Wen and King Wu.
墨子·所染》:此六君者所染不当,故国家残亡,身为刑戮,庙破灭,绝无后类,君臣离散,民人流亡。
Now, these six princes had been under bad influences. Therefore their states were ruined and they were executed, their ancestral temples were destroyed and descendants annihilated. The rulers and the subjects were dispersed and the people were left homeless.
庄子·德充符》:审乎无假,而不与物迁,命物之化,而守其也。
His judgment is fixed regarding that in which there is no element of falsehood; and, while other things change, he changes not. The transformations of things are to him the developments prescribed for them, and he keeps fast hold of the author of them.
道德经》:渊兮似万物之
How deep and unfathomable it is, as if it were the Honoured Ancestor of all things!
史记·五帝本纪》:东至于海,登丸山,及岱
Eastward his empire extended to the sea, Ball hill, and the ancestral Dai mountain.
荀子·大略》:其诚可比于金石,其声可内于庙。
说苑·君道》:当尧之时,舜为司徒,契为司马,禹为司空,后稷为田畴,夔为乐正,倕为工师,伯夷为秩,皋陶为大理,益掌驱禽,尧体力便巧不能为一焉,尧为君而九子为臣,其何故也?
春秋繁露·玉杯》:文公不能服丧,不时奉祭,不以三年,又以丧取,取于大夫,以卑廊,乱其群祖以逆先公。
韩诗外传·卷四》:出则为族患,入则为乡里忧。
大戴礼记》:其顺之,然后言其丧算,备其鼎俎,设其豕腊,修其庙,岁时以敬祭祀,以序族,则安其居处,丑其衣服,卑其宫室,车不雕几,器不刻镂,食不贰味,以与民同利,昔之君子之行礼者如此。
白虎通德论·》:尚书》曰“高谅阴三年”是也。
新书·六术》:六亲有次,不可相逾,相逾则族扰乱,不能相亲。
新序·善谋下》:郦生说汉王曰:“方今燕、赵已复,唯齐未下,今田横据千里之齐,田闲据二十万之军于历城,诸田强,负海岱阻河齐,南近楚,民多变诈,陛下虽遣数十万师,未可以岁月下也。”
中论·法象》:声气可范,精神可爱,俯仰可,揖让可贵,述作有方,动静有常,帅礼不荒,故为万夫之望也。
孔子家语·大昏解》:孔子愀然作色而对曰:“合二姓之好,以继先圣之后,以为天下庙社稷之主,君何谓已重乎?”
潜夫论·赞学》:使巧倕加绳墨而制之以斤斧,女工加五色而制之以机杼,则皆成庙之器、黼黻之章,可著于鬼神,可御于王公。
论衡·气寿》:享国百年,周穆王享国百年,并未享国之时,皆出百三十四十岁矣。
太玄经·》:测曰,“不替不爽”、永道也。
风俗通义》:《尚书》:“天子巡守,至于岱,觐诸侯,见百年,命大师陈诗,以观民风俗。”
孔丛子·论书》:吾于《高肜日》见德有报之疾也。
申鉴·政体》: 圣汉统天,惟时亮。
忠经·圣君章》:故王者上事于天,下事于地,中事于庙,以临于人。
素书·本德宗道章》:右第四章言本、不可以离道德。
新语·道基》:于是后圣乃定《五经》,明《六艺》,承天统地,穷事微,原情立本,以绪人伦,诸天地,修篇章,垂诸来世,被诸鸟兽,以匡衰乱,天人合策,原道悉备,智者达其心,百工穷其巧,乃调之以管弦丝竹之音,设锺鼓歌舞之乐,以节奢侈,正风俗,通文雅。
独断·卷上》:天子诸侯庙之别名:左庙,东曰左,帝牲牢三月,在外牢一月,在中牢一月,在明牢一月,谓近明堂也。
蔡中郎集·独断》:方山冠、以五采縠为之,汉祀庙大享,《八佾》乐五行舞人服之。
列子·黄帝》:“壶子曰:”向吾示之以未始出吾
鶡冠子·环流》:法贵如言,言者万物之也。
文子·道原》:夫无形者,物之太祖,无音者,类之太,真人者,通于灵府,与造化者为人,执玄德于心,而化驰如神
列仙传·鹿皮公》:淄水来,三下呼族家室,得六十馀人,令上山半。
老子河上公章句》:渊乎似万物之
韩非子·初见秦》:而谋臣不为,引军而退,复与荆人为和,令荆人得收亡国,聚散民,立社稷,主置庙,令率天下西面以与秦为难,此固以失霸王之道一矣。
慎子·德立》:孽疑其,无不危之家。
谏逐客书》:室大臣皆言秦王曰:“诸侯人来事秦者,大抵为其主游闲于秦耳,请一切逐客。”
管子·轻重己》:以春日至始,数九十二日,谓之夏至,而麦熟,天子祀于太,其盛以麦。
六韬·上贤》:六曰:强侵夺、陵侮贫弱者,伤庶人之业。
三略·上略》:军谶曰:强聚奸,无位而尊,威而不震,葛藟相连,种德立恩,夺在位权,侵侮下民,国内喧哗,臣蔽不言,是谓乱根。

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