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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+5BB0

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo
𠈾
Semantic variant
𡨧
Semantic variant
𡪤
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 7 strokes = 10 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.274#1 Kangxi: p.286#04 Cihai: p.419r3c01 GSR: 965.b Hanyu: v2,p0935#06
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of: 𠹼 𢟓 𢲟 𪹞 𡪔 𣪮 𤌊 𦞤 𮃟 𥻮 𧪹 𨫃 𩝪
Mandarin:zǎi ㄗㄞˇ
Cantonese:zoi2
Tang reconstruction:*tzə̌i tzə̌i
Shuowen:宀部》宰:辠人在屋下执事者。从宀从辛。辛,辠也。
Guangyun:广韵·上声··》宰:冢宰又制也,亦姓孔子弟子宰予。作亥切,四。
Kangxi:康熙字典·宀部·》宰:〔古文〕𡪤𡨧𠈾《唐韵》作亥切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》子亥切,𠀤哉上声。《说文》官称。《玉篇》治也。《增韵》主也。《周礼·天官》立天官冢宰,使帅其属掌邦治。《注》冢,大也。又大宰,掌建邦之六典,以佐王治邦国。《注》大宰,治官之长,兼总六官也。大宰之副贰曰小宰。又有宰夫之职,掌治朝之法。《郑注》宰夫,主诸臣万民之复逆,故诗人重之,曰家伯维宰。又《周礼·地官》有里宰,掌比其邑之衆寡,与其六畜兵器。又家臣之长曰宰。《·小雅》诸宰君妇。《注》诸宰,家宰也。又《广韵》制也。《正字通》爲事物主也。《史记·礼书》宰制万物,役使羣动。《荀子·正名篇》心者,道之主宰。又屠也,烹也。主膳羞者曰膳宰,亦曰庖宰。《前汉·𨻰平传》里中社,平爲宰。平曰:使平得宰天下,亦如此肉。《颜师古注》主切割肉也。又姓。周大夫宰孔之后,以官爲氏,周宰咺,汉宰直。又宰父,复姓。又叶子里切,音挤。《·大雅》疚哉冢宰。叶纪止里。又《说文》宰辠,人在屋下执事者。从宀从辛。辛,辠也。○按《周官》大小邑宰,皆由贤能升进。从辛训辠,泥,不可从。
Fanqie:作亥 (《广韵·上声··》)
Unihan definition:to slaughter; to rule

CTP Dictionary


zǎi ㄗㄞˇ (1): 奴隶主家中总管,卿大夫家臣。 Minister of a high noble or great officer.
韩非子·难二》:伊尹自以为干汤,百里奚自以为虏干穆公,虏所辱也,宰所羞也,蒙羞辱而接君上,贤者之忧世急也。
史记·孔子世家》:使仲由为季氏,将堕三都。
春秋左传》:仲由为季氏
zǎi ㄗㄞˇ (2): 采邑的长官。 Governor, senior official of a municipality.
论语·公冶长》:子曰:“求也,千室之邑,百乘之家,可使为之也,不知其仁也。”
The Master replied, "Qiu, in a city of a thousand families, or a clan of a hundred chariots, might be employed as governor, but I do not know whether he is perfectly virtuous."
zǎi ㄗㄞˇ (3): 泛指地方官吏。 Local officials in general.
zǎi ㄗㄞˇ (4): 宰相。 Prime minister.
管子·小匡》:桓公自莒反于齐,使鲍叔牙为,鲍叔辞曰:“臣,君之庸臣也,君有加惠于其臣,使臣不冻饥,则是君之赐也,若必治国家,则非臣之所能也,其唯管夷吾乎!”
zǎi ㄗㄞˇ (5): 主宰。 Dominate, rule.
庄子·达生》:忘其肝胆,遗其耳目,芒然彷徨乎尘垢之外,逍遥乎无事之业,是谓‘为而不恃,长而不
He forgets that he has a liver and gall. He takes no thought of his ears and eyes. He seems lost and aimless beyond the dust and dirt of the world, and enjoys himself at ease in occupations untroubled by the affairs of business. He may be described as acting and yet not relying on what he does, as being superior and yet not using his superiority to exercise any control.
吕氏春秋·精通》:德也者,万民之
zǎi ㄗㄞˇ (6.1): 宰杀畜牲。 Slaughter livestock.
zǎi ㄗㄞˇ (6.2): 屠夫。 Butcher.
墨子·尚贤中》:有一牛羊不能杀也,必藉良
When they cannot have an ox or a sheep killed they will employ able butchers.
zǎi ㄗㄞˇ (7): 主持分割祭肉的人。 Person in charge of cutting sacrifical meat.
史记·陈丞相世家》:里中社,平为,分肉食甚均。
zǎi ㄗㄞˇ (8): 坟墓。 Grave, tomb.
春秋公羊传》:秦伯怒曰:“若尔之年者,上之木拱矣,尔曷知!”

宰相
zǎi xiàng ㄗㄞˇ ㄒㄧㄤˋ (1): 泛指高级执政者。 High official.
韩非子·显学》:故明主之吏,宰相必起于州部,猛将必发于卒伍。
zǎi xiàng ㄗㄞˇ ㄒㄧㄤˋ (2): 特指辅佐皇帝执政的最高行政长官。 Prime minister.
庄子·盗跖》:仲尼、墨翟,穷为匹夫,今谓宰相曰‘子行如仲尼、墨翟’
Zhongni and Mo Di (on the other hand) were poor, and common men; but if you say to a Prime Minister that his conduct is like that of Zhongni or Mo Di.

宰人
zǎi rén ㄗㄞˇ ㄖㄣˊ : 掌膳食的人。 Cook, person in charge of meals.
庄子·说剑》:王乃牵而上殿,宰人上食,王三环之
On this the king drew Zhuangzi with him, and went up to the top of the hall, where the cook set forth a meal, which the king walked round three times (unable to sit down to it).
韩非子·内储说下》:昭僖侯之时,宰人上食而羹中有生肝焉
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