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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+5DDD

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant

Radical:+ 0 strokes = 3 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.140#48 Kangxi: p.323#23 Cihai: p.462r2c02 GSR: 462.a Hanyu: v1,p0032#02
Composition:Component of: 𠆯 𫧁 𠯀 𡵅 𬘓 𡿫 𪯠 𫇨 𤆑 𣅕 [More]
Mandarin:chuān ㄔㄨㄢ
Cantonese:cyun1
Tang reconstruction:*chiuɛn
Shuowen:川部》川:贯穿通流水也。《虞书》曰:“浚𡿨巜,距川。”言深𡿨巜之水会为川也。凡川之属皆从川。
Guangyun:广韵·下平声··穿》川:山川也,蔡邕月令章句曰衆流注海曰川。《释名》云:川者穿也,穿地而流也。
Kangxi:康熙字典·巛部·巛部》川:《唐韵》《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤昌缘切,音穿。《释名》穿也。穿地而流也。《周礼·冬官考工记》凡天下之地埶,两山之闲,必有川焉。《尔雅·释水》湀辟流川。《注》通流。《疏》湀辟者,通流大川之别名也。《又》过辨回川。《注》旋流。《疏》言川中之水有回旋而流者。《蔡邕·月令章句》衆流注海曰川。《·益稷》予决九川,距四海。《传》决九州名川,通之至海。又《禹贡》奠高山大川。《传》大川四渎。《疏》川之大者,莫大于渎。四渎,谓江,河,淮,汉也。《吕氏春秋》何谓六川:河水、赤水、辽水、黑水、江水、淮水。《潘岳·关中记》泾、渭、灞、滻、鄷、镐、潦、潏,凡八川。《司马相如·上林赋》荡荡乎八川。又三川,郡名。《史记·秦始皇纪》灭二周,置三川郡。《前汉·高祖纪》斩三川守李由。《注》应劭曰:今河南郡也。韦昭曰:有河洛伊,故曰三川也。又四川,省名。《韵会》今成都府,潼州,利州,夔州四路,取氓江,沱江,黑水,白水四大川以立名也。又口川。《周语》防民之口,甚于防川。《朱子诗》口川失自防。又川衡,官名。《周礼·地官》川衡掌巡川泽之禁令。又窍也。《山海经》伦山有兽如麋,其川在尾上。《注》川,窍也。又叶枢伦切,音春。《·大雅》旱旣大甚,涤涤山川。早魃爲虐,如惔如焚。《前汉·叙传》昔在上圣,昭事百神。类帝禋宗,望秩山川。
Fanqie:昌縁 (《广韵·下平声··穿》)
Unihan definition:stream, river; flow; boil

Example usage

论语·雍也》:子谓仲弓曰:“犂牛之子騂且角,虽欲勿用,山其舍诸?”
The Master, speaking of Zhong Gong, said, "If the calf of a brindled cow be red and horned, although men may not wish to use it, would the spirits of the mountains and rivers put it aside?"
孟子·离娄上》:故曰,为高必因丘陵,为下必因泽。
Hence we have the saying: "To raise a thing high, we must begin from the top of a mound or a hill; to dig to a great depth, we must commence in the low ground of a stream or a marsh."
礼记·曲礼上》:名子者不以国,不以日月,不以隐疾,不以山
In giving a name to a son, it should not be that of a state, nor of a day or a month, nor of any hidden ailment, nor of a hill or river.
扬子法言》:曰:“有渎,山有岳,高而且大者,众人所不能逾也。”
Yangzi said: Among streams there are great rivers; among mountains there are great peaks. The high and the great, these are what the common man cannot surpass.
墨子·尚贤中》:禹平水土,主名山
(2) Yu reduced the Flood and recovered the land, and gave names to hills and rivers.
庄子·胠箧》:竭而谷虚,丘夷而渊实。
When the stream is dried, the valley is empty; when the mound is levelled, the deep pool (beside it) is filled up.
道德经》:豫兮若冬涉
Shrinking looked they like those who wade through a stream in winter.
商君书·来民》:今秦之地,方千里者五,而谷土不能处什二,田数不满百万,其薮泽溪谷名山大之材物货宝,又不尽为用,此人不称土也。
Now, the territory of Qin comprises five times a thousand square li, but the soil fit for growing corn cannot occupy more than two-fifths. The area of the fields does not come up to a million mu, and the produce and treasures of its glades and morasses, of its valleys and dales, and of its famous mountains and big rivers, are also incompletely utilized. This means that the population is illproportioned to the territory.
史记·五帝本纪》:万国和,而鬼神山封禅与为多焉。
And the various states being at peace, he worshipped the demons and spirits of the hills and streams with the feng and shan ceremonies in numbers.
荀子·君子》:》曰:“沸腾,山冢崒崩,高岸为谷,深谷为陵。”
说苑·君道》:左洞庭之波,右彭蠡之
春秋繁露·王道》:郊天祀地,秩山,以时到,封于泰山,禅于梁父。
韩诗外传·卷三》:动以雷电,润以风雨,节以山,均其寒暑,万民育生,各得其所,而制国用。
大戴礼记》:是故,圣人为天地主,为山主,为鬼神主,为宗庙主。
白虎通德论·五祀》:《礼》曰:“天子祭天地,诸侯祭山,卿、大夫祭五祀,士祭其祖。”
新书·修政语上》:黄帝曰:道若谷之水,其出无已,其行无止。
新序·善谋》:王若不藉路于仇雠之韩、魏,必攻随水右壤,随水右壤,此皆广大水,山林溪谷,不食之地也。
中论·爵禄》:昔周公相王室以君天下,圣德昭闻,王勋弘大,成王封以少昊之墟,地方七百里,锡之山土田,附庸备物,典策官司,彝器龙旗九旒,祀帝于郊。
孔子家语·观周》:江海虽左,长于百,以其卑也。
潜夫论·慎微》:谷之卑,非截断而颠陷也,必陂池而稍下焉。
论衡·吉验》:五人皆有宠,共王无适立,乃望祭山,请神决之。
太玄经·》:上九,崇崇高山,下有波其,人有辑航,可与过其。
风俗通义》:然頴有识陈元方、韩元长、綦毋广明咸嘉是焉。
孔丛子·刑论》:孔子曰:“夫吴、越之俗,男女无别,同而浴,民轻相犯,故其刑重而不胜,由无礼也。”
申鉴·政体》:济大者,太上乘舟,其次泅。
新语·道基》:禹乃决江䟽河,通之四渎,致之于海,大小相引,高下相受,百顺流,各归其所,然后人民得去高险,处平土。
独断·卷上》:秦兼天下,置三守,伊、河、洛也。
蔡中郎集·独断》:秦兼天下,置三守,伊、河、洛也。
列子·周穆王》:反山,移城邑。
鶡冠子·道端》:夫寒温之变,非一精之所化也,天下之事,非一人之所能独知也,海水广大,非独仰一之流也。
文子·精诚》:逆天暴物,即日月薄蚀,五星失行,四时相乘,昼明宵光,山崩涸,冬雷夏霜。
文始真经·六匕》:关尹子曰:“好仁者多梦松、柏、桃、李,好义者多梦兵、刀、金、铁,好礼者多梦簠、簋、笾、豆,好智者多梦江、湖、、泽,好信者多梦山、岳、原、野,役于五行,未有不然者。”
列仙传·鹿皮公》:鹿皮公者,淄人也。
老子河上公章句》:与兮若冬涉
韩非子·解老》:时雨降集,旷野闲静,而以昏晨犯山,则风露之爪角害之。
慎子·逸文》:为天下衣食,人不能感。
谏逐客书》:惠王用张仪之计,拔三之地,西并巴、蜀,北收上郡,南取汉中,包九夷,制鄢、郢,东据成皋之险,割膏腴之壤,遂散六国之从,使之西面事秦,功施到今。
管子·轻重甲》:故不远道里,而能威绝域之民,不险山,而能服有恃之国,发若雷霆,动若风雨,独出独入,莫之能圉。
司马法·仁本》:乃告于皇天上帝,日月星辰,祷于后土四海神祇,山冢社,乃造于先王。
尉缭子·武议》:三军成行,一舍而后成三舍,三舍之馀,如决源。
三略·上略》:军谶曰:将能清,能静,能平,能整,能受谏,能听讼,能纳人,能采言,能知国俗,能图山,能表险难,能制军权。

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