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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+5DDE

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo
𠃕
Semantic variant
𠄓
Semantic variant
𠛏
Semantic variant
𣧓
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 3 strokes = 6 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.206#15 Kangxi: p.324#01 Cihai: p.462r3c02 GSR: 1086.a Hanyu: v1,p0046#03
Composition:Component of: 𠀦 𬣱 𢓟 𢫧 𪣏 𭇫 𦭴 𪰢 𤥅 𣌮 𥒁 𫟻 𧋀 𨠩 [More]
Mandarin:zhōu ㄓㄡ
Cantonese:zau1
Tang reconstruction:*jiou
Shuowen:川部》州:水中可居曰州,周绕其㫄,从重川。昔尧遭洪水,民居水中高土,或曰九州。《》曰:“在河之州。”一曰州,畴也。各畴其土而生之。
Guangyun:广韵·下平声··》州:州郡。《周礼》云:五党爲州又姓左传晋大夫州绰。
Kangxi:康熙字典·巛部·》州:〔古文〕𠄓𠃕𠛏𣧓《唐韵》《正韵》职流切《集韵》《韵会》之由切,𠀤音周。《说文》水中可居曰州。周绕其旁,从重川。昔尧遭洪水,民居水中高土,故曰九州。一曰州,畴也,各畴其土而主之。《广雅》州,殊也,浮也。《春秋·题辞》州之爲言殊也。《释名》州,注也。郡国所注仰也。《玉篇》九州也,时也,宫也,居也。《·舜典》肇十有二州。《传》禹治水之后,舜分冀州爲幽州幷州。分靑州爲营州。《疏》禹贡治水之时犹爲九州,今始爲十二州。左传云:昔夏之方有德也,贡金九牧,则禹登王佐,还置九州,其名盖如禹贡。《禹贡》冀、兖、靑、徐、荆、扬、豫、梁、雍。《周礼·夏官》九州:扬、荆、豫、靑、兖、雍、幽、冀、幷。《尔雅·释地》冀、豫、雝、荆、扬、兖、徐、幽、营,九州。《疏》禹贡有靑徐梁,无幽幷营,是夏制。周礼有靑幷幽,无徐梁营,是周制。此有幽徐营而无靑梁幷,疑是殷制也。《史记·孟子传》驺衍言中国名赤县神州。赤县神州内自有九州,禹之序九州是也。不得爲州数。中国外如赤县神州者九,乃所谓九州也。又《周礼·地官》五党爲州。《注》州二千五百家。《论语》言不忠信,行不笃敬,虽州里行乎哉。又国名。《春秋·桓五年》州公如曹。《传》淳于公如曹。《注》淳于,州国所都。城阳淳于县也。《括地志》密州,安丘县东三十里古州国,周武王封爲淳于国。又邑名。《左传·昭三年》郑伯如晋,公孙段相晋侯,曰:子丰有劳于晋,余闻而弗忘,赐女州田。《注》州县,今属河内郡。又《春秋·成七年》吴入州来。《注》楚邑,淮南下蔡县。又《史记·楚世家》考烈王元年,纳州于秦。《注》南郡有州陵县。又姓。《左传·襄二十一年》州绰出奔齐。《注》晋大夫。又《尔雅·释畜》白州驠。《注》州,窍。《疏》谓马之白尻者也。又与洲通。◎按《说文》引《·周南》在河之州,今文作洲,古通。又叶专于切,音朱。《易林》鸇鸠徙巢,西至平州。遭逢雷电,霹我葺庐。
考证:〔《左传·昭二年》郑伯如晋,公孙段相。〕谨照原文二年改三年。〔《襄二十二年》州绰出奔齐。〕谨照原文二十二年改二十一年。
Fanqie:职流 (《广韵·下平声··》)
Unihan definition:administrative division, state

Example usage

论语·卫灵公》:言不忠信,行不笃敬,虽里行乎哉?
If his words be not sincere and truthful, and his actions not honorable and careful, will he, with such conduct, be appreciated, even in his neighborhood?
孟子·万章上》:万章曰:“舜流共工于幽,放驩兜于崇山,杀三苗于三危,殛鲧于羽山,四罪而天下咸服,诛不仁也。”
Wan Zhang said, 'Shun banished the superintendent of works to You Zhou; he sent away Huan Dou to the mountain Chong; he slew the prince of San Miao in San Wei; and he imprisoned Gun on the mountain Yu. When the crimes of those four were thus punished, the whole kingdom acquiesced - it was a cutting off of men who were destitute of benevolence.'
礼记·曲礼上》:闾乡党称其孝也,兄弟亲戚称其慈也,僚友称其弟也,执友称其仁也,交游称其信也。
The people of the hamlets and smaller districts, and of the larger districts and neighbourhoods, will proclaim him filial; his brothers and relatives, both by consanguinity and affinity, will proclaim him loving; his friends who are fellow-officers will proclaim him virtuous; and his friends who are his associates will proclaim him true.
庄子·胠箧》:阖四竟之内,所以立宗庙社稷,治邑、屋、、闾、乡曲者,曷尝不法圣人哉!
All within its four boundaries, the establishment of the ancestral temples and of the altars of the land and grain, and the ordering of the hamlets and houses, and of every corner in the districts, large, medium, and small, were in all particulars according to the rules of the sages.
史记·五帝本纪》:肇十有二,决川。
Shun instituted the division of the Empire into twelve provinces, and deepened the rivers.
荀子·礼论》:庶人之丧合族党,动里。
说苑·修文》:十二牧行,而九莫敢僻违。
春秋繁露·玉杯》:有文无质,非直不子,乃少恶之,谓公实来是也。
韩诗外传·卷十》:吾臣有黔夫者,使之守徐,则燕人祭北门,赵人祭西门,从而归之者十千馀家。
大戴礼记·主言》:昔者明主之治民有法,必别地以之,分属而治之,然后贤民无所隐,暴民无所伏。
白虎通德论》:伯何谓也?
新书·威不信》:昔高帝起布衣而服九,今陛下杖九而不行于匈奴,窃为陛下不足。
新序·善谋》:四岳三涂,阳城大室,荆山终南,九之险也,是不一姓,冀之北土,马之所生也,无兴国焉。
中论·贵言》:若夫父慈子孝,姑爱妇顺,兄友弟恭,夫敬妻听,朋友必信,师长必教,有司日月虑知乎闾矣。
孔子家语·正论解》:居乡以齿,而老穷不匮,强不犯弱,众不暴寡,而悌达乎巷矣。
潜夫论·遏利》:守志于一庐之内,而义溢乎九之外,信立于千载之上,而名传乎百世之际。
论衡·累害》:焦陈留君兄,名称兖,行完迹洁,无纤芥之毁。
太玄经·玄首都序》:部家,三位踈成,曰陈其九九,以为数生。
风俗通义》:今王室大坏,九幅裂,乱靡有定,生民无几。
孔丛子·嘉言》:答曰:“文王之兴,附者六。”
申鉴·时事》:四曰议牧。
新语·道基》:川谷交错,风化未通,九绝隔,未有舟车之用,以济深致远。
独断·卷上》:凡制书有印使符下,远近皆玺封,尚书令印重封,唯赦令、赎令召三公诣朝堂受制书,司徒印封露布下郡。
蔡中郎集·独断》:三槐、三公之位也,长众庶在其后。
墨子·经下》:是是与是同,说在不
列子·天瑞》:自此以往,施及闾。
鶡冠子·泰录》:入论泰鸿之内,出观神明之外,定制泰一之衷,以为物稽,天有九鸿,地有九,泰一之道,九皇之傅,请成于泰始之末,见不详事于名理之外。
文子·精诚》:虙牺氏之王天下,枕方寝绳,杀秋约冬,负方,抱员天,阴阳所拥沈不通者窍理之,逆气戾物伤民厚积者绝止之,其民童蒙不知西东,视瞑瞑,行蹎蹎,侗然自得,莫知其所由,浮游泛然,不知所本,罔养不知所如往,当此之时,禽兽虫蛇无不怀其爪牙,藏其螫毒,功揆天地。
列仙传·吕尚》:吕尚者冀人也。
韩非子·喻老》:举兵诛齐,败之徐,胜晋于河雍,合诸侯于宋,遂霸天下。
慎子·逸文》:治水者,茨防决塞,九四海,相似如一,学之于水,不学之于禹也。
管子·轻重戊》:神农作树五谷淇山之阳,九之民,乃知谷食,而天下化之。
司马法·严位》:人方有性,性异,教成俗,俗异,道化俗。
三略·中略》:善国,以富其家,美色珍玩,以悦其心。
孙子算经·卷下》:所馀,以天除一,地除二,人除三,四时除四,五行除五,六律除六,七星除七,八风除八,九除九。
淮南子·齐俗训》:是以人不兼官,官不兼事,士农工商,乡别异,是故农与农言力,士与士言行,工与工言巧,商与商言数。
吕氏春秋·高义》:荆之为四十二世矣,尝有乾溪、白公之乱矣,尝有郑襄、侯之避矣,而今犹为万乘之大国,其时有臣如子囊与?
春秋左传》:卫庄公娶于齐东宫得臣之妹,曰庄姜,美而无子,卫人所为赋硕人也,又娶于陈,曰厉妫,生孝伯,早死,其娣戴妫,生桓公,庄姜以为己子,公子吁,嬖人之子也,有宠而好兵,公弗禁,庄姜恶之,石碏谏曰,臣闻爱子,教之以义方,弗纳于邪,骄奢淫泆,所自邪也,四者之来,宠禄过也,将立吁,乃定之矣,若犹未也,阶之为祸,夫宠而不骄,骄而能降,降而不憾,憾而能眕者,鲜矣,且夫贱妨贵,少陵长,远间亲,新间旧,小加大,淫破义,所谓六逆也,君义,臣行,父慈,子孝,兄爱,弟敬,所谓六顺也,去顺效逆,所以速祸也,君人者,将祸是务去,而速之,无乃不可乎,弗听,其子厚与吁游,禁之不可,桓公立,乃老。
逸周书·周书序》:武王率六之兵车三百五十乘以灭殷,作克殷。
国语·楚语下》:于是乎合其乡朋友婚姻,比尔兄弟亲戚。
晏子春秋》:子今忠臣也,寡人请赐子款。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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