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Chinese Text Project

U+5E72

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Alternate form
Traditional character

Traditional character

Radical:+ 0 strokes = 3 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.122#37 Kangxi: p.339#01 Cihai: p.479r6c03 GSR: 139.a Hanyu: v1,p0405#05
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Compositionally related: . Component of: 𠃗 𭅖 𨸗 𠣍 𫢉 𢆉 𭆺 𢇛 𭕍 𫷔 [More]
Mandarin:gān gàn hán ㄍㄢ ㄍㄢˋ ㄏㄢˊ
Cantonese:gon1
Tang reconstruction:*gɑn gɑn
Shuowen:干部》干:犯也。从反入,从一。凡干之屬皆从干。
Guangyun:廣韻·上平聲··》干:求也,犯也,觸也,亦姓左傳宋有干犨又漢複姓何氏姓苑漢有干己衍爲京兆尹。古寒切,十六。
Kangxi:康熙字典·干部·干部》干:《唐韻》古寒切《集韻》《韻會》居寒切,𠀤音竿。《說文》干,犯也。《左傳·文四年》其敢干大禮,以自取戾。《晉書·衞玠傳》非意相干,可以理遣。又《爾雅·釋言》干,求也。《·大禹謨》罔違道以干百姓之譽。《論語》子張學干祿。又盾也。《揚子·方言》盾,自關而東或謂之〈盾支〉,或謂之干,關西謂之盾。《·大禹謨》舞干羽于兩階。《·大雅》干戈戚揚。又司干,官名。《周禮·春官》司干掌舞器。又《爾雅·釋言》干,扞也。《註》相扞衞。《疏》孫炎曰:干盾,自蔽扞。《·周南》公侯干城。《疏》干城者,言以武夫自固,爲扞蔽如盾,爲防守如誠然。又㵎也。《·小雅》秩秩斯干。《傳》干,㵎也。又水涯也。《易·漸卦》鴻漸干干。《註》干謂大水之旁,故停水處者。《·魏風》寘之河之干兮。《傳》干,厓也。又國郊曰干。《·邶風》出宿于干。《傳》干言國郊也。又《韻會》若干,數未定之辭,猶言幾許也。《禮·曲禮》問天子之年。對曰:聞之始服衣若干尺矣。《前漢·食貨志》或用輕錢百加若干。《註》師古曰:若干,且設數之言也。干猶箇也。謂當如此箇數耳。又自甲至癸爲天干。《皇極經世》十干,天也。十二支,地也。支干,配天地之用也。《皇極內篇》十爲干,十二爲支。十干者。五行有隂陽也。十二支者,六氣有剛柔也。又闌干,橫斜貌。《古樂府·善哉行》月沒參橫,北斗闌干。又《韻會》闌楯閒曰闌干。《李白·淸平調》沉香亭北倚闌干。又《韻會》目眶謂之闌干。《正韻》闌干,淚流貌。《談藪》王元景使梁,劉孝綽送別,泣下。元景無淚謝曰:別後當闌干。《白居易詩》玉容寂寞淚闌干。又蘭干,紵也。《後漢·哀牢國傳》蘭干細布,織成文章如綾錦。《華陽國志》蘭干,獠言紵也。又干將,劒名。《吳越春秋》干將者,吳人也。莫邪,干將之妻也。干將作劒,莫邪斷髮翦爪投于爐中,金鐵乃濡,遂以成劒。陽曰干將,隂曰莫邪。又干遮,曲名。《司馬相如·子虛賦》淮南干遮。《註》干遮,曲名也。又射干,木名。《荀子·勸學篇》西方有木,名曰射干。又草名。《本草圖經》射干,花白莖長,如射人之執干。《後漢·𨻰寵傳》陽氣始萌,十一月有蘭,射干,芸荔之應。又獸名。《司馬相如·子虛賦》騰遠射干。《註》射干,似狐,能緣木。又野干,亦獸名。《法華經》野干,體瘦無目,爲諸童子摘擲,受諸苦痛。又發干、蘭干、餘干,𠀤縣名。《後漢·郡國志》東郡有發干縣,漢陽郡有蘭干縣。《隋書·地理志》鄱陽郡有餘干縣。又長干,地名。《左思·吳都賦》長干延屬。《註》建業南五里有山岡,其閒平地,吏民雜居。東長干中有大長干,小長干,皆相連。地有長短,故號大小長干。韓詩曰考盤在干。地下而黃曰干。又姓。《左傳·昭二十一年》宋有干犫。《劉向·別錄》有干長,著天下忠臣九篇。又段干,干己,𠀤複姓。《史記·老子傳》老子之子名宗,爲魏將,封於段干。《註》段干,應是魏邑名,而魏世家有段干木,段干子。田完世家有段干朋。疑此三人是姓段干也,本蓋因邑爲姓。《何氏姓苑》漢有干已衍,爲京兆尹。又《集韻》居案切,音盰。扞也。《·周南》公侯干城。沈重讀。又《篇韻》音寒。國名。《淮南子·道應訓》荆有佽飛,得寶劒於干隊。《註》干國,在今臨淄,出寶劒。又《韻會》通作奸。《前漢·劉向傳》數奸死亡之誅。又通作忓,干預也。《唐書·萬壽公主傳》無忓時事。又《韻會》通作竿。《後漢·董卓傳》乗金華靑蓋,瓜畫兩轓,時人號竿摩車,言其服飾近天子也。《註》竿摩,謂相逼近也。今俗以事干人者謂之相竿摩。又與矸通。《集韻》矸,石也。或省作干。又與豻通。《類篇》豻或作干。《儀禮·大射儀》量人量侯道干五十。《註》干讀豻。豻侯者,豻鵠豻飾也。又古與乾通。《初月帖》淡悶干嘔。楊愼曰:淡,古淡液之淡,干,古干溼之干。今以談作痰,干作乾,非也。又叶經天切,音堅。《黃庭經》回紫抱黃入丹田,漱嚥靈液災不干。
考證:〔《韻會》闌板閒曰闌干。〕謹照原文板改楯。
Fanqie:古寒 (《廣韻·上平聲··》)
Unihan definition:oppose, offend; invade; dried

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

論語·為政》:子張學祿。
Zi Zhang was learning with a view to official emolument.
孟子·告子上》:以紂為兄之子且以為君,而有微子啟、王子比
And that with Zhou for their sovereign, and the son of their elder brother besides, there were found Qi, the viscount of Wei, and the prince Bi Gan.
禮記·緇衣》:《兌命》曰:『惟口起羞,惟甲胄起兵,惟衣裳在笥,惟戈省厥躬。』
It is said in the Charge to Yue (III, viii, Sect. 2, 4), "It is the mouth which gives occasion to shame; they are the coat of mail and helmet which give occasion to war. The upper robes and lower garments (for reward) should not be taken (lightly from) their chests; before spear and shield are used, one should examine himself."
墨子·所染》:夏桀染於辛、推哆,殷紂染於崇侯、惡來,厲王染於厲公長父、榮夷終,幽王染於傅公夷、蔡公穀。
Jie of Xia came under the influence of Gan Xin and Tui Yi; Zhou of Yin, under that of the Duke of Zhong and E Lai; King Li, under that of Chang Fu, Duke Li, and Yi Zhong of the State of Rong; and King You, under that of Yi, Duke of Fu, and Gu, Duke of Cai.
莊子·人間世》:且昔者桀殺關龍逢,紂殺王子比,是皆脩其身以下傴拊人之民,以下拂其上者也,故其君因其脩以擠之。
And formerly Jie killed Guan Long-feng, and Zhou killed the prince Bi-gan. Both of these cultivated their persons, bending down in sympathy with the lower people to comfort them suffering (as they did) from their oppressors, and on their account opposing their superiors. On this account, because they so ordered their conduct, their rulers compassed their destruction
商君書·靳令》:效功而取官爵,雖有辯言,不得以相也,此謂以數治。
Office and rank are obtained according to the acquired merit, and even though there may be sophistical talk, it will be impossible thereby to obtain undue precedence. This is said to be government by statistics.
史記·五帝本紀》:於是軒轅乃習用戈,以征不享,諸侯咸來賓從。
So Xuanyuan exercised himself in the use of weapons of war, so as to be able to punish irregularities. The princes all came and did homage.
荀子·大略》:虞舜、孝己孝而親不愛,比、子胥忠而君不用,仲尼、顏淵知而窮於世。
說苑·脩文》:聖人作為鞉鼓控揭塤箎,比六者德音之音,然後鐘磬竽瑟以和之,然後戚旄狄以舞之。
春秋繁露·盟會要》:辭已喻矣,故曰:立義以明尊卑之分,強弱枝以明大小這職。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:居下而好上,嗜慾不厭,求索不止者,刑共殺之。
大戴禮記·夏小正》:萬也者,戚舞也。
白虎通德論·禮樂》:故聽其雅、頌之聲,志意得廣焉,執戚習俯仰屈信,容貌得齊焉。
新書·》:歲凶,穀不登,臺扉不塗,榭徹侯,馬不食穀,馳道不除,食減膳,饗祭有闕。
新序·善謀下》:武王入殷,表商容之閭,軾箕子之門,封比之墓。
中論·智行》:殷有三仁:微子介於石不終日,箕子內難而能正其志,比諫而剖心。
孔子家語·相魯》:裔不謀夏,夷不亂華,俘不盟,兵不偪好,於神為不祥,於德為愆義,於人為失禮。
潛夫論·賢難》:之所以剖心,箕子之所以為奴,伯宗之以死,郄宛之以亡。
論衡·命祿》:而說若范雎之秦明,封為應侯。
太玄經·》:𝌍
風俗通義·孝文帝》:文帝遵漢家基業初定,重承軍旅之後,百姓新免於戈之難,故文帝宜因修秦餘政教,輕刑事少,與之休息,以儉約節欲自持,初開籍田,躬勸農耕桑,務民之本。
孔叢子·廣言》:獲、,得也。
忠經·武備章》:《詩》云:「赳赳武夫,公侯城。」
新語·術事》:故良馬非獨騏驥,利劍非唯將,美女非獨西施,忠臣非獨呂望。
獨斷·卷下》:《詩》曰:「常服黼冔,禮朱玉,戚冕而舞《大武》。」
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:《詩》曰:「常服黼冔,禮朱玉,戚冕而舞《大武》。」
列子·仲尼》:其有介然之有,唯然之音,雖遠在八荒之外,近在眉睫之內,來我者,我必知之。
鶡冠子·王鈇》:天者因時其則也,四時當名代而不,故莫弗以為必然。
文子·自然》:神農形悴,堯瘦虞,舜黧黑,禹胼胝,伊尹負鼎而湯,呂望鼓刀而入周,百里奚傳賣,管仲束縛,孔子無黔突,墨子無煖席,非以貪祿慕位,將欲事起於天下之利,除萬民之害也。
文始真經·二柱》:苟離1寓,道亦不立。
列仙傳·修羊公》:後以道景帝,帝禮之,使止王邸中。
老子河上公章句》:路行不遇兕虎,自然遠離,害不也。
韓非子·難言》:故文王說紂而紂囚之,翼侯炙,鬼侯腊,比剖心,梅伯醢,夷吾束縛,而曹羈奔陳,伯里子道乞,傅說轉鬻,孫子臏腳於魏,吳起收泣於岸門、痛西河之為秦、卒枝解於楚,公叔痤言國器、反為悖,公孫鞅奔秦,關龍逢斬,萇宏分胣,尹子阱於棘,司馬子期死而浮於江,田明辜射,宓子賤、西門豹不鬥而死人手,董安于死而陳於市,宰予不免於田常,范睢折脅於魏。
申不害·大體》:今使烏獲、彭祖負千鈞之重,而懷琬琰之美,令孟賁、成荊帶將之劍衛之,行乎幽道,則盜猶偷之矣。
慎子·威德》:故欲不得時,愛不得犯法,貴不得逾親,祿不得踰位,士不得兼官,工不得兼事。
管子·輕重甲》:民人之食,有人若灸畝之數,然而有餓餒於衢閭者何也?
六韜·農器》:蓑薛、簦笠者,其甲冑、楯也。
尉繚子·伍制令》:伍有令犯禁者,揭之免於罪,知而弗揭,全伍有誅。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:王子比,非不知箕子被發佯狂以免其身也,然而樂直行盡忠以死節,故不為也。
呂氏春秋·不苟》:異,故子胥見說於闔閭而惡乎夫差,比生而惡於商、死而見說乎周。
鬼谷子·權篇》:佞言者,諂而忠。

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