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Chinese Text Project

U+5E7C

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo
𠣎
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 2 strokes = 5 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.440#22 Kangxi: p.342#02 Cihai: p.485r4c02 GSR: 1115.f Hanyu: v2,p1093#07
Composition:Left: , right: . Compositionally related: 𢆲 . Component of: 𬣦 𡛙 𢂊 𫳀 𭎍 𭑵 𢩃 𣅺 𣢜 𣢢 𣧥 [More]
Mandarin:yòu yào ㄧㄡˋ ㄧㄠˋ
Cantonese:jau3
Tang reconstruction:qiə̀u
Shuowen:幺部》幼:少也。从幺从力。
Guangyun:廣韻·去聲··》幼:少也。伊謬切,一。
Kangxi:康熙字典·幺部·》幼:〔古文〕𠣎《唐韻》《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤伊謬切,憂去聲。《爾雅·釋言》幼,穉也。《釋名》幼,少也。言生日少也。《禮·曲禮》人生十年曰幼學。《疏》幼者,自始生至十九時。故檀弓云:幼名者,三月爲名稱幼。冠禮云:棄爾幼志,是十九以前爲幼。喪服傳云:子幼。鄭康成云:十五以下。今云:十年曰幼學,是十歲而就業也。又慈幼也。《孟子》幼吾幼,以及人之幼。《註》幼,猶愛也。又王莽錢名。《前漢·食貨志》徑八分,重五銖曰幼錢,直二十。又《集韻》乙六切,音郁。義同。又《集韻》一笑切,音要。幼𦕈,精微也。《前漢·元帝紀贊》窮極幼𦕈。《註》幼,讀曰要。《司馬相如·長門賦》聲幼妙而復揚。又與拗通。《集韻》袎或作幼。
Fanqie:伊謬 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:infant, young child; immature

Example usage

論語·憲問》:子曰:「而不孫弟,長而無述焉,老而不死,是為賊!」
Who said to him, "In youth not humble as befits a junior; in manhood, doing nothing worthy of being handed down; and living on to old age - this is to be a pest."
孟子·告子下》:三命曰:『敬老慈,無忘賓旅。』
The third was, "Respect the old, and be kind to the young. Be not forgetful of strangers and travellers."
禮記·曲禮上》:人生十年曰,學。
When one is ten years old, we call him a boy; he goes (out) to school.
孝經·感應》:順,故上下治。
They pursued the right course with reference to their (own) seniors and juniors, and therefore they secured the regulation of the relations between superiors and inferiors (throughout the kingdom).
莊子·盜跖》:子張曰:「子不為行,即將疏戚無倫,貴賤無義,長無序,五紀六位將何以為別乎?」
Zi-zhang said, 'If you do not follow the usual course of what is held to be right, but observe no distinction between the near and remote degrees of kin, no difference between the noble and the mean, no order between the old and the young, then how shall a separation be made of the fivefold arrangement (of the virtues), and the six parties (in the social organisation)?'
史記·五帝本紀》:生而神靈,弱而能言,而徇齊,長而敦敏,成而聰明。
Born a genius he could speak when a baby, as a boy he was quick and smart, as a youth simple and earnest, and when grown up intelligent.
荀子·大略》:禮也者,貴者敬焉,老者孝焉,長者弟焉,者慈焉,賤者惠焉。
說苑·脩文》:此所以祭先王之廟也,此所以獻酢酳之酬也,所以官序貴賤各得其宜也,此可以示後世有尊卑長之序也。
春秋繁露》:者居陽之所少,老者居陽之所老,貴者居陽之所盛,賤者居陽之所衰。
韓詩外傳·卷四》:此不恭之語也,雖不可不審也,非比為劫殺死亡之主者也,夫人主年少而放,無術法以知奸,即大臣以專斷圖私,以禁誅於己也,故捨賢長而立弱,廢正直而用不善
大戴禮記》:非禮無以節事天地之神明也,非禮無以辨君臣上下長之位也,非禮無以別男女父子兄弟之親、昏姻、疏數之交也,君子以此之為尊敬然。
白虎通德論·》:以《春秋》魯成公少,與諸侯會,公不見之,《經》不以為魯恥,明不與童子為禮也。
新書·保傅》:帝入南學,上齒而貴信,則長有差,而民不誣矣。
新序·善謀下》:留侯曰:「始上數在困急之中,幸用臣,今天下安定,以愛欲易太子骨肉間。」
中論·智行》:昔武王崩,成王,周公居攝,管、蔡啟殷畔亂,周公誅之
孔子家語·相魯》:異食,強弱異任,男女別塗。
潛夫論·潛歎》:是以明聖之君於正道也,不專驅於貴寵,惑於嬖媚,不棄踈遠,不輕賤,又參而任之。
論衡·本性》:若孟子之言,人小之時,無有不善也。
太玄經·》:次三,長序序,子克父。
風俗通義·葉令祠》:《周書》稱:「靈王太子晉,有盛德,聰明博達,師曠與言,弗能尚也。」
孔叢子·雜訓》:孟子車尚,請見子思。
新語·道基》:於是先聖乃仰觀天文,俯察地理,圖畫乾坤,以定人道,民始開悟,知有父子之親,君臣之義,夫婦之道,長之序。
獨斷·卷下》:哀帝崩,平帝,孝元王皇后以太皇太后攝政。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:哀帝崩,平帝,孝元王皇后以太皇太后攝政。
墨子·大取》:為長厚,不為薄。
列子·仲尼》:群聚,而為牢藉庖廚之物,奚異犬豕之類乎?
鶡冠子·泰鴻》:夫物之始也傾傾,至其有也錄錄,至其成形端端王王,勿損勿益,少隨足,以從師俗,毋易天生,毋散天樸,自若則清,動之則濁。
文子·上禮》:列金木水火土之性,以立父子之親而成家,聽五音清濁六律相生之數,以立君臣之義而成國,察四時孟仲季之序,以立長之節而成官,列地而州之,分國而治之,立大學以教之,此治之綱紀也。
文始真經·七釜》:關尹子曰:「二相好,及其壯也,相遇則不相識。」
列仙傳·幼伯子》:伯子者,周蘇氏客也。
老子河上公章句》:修之於鄉,其德乃長,修道於鄉,尊敬長老,愛養少,教誨愚鄙。
韓非子·姦劫弒臣》:故其治國也,正明法,陳嚴刑,將以救群生之亂,去天下之禍,使強不陵弱,眾不暴寡,耆老得遂,孤得長,邊境不侵,君臣相親,父子相保,而無死亡係虜之患,此亦功之至厚者也。
慎子·逸文》:有長之禮,無勇怯之禮。
管子·輕重戊》:管子對曰:「天子弱,諸侯亢強,聘享不上,公其弱強繼絕,率諸侯以起周室之祀。」
司馬法·仁本》:見其老,奉歸勿傷。
孫子算經·》:心開者沖而即悟,意閉者皓首而難精。
淮南子·時則訓》:小,存孤獨,以通句萌。
呂氏春秋·恃君》:昔太古嘗無君矣,其民聚生群處,知母不知父,無親戚兄弟夫妻男女之別,無上下長之道,無進退揖讓之禮,無衣服履帶宮室畜積之便,無器械舟車城郭險阻之備,此無君之患。
尹文子·大道上》:越王勾踐,謀報吳,欲人之勇,路逢怒蛙而軾之,比及數年,民無長,臨敵雖湯火不避。
春秋左傳》:二十三年,夏,公如齊觀社,非禮也,曹劌諫曰,不可,夫禮,所以整民也,故會以訓上下之則,制財用之節,朝以正班爵之義,帥長之序,征伐以討其不然,諸侯有王,王有巡守,以大習之,非是君不舉矣,君舉必書,書而不法,後嗣何觀。
逸周書·周書序》:晉侯尚力侵我王略,叔向聞儲而果賢,□復王位,作太子晉。

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