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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+5F37

Seal script

Jianbo

Semantic variant
Simplified character

Semantic variant
Specialized semantic variant

Radical:+ 8 strokes = 11 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.177#35 Kangxi: p.359#23 Cihai: p.504r5c01 GSR: 713.b Hanyu: v2,p0999#07
Composition:Left: , right: 𧈧. Component of: 𪻈 𡠥 𠼢 𢠌 𮂏 𭽅 𥨀 𫋙 𮜓 𩝽 𩴒 𩌾
Mandarin:qiáng qiǎng jiàng ㄑㄧㄤˊ ㄑㄧㄤˇ ㄐㄧㄤˋ
Cantonese:goeng6 koeng4 koeng5
Tang reconstruction:*ghiɑng ghiǎng
Shuowen:虫部》强:蚚也。从虫弘声。
Guangyun:广韵·下平声··》强:健也,暴也。《说文》曰:蚚也,又姓后汉有强华奉赤伏符。巨良切,四。
Kangxi:康熙字典·弓部·》强:《唐韵》巨良切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》渠良切,𠀤音强。《玉篇》米中蠹。《尔雅·释虫》蛄䗐,强䖹。《注》今米榖中小黑虫是也。建平人呼爲䖹子。《扬子·方言》蛄䗐谓之强䖹。江东人谓之𧉪。又《尔雅·释虫》强蚚。《疏》强,虫名也。一名蚚,好自摩捋者,盖蝇类。《又》强丑捋。《注》以脚自摩捋。又与强通。《广韵》刚强也,健也。《礼·曲礼》四十曰强而仕。《疏》强有二义,一则四十不惑,是智虑强。二则气力强也。《中庸》虽愚必明,虽柔必强。又《集韵》胜也。《礼·中庸注》南方以舒缓爲强,北方以刚猛爲强。又《广韵》暴也。《史记·田延年传》诛锄豪强。又算家以有馀爲强。《古木兰诗》策勋十二转,赏赐百千强。又岁名。《尔雅·释天》太岁在丁曰强圉。又姓。《左传·庄十六年》刖强锄。《广韵》后汉有强华奉赤伏符。又《广韵》《集韵》《正韵》𠀤其两切,强上声。《集韵》勉也。《尔雅·释诂》勤也。《礼·中庸》或勉强而行之。又《韵会》矫强。《左传·庄十九年》鬻拳强谏楚子。《荀子·臣道篇》率羣臣百吏,而相与强君曰桥君。《注》桥音矫。又劝也。《周礼·地官》正其行,而强之道艺。《注》强,犹劝也。《礼·乐记》强而弗抑则易。《疏》师但劝强其神识,而不抑之令晓,则受者和易。又姓。《广韵》《前秦录》有将军强求。◎按《后汉》强华,《前秦》强求同姓,《广韵》分二音,不知何据。又《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤其亮切,强去声。《韵会》木强,不和柔貌。《前汉·周昌传赞》周昌,木强人也。《注》言其强质如木石然。又《正韵》自是也,㑃也。《前汉·陆贾传》乃欲以新造未集之越,屈强于此。《注》屈强,不柔服也。《史记》作屈强。又与襁通。《类篇》强,负儿衣。《史记·鲁周公世家》成王少在强葆之中。《注》索隐曰:强葆卽襁褓。正义曰:强阔八寸,长八尺,用约小儿于背而负行。
考证:〔《周礼·地官》止其行,而强之道艺。〕谨照原文止改正。
Fanqie:巨良 (《广韵·下平声··》)
Unihan definition:strong, powerful, energetic

Example usage

孟子·尽心上》:恕而行,求仁莫近焉。
If one acts with a vigorous effort at the law of reciprocity, when he seeks for the realization of perfect virtue, nothing can be closer than his approximation to it.
礼记·曲礼上》:四十曰,而仕。
When he is forty, we say, 'He is in his vigour;' he is employed in office.
扬子法言》:是以君子学而力行。
Thus, the junzi assiduously studies and diligently puts them into practice.
墨子·经上》:忠,以为利而1也。
To be zhong (to serve loyally/do one's utmost) is to be energetic in sustaining the responsibility when one deems something beneficial.
庄子·应帝王》:阳子居见老聃曰:“有人于此,向疾梁,物彻疏明,学道不倦。”
Yang Zi-ju, having an interview with Lao Dan, said to him, 'Here is a man, alert and vigorous in responding to all matters, clearsighted and widely intelligent, and an unwearied student of the Dao'
道德经》:是以圣人之治,虚其心,实其腹,弱其志,其骨。
Therefore the sage, in the exercise of his government, empties their minds, fills their bellies, weakens their wills, and strengthens their bones.
商君书·更法》:是以圣人苟可以国,不法其故。
Therefore a sage, if he is able to strengthen the state thereby, does not model himself on antiquity.
孙子兵法·始计》:曰:主孰有道,将孰有能,天地孰得,法令孰行,兵众孰,士卒孰练,赏罚孰明,吾以此知胜负矣。
In this wise: (1) Which of the two sovereigns is imbued with the Moral law? (2) Which of the two generals has most ability? (3) With whom lie the advantages derived from Heaven and Earth? (4) On which side is discipline most rigorously enforced? (5) Which army is stronger? (6) On which side are officers and men more highly trained? (7) In which army is there the greater constancy both in reward and punishment? By means of these seven considerations I can forecast victory or defeat.
荀子·》:城郭以固,三军以
说苑·修文》:故其民皆兴仁义而贱财利,贱财利则不争,不争则不凌弱,众不暴寡。
春秋繁露·精华》:此亦《春秋》之不畏御也。
韩诗外传·卷一》:少以敌众,弱以侮,忿不量力者,兵共杀之。
大戴礼记·主言》:孔子曰:“上敬老则下益孝,上顺齿则下益悌,上乐施则下益谅,上亲贤则下择友,上好德则下不隐,上恶贪则下耻争,上果则下廉耻,民皆有别,则贞、则正,亦不劳矣,此谓七教。”
白虎通德论·》:《礼》曰:“四十而士。”
新书·益壤》:诸侯犹且人恣而不制,豪横而大也,至其相与,特以纵横之约相亲耳。
新序·善谋下》:吕泽要曰:“为我画计。”
中论·治学》:》曰:“君子以自不息。”
孔子家语·相鲁》:长幼异食,弱异任,男女别涂。
潜夫论·赞学》:是故无董、景之才,倪、匡之志,而欲捐家出身旷日师门者,必无几矣。
论衡·气寿》:人之禀气,或充实而坚,或虚劣而软弱,充实坚,其年寿。
孔丛子·广诂》:弥、愈、滋、,益也。
申鉴·政体》: 小人之情,缓则骄,骄则恣,恣则急,急则怨,怨则畔,危则谋乱,安则思欲,非威无以惩之。
新语·道基》:于是中圣乃设辟雍庠序之教,以正上下之仪,明父子之礼、君臣之义,使不凌弱、众不暴寡,弃贪鄙之心,兴清洁之行。
蔡中郎集》:臣愿陛下纳忠言,忍而绝之,侧身踊跃,思惟万几,以荅天望,以导嘉应。
列子·天瑞》:天地,阳气也,又胡可得而有邪?
鶡冠子·夜行》:为之说曰:芴乎芒乎,中有象乎,芒乎芴乎,中有物乎,窅乎冥乎,中有精乎。
文子·道原》:老子曰:“有物混成,先天地生,惟象无形,窈窈冥冥,寂寥淡漠,不闻其声,吾为之名,字之曰道。”
文始真经·一宇》:或尚,或尚弱。
列仙传·老子》:过函关,关令尹喜待而迎之,知真人也,乃使著书,作《道德经》上下二卷。
老子河上公章句》:其骨。
韩非子·初见秦》:臣闻天下阴燕阳魏,连荆固齐,收韩而成从,将西面以与秦为难,臣窃笑之。
管子·轻重戊》:桓公问于管子曰:“楚者,山东之国也,其人民习战斗之道,举兵伐之,恐力不能过,兵弊于楚,功不成于周,为之奈何?”
公孙龙子·通变论》:其有君臣之于国焉,故寿矣。
吴子·图国》:国之君,必料其民。
六韬·明传》:柔而静,恭而敬,而弱,忍而刚,此四者,道之所起也。
司马法·定爵》:凡五兵五当,长以卫短,短以救长,迭战则久,皆战则
尉缭子·制谈》:令百人一卒,千人一司马,万人一将,以少诛众,以弱诛
三略·上略》:军谶曰:柔能制刚,弱能制
淮南子·道应训》:不能自胜而弗从者,此之谓重伤。
吕氏春秋·壅塞》:以宋之,齐兵之弱,恶能如此?
鬼谷子·揣篇》:量权不审,不知弱轻重之称。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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