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Chinese Text Project

U+5F9E

Seal script

Jinwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant
Specialized semantic variant
Simplified character

Alternate form

Radical:+ 8 strokes = 11 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.36#36 p.38#18 p.345#28 Kangxi: p.368#18 Cihai: p.514r5c01 GSR: 1191.d Hanyu: v2,p0829#12
Composition:Component of: 𢐔 𢕩 𢠰 𤡆 𭜅 𣯨 [More]
Mandarin:cóng zòng zōng cōng ㄘㄨㄥˊ ㄗㄨㄥˋ ㄗㄨㄥ ㄘㄨㄥ
Cantonese:cung4
Tang reconstruction:*dzhiong tsiong
Shuowen:从部》從:隨行也。从辵、从,从亦聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·上平聲··》從:就也,又姓漢有將軍從公何氏姓苑云今東莞人疾容切又即容七恭秦。用三切,三。
廣韻·上平聲··》從:從容。又疾容、秦用二切。
廣韻·去聲··》從:隨行也,疾用切,又才容切,一。
Kangxi:康熙字典·彳部·》從:《廣韻》疾容切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》牆容切,𠀤俗平聲。《說文》本作从。相聽也。《·益稷》汝無面從。《說命》后從諫則聖。又《廣韻》就也。《易·乾卦》雲從龍,風從虎。《禮·曲禮》謀于長者,必操几杖以從之。又《爾雅·釋詁》自也。《·小雅》伊誰云從。《箋》言譖我者,是言從誰生乎。《晉書·明帝紀》不聞人從日邊來。又姓。《廣韻》漢有將軍從公。《何氏姓苑》今東筦人。又《廣韻》《集韻》𠀤七恭切,促平聲。《廣韻》從容也。《正韻》從容,舒緩貌。《書·君𨻰》從容以和。《禮·中庸》從容中道。又《集韻》書容切,音舂。從容,久意。《禮·學記》待其從容,然後盡其聲。又《集韻》將容切,音蹤。東西曰衡,南北曰從。《·齊風》衡從其畝。《史記·蘇秦傳》從合則楚王,衡成則秦帝。又與蹤通。《史記·聶政傳》重自𠛬以絕從。《前漢·張湯傳》從迹安起。又《集韻》祖動切,音總。太高貌。《韻會》髻高也。《禮·檀弓》尔無從從爾。又《集韻》鋤江切,浞平聲。義同。又《唐韻》慈用切《集韻》《類篇》《韻會》才用切,𠀤俗去聲。《說文》本作𨑢。隨行也。《·齊風》其從如雲。《論語》從我者,其由與。又《韻會》從天子曰法從,侍從。《書·囧命》其侍御僕從。《前漢·揚雄傳》趙昭儀,每上甘泉常法從。《註》師古曰:以法言當從耳。一曰從,法駕也。《後漢·百官志》羽林郞掌宿衞侍從。又《集韻》《類篇》𠀤似用切,音頌。同宗也。《爾雅·釋親》父之世父,叔父爲從祖,祖父。父之世母,叔母爲從祖,祖母。《釋名》從祖父母,言從己親祖別而下也,亦言隨從己祖以爲名也。又《集韻》子用切。與縱同。《禮·曲禮》欲不可從。《論語》從之純如也。
考證:〔《·齊風》從衡其畝。〕謹照原文從衡改衡從。
Fanqie:七容 (《四書章句集注·中庸章句·中庸章句》) 用三 (《廣韻·上平聲··》) 七恭 (《廣韻·上平聲··》) 疾容 (《廣韻·上平聲··》) 秦用 (《廣韻·上平聲··》) 疾用 (《廣韻·去聲··》) 才容 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Equivalent readings: (《四書章句集注·論語集注·八佾第三》)
Unihan definition:from, by, since, whence, through

CTP Dictionary


cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (1.1): 跟隨。 Follow, accompany.
論語·八佾》:周。
I follow Zhou.
孟子·萬章上》:天下之民之,若堯崩之後,不堯之子而舜也。
The people of the kingdom followed him just as after the death of Yao, instead of following his son, they had followed Shun.
詩經·行露》:雖速我訟、亦不女
But though you have forced me to trial, I will still not follow you.
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (1.2): 使跟隨。 Cause to follow, make go along with.
史記·項羽本紀》:沛公旦日百餘騎來見項王,至鴻門,謝曰:「臣與將軍戮力而攻秦,將軍戰河北,臣戰河南,然不自意能先入關破秦,得復見將軍於此。」
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (2): 追趕。 Pursue, chase after.
孫子兵法·軍爭》:故用兵之法,高陵勿向,背邱勿逆,佯北勿,銳卒勿攻,餌兵勿食,歸師勿遏,圍師必闕,窮寇勿迫,此用兵之法也。
To refrain from intercepting an enemy whose banners are in perfect order, to refrain from attacking an army drawn up in calm and confident array - this is the art of studying circumstances. It is a military axiom not to advance uphill against the enemy, nor to oppose him when he comes downhill. Do not pursue an enemy who simulates flight; do not attack soldiers whose temper is keen. Do not swallow bait offered by the enemy. Do not interfere with an army that is returning home. When you surround an army, leave an outlet free. Do not press a desperate foe too hard. Such is the art of warfare.
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (3): 從死,殉葬。 Die with, bury along with the dead.
詩經·黃鳥》:穆公、子車奄息。
Who followed duke Mu [to the grave]? Ziche Yansi.
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (4.1): 聽從,順從。 Listen to, do as required.
論語·為政》:子曰:「先行其言,而後之。」
The Master said, "He acts before he speaks, and afterwards speaks according to his actions."
史記·周本紀》:召公曰:「昔吾驟諫王,王不,以及此難也。」
荀子·臣道》:傳曰:「道不君。」
國語·周語上》:彘之亂,宣王在邵公之宮,國人圍之,邵公曰:「昔吾驟諫王,王不,是以及此難。」
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (4.2): 言辭順暢。 Eloquent.
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (5.1): 和順,安順。 Obedient, submissive.
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (5.2): 和順之道,正常秩序。 Route to peaceful society, correct order.
春秋左傳》:朝其家眾曰,豎牛禍叔孫氏,使亂大,殺適立庶,又披其邑,將以赦罪,罪莫大焉,必速殺之。
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (6): 從事,參與。 Perform, participate in.
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (7): (舊讀zòng)堂房親屬。 Blood relation through the male line.
國語·魯語下》:公父文伯之母,季康子之祖叔母也。
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (8): (舊讀zòng)副。古代官品有正有副。 Secondary, sub- (of official titles).
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (9.1): 介詞:表示起點,相當於「由」、「自」。 Preposition: from.
爾雅·釋詁》:遹,遵,率,循,由,,自也,遹,遵,率,循也。
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (9.2): 介詞:表示對象,相當於「向」。 Preposition: towards.
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (9.3): 介詞:表示原因,相當於「因」、「由」。 Preposition: because of, due to.
cóng ㄘㄨㄥˊ (10): 加,重。 Addition, also.
詩經·信南山》:祭以清酒、以騂牡、享于祖考。
We sacrifice [first] with pure spirits, And then follow with a red bull; Offering them to our ancestors.
爾雅·釋詁》:,申,神,加,弼,崇,重也。
zòng ㄗㄨㄥˋ (11.1): (舊讀zōng;後作「縱」)南北方向。 North-south.
詩經·南山》:蓺麻如之何、衡其畝。
How do we proceed in planting hemp? The acres must be dressed lengthwise and crosswise.
zòng ㄗㄨㄥˋ (11.2): (舊讀zōng;後作「縱」)特指合縱:戰國時六國聯合反對秦國的聯盟。 Alliance of states opposed to the Qin alliance.
zòng ㄗㄨㄥˋ (12): 直,豎。 Straight, upright.
楚辭·招䰟》:豺狼目,往來侁侁些。
zòng ㄗㄨㄥˋ (13): 放縱,縱容。 Indulge, allow to.
禮記·曲禮上》:敖不可長,欲不可,志不可滿,樂不可極。
Pride should not be allowed to grow; the desires should not be indulged; the will should not be gratified to the full; pleasure should not be carried to excess.
zòng ㄗㄨㄥˋ (14): 連詞:縱然,儘管。 Connective: even if.
春秋左傳》:役人曰,其有皮,丹漆若何?
zōng ㄗㄨㄥ (15): 蹤跡。後作「蹤」。 Trace, vestige.
史記·刺客列傳》:士固為知己者死,今乃以妾尚在之故,重自刑以絕,妾其柰何畏歿身之誅,終滅賢弟之名!
sǒng ㄙㄨㄥˇ (16): 見「從容」。 See 從容。

從容
cóng róng ㄘㄨㄥˊ ㄖㄨㄥˊ (1): 不慌不忙,悠閒舒緩。 Relaxed and unhurried.
莊子·秋水》:莊子曰:「儵魚出遊從容,是魚樂也。」
When the former said, 'These thryssas come out, and play about at their ease - that is the enjoyment of fishes.'
cóng róng ㄘㄨㄥˊ ㄖㄨㄥˊ (2): 隨口。 Casually remark.
史記·梁孝王世家》:上與梁王燕飲,嘗從容言曰:「千秋萬歲後傳於王。」
cóng róng ㄘㄨㄥˊ ㄖㄨㄥˊ (3): 舉動。 Action, movement.
史記》:重華不可牾兮,孰知余之從容
楚辭·懷沙》:重華不可牾兮,孰知余之從容
cóng róng ㄘㄨㄥˊ ㄖㄨㄥˊ (4): 斡旋,周旋。 Mediate, intervene.
sǒng yǒng ㄙㄨㄥˇ ㄩㄥˇ (5): 通「慫恿」:鼓動。 Arouse, incite.

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