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Chinese Text Project

U+6012

Seal script

Alternate form
𢘂
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 5 strokes = 9 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.267#11 p.369#35 Kangxi: p.380#08 Cihai: p.525r5c06 GSR: 94.a' Hanyu: v4,p2282#03
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Compositionally related: . Component of: 𪶨 𦵚 𫻂 𫻈 𧪅
Mandarin: ㄋㄨˋ
Cantonese:nou6
Tang reconstruction:*nǒ nò
Shuowen:心部》怒:恚也。从心奴聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》怒:恚也,奴古切,又奴故切,五。
廣韻·去聲··》怒:恚也。又音努。
Kangxi:康熙字典·心部·》怒:〔古文〕𢘂《唐韻》乃故切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》奴故切,𠀤奴去聲。《說文》恚也。《增韻》憤也。《揚子·方言》楚謂怒曰憑。憑,忍盛貌。小怒曰𪗮。言禁𪗮也。𨻰曰苛,言相苛責也。又𩰚怒,辨訟也。《周禮·地官》凡有𩰚怒者,成之。又馬之肥壯,其氣憤盈曰怒。《後漢·第五倫傳》鮮車怒馬。又奮也。《莊子·逍遙遊》怒而飛。言大鵬奮起如怒也。又《外物篇》草木怒生。言乗陽氣奮出而不可遏也。又威怒也。《禮·曲禮》急繕其怒。《註》堅勁軍之威怒也。又虎怒則威。《後漢·賈彪傳》彪字偉節,兄弟三人,而彪最優。天下稱曰:賈氏三虎,偉節最怒。又怒,東方氣也。《史記·天官書》旬始狀如雄雞,其怒靑黑。《註》怒色靑也。又《玉篇》《廣韻》《正韻》奴古切《集韻》《韻會》暖五切,𠀤音弩。義同。又叶乃都切,音奴。《楚辭·九章》憍吾以其美好兮,覽余以其修姱。與余言而不信兮,蓋爲余而造怒。《顏師古·糾謬正俗曰》怒有二音,詩小雅君子如怒,大雅逢天僤怒,讀爲上聲。邶風逢彼之怒,小雅畏此譴怒,讀爲去聲。今山東河北人但知怒有去聲,不知有上聲,失其眞矣,蓋字有動靜音,人多不講,皆此類也,从心从弩省,怒若强弩之發,人怒則面目張起,凡怒當以心節之,故从心奴爲怒。
Fanqie:奴古 (《廣韻·上聲··》) 奴故 (《廣韻·上聲··》) 乃故 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:anger, rage, passion; angry

Example usage

論語·雍也》:孔子對曰:「有顏回者好學,不遷,不貳過。」
Confucius replied to him, "There was Yan Hui; HE loved to learn. He did not transfer his anger; he did not repeat a fault."
孟子·萬章上》:曰:「仁人之於弟也,不藏焉,不宿怨焉,親愛之而已矣。」
Mencius replied, 'A benevolent man does not lay up anger, nor cherish resentment against his brother, but only regards him with affection and love.'
禮記·曲禮上》:父母有疾,冠者不櫛,行不翔,言不惰,琴瑟不御,食肉不至變味,飲酒不至變貌,笑不至矧,不至詈。
'When his father or mother is ill, (a young man) who has been capped should not use his comb, nor walk with his elbows stuck out, nor speak on idle topics, nor take his lute or cithern in hand. He should not eat of (different) meats till his taste is changed, nor drink till his looks are changed'. He should not laugh so as to show his teeth, nor be angry till he breaks forth in reviling.
論衡·率性》:堯以天下讓舜,鯀為諸侯,欲得三公而堯不聽,其猛獸,欲以為亂,比獸之角可以為城,舉尾以為旌,奮心盛氣,阻戰為彊。
Yao yielded the empire to Shun. Gun, one of his vassals, desired to become one of the three chief ministers, but Yao did not listen to this request. Thereupon Gun became more infuriated than even ferocious animals are, and wished to rebel. The horns of animals, all in a line, served him as a rampart, and their lifted tails were his banners. They opposed and tackled their foe with the utmost determination and energy.
墨子·非儒下》:曰:「散人!」
He becomes angry and exclaims: "What does the undisciplined man know about the good Confucianist?"
莊子·逍遙遊》:而飛,其翼若垂天之雲。
When this bird rouses itself and flies, its wings are like clouds all round the sky.
道德經》:善戰者,不
He who fights with most good will To rage makes no resort.
商君書·更法》:伏羲神農教而不誅,黃帝堯舜誅而不,及至文武,各當時而立法,因事而制禮。
Fu Xi and Shen nong taught but did not punish; Huang di, Yao and Shun punished but were not angry; Wen wang and Wu wang both established laws in accordance with what was opportune and regulated rites according to practical requirements.
孫子兵法·始計》:利而誘之,亂而取之,實而備之,強而避之,而撓之,卑而驕之,佚而勞之,親而離之。
Hold out baits to entice the enemy. Feign disorder, and crush him. If he is secure at all points, be prepared for him. If he is in superior strength, evade him. If your opponent is of choleric temper, seek to irritate him. Pretend to be weak, that he may grow arrogant. If he is taking his ease, give him no rest. If his forces are united, separate them.
史記·殷本紀》:九侯女不喜淫,紂,殺之,而醢九侯。
And when she disapproved of his debaucheries the tyrant killed her in his rage, and made mincemeat of her father.
荀子·大略》:為人臣下者,有諫而無訕,有亡而無疾,有怨而無
說苑·脩文》:鐘鼓之聲,而擊之則武,憂而擊之則悲,喜而擊之則樂。
春秋繁露·竹林》:魯衛之志,而不從諸侯於清丘、斷道。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:莊王曰:「吾使子視之,子曷為而告之?」
大戴禮記·禮三本》:天地以合,四海以洽,日月以明,星辰以行,江河以流,萬物以倡,好惡以節,喜以當,以為下則順,以為上則明,萬變不亂,貸之則喪。
白虎通德論·禮樂》:節文之喜
新書·大政下》:易使喜,難使者,宜為君。
新序·善謀》:不然,天下將因秦之,乘趙之弊而瓜分之,趙見亡,何秦之圖乎?
中論·法象》:是以不慍而德行行於閨門,不諫諭而風聲化乎鄉黨。
孔子家語·五儀解》:以少犯眾,以弱侮強,忿不類,動不量力,兵共殺之。
潛夫論·潛歎》:紂則大,遂脯厥女而烹九侯
太玄經·太玄數》:四九為金,為西方,為秋,日庚辛,辰申酉,聲商,色白,味辛,臭腥,形革,生水,勝木,時殺,藏肝,侟魄,性誼,情,事言,用從,撝乂,徵雨,帝少昊,神蓐收,星從其位,類為毛,為毉,為巫祝,為猛,為舊,為鳴,為門,為山,為限,為邊,為城,為骨,為石,為環珮,為首飾,為重寶,為大哆,為釦器,為舂,為椎,為力,為縣,為燧,為兵,為械,為齒,為角,為螫,為毒,為狗,為入,為取,為罕,為寇,為賊,為理,為矩,為金工,為鉞,為白怪,為瘖,為譖。
風俗通義》:始皇大,乃益發兵伐燕。
孔叢子·記義》:其母而不哭,相室諫之。
申鑒·政體》: 是故好惡以章之,喜以涖之,哀樂以恤之。
素書·遵義章》:而無威者犯。
新語·至德》:於是賞善罰惡而潤色之,興辟雍庠序而教誨之,然後賢愚異議,廉鄙異科,長幼異節,上下有差,強弱相扶,小大相懷,尊卑相承,鴈行相隨,不言而信,不而威,豈恃堅甲利兵、深刑刻法、朝夕切切而後行哉?
蔡中郎集·短人賦》:㗲嘖語,與人相距。
列子·黃帝》:不畏不,愿愨為之使。
鶡冠子·天則》:嚴疾過也,喜適也,四者已仞,非師術也。
文子·道原》:無所樂,無所苦,無所喜,無所,萬物玄同,無非無是。
文始真經·一宇》:天物流,人事錯錯然。
老子河上公章句》:亡魂,卒驚傷魄。
韓非子·主道》:有勇而不以,使群臣盡其武。
慎子·逸文》:有勇不以,反與怯均也。
管子·輕重乙》:故奪然後予,高然後下,喜然後,天下可舉。
吳子·圖國》:禁暴救亂曰義,恃眾以伐曰彊,因興師曰剛,棄禮貪利曰暴,國亂人疲舉事動眾曰逆。
六韜·國務》:太公曰:「利而勿害,成而勿敗,生而勿殺,與而勿奪,樂而勿苦,喜而勿。」
司馬法·嚴位》:凡人:死愛,死,死威,死義,死利。
尉繚子·兵談》:將者,上不制於天,下不制於地,中不制於人,寬不可激而,清不可事以財。
三略·上略》:將妄動,則軍不重,將遷,則一軍懼。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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