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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+60E1

Seal script

Jianbo

Semantic variant

Semantic variant

Simplified character

Alternate form

Radical:+ 8 strokes = 12 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.85#22 p.369#43 p.507#30 Kangxi: p.391#25 Cihai: p.535r4c01 GSR: 805.h Hanyu: v4,p2307#12
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Compositionally related: 𢛟 . Component of: 𡢇 𢵣 𣽏 𤡾 𭞪 𣩤 𦠲 𦼇 𪹪 𬄚 𭃁 𥼳 𧑕 𪅴
Mandarin:è ㄜˋ ㄨˋ
Cantonese:ngok3 ok3 wu1 wu3
Tang reconstruction:*qɑk qò
Shuowen:心部》恶:过也。从心亚声。
Guangyun:广韵·上平声··》恶:安也。
广韵·去声··》恶:憎恶也。又乌各切。
广韵·入声··》恶:不善也。《说文》曰:过也,乌各切,又乌故切,四。
Kangxi:康熙字典·心部·》恶:〔古文〕亚《唐韵》乌各切《集韵》《韵会》遏鄂切《正韵》遏各切,𠀤音垩。《广韵》不善也。从心亚声。《通论》有心而恶谓之恶,无心而恶谓之过。又丑陋也。《·洪范》六极,五曰恶。《传》丑陋也。《五行传》貌不恭之罚也。又瑕也。《周礼·冬官考工记筑氏》敝尽而无恶。《注》虽至敝尽,无瑕恶也。又粗也。《史记·项羽本纪》以恶食食项王使者。谓粗饭也。又年凶曰岁恶。又器物不良曰苦恶。又粪秽也。《前汉·昌邑王传》如是靑蝇恶矣。《师古曰》恶卽矢也。越王句践爲吴王尝恶。又多所不可曰性恶。《后汉·华陀传》爲人性恶难得意。又《广韵》乌路切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》乌故切,𠀤污去声。憎也,疾也。《左传·隐三年》周郑交恶。《注》两相疾恶也。又忌也。《礼·王制》奉讳恶。《注》奉谓进也,讳谓先生之名,恶谓子卯忌日,谓奉进于王,以所讳所恶也。又耻也。《孟子》羞恶之心。又《广韵》哀都切《集韵》《正韵》汪胡切《韵会》汪乌切,𠀤音污。安也,何也。《论语》恶乎成名。《孟子》居恶在。又叹辞。《孟子》恶,是何言也。又与滹同。《礼·礼器》晋人将有事于河,必先有事于恶池。《古今字考》恶同滹,池同沱,卽滹沱河也。古但作亚,加心作恶。加言作䛩,𠀤转注。因各转声成亚,恶,䛩三文。《集韵》䛩卽恶也。
Fanqie:哀都 (《广韵·上平声··》) 乌路 (《广韵·去声··》) 乌各 (《广韵·去声··》) 乌各 (《广韵·入声··》) 乌故 (《广韵·入声··》)
Unihan definition:evil, wicked, bad, foul

CTP Dictionary


è ㄜˋ (1.1): 罪过,罪恶。与“善”相对。 Evil.
周易·大有》:君子以遏扬善,顺天休命。
(The trigram for) heaven and (that of) fire above it form Da You. The superior man, in accordance with this, represses what is evil and gives distinction to what is good, in sympathy with the excellent Heaven-conferred (nature).
荀子·性恶》:所谓恶者,偏险悖乱也:是善之分也矣。
è ㄜˋ (1.2): 坏,不好。 Bad, not good.
吕氏春秋·简选》:今有利剑于此,以刺则不中,以击则不及,与剑无择,为是斗因用恶剑则不可。
新序·杂事五》:田赞衣儒衣而见荆王,荆王曰:“先生之衣,何其也?”
è ㄜˋ (1.3): 恶人,坏人。 Bad person.
è ㄜˋ (2): 害。 Harm.
淮南子·说林训》:欲救之,反为
è ㄜˋ (3.1): 凶暴,凶险。 Vicious.
墨子·七患》:时年岁凶,则民吝且
But selfish and vicious when it is bad.
史记》:齐侍御史成自言病头痛,臣意诊其脉,告曰:“君之病,不可言也。”
è ㄜˋ (3.2): 汹涌,猛烈。 Turgid, fierce.
史记·秦始皇本纪》:临浙江,水波,乃西百二十里从狭中渡。
è ㄜˋ (4): 丑。与“美”相对。 Ugly.
庄子·德充符》:鲁哀公问于仲尼曰:“卫有人焉,曰哀骀它。”
Duke Ai of Lu asked Zhongni, saying, 'There was an ugly man in Wei, called Ai-tai Tuo.'
道德经》:天下皆知美之为美,斯
All in the world know the beauty of the beautiful, and in doing this they have (the idea of) what ugliness is.
史记》:九侯有子而好,献之于纣,纣以为,醢九侯。
荀子·君道》:语曰:好女之色,者之孽也。
战国策》:鬼侯有子而好,故入之于纣,纣以为,醢鬼侯。
è ㄜˋ (5): 指收成不好。 A poor harvest.
è ㄜˋ (6.1): 疾病。 Disease, illness.
春秋左传》:郇瑕氏土薄水浅,其易觏。
è ㄜˋ (6.2): 不舒服,不愉快。 Uncomfortable, unhappy.
è ㄜˋ (7.1): 污秽。 Dirt.
春秋左传》:土厚水深,居之不疾,有汾浍以流其
è ㄜˋ (7.2): 特指粪便。 Excrement.
吴越春秋》:适遇吴王之便,太宰嚭奉溲以出,逢户中。
ㄨˋ (8): 憎恨,讨厌。与“好(hào)”相对。 Hate.
墨子·经上》:平,知无欲也。
Ping (calm) is the intelligence neither desiring nor disliking anything.
论语·里仁》:子曰:“唯仁者能好人,能人。”
The Master said, "It is only the (truly) virtuous man, who can love, or who can hate, others."
孟子·告子上》:指不若人,则知之。
When a man's finger is not like those of other people, he knows to feel dissatisfied.
庄子·齐物论》:予恶乎知死之非弱丧而不知归者邪!
And that the dislike of death is not like a young person's losing his way, and not knowing that he is (really) going home?
韩非子·备内》:大臣比周,蔽上为一,阴相善而阳相,以示无私,相为耳目,以候主隙,人主掩蔽,无道得闻,有主名而无实,臣专法而行之,周天子是也。
史记·陈杞世家》:陈大夫辕涛涂其过陈,诈齐令出东道。
ㄨˋ (9): 羞耻。 Shame.
孟子·公孙丑上》:无羞之心,非人也。
That the feeling of shame and dislike is essential to man.
史记》:此百世之怨而赵之所羞,而王弗知焉。
ㄨˋ (10): 忌讳。 Avoid.
ㄨˋ (11): 诽谤,诋毁。 Slander, attack.
战国策》:人有苏秦于燕王者,曰:“武安君,天下不信人也。”
(12): 疑问代词:怎麽,如何,何。 Interrogative pronoun: how, what.
孟子·梁惠王下》:夫抚剑疾视曰,‘彼敢当我哉’
If a man brandishes his sword, looks fiercely, and says, "How dare he withstand me?"
庄子·齐物论》:自我观之,仁义之端,是非之涂,樊然淆乱,吾能知其辩!
As I look at the matter, the first principles of benevolence and righteousness and the paths of approval and disapproval are inextricably mixed and confused together - how is it possible that I should know how to discriminate among them?
史记·滑稽列传》:威王曰:“先生饮一斗而醉,能饮一石哉!”
荀子·礼论》:无天地,生?
(13): 叹词。 Exclamation.
孟子·公孙丑上》:曰:“!”
Mencius said, 'Oh!'

恶乎
ㄏㄨ (1): 疑问代词:怎麽,如何,何。 Interrogative pronoun: how, what.
墨子·非命下》:恶乎考之?
How is it to be based?
论语·里仁》:君子去仁,恶乎成名?
If a superior man abandon virtue, how can he fulfill the requirements of that name?
孟子·梁惠王上》:卒然问曰:‘天下恶乎定?’
Abruptly he asked me, "How can the kingdom be settled?"
庄子·逍遥游》:若夫乘天地之正,而御六气之辩,以游无穷者,彼且恶乎待哉!
But suppose one who mounts on (the ether of) heaven and earth in its normal operation, and drives along the six elemental energies of the changing (seasons), thus enjoying himself in the illimitable - what has he to wait for?
礼记·檀弓上》:伯高死于卫,赴于孔子,孔子曰:“吾恶乎哭诸?”
Bo-gao died in Wei, and news of the event was sent to Confucius. He said, 'Where shall I wail for him?'
荀子·劝学》:恶乎始?
[Show proper names]
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