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Chinese Text Project

U+61B2

Seal script

Jinwen

Simplified character

Radical:+ 12 strokes = 15 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.398#46 Kangxi: p.404#11 Cihai: p.544r6c02 GSR: 250.a Hanyu: v4,p2351#09
Composition:Top: 𡩜, bottom: . Component of: 𡾢 𢖘 𪺅 𪼭 𤼂 𧾨 𨏥 𨯶 𩍹
Mandarin:xiàn ㄒㄧㄢˋ
Cantonese:hin3
Tang reconstruction:*xiæ̀n
Shuowen:心部》憲:敏也。从心从目,害省聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·去聲··》憲:法也,又姓出姓苑。
Kangxi:康熙字典·心部·十二》憲:《唐韻》《集韻》《韻會》𠀤許建切,音獻。懸法示人曰憲。从害省,从心从目。觀於法象,使人曉然知不善之害。接於目,怵於心,凜乎不可犯也。《周禮·天官·小宰》憲禁于王宮。《註》憲謂表縣之,若今新有法令也。《·大雅》文武是憲。《箋》憲,表也,言爲文武之表式也。因憲爲表式之義,故人之取法,亦謂之憲。《·說命》惟聖時憲。《傳》憲,法也,言聖王法天,以立敎於下也。《禮·內則》五帝憲。《註》法其德行也。又《說文》敏也。《禮·學記》發慮憲。《註》言發計慮,當擬度於法式。《徐鍇曰》目與心應爲敏也。又《諡法》博聞多記曰憲。又《·大雅》無然憲憲。《毛傳》憲憲,猶欣欣也。《箋》女無憲憲然爲之制法度,達其意以成其惡也。蓋譏當時變亂舊章,創立新法。此憲憲二字,殆詼諧語,所以深刺之也。後人引訓憲字正文,以釋憲字,遂覺憲字爲表示人以惡者,其去憲字本義何啻萬里。大抵字書訓義,多犯此病,不得不辨。又州名。本樓煩監,唐置州。又姓。出《姓苑》。《集韻》或作䩵。又《集韻》《韻會》𠀤呼典切,音顯。《韻會》興盛貌。《·大雅》顯顯令德。《中庸》引《》作憲憲令德。《正字通》憲有顯示之義。又叶虛言切,音軒。《·小雅》萬邦爲憲。叶上原閑軒。又《大雅》無然憲憲。叶上難。難,泥涓切。
Fanqie:許建 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:constitution, statute, law

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

論語·憲問》:問恥。
Xian asked what was shameful.
禮記·檀弓上》:言於曾子曰:「夏后氏用明器,示民無知也。」
Zhong Xian said to Zeng-zi, 'Under the sovereigns of the Xia dynasty, they used (at burials) the vessels which were such only to the eye of fancy, intimating to the people that (the dead) had no knowledge.'
墨子·尚同下》:故子墨子言曰:「然胡不賞使家君試用家君,發布令其家,曰:『若見愛利家者,必以告,若見惡賊家者,亦必以告。』」
Mozi said: Why not let each member of the clan organize his purposes and identify them with those of the patriarch? And let the patriarch give laws and proclaim to the clan: "Whoever discovers a benefactor to the clan shall report it; whoever discovers a malefactor to the clan shall report it."
莊子·讓王》:居魯,環堵之室,茨以生草,蓬戶不完,桑以為樞而甕牖,二室,褐以為塞,上漏下溼,匡坐而弦。
Yuan Xian was living in Lu. His house, whose walls were only a few paces round, looked as if it were thatched with a crop of growing grass; its door of brushwood was incomplete, with branches of a mulberry tree for its side-posts; the window of each of its two apartments was formed by an earthenware jar (in the wall), which was stuffed with some coarse serge. It leaked above, and was damp on the ground beneath; but there he sat composedly, playing on his guitar.
史記·夏本紀》:皋陶拜手稽首揚言曰:「念哉,率為興事,慎乃,敬哉!」
Gaoyao did obeisance with his head to his hands, and then to the ground, and with a loud voice said, 'Oh! think. It is yours to lead on and originate affairs. Pay careful attention to your laws. Be cautious.'
詩經·六月》:文武吉甫、萬邦為
For peace or for war fit is Ji-fu, A pattern to all the States.
尚書·益稷》:率作興事,慎乃,欽哉!
It is your to lead on and originate things. Pay careful attention to your laws (in doing so). Be reverential!
荀子·樂論》:其在序官也,曰:「脩命,審詩商,禁淫聲,以時順脩,使夷俗邪音不敢亂雅,太師之事也。」
春秋繁露》:今人大有義而甚無利,雖貧與賤,尚榮其行,以自好而樂生,原、曾、閔之屬是也。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:居魯,環堵之室,茨以蒿萊,蓬戶甕牖,桷桑而無樞,上漏下濕,匡坐而絃歌。
大戴禮記》:其少觀其恭敬好學而能弟也,其壯觀其絜廉務行而勝其私也,其老觀其意慎強其所不足而不踰也。
新序·節士》:居魯,環堵之室,茨以生蒿,蓬戶甕牖,揉桑以為樞,上漏下濕,匡坐而弦歌。
中論·智行》:之清,伯夷不能間。
孔子家語》:家富累千金,常結駟連騎,以造原
潛夫論·考績》:夫守相令長,效在治民,州牧刺史,在聰明。
論衡·答佞》:聖王刑,佞在惡中。
風俗通義·十反》:孟獻高宇以美室,原蓬門而株楹。
孔叢子·詰墨》:臣聞孔子聖人,然猶居處勌惰,廉隅不脩,則原、季羔侍。
蔡中郎集》:濟濟群吏,攝齊升堂,乃訓乃厲,示之方。
列子·楊朱》:楊朱曰:「原窶於魯,子貢殖於衛。」
文子·道德》:今欲學其道,不得清明,玄聖守其法籍,行其令,必不能以為治矣。
韓非子·飾邪》:當魏之方明立辟、從令行之時,有功者必賞,有罪者必誅,強匡天下,威行四鄰。
管子·白心》:難言術,須同而出。
周髀算經·》:故能彌綸天地之道,有以見天地之𦣱,則渾天有靈之文,蓋天有周髀之法,累代存之,官司是掌,所以欽若昊天,恭授民時。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:今欲學其道,不得其清明玄聖,而守其法籍令,不能為治,亦明矣。
春秋左傳》:孟孝伯如晉,告將為宋之盟故如楚也,蔡侯之如晉也,鄭伯使游吉如楚,及漢,楚人還之,曰,宋之盟,君實親辱,今吾子來,寡君謂吾子姑還,吾將使馹奔問諸晉,而以告,子大叔曰,宋之盟,君命將利小國,而亦使安定其社稷,鎮撫其民人,以禮承天之休,此君之令,而小國之望也,寡君是故使吉奉其皮幣,以歲之不易,聘於下執事,今執事有命曰,女何與政令之有,必使而君,棄而封守,跋涉山川,蒙犯霜露,以逞君心。
逸周書·諡法解》:既賦受臚于牧之野。
國語·楚語下》:龜足以臧否,則寶之。
晏子春秋》:故臣聞仲尼居處惰倦,廉隅不正,則季次、原侍。
戰國策》:安陵君曰:「吾先君成侯,受詔襄王,以守此地也,手受大府之。」
鹽鐵論·刺復》:自千乘倪寬以治尚書位冠九卿,及所聞睹選舉之士,擢升贊甚顯,然未見絕倫比,而為縣官興滯立功也。
列女傳·梁夫人嫕》:為竇兄弟所譖訴而破亡,父竦冤死牢獄,體骨不掩,老母孤弟,遠徙萬里。
漢書·敘傳下》:釋之典刑,國以平。
前漢紀》:謚曰王。
東觀漢記·鄭眾》:和帝初,竇太后秉政,兄大將軍等並竊威權,朝臣上下莫不附之,而眾獨一心王室,不事豪黨,帝親信焉。
後漢書·天文中》:為大將軍,弟篤、景等皆卿、校尉,女弟婿郭舉為侍中、射聲校尉,與衛尉鄧疊母元俱出入宮中,謀為不軌。
穆天子傳·卷一》:乃命正公郊父,受敕,用伸□八駿之乘。
周禮·天官冢宰》:正歲均其稍食,施其功事,禁令于王之北宮,而糾其守。
山海經·南山經》:怪水出焉,而東流注于翼之水。
說文解字·走部》:从走聲。
爾雅·釋詁》:典,彝,法,則,刑,範,矩,庸,恆,律,戛,職,秩,常也,柯,,刑,範,辟,律,矩,則,法也。

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