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Chinese Text Project

U+675C

Seal script

Jinwen

Radical:+ 3 strokes = 7 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.264#34 Kangxi: p.512#09 Cihai: p.673r4c02 GSR: 62.g Hanyu: v2,p1157#02
Composition:Left: , right: . Compositionally related: 𡉿 𣏅 𡉣 . Component of: 𬼦 𬇩 𠴗 𢭰 𬭊 𥮊 𧹥 𨁥 𪳌 𨧀
Mandarin: ㄉㄨˋ
Cantonese:dou6
Tang reconstruction:*dhǒ
Shuowen:木部》杜:甘棠也。从木土聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》杜:甘棠子似棃又塞也,澀也,又杜仲藥名亦姓本自帝堯劉累之後出京兆濮陽襄陽三望漢有御史大夫杜周以南陽豪族徙茂陵始居京兆。徒古切,九。
Kangxi:康熙字典·木部·》杜:《唐韻》《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤動五切,音𢾖。《說文》甘棠也。牡曰棠,牝曰杜。樊光曰:赤者爲杜,白者爲棠。《陸璣·草木疏》赤棠,子澀而酢,無味。木理韌,可作弓幹。與《說文》不同。又塞也。《·費誓》杜乃擭。《周禮·夏官·大司馬》犯令凌政則杜之。又《爾雅·釋草》杜榮。《註》似茅,皮可爲索。又香草名。《屈原·九歌》采芳洲兮杜若。又繚之兮杜蘅。又《方言》東齊謂根爲杜。又澀也。又《本草》杜仲,藥名。又《博雅·釋蟲》杜伯,蠍也。又姓。《廣韻》本帝堯劉累之後。出京兆、濮陽、襄陽三望。又《集韻》董五切,音睹。姓也。楚有杜敖。又《類篇》同都切,音徒。亦姓也。晉有杜蒯。
考證:〔《爾雅·釋蟲》杜伯,蝎也。〕謹按所引出博雅非爾雅,爾改博。幷照原文蝎改蠍。
Fanqie:徒古 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
Unihan definition:stop, prevent; restrict; surname

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

禮記·檀弓上》:季武子成寢,氏之葬在西階之下,請合葬焉,許之。
Ji Wu-zi had built a house, at the bottom of the western steps of which was the grave of the Du family. (The head of that) asked leave to bury (some member of his house) in it, and leave was granted to him to do so.
墨子·七患》:以七患居國,必無8稷。
With these seven causes present in the maintenance of the state, the state will perish.
莊子·應帝王》:是殆見吾德機也。
He seemed to see me with the springs of my (vital) power closed up.
商君書·更法》:孝公平畫,公孫鞅、甘龍、摯三大夫御於君,慮世事之變,討正法之本,求使民之道。
Duke Xiao discussed his policy. The three Great Officers, Gong sun Yang, Gan Long and Du Zhi, were in attendance on the Prince. Their thoughts dwelt on the vicissitudes of the world's affairs; they discussed the principles of rectifying the law, and they sought for the way of directing the people.
詩經·杕杜》:有杕之、其葉湑湑。
There is a solitary russet pear tree, [But] its leaves are luxuriant.
尚書·費誓》:今惟淫舍牿牛馬,乃擭,敜乃穽,無敢傷牿。
We must now largely let the oxen and horses loose, and not keep them in enclosures; --(ye people), do you close your traps and fill up your pitfalls, and do not presume to injure any of the animals (so let loose).
荀子·解蔽》:奚仲作車,乘作乘馬,而造父精於御:自古及今,未嘗有兩而能精者也。
說苑·辨物》:其衰也,伯射宣王於鎬。
新書·過秦上》:於是六國之士,有甯越、徐尚、蘇秦、赫之屬為之謀主,齊明、周最、陳軫、召滑、樓緩、翟景、蘇厲、樂毅之徒通其意,吳起、孫臏、帶佗、倪良、王廖、田忌、廉頗、趙奢之朋制其兵。
新序·善謀下》:留侯張子房,於漢已定,性多疾,即導引不食穀,門不出。
中論·亡國》:雖強搏執之而不獲已,亦口佯愚,苟免不暇,國之安危將何賴焉?
潛夫論·潛歎》:此姦臣亂吏無法之徒,所謂日夜塞賢君義士之間,咸使不相得者也。
論衡·書虛》:周宣王殺其臣伯,趙簡子殺其臣莊子義,其後伯射宣王,莊子義害簡子,事理似然,猶為虛言。
風俗通義·六國》:其後復有甯越、蘇秦、赫之屬為之謀,陳軫、召滑、樂毅之徒通其意,吳起、孫臏、廉頗之屬制其兵。
孔叢子·廣詁》:、實、充、牣,塞也。
新語·道基》:聖人王世,賢者建功,湯舉伊尹,周任呂望,行合天地,德配陰陽,承天誅惡,剋暴除殃,將氣養物,明□設光,耳聽八極,目覩四方,忠進讒退,直立邪亡,道行姦止,不得兩張,□本理,漸消萌。
蔡中郎集·銘論》:晉、魏顆獲回于輔氏,銘功于景鐘,所謂大夫稱伐者也。
列子·黃帝》:子曰:「向吾示之以地文,罪乎不誫不止,是殆見吾德幾也。」
鶡冠子·天則》:聖王者,有聽微決疑之道,能屏讒,權實,逆淫辭,絕流語,去無用,絕朋黨之門,嫉妒之人,不得著明,非君子術數之士莫得當前。
文子·道原》:夫形傷乎寒暑燥濕之虐者,形究而神,神傷於喜怒思慮之患者,神盡而形有餘。
鬻子·禹政第六》:禹之治天下也,得皋陶,得子業,得既子,得施子黯,得季子甯,得然子堪,得輕子玉。
韓非子·存韓》:倉相秦,起兵發將以報天下之怨而先攻荊,荊令尹患之曰:「夫韓以秦為不義,而與秦兄弟共苦天下。」
慎子·逸文》:故必,然後能門。
諫逐客書》:昭王得范睢,廢穰侯,逐華陽,彊公室,私門,蠶食諸侯,使秦成帝業。
管子·輕重丁》:滅其位,其門而不出。
淮南子·道應訓》:赫以安天下說周昭文君,文君謂赫曰:「願學所以安周。」
呂氏春秋·諭大》:定賤小在於貴大,解在乎薄疑說衛嗣君以王術,赫說周昭文君以安天下,及匡章之難惠子以王齊王也
史記·周本紀》:所謂「周公葬(我)[於]畢」,畢在鎬東南中。
春秋左傳》:初,晉獻公欲以驪姬為夫人,卜之不吉,筮之吉,公曰,從筮,卜人曰,筮短龜長,不如從長,且其繇曰,專之渝,攘公之羭,一薰一蕕,十年尚猶有臭,必不可,弗聽,立之,生奚齊,其娣生卓子,及將立奚齊,既與中大夫成謀,姬謂大子曰,君夢齊姜,必速祭之,大子祭于曲沃,歸胙于公,公田,姬寘諸宮,六日,公至,毒而獻之,公祭之地,地墳,與犬,犬斃,與小臣,小臣亦斃,姬泣曰,賊由大子,大子奔新城,公殺其傅原款,或謂大子,子辭,君必辯焉。
逸周書·朱右曾序》:其合四十二篇之注于七十一篇之本而亡其十一篇者未知何代要在唐以後矣嗟乎自周至今殆三千載苟獲碎金殘石于瓦礫之中尚寶之如拱璧山海經之謬悠穆王游行之荒唐偽紀年之撰尚有揅覃綴緝之者況上翼六經下籠諸子宏深質古若是書者乎漢志儒家有周政六篇周法九篇道家有周訓十四篇皆不傳傳者唯此儒者顧不甚愛惜任其脫爛或又從而觝排之甚矣其專己而蔑古也。
國語·楚語上》:遂趨而退,歸,門不出
晏子春秋》:晏子朝,扃望羊待于朝。
吳越春秋》:賞無所吝,群邪塞。
越絕書》:江東中巫葬者,越神巫無子孫也。
戰國策》:赫欲重景翠於周,謂周君曰:「君之國小,盡君子重寶珠玉以事諸侯,不可不察也。」
鹽鐵論·刺權》:大農鹽鐵丞咸陽、孔僅等上請:『願募民自給費,因縣官器,煮鹽予用,以浮偽之路。』
列女傳·晉獻驪姬》:公遂殺少傅原款。
漢書·敘傳下》:述谷永鄴傳第五十五。
前漢紀》:太行之道。
東觀漢記·公孫述》:北據漢中,褒、斜之塗,東守巴郡,拒扞關之口,地方數千里,戰士不下百萬。
後漢書·天文中》:九月,行車騎將軍事鄧鴻、越騎校尉馮柱發左右羽林、北軍五校士及八郡跡射、烏桓、鮮卑,合四萬騎,與度遼將軍朱徵、護烏桓校尉任尚、中郎將崇征叛胡。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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