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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+6C23

Seal script

Simplified character

Alternate form

Semantic variant
𣱛
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 6 strokes = 10 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.361#15 p.361#24 Kangxi: p.599#12 Cihai: p.751r5c04 GSR: 517.c Hanyu: v3,p2011#14
Composition:Top-right: , bottom-left: . Compositionally related: 𥸽 . Component of: 𠺪 𡦎 𡈏 𭡾 𣯘 𫉀 𦞝 𥎃 𥧔 𧜃 𧜚 𭾍 𧎵 𧏨 [More]
Mandarin: ㄑㄧˋ ㄒㄧˋ
Cantonese:hei3
Tang reconstruction:*kiə̀i
Shuowen:米部》气:馈客刍米也。从米气声。《春秋传》曰:“齐人来气诸矦。”
Guangyun:广韵·去声··》气:气息也,去旣切。《说文》本音欷五。
广韵·去声··》气:《说文》曰:馈客刍米春秋传曰齐人来气诸侯饩。
Kangxi:康熙字典·气部·》气:〔古文〕𣱛《唐韵》去旣切《集韵》《韵会》《类篇》丘旣切,𠀤音气。《玉篇》𠋫也,息也。《文子·守弱篇》形者,生之舍也。气者,生之元也。《易·乾卦》同气相求。《系辞》精气爲物。《礼·月令》孟春之月,天气下降,地气上腾。又《祭义》气也者,神之盛也。《注》气谓嘘吸出入者也。又天气曰元气。《后汉·明帝纪》升灵台,望元气。《注》元气,天气也。又阴阳曰二气。《太极图说》二气交感,化生万物。又五气。《史记·五帝纪》炎帝修德振兵,治五气。《注》王肃曰:五气,五方之气。又《书·洪范·曰雨曰旸曰燠曰寒曰风注》雨木气,旸金气,燠火气,寒水气,风土气爲五气。又《素问》寒热风燥湿,五气之聚也。寒生水,热生火,风生木,燥生金,湿生土。又六气。《左传·昭元年》六气:隂阳风雨晦明也。又《庄子·逍遥游》乗天地之正,而御六气之辨。《注》平旦爲朝霞,日中爲正阳,日入爲飞泉,夜半爲沆瀣,与天𤣥地黄爲六气。《王逸·楚辞注》《陵阳子明经》春食朝霞,日欲出时黄气也。秋食沦隂,日没已后赤黄气也。冬食沆瀣,北方夜半气也。夏食正阳,南方日中气也。幷天𤣥地黄之气爲六气。又年有二十四气。《内经》五日谓之𠋫,三𠋫谓之气。《书·正义》二十八宿,布于四方,随天转运,所以叙气节也。气节者,一岁三百六十五日有馀,分爲十二月,有二十四气,一爲节气,谓月初也,一爲中气,谓月半也,以彼迭见之星,叙此月之节气。又历家有𠋫气法。《司马彪·续汉书》𠋫气之法,爲室三重,涂亹周密,布缇幔室中,以木爲按,每律各一,内庳外高,从其方位,加律上,以葭灰抑其内端,案历而𠋫之。气所动者,其灰斯散,人及风所动者,其灰聚。又有望云气法。《周礼·春官》保章氏以五云之物,辨吉凶水旱之祲象。《注》视日旁云气之色,靑爲虫,白爲丧,赤爲兵荒,黑爲水,黄爲丰。《史记·天官书》云气有兽居上者胜。《又》日旁云气,人主象。《又》金宝之上皆有气,不可不察。海旁蜃气象楼台,广野气成宫阙。然云气各象其山川人民所聚积,精华实息者吉,虚耗者凶。《邵谔·望气经》郁郁葱葱,隐隐隆隆,佳气也。绵绵绞绞,条条片片,兵气也。泽泽焰焰,女子气也。如藤蔓挂树者,宝气也。紫氛如楼者,玉气也。又道家有食气法。《参同契》食气鸣肠胃,吐正吸外邪。又以鼻触物亦曰气。《礼·少仪》执食飮者勿气。《疏》执尊长飮食,不鼻臭之也。又《唐韵》《集韵》𠀤许旣切。与饩、䊠𠀤通。《说文》馈客刍米也。引《春秋传》齐人来气诸侯。又叶去讫切,音乞。《成公绥·啸赋》声不假器,用不借物。近取诸身,役心御气。又叶丘谒切,音朅。《嵆康·寒食散赋》当吐利之困患兮,守危殆而假气。喜乳哺之遂安兮,信衆疾之日歇。
Fanqie:去旣 (《广韵·去声··》) 许旣 (《广韵·去声··》)
Unihan definition:air, gas, steam, vapor; spirit

Example usage

论语·泰伯》:出辞,斯远鄙倍矣。
And that in his words and tones he keep far from lowness and impropriety.
孟子·尽心上》:喟然叹曰:“居移,养移体,大哉居乎!”
And said with a deep sigh, 'One's position alters the air, just as the nurture affects the body. Great is the influence of position!'
礼记·三年问》:凡生天地之间者,有血之属必有知,有知之属莫不知爱其类。
All living creatures between heaven and earth, being endowed with blood and breath, have a certain amount of knowledge. Possessing that amount of knowledge, there is not one of them but knows to love its species.
扬子法言》:也者,所以适善恶之马也与?
As for qi, is it not the horse that one rides toward good or bad?
墨子·经说上》:实:其志之见也,使人知1己。
The manifestation of his intent and his zeal enables others to know him.
庄子·逍遥游》:有鸟焉,其名为鹏,背若泰山,翼若垂天之云,抟扶摇羊角而上者九万里,绝云,负青天,然后图南,且适南冥也。
There is (also) a bird named the peng; its back is like the Tai mountain, while its wings are like clouds all round the sky. On a whirlwind it mounts upwards as on the whorls of a goat's horn for 90,000 li, till, far removed from the cloudy vapours, it bears on its back the blue sky, and then it shapes its course for the South, and proceeds to the ocean there.
道德经》:致柔,能婴儿乎?
When one gives undivided attention to the (vital) breath, and brings it to the utmost degree of pliancy, he can become as a (tender) babe.
商君书·垦令》:休居不听,则不淫。
If, at rest, they do not listen to the one, their spirits will not become licentious.
孙子兵法·军争》:故三军可夺,将军可夺心。
A whole army may be robbed of its spirit; a commander-in-chief may be robbed of his presence of mind.
史记·五帝本纪》:轩辕乃修德振兵,治五,艺五种,抚万民,度四方,教熊罴貔貅貙虎,以与炎帝战于阪泉之野。
Who practised virtue, marshalled his men, controlled the five elements, cultivated the five kinds of grain, pacified the nations, and went over all parts of his country. Training black bears, grizzly bears, foxes, panthers, lynxes, and tigers, he, with their aid, fought with 'Flame emperor' in the desert of Banquan.
荀子·大略》:故其行效,其立效,其坐效,其置颜色、出辞效。
说苑·修文》:大圣至治之世,天地之,合以生风,日至则日行其风以生十二律,故仲冬短至则生黄钟,季冬生大吕,孟春生太簇,仲春生夹钟,季春生姑洗,孟夏生仲吕,仲夏生蕤宾,季夏生林钟,孟秋生夷则,仲秋生南吕,季秋生无射,孟冬生应钟。
春秋繁露·竹林》:伐鲁,鲁不敢出,击卫,大败之,因得而无敌国以兴患也。
韩诗外传·卷一》:君子有辩善之度,以治养性,则身后彭祖。
大戴礼记·夏小正》:日冬至,阳至,始动,诸向生皆蒙蒙符矣,故麋角陨,记时焉尔。
白虎通德论·社稷》:稷者,得阴阳中和之,而用尤多,故为长也。
新书·道德说》:命者,物皆得道德之施以生,则泽润性神明,及形体之位分、数度,各有极量指奏矣。
新序·杂事五》:宋玉事楚襄王而不见察,意不得形于颜色。
中论·法象》:可范,精神可爱,俯仰可宗,揖让可贵,述作有方,动静有常,帅礼不荒,故为万夫之望也。
孔子家语·问礼》:然后饮腥苴熟,形体则降,魂则上,是为天望而地藏也
潜夫论·班禄》:是以天地交泰,阴阳和平,民无奸匿,机衡不倾,德流布而颂声作也。
论衡·命义》:喑聋跛盲,遭胎伤,故受性狂悖
太玄经·》:潜萌于黄宫,信无不在乎中。
风俗通义》:风者、天有寒暖,地形有险易,水泉有美恶,草木有刚柔也。
孔丛子·抗志》:且又朝夕受酒脯及祭膰之赐,衣食已优,意已定,以无行志,未敢当车马之贶。
申鉴·政体》:阴阳以统其精,刚柔以品其群形,仁义以经其事业,是为道也。
忠经·天地神明章》:至理之时,君臣同德,则休应也。
素书·安礼章》:相感。
新语·道基》:故曰:张日月,列星辰,序四时,调阴阳,布治性,次置五行,春生夏长,秋收冬藏,阳生雷电,阴成雪霜,养育群生,一茂一亡,润之以风雨,曝之以日光,温之以节,降之以殒霜,位之以众星,制之以斗衡,苞之以六合,罗之以纪纲,改之以灾变,告之以祯祥,动之以生杀,悟之以文章。
独断·卷上》:殷以十二月为正,九寸为尺,律中大吕,言阴大胜,助黄锺宣而万物生,故以为正也。
蔡中郎集·独断》:其乡射行礼,公卿冠委貌,衣玄端,执事者皮弁服,宫门仆射冠却非,大乐郊社祝舞者冠建华,其状如妇人缕簏,迎五郊舞者所冠,亦为冕,车驾出后有巧士冠,似高山冠而小。
列子·天瑞》:太易者,未见也:太初者,之始也。
鶡冠子·夜行》:天文也,地理也,月刑也,日德也,四时检也,度数节也,阴阳也。
文子·道原》:人大怒破阴,大喜坠阳,薄发喑,惊怖为狂,忧悲焦心,疾乃成积,人能除此五者,即合于神明。
文始真经·一宇》:问欤荅欤,一往来,道何在?
列仙传·宁封子》:封子积火自烧,而随烟上下,视其灰烬,犹有其骨。
老子河上公章句》:始者道本也,吐布化,出于虚无,为天地本始也。
韩非子·解老》:孔窍虚,则和日入。
管子·轻重己》:宜藏而不藏,雾阳阳,宜死者生,宜蛰者鸣,不藏之害也。
吴子·图国》:民有胆勇力者,聚为一卒。
六韬·上贤》:二曰:民有不事农桑、任游侠、犯历法禁、不从吏教者,伤王之化。

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