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Chinese Text Project

U+6C88

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Semantic variant
Specialized semantic variant

Traditional character

Radical:+ 4 strokes = 7 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.217#38 p.329#3 p.440#41 Kangxi: p.610#06 Cihai: p.770r1c01 GSR: 656.b Hanyu: v3,p1572#07
Composition:Left: , right: . Compositionally related: . Component of: 𠴥 𢭽 𤉠 𥁭 𬈓 𧖶 𨧁
Mandarin:chén shěn tán ㄔㄣˊ ㄕㄣˇ ㄊㄢˊ
Cantonese:cam4 sam2
Tang reconstruction:*djhim shǐm
Shuowen:水部》沈:陵上滈水也。从水冘聲。一曰濁黕也。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》沈:没也。《說文》曰:陵上滈水也,又漢複姓魯有沈猶氏常朝飲其羊何氏姓苑云今泰山人。直深切,又尸甚切,九。
廣韻·上聲··》沈:國名古作邥亦姓出吳興本自周文王第十子聃季食采於沈即汝南平輿沈亭是也,子孫以國爲氏。式任切,又丈林切,十四。
廣韻·去聲··》沈:又直壬切。
Kangxi:康熙字典·水部·》沈:《唐韻》直深切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》持林切,𠀤音霃。《說文》陵上滈水也。一曰濁黕也。《風俗通·山澤篇》沈者,莽也。言其平望,莽莽無涯際也。沈澤之無水斥鹵之類也。《前漢·𠛬法志》山川沈斥。《註》斥卽斥鹵,沈卽川澤。《莊子·達生篇》沈有履。《註》沈水,汚泥也。又齊人謂湖曰沈。《郭緣生述征記》有鳥當沈。又沒也。《·小雅》載沈載浮。《戰國策》智伯攻趙,圍晉陽而水之,城之不沈者三板。《又》常民溺於習俗,學者沈於所聞。又以毒沈水也。《周禮·秋官》雍氏禁山之爲苑,澤之沈者。《註》謂毒魚及水蟲之屬。又五齊之一。《周禮·天官·酒正》五齊,三曰沈齊。《註》沈者,成而滓沈,如今造淸酒。又九天之一。《揚子·太𤣥經》九天,八爲沈天。又水名。《後漢·光武紀》輔威將軍臧宮,與公孫述將延岑戰於沈水。《註》沈水出廣漢縣。又實沈,星次也。屬晉分。《左傳·昭元年》參爲晉星,實沈,參神也。又綠沈,畫工設色之名。《鄴中記》石虎造象牙桃枝扇,或綠沈色。《王羲之·筆記》有人以綠沈漆管見遺。《野客叢書》物色之深者皆爲綠沈。又《廣韻》《集韻》《韻會》𠀤直禁切,音鴆。亦沒也。一曰投物水中也。或作湛。《周禮·春官》以貍沈祭山林川澤。《註》沈如字,劉註直䕃反。又《廣韻》《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤式荏切,音審。古國名。《左傳·昭元年》沈姒蓐黃,實守其祀。《註》四國臺駘之後。又姓。《廣韻》出吳興。本周文王第十子聃季,食采於沈,子孫以國爲氏。又沈丘,縣名。《廣輿記》屬開封府,古沈子國,隋沈州,唐沈丘。又《集韻》《正韻》𠀤昌枕切,音瞫。與瀋同。汁也。《禮·檀弓》爲楡沈故設撥。《註》以水澆楡白皮之汁,有急以播地,於引輴車滑也。又《集韻》《韻會》徒南切《正韻》徒含切,𠀤音覃。沈沈,宮室深邃貌。《史記·陳涉世家》顆頤,涉之爲王沈沈者。《註》應劭曰:沈,長含反。通作潭。亦作㽎。
Fanqie:直深 (《廣韻·下平聲··》) 尸甚 (《廣韻·下平聲··》) 式任 (《廣韻·上聲··》) 丈林 (《廣韻·上聲··》) 直禁 (《廣韻·去聲··》) 直壬 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:sink, submerge; addicted to; surname

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

孟子·離婁下》:猶行曰:「是非汝所知也。」
Shen You Xing said, 'You do not understand this matter.'
禮記·檀弓下》:顏柳曰:「天子龍輴而槨幬,諸侯輴而設幬,為榆故設撥。」
Yan Liu said, 'For the son of Heaven dragons are painted on (the shafts of) the funeral carriage, and the boards surrounding the coffin, like the shell, have a covering over them. For the feudal princes there is a similar carriage (without the painted dragons), and the covering above. (In both cases) they prepare the elm-juice, and therefore employ sprinklers.'
揚子法言》:熒魂曠枯,糟莩曠,擿埴索塗,冥行而已矣。
Once the spirit is withered and vision has been destroyed, like a blind man using a walking stick to poke at the ground to find the road, you simply walk in darkness.
莊子·人間世》:散木也,以為舟則,以為棺槨則速腐,以為器則速毀,以為門戶則液樠,以為柱則蠹。
It is quite useless. A boat made from its wood would sink; a coffin or shell would quickly rot; an article of furniture would soon go to pieces; a door would be covered with the exuding sap; a pillar would be riddled by insects.
尚書·胤征》:惟時羲和顛覆厥德,亂于酒,畔官離次,俶擾天紀,遐棄厥司,乃季秋月朔,辰弗集于房,瞽奏鼓,嗇夫馳,庶人走,羲和尸厥官罔聞知,昏迷于天象,以干先王之誅,《政典》曰:『先時者殺無赦,不及時者殺無赦。』
Now here are the Xi and He. They have allowed their virtue to be subverted, and are besotted by drink. They have violated the duties of their office, and left their posts. They have been the first to let the regulating of the heavenly (bodies) get into disorder, putting far from them their proper business. On the first day of the last month of autumn, the sun and moon did not meet harmoniously in Fang. The blind musicians beat their drums; the inferior officers galloped, and the common people (employed about the public offices) ran about. The Xi and the He, however, as if they were (mere) personators of the dead in their offices, heard nothing and knew nothing - so stupidly went they astray (from their duties) in the matter of the heavenly appearances, and rendered themselves liable to the death appointed by the former kings. The statutes of government say, "When they anticipated the time, let them be put to death without mercy; when (their reckoning) is behind the time, let them be put to death without mercy."
荀子·儒效》:仲尼將為司寇,猶氏不敢朝飲其羊,公慎氏出其妻,慎潰氏踰境而徙,魯之粥牛馬者不豫賈,必蚤正以待之也。
說苑·雜言》:尹名聞天下,以為令尹,而讓孫叔敖,則其遇楚莊王也。
春秋繁露》:恩及鱗蟲,則魚大為,鯨不見,如人君出入不時,走狗試馬,馳騁不反宮室,好淫樂,飲酒湎,從恣,不顧政治,事多發役,以奪民時,作謀增稅,以奪民財,民病疥搔,溫體,足痛。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:莊王曰:「則令尹也!」
大戴禮記·勸學》:昔者瓠巴鼓瑟,而魚出聽。
新序·善謀》:數年而后歸之,昭公濟濮水,璧曰:「諸侯有伐楚者,寡人請為前列。」
孔子家語·相魯》:初,魯之販羊有猶氏者,常朝飲其羊以詐市人。
潛夫論·賢難》:夫體至行仁義,據南面師尹卿士,且猶不能無難,然則夫子削迹,叔嚮縲紲,屈原放,賈誼貶黜,鍾離廢替,何敞束縛,王章抵罪,平阿斥逐,蓋其輕士者也。
論衡·書虛》:夫幽冥之實尚可知,隱之情尚可定,顯文露書,是非易見,籠總并傳,非實事,用精不專,無思於事也。
太玄經·》:𝍅
風俗通義·葉令祠》:謹按:《春秋左氏傳》:葉公子高姓名諸梁,古者,令曰公,忠於社稷,惠恤萬民,方城之外,莫不欣戴。
孔叢子·記義》:今也更為幽之聲。
申鑒·俗嫌》:北方水也,蹈之不
蔡中郎集·樽銘》:德將無醉,過則荒
墨子·經下》:荊之大,其淺也,說在具。
列子·天瑞》:能陰能陽,能柔能剛,能短能長,能員能方,能生能死,能暑能涼,能浮能,能宮能商,能出能沒,能玄能黃,能甘能苦,能羶能香。
文子·精誠》:虙犧氏之王天下,枕方寢繩,殺秋約冬,負方州,抱員天,陰陽所擁不通者竅理之,逆氣戾物傷民厚積者絕止之,其民童蒙不知西東,視瞑瞑,行蹎蹎,侗然自得,莫知其所由,浮游汎然,不知所本,罔養不知所如往,當此之時,禽獸蟲蛇無不懷其爪牙,藏其螫毒,功揆天地。
文始真經·六匕》:關尹子曰:「耕夫習牛則獷,獵夫習虎則勇,漁夫習水則,戰夫習馬則健,萬物可為我。」
列仙傳·呂尚》:謀籍世,芝體煉身。
韓非子·說林下》:子胥對曰:「溺人者一飲而止則無逆者,以其不休也,不如乘之以之。」
管子·形勢解》:淵者,眾物之所生也,能深而不涸,則玉至。
吳子·論將》:居軍下濕,水無所通,霖雨數至,可灌而
六韜·大禮》:太公曰:「為上唯臨,為下唯。」
淮南子·繆稱訓》:是故積羽舟,群輕折軸。
呂氏春秋·察傳》:齊桓公聞管子於鮑叔,楚莊聞孫叔敖於尹筮,審之也,故國霸諸侯也。
史記·秦本紀》:殺出子及其母,之淵旁。
春秋左傳》:楚子北師次於郔,尹將中軍,子重將左,子反將右,將飲馬於河而歸,聞晉師既濟,王欲還,嬖人伍參欲戰,令尹孫叔敖弗欲,曰,昔歲入陳,今茲入鄭,不無事矣,戰而不捷,參之肉,其足食乎,參曰,若事之捷,孫叔為無謀矣,不捷,參之肉,將在晉軍,可得食乎,令尹南轅反旆,伍參言於王曰,晉之從政者新,未能行令,其佐先縠,剛愎不仁,未肯用命,其三帥者,專行不獲,聽而無上,眾誰適從,此行也,晉師必敗,且君而逃臣,若社稷何,王病之,告令尹,改乘轅而北之,次于管以待之。
逸周書·官人解》:順予之弗為喜,非奪之弗為怒,靜而寡言,多稽而險貌,曰質靜者也。
國語·越語上》:若以越國之罪為不可赦也,將焚宗廟,系妻孥,金玉于江,有帶甲五千人將以致死,乃必有偶。
越絕書·外傳本事》:子胥懷忠,不忍君惑於讒,社稷之傾。
戰國策》:今之嗣主,忽於至道,皆惛於教,亂於治,迷於言,惑於語,於辯,溺於辭。
鹽鐵論·散不足》:今富者逐驅殲罔罝,掩捕麑鷇,耽湎酒鋪百川。
列女傳·齊鍾離春》:飲酒湎,以夜繼晝,女樂俳優,縱橫大笑。
春秋穀梁傳》:夏,四月庚辰,蔡公孫姓帥師滅,以子嘉歸,殺之。
春秋公羊傳》:三年春,王正月,叔孫得臣會晉人、宋人、陳人、衛人、鄭人伐潰。
漢書·敘傳下》:東方贍辭,詼諧倡優,譏苑扞偃,正諫舉郵,懷肉汙殿,弛張浮。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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