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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+6C88

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Semantic variant
Specialized semantic variant

Traditional character

Radical:+ 4 strokes = 7 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.217#38 p.329#3 p.440#41 Kangxi: p.610#06 Cihai: p.770r1c01 GSR: 656.b Hanyu: v3,p1572#07
Composition:Left: , right: . Compositionally related: . Component of: 𠴥 𢭽 𤉠 𥁭 𬈓 𧖶 𨧁
Mandarin:chén shěn tán ㄔㄣˊ ㄕㄣˇ ㄊㄢˊ
Cantonese:cam4 sam2
Tang reconstruction:*djhim shǐm
Shuowen:水部》沈:陵上滈水也。从水冘声。一曰浊黕也。
Guangyun:广韵·下平声··》沈:没也。《说文》曰:陵上滈水也,又汉复姓鲁有沈犹氏常朝饮其羊何氏姓苑云今泰山人。直深切,又尸甚切,九。
广韵·上声··》沈:国名古作邥亦姓出吴兴本自周文王第十子聃季食采于沈即汝南平舆沈亭是也,子孙以国爲氏。式任切,又丈林切,十四。
广韵·去声··》沈:又直壬切。
Kangxi:康熙字典·水部·》沈:《唐韵》直深切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》持林切,𠀤音霃。《说文》陵上滈水也。一曰浊黕也。《风俗通·山泽篇》沈者,莽也。言其平望,莽莽无涯际也。沈泽之无水斥卤之类也。《前汉·𠛬法志》山川沈斥。《注》斥卽斥卤,沈卽川泽。《庄子·达生篇》沈有履。《注》沈水,汚泥也。又齐人谓湖曰沈。《郭缘生述征记》有鸟当沈。又没也。《·小雅》载沈载浮。《战国策》智伯攻赵,围晋阳而水之,城之不沈者三板。《又》常民溺于习俗,学者沈于所闻。又以毒沈水也。《周礼·秋官》雍氏禁山之爲苑,泽之沈者。《注》谓毒鱼及水虫之属。又五齐之一。《周礼·天官·酒正》五齐,三曰沈齐。《注》沈者,成而滓沈,如今造淸酒。又九天之一。《扬子·太𤣥经》九天,八爲沈天。又水名。《后汉·光武纪》辅威将军臧宫,与公孙述将延岑战于沈水。《注》沈水出广汉县。又实沈,星次也。属晋分。《左传·昭元年》参爲晋星,实沈,参神也。又绿沈,画工设色之名。《邺中记》石虎造象牙桃枝扇,或绿沈色。《王羲之·笔记》有人以绿沈漆管见遗。《野客丛书》物色之深者皆爲绿沈。又《广韵》《集韵》《韵会》𠀤直禁切,音鸩。亦没也。一曰投物水中也。或作湛。《周礼·春官》以狸沈祭山林川泽。《注》沈如字,刘注直䕃反。又《广韵》《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤式荏切,音审。古国名。《左传·昭元年》沈姒蓐黄,实守其祀。《注》四国台骀之后。又姓。《广韵》出吴兴。本周文王第十子聃季,食采于沈,子孙以国爲氏。又沈丘,县名。《广舆记》属开封府,古沈子国,隋沈州,唐沈丘。又《集韵》《正韵》𠀤昌枕切,音瞫。与渖同。汁也。《礼·檀弓》爲楡沈故设拨。《注》以水浇楡白皮之汁,有急以播地,于引輴车滑也。又《集韵》《韵会》徒南切《正韵》徒含切,𠀤音覃。沈沈,宫室深邃貌。《史记·陈涉世家》颗颐,涉之爲王沈沈者。《注》应劭曰:沈,长含反。通作潭。亦作㽎。
Fanqie:直深 (《广韵·下平声··》) 尸甚 (《广韵·下平声··》) 式任 (《广韵·上声··》) 丈林 (《广韵·上声··》) 直禁 (《广韵·去声··》) 直壬 (《广韵·去声··》)
Unihan definition:sink, submerge; addicted to; surname

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

孟子·离娄下》:犹行曰:“是非汝所知也。”
Shen You Xing said, 'You do not understand this matter.'
礼记·檀弓下》:颜柳曰:“天子龙輴而椁帱,诸侯輴而设帱,为榆故设拨。”
Yan Liu said, 'For the son of Heaven dragons are painted on (the shafts of) the funeral carriage, and the boards surrounding the coffin, like the shell, have a covering over them. For the feudal princes there is a similar carriage (without the painted dragons), and the covering above. (In both cases) they prepare the elm-juice, and therefore employ sprinklers.'
扬子法言》:荧魂旷枯,糟莩旷,掷埴索涂,冥行而已矣。
Once the spirit is withered and vision has been destroyed, like a blind man using a walking stick to poke at the ground to find the road, you simply walk in darkness.
庄子·人间世》:散木也,以为舟则,以为棺椁则速腐,以为器则速毁,以为门户则液樠,以为柱则蠹。
It is quite useless. A boat made from its wood would sink; a coffin or shell would quickly rot; an article of furniture would soon go to pieces; a door would be covered with the exuding sap; a pillar would be riddled by insects.
尚书·胤征》:惟时羲和颠覆厥德,乱于酒,畔官离次,俶扰天纪,遐弃厥司,乃季秋月朔,辰弗集于房,瞽奏鼓,啬夫驰,庶人走,羲和尸厥官罔闻知,昏迷于天象,以干先王之诛,《政典》曰:‘先时者杀无赦,不及时者杀无赦。’
Now here are the Xi and He. They have allowed their virtue to be subverted, and are besotted by drink. They have violated the duties of their office, and left their posts. They have been the first to let the regulating of the heavenly (bodies) get into disorder, putting far from them their proper business. On the first day of the last month of autumn, the sun and moon did not meet harmoniously in Fang. The blind musicians beat their drums; the inferior officers galloped, and the common people (employed about the public offices) ran about. The Xi and the He, however, as if they were (mere) personators of the dead in their offices, heard nothing and knew nothing - so stupidly went they astray (from their duties) in the matter of the heavenly appearances, and rendered themselves liable to the death appointed by the former kings. The statutes of government say, "When they anticipated the time, let them be put to death without mercy; when (their reckoning) is behind the time, let them be put to death without mercy."
荀子·儒效》:仲尼将为司寇,犹氏不敢朝饮其羊,公慎氏出其妻,慎溃氏逾境而徙,鲁之粥牛马者不豫贾,必蚤正以待之也。
说苑·杂言》:尹名闻天下,以为令尹,而让孙叔敖,则其遇楚庄王也。
春秋繁露》:恩及鳞虫,则鱼大为,鲸不见,如人君出入不时,走狗试马,驰骋不反宫室,好淫乐,饮酒湎,从恣,不顾政治,事多发役,以夺民时,作谋增税,以夺民财,民病疥搔,温体,足痛。
韩诗外传·卷二》:庄王曰:“则令尹也!”
大戴礼记·劝学》:昔者瓠巴鼓瑟,而鱼出听。
新序·善谋》:数年而后归之,昭公济濮水,璧曰:“诸侯有伐楚者,寡人请为前列。”
孔子家语·相鲁》:初,鲁之贩羊有犹氏者,常朝饮其羊以诈市人。
潜夫论·贤难》:夫体至行仁义,据南面师尹卿士,且犹不能无难,然则夫子削迹,叔向缧绁,屈原放,贾谊贬黜,锺离废替,何敞束缚,王章抵罪,平阿斥逐,盖其轻士者也。
论衡·书虚》:夫幽冥之实尚可知,隐之情尚可定,显文露书,是非易见,笼总并传,非实事,用精不专,无思于事也。
太玄经·》:𝍅
风俗通义·叶令祠》:谨按:《春秋左氏传》:叶公子高姓名诸梁,古者,令曰公,忠于社稷,惠恤万民,方城之外,莫不欣戴。
孔丛子·记义》:今也更为幽之声。
申鉴·俗嫌》:北方水也,蹈之不
蔡中郎集·樽铭》:德将无醉,过则荒
墨子·经下》:荆之大,其浅也,说在具。
列子·天瑞》:能阴能阳,能柔能刚,能短能长,能员能方,能生能死,能暑能凉,能浮能,能宫能商,能出能没,能玄能黄,能甘能苦,能膻能香。
文子·精诚》:虙牺氏之王天下,枕方寝绳,杀秋约冬,负方州,抱员天,阴阳所拥不通者窍理之,逆气戾物伤民厚积者绝止之,其民童蒙不知西东,视瞑瞑,行蹎蹎,侗然自得,莫知其所由,浮游泛然,不知所本,罔养不知所如往,当此之时,禽兽虫蛇无不怀其爪牙,藏其螫毒,功揆天地。
文始真经·六匕》:关尹子曰:“耕夫习牛则犷,猎夫习虎则勇,渔夫习水则,战夫习马则健,万物可为我。”
列仙传·吕尚》:谋籍世,芝体炼身。
韩非子·说林下》:子胥对曰:“溺人者一饮而止则无逆者,以其不休也,不如乘之以之。”
管子·形势解》:渊者,众物之所生也,能深而不涸,则玉至。
吴子·论将》:居军下湿,水无所通,霖雨数至,可灌而
六韬·大礼》:太公曰:“为上唯临,为下唯。”
淮南子·缪称训》:是故积羽舟,群轻折轴。
吕氏春秋·察传》:齐桓公闻管子于鲍叔,楚庄闻孙叔敖于尹筮,审之也,故国霸诸侯也。
史记·秦本纪》:杀出子及其母,之渊旁。
春秋左传》:楚子北师次于郔,尹将中军,子重将左,子反将右,将饮马于河而归,闻晋师既济,王欲还,嬖人伍参欲战,令尹孙叔敖弗欲,曰,昔岁入陈,今兹入郑,不无事矣,战而不捷,参之肉,其足食乎,参曰,若事之捷,孙叔为无谋矣,不捷,参之肉,将在晋军,可得食乎,令尹南辕反旆,伍参言于王曰,晋之从政者新,未能行令,其佐先縠,刚愎不仁,未肯用命,其三帅者,专行不获,听而无上,众谁适从,此行也,晋师必败,且君而逃臣,若社稷何,王病之,告令尹,改乘辕而北之,次于管以待之。
逸周书·官人解》:顺予之弗为喜,非夺之弗为怒,静而寡言,多稽而险貌,曰质静者也。
国语·越语上》:若以越国之罪为不可赦也,将焚宗庙,系妻孥,金玉于江,有带甲五千人将以致死,乃必有偶。
越绝书·外传本事》:子胥怀忠,不忍君惑于谗,社稷之倾。
战国策》:今之嗣主,忽于至道,皆惛于教,乱于治,迷于言,惑于语,于辩,溺于辞。
盐铁论·散不足》:今富者逐驱歼罔罝,掩捕麑鷇,耽湎酒铺百川。
列女传·齐锺离春》:饮酒湎,以夜继昼,女乐俳优,纵横大笑。
春秋谷梁传》:夏,四月庚辰,蔡公孙姓帅师灭,以子嘉归,杀之。
春秋公羊传》:三年春,王正月,叔孙得臣会晋人、宋人、陈人、卫人、郑人伐溃。
汉书·叙传下》:东方赡辞,诙谐倡优,讥苑捍偃,正谏举邮,怀肉污殿,弛张浮。

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