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Chinese Text Project

U+6C99

Seal script

Jinwen

Semantic variant

Radical:+ 4 strokes = 7 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.167#51 p.424#18 Kangxi: p.611#21 Cihai: p.772r2c02 GSR: 16.a Hanyu: v3,p1562#09
Composition:Left: , right: . Compositionally related: 𣲦 . Component of: 𪟜 𠈱 𡱳 𢇄 𬇭 𬮪 𡋷 𣮅 𭃹 𭴲 [More]
Mandarin:shā shà suō ㄕㄚ ㄕㄚˋ ㄙㄨㄛ
Cantonese:saa1
Tang reconstruction:*shra
Shuowen:水部》沙:水𢿱石也。从水从少。水少沙見。楚東有沙水。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》沙:沙汰。《說文》曰:水散石也。《爾雅》云:潁爲沙謂大水溢出別爲小水之名亦州取沙角山爲名即三秦記鳴沙山也,又姓何氏姓苑云東莞人又漢複姓二氏左傳齊有夙沙衞神農時夙沙氏之後漢書功臣表有昭沙掉尾又百濟有沙吒氏。
廣韻·去聲··》沙:《周禮》云:鳥皫色而沙鳴注云沙嘶也。又所加切。
Kangxi:康熙字典·水部·》沙:《唐韻》所加切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》師加切,𠀤音紗。《說文》水散石也。从水从少,水少沙見。楚東有沙水。《水經注》逢澤陂東北流爲新溝,又東北注梁爲沙水。又《山海經》盧其之山,無草木,多沙石,沙水出焉,南流注于涔水。又潁水之別名。《爾雅·釋水》潁爲沙。《註》謂大水溢出別爲小水之名。又疏土也。《易·需卦》需于沙。《正義》沙,水旁之地。《·大雅》鳧鷖在沙。又州名,在西徼外,取沙角山爲名,卽三秦記鳴沙山也。《廣輿記》沙州鳴沙山,峰勢危峻,沙如乾糖。天氣淸朗則沙鳴,聞數里外。又流沙,西境極遠之地。《·禹貢》西被于流沙。又丘名。《爾雅·釋丘》邐迤曰沙丘。《疏》謂丘形斜行,連接而長者。又長沙,郡名,屬楚。《廣輿記》今湖廣長沙府有長沙縣。又長沙,星名。在軫旁,主壽命。見《史記·天官書》。又水中有沙者曰沙衍。《𥠇天子傳》天子乃遂東征,南絕沙衍。又沙汰,詳汰字註。又《謝察微·算經》十塵爲沙,十沙爲纖。又木名。《范成大·桂海草木記》沙木與杉同類,尤高大,葉尖成叢,穗少與杉異。又豆名。《崔豹·古今注》貍豆,一名貍沙,一名獵沙。虎豆,一名虎沙。馬豆,一名馬沙。又吹沙,魚名。《爾雅·釋魚》鯊鮀。《郭璞註》今吹沙也。《陸璣註》魚狹而小,常張口吹沙,故曰吹沙。又小而甘美之稱。《韓彥直·橘錄》沙橘取其細而甘美,或曰種之沙州之上,故其味特珍。然邦人稱物之小而甘美者必曰沙,如沙瓜,沙蜜,沙糖之類,特方言耳。又沙門,謂勤行也。《佛說四十二章經》辭親出家,識心達本,解無爲法,名曰沙門。又姓。宋勇將有沙世堅。又借爲紗縠字。《周禮·天官》內司服素沙。《註》素沙,今之白縳也。以白縳爲裏,使之章顯。今世有紗縠者,名出于此。又《集韻》蘇和切《正韻》桑何切,𠀤音蓑。亭名,在元城。《春秋·定七年》齊侯衞侯盟于沙。《註》今陽平元城縣東南有沙亭。又與犧通。《·魯頌》犧尊將將。《鄭註》素何反。《毛傳》有沙飾也。又酒名。《儀禮·大射儀兩壷獻酒註》獻讀爲沙。沙酒濁,特泲之,必摩沙者也。又《集韻》山宜切,音釃。亦水傍也。又《廣韻》《集韻》《韻會》𠀤所稼切,音嗄。聲嘶也。《周禮·天官》內饔鳥皫色而沙鳴貍。《註》沙音所嫁反,或蘇他反。《疏》沙,嘶也。○按沙本有蘇何、山宜二切,不必又入歌支叶韻。今刪去。
考證:〔《周禮·天官》內司服素沙。《註》素沙,今之白縛也。以白縛爲裏。〕謹照原晝兩縛字𠀤改縳。
Fanqie:所加 (《廣韻·下平聲··》) 所嫁 (《廣韻·去聲··》) 所加 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:sand, gravel, pebbles; granulated

Example usage

禮記·王制》:自西河至於流,千里而遙。
From the He on the east to the same river on the west was hardly 1000 li; and from that to the Moving Sands was more than 1000 li.
揚子法言》:曰:「斯以留客,至作相,用狂人之言,從浮大海,立趙高之邪說,廢丘之正,阿意督責,焉用忠?」
Yangzi said: Li Si stayed in Qin as a guest of Lu Buwei and eventually became Prime Minister. Using the words of an alchemist to flatter the Emperor, he followed Qin Shi Huang on his tours of the four seas. Upon Qin Shi Huang's death, he let Zhao Gao's treacherous plan to replace the chosen successor stand, discarded the Emperor's official edict, assented to the idea and directed the orders. Where in this is loyalty?
莊子·則陽》:狶韋曰:「夫靈公也死,卜葬於故墓不吉,卜葬於丘而吉。」
Xi-wei said, 'When duke Ling died, and they divined about burying him in the old tomb of his House, the answer was unfavourable; when they divined about burying him on Sha-qiu, the answer was favourable.'
商君書·弱民》:秦師至鄢郢,舉若振槁,唐蔑死於垂,莊蹻發於內,楚分為五,地非不大也,兵非不眾也,甲兵財用非不多也,戰不勝,守不固,此無法之所生也。
Yet when the army of Qin marched on Yen and Ying, it took those cities as easily as if it had been merely the shaking of a dead tree. Tang Mie met his death at Chui-sha, Zhuang Qiao rose in the interior, and Chu was divided into five parts. This was not because its territory was not large or that the population was not numerous, or that the armour and weapons and resources were not many, but the reason, that in fighting it did not win and in defending it was unable to hold its own, was due to the fact that it did not have law.
史記·五帝本紀》:北至于幽陵,南至于交阯,西至于流,東至于蟠木。
Northward his rule extended to 'Dark mound,' southward to Annam, westward to the moving sands, and eastward to 'Coiling tree'.
詩經·鳧鷖》:鳧鷖在、公尸來燕來宜。
The wild-ducks and widgeons are on the sand; The personators of the dead enjoy the feast, their appropriate tribute.
尚書·禹貢》:導弱水,至于合黎,餘波入于流
He traced the Weak-water as far as the He-li (mountains), from which its superfluous waters went away among the moving sands.
荀子·彊國》:今秦南乃有羨與俱,是乃江南也。
說苑·雜言》:得其人,如聚而雨之,非其人,如聚聾而鼓之。
春秋繁露·王道》:日為之食,星如雨,雨螽,鹿崩。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:受子貢觴,迎流而挹之,奐然而棄之,促流而挹之,奐然而溢之,坐、置之上,曰:「禮固不親受。」
大戴禮記·保傅》:武靈王五十而弒丘,任李兌也。
白虎通德論·壽命》:遭命者逢世殘賊,若上逢亂君,下必災變暴至,夭絕人命,鹿崩于受邑是也。
新書·脩政語上》:是故堯教化及雕題蜀越,撫交趾,身涉流,地封獨山,西見王母,訓及大夏渠叟,北中幽都,及狗國與人身而鳥面,及焦僥。
新序·善謀下》:於是高皇帝在雒陽南宮上臺,見群臣往往相與坐中語。
孔子家語·五帝德》:北至幽陵,南暨交趾,西扺流,東極蟠木,動靜之類,小大之物,日月所照,莫不底屬。
潛夫論·衰制》:是故陳恆執簡公於徐州,李兌害主父於丘,皆以其毒素奪君之轡策也。
論衡·書虛》:淺多石,激揚為瀨。
太玄經·太玄數》:九地:一為泥,二為澤池,三為沚崖,四為下田,五為中田,六為上田,七為下山,八為中山,九為上山。
風俗通義·孝文帝》:是時,誼與鄧通俱侍中同位,誼又惡通為人,數廷譏之,由是䟽遠,遷為長太傅。
新語·本行》:夫釋農桑之事,入山海,採珠璣,求瑤琨,探谷,捕翡翠,□瑇瑁,搏犀象,消䈥力,散布泉,以極耳目之好,以快淫邪之心,豈不謬哉?
蔡中郎集》:遂陟三司,汰虛穴,料𥳑貞實,抽援表達,與之同蘭芳,任鼎重,從駕南巡。
墨子·備城門》:置器備,殺礫鐵,皆為坏斗。
列子·說符》:三月而反,報曰:「已得之矣,在丘。」
文子·道原》:水之性欲清,石穢之。
文始真經·一宇》:之飛乎?
列仙傳·關令尹》:後與老子俱游流,化胡,服苣勝實,莫知其所終。
韓非子·喻老》:楚莊王既勝狩於河雍,歸而賞孫叔敖,孫叔敖請漢間之地,石之處。
管子·地數》:上有鉛者,其下有鉒銀,上有丹者,其下有鉒金。
九章算術·商功》:術曰:置本人功,去其出土功五分之一,又去礫水石之功太半,餘為法。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:故日月欲明,浮雲蓋之,河水欲清,石濊之。
呂氏春秋·用民》:之民,自攻其君,而歸神農。
鄧析子·轉辭》:至于栗陸氏殺東里子,宿氏戮箕文,桀誅龍逢,紂刳比干,
1四主者亂君,故其疾賢若仇。
春秋左傳》:秋,八月,辛卯,鹿崩。
逸周書·史記解》:大臣有錮職譁誅者危,昔者質三卿,朝而無禮,君怒而久拘之,譁而弗加,三卿謀變,質以亡。
國語·晉語九》:鼓子之臣曰夙厘,以其孥行,軍吏執之,辭曰:「我君是事,非事土也。」
吳越春秋》:寫流於西隅,決弱水於北漢。
越絕書》:楚故治郢,今南郡、南陽、汝南、淮陽、六安、九江、廬江、豫章、長,翼、軫也。
戰國策》:今平原君自以賢,顯名於天下,然降其主父丘而臣之。
鹽鐵論·通有》:北方水,而幽都有積之地。
列女傳·阿谷處女》:授子貢觴,迎流而挹之,投而棄之,從流而挹之,滿而溢之,跪置上,曰:「禮不親授。」

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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