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Chinese Text Project

U+6E9D

Seal script

Simplified character

Radical:+ 10 strokes = 13 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.214#44 Kangxi: p.639#34 Cihai: p.819r4c01 GSR: 109.h Hanyu: v3,p1692#06
Composition:Left: , right: .
Mandarin:gōu gǎng kòu ㄍㄡ ㄍㄤˇ ㄎㄡˋ
Cantonese:gau1 kau1
Tang reconstruction:gou
Shuowen:水部》溝:水瀆。廣四尺、深四尺。从水冓聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》溝:溝渠。《爾雅》云:水注谷曰溝。《釋名》云:田閒之水曰溝溝搆也,縱橫相交構也。
Kangxi:康熙字典·水部·》溝:《唐韻》古侯切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》居侯切,𠀤音鉤。《說文》水瀆,廣四尺,深四尺。《釋名》田閒之水曰溝。溝,搆也。縱橫相交搆也。《周禮·地官》遂人十夫有溝。又《爾雅·釋水》水註谷曰溝。又溝池,城塹也。《禮·禮運》城郭溝池以爲固。又汗溝,馬中脊也。《齊民要術》相馬法,汗溝欲其深。又《集韻》古項切,音講。與港同。水分流也。詳港字註。又《韻補》叶斤於切,音居。《焦氏·易林》馬驚破車,王孫墜溝,身死魂去,離其室廬。
Fanqie:古侯 (《廣韻·下平聲··》)
Unihan definition:ditch, drain, narrow waterway

Example usage

論語·泰伯》:卑宮室,而盡力乎洫。
He lived in a low, mean house, but expended all his strength on the ditches and water channels.
孟子·萬章下》:志士不忘在壑,勇士不忘喪其元。
"The determined officer never forgets that his end may be in a ditch or a stream; the brave officer never forgets that he may lose his head."
禮記·曲禮上》:門閭渠,必步。
In passing through the gates (of a city) or village, and crossing the water-channels, the pace must be reduced to a walk.
揚子法言》:曰:「東大河,南阻高山,西采雍、梁,北鹵涇垠,便則申,否則蟠,保也。」
Yangzi said: To the east, the Yellow River served as a moat; to the south, it was obstructed by high mountains; to the west they took Yong and Liang, and to the north, it was bordered by the Jing River. When it was advantageous, Qin expanded its territory. When it was not, it just coiled up. This was the natural defensibility of the land.
墨子·七患》:城郭池不可守而治宮室,一患也。
When the outer and the inner city walls are not defensible, this is the first worry.
莊子·天地》:百年之木,破為犧尊,青黃而文之,其斷在中。
From a tree a hundred years old a portion shall be cut and fashioned into a sacrificial vase, with the bull figured on it, which is ornamented further with green and yellow, while the rest (of that portion) is cut away and thrown into a ditch.
史記·夏本紀》:卑宮室,致費於淢。
Until his wretched hovel fell in ruins in the ditch.
周易·說卦》:坎為水,為瀆,為隱伏,為矯輮,為弓輪。
Kan suggests the idea of water; of channels and ditches (for draining and irrigation); of being hidden and lying concealed; of being now straight, and now crooked; of a bow, and of a wheel.
荀子·解蔽》:醉者越百步之,以為蹞步之澮也。
說苑·辨物》:之不浚也?
春秋繁露·求雨》:鑿社通之於閭外之,取五暇蟆,錯置社之中。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:巫馬期喟然仰天而嘆,闟然投鎌於地,曰:「吾嘗聞之夫子,勇士不忘喪其元,志士仁人不忘在壑。」
大戴禮記》:昔者,伯夷、叔齊,仁者也,死於澮之間,其仁成名於天下。
新書·春秋》:乃下車,而令燕君還車,乃割燕君所至而與之,遂以為境而後去
孔子家語·相魯》:孔子而合諸墓焉,謂季桓子曰:「貶君以彰己罪,非禮也。」
潛夫論·斷訟》:夫制法之意,若為藩籬壍以有防矣,擇禽獸之尤可數犯者,而加深厚焉。
論衡·命祿》:使富貴若鑿伐薪,加勉力之趨,致彊健之勢,鑿不休則深,斧不止則薪多,無命之人,皆得所願,安得貧賤凶危之患哉?
太玄經·》:次八,羡其足,濟于瀆,面貞。
風俗通義·》:謹按:《周禮》:「者、也,廣四尺,深四尺。」
蔡中郎集·青衣賦》:停停側,噭噭青衣。
列子·楊朱》:焚之亦可,沈之亦可,瘞之亦可,露之亦可,衣薪而棄諸壑亦可,袞文繡裳而納諸石椁亦可,唯所遇焉。
文子·上德》:也澇即溢,旱即枯,河海之源淵深而不竭。
韓非子·說林下》:將軍怒,將深高壘。
管子·輕重丁》:管子對曰:「孟春且至,瀆阮而不遂,谿谷報上之水不安於藏,內毀室屋,壞牆垣,外傷田野,殘禾稼。」
孫子兵法·虛實》:故我欲戰,敵雖高壘深,不得不與我戰者,攻其所必救也。
吳子·料敵》:諸侯大會,君臣未和,壘未成,禁令未施,三軍匈匈,欲前不能,欲去不敢,以半擊倍,百戰不殆。
六韜·發啟》:故無甲兵而勝,無衝機而攻,無塹而守。
尉繚子·戰威》:四曰深高壘之論。
九章算術·商功》:積尺為實。
孫子算經·卷中》:今有廣十丈,深五丈,長二十丈。
淮南子·繆稱訓》:尋常之,無吞舟之魚。
呂氏春秋·貴因》:禹通三江、五湖,決伊闕,迴陸,注之東海,因水之力也。
春秋左傳》:梁亡,不書其主,自取之也,初,梁伯好土功,亟城而弗處,民罷而弗堪,則曰,某寇將至,乃公宮,曰,秦將襲我,民懼而潰,秦遂取梁。
逸周書·成開解》:四守:一政盡人材,材盡致死,二士守其城,三障水以禦寇,四大有沙炭之政。
國語·吳語》:王親命之曰:「我有大事,子有父母耆老,而子為我死,子之父母將轉于壑,子為我禮已重矣。」
吳越春秋·十四年》:時歸吳不熟於歲,遂緣江泝淮開深水出於商魯之間,而歸告於天子執事。
戰國策》:趙得是藉也,亦襲魏之河北燒棘,墜黃城。
鹽鐵論·刺權》:文學曰:「禹、稷自布衣,思天下有不得其所者,若己推而納之中,故起而佐堯,平治水土,教民稼穡。」
列女傳·梁寡高行》:高行曰:「妾夫不幸早死,先狗馬填壑,妾宜以身薦其棺槨。」
漢書·敘傳下》:爰及渠,利我國家。
前漢紀》:割洪以西為漢。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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