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Chinese Text Project

U+7530

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Radical:+ 0 strokes = 5 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.134#25 Kangxi: p.756#11 Cihai: p.909r3c02 GSR: 362.a Hanyu: v4,p2524#01
Composition:Component of: 𤰓 𭅗 𪞛 𪪮 𤰕 𪽇 𠓦 𤰖 𤰗 𤰘 𤰙 [More]
Mandarin:tián ㄊㄧㄢˊ
Cantonese:tin4
Tang reconstruction:*dhen
Shuowen:田部》田:陳也。樹穀曰田。象四囗。十,阡陌之制也。凡田之屬皆从田。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》田:《釋名》云:土已耕者曰田田塡也,五稼塡滿其中也,又姓出北平敬仲自陳適齊後改田氏九代遂有齊國。徒年切,十九。
Kangxi:康熙字典·田部·田部》田:《唐韻》待年切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》亭年切,𠀤音闐。《說文》𨻰也。樹穀曰田,象四口。十,阡陌之制也。《玉篇》土也,地也。《正韻》土已耕曰田。《釋名》塡也。五稼塡滿其中也。《易·乾卦》見龍在田。《·小雅》雨我公田。《通典》古有井田,畫九區如井字形,八家耕之,中爲公田,乃公家所藉。圭田者,祿外之田,以供祭祀。加田者旣賞之,又重賜之田也。又爰田,卽轅田。《左傳·僖十五年》晉於是乎作爰田。《註》分公田之稅,應入公者,爰之於所賞之衆。《晉語》作轅田。《前漢·食貨志》歲耕種者爲不易上田,休一歲者爲一易中田,休二歲者爲再易下田,三歲更耕之,自爰其處。農民戸人已受田,其家衆男爲餘夫,以口受田如比。《註》師古曰:爰,更互也,比例也。又名田。《前漢·董仲舒傳》古井田法,雖難卒行,宜少近古。限民名田,以贍不足。《通典》名田,占田也。各爲立限,不使富者過制,則貧弱之。家可足也。又代田。《通典》漢武征和三年,以趙過爲搜粟都尉。過能爲代田,一畮三甽,歲代其處,每耨必附根,根深能水旱。一歲之收常過縵田,一斛以上,用力少而得穀多。又屯田。《正字通》漢晉率兵屯,領以帥,唐率民屯,領以官。宋率營田,以民。漢趙充國於金城,留步士萬人屯田,擊先零,條上屯田十二事,宣帝從之。明初兼行官屯,民屯,兵屯,商屯,腹屯,邊屯諸法。永樂時著令,每一都司另撥旗軍十一,名耕種,號樣田。據所收子粒多寡,以辨別歲之豐凶,軍之勤惰。雖養軍百萬,不費民閒一粒。兵法所謂屯田一石,可當轉輸二十石也。又營田。《通典》宇文融括隱田曰:浮戸十共作一坊,官立廬舍,謂之營田戸。言爲官營田,非屯田戸也。又職田,職分田也。《文獻通考》隋開皇中,始給職田,又給公廨田。唐貞觀,以職田給逃還貧戸,每畞給粟二斗,謂之地子。十八年復給職田。永泰元年,百官請納職田,充軍糧。宋眞宗興復職田。慶曆均公田,復限職田。紹興復職田。金元志官皆有職田。又方田,卽均田。《通典》宋煕寧五年重修方田法,元豐罷之。郭諮攝肥鄕令,以千步方田法。四出量括,遂得其數,收逋賦八十萬。又區田。《氾勝之書》湯有七年之旱,伊尹作爲區田法,敎民糞種,負水澆稼。賈思勰曰:區田,以糞氣爲美,不必皆良田。又不耕旁地,庶盡地力。又籍田,天子親耕之田也。《禮·月令》孟春,天子帥三公九卿,躬耕帝籍。又弄田。《前漢·昭帝紀》上耕於鉤盾弄田。《師古註》謂宴游之田,天子所戲弄。又一井爲田。《魯語》季康子欲以田賦。《註》田,一井也。《管子·乗馬篇》五制爲一田,二田爲一夫。又《·無逸》文王𤰞服,卽康功田功。《註》康者,安民之功。田者,養民之功。言文王不侈服飾,專安養斯民也。又獵也,與畋佃通。俗作𤝗。《易·恆卦》田无禽。《疏》田者,田獵也。《·鄭風》叔于田。《傳》田,取禽也。又姓。《五音集韻》出北平,敬仲自𨻰適齊,後攺田氏。《史記·田敬仲完世家註》敬仲奔齊,以𨻰田二字聲相近,遂爲田氏。又《黃庭經》尺宅寸田可治生。《註》尺宅,面也。寸田,兩眉閒爲上丹田,心爲絳宮田,臍下三寸爲下丹田。又官名。《·豳風》田畯至喜。《傳》田畯,田大夫也。《左傳·昭二十九年》稷,田正也。《疏》稷爲田官之長。《周禮·夏官》田僕上士十有二人。又星名。蒼龍之宿。《石氏星傳》龍左角曰天田。又神名。《·小雅》以御田祖。《傳》田祖,先嗇也。《周禮·地官·大司徒》設其社稷之壝,而樹之田主。《註》田主,田神,后土田正之所依也。又鼓名。《·周頌》應田縣鼓。《傳》田,大鼓也。《釋文》田如字,鄭作𣌾,音胤。又車名。《周禮·夏官》田僕掌馭田路。《註》田路,木路也。又地名。《爾雅·釋地》鄭有圃田。《左傳·隱八年》鄭伯請釋泰山之祀而祀,周公以泰山之祊易許田。《疏》許田,魯國朝宿之邑。又《僖二年》虢公敗戎于桑田。《註》桑田,虢地,在弘農陝縣東北。又《成六年》晉遷于新田。《註》今平陽絳邑縣是也。《後漢·郡國志》京兆藍田出美玉。又州名。《韻會》廣南化外,唐開蠻洞置。又草名。《爾雅·釋草》皇守田。《註》似燕麥,子如彫胡米,可食,生廢田中,一名守氣。又《何晏·景福殿賦》騈田胥附。《註》騈田胥附,羅列相著也。又《禮·奔喪》殷殷田田,如壞牆然。《疏》言將欲倒也。又蓮葉貌。《江南曲》江南可採蓮,蓮葉何田田。又《集韻》地因切,樹穀曰田。又《正韻》蕩練切,音電。《·齊風》無田甫田。《朱註》田,謂耕治之也。《釋文》無田,音佃。又《字彙補》池鄰切,音𨻰。《晉語》佞之見佞,果喪其田。《釋文》田音,與𨻰同。又轉音亭。《韓愈·越裳操》孰荒于門,孰治于田,四海旣均,越裳是臣。又《法苑珠林頌》賢人慕高節,志願菩提音。御鶴翔伊水,策馬出王田。又《易林》邪徑賊田,惡政傷民。夫婦呪詛,太山覆顚。顚,音丁。
Fanqie:徒年 (《廣韻·下平聲··》)
Unihan definition:field, arable land, cultivated

CTP Dictionary

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Example usage

孟子·盡心上》:百畝之,匹夫耕之,八口之家足以無飢矣。
The husbandmen cultivated their farms of 100 mu, and thus their families of eight mouths were secured against want.
禮記·問喪》:婦人不宜袒,故發胸擊心爵踴,殷殷,如壞墻然,悲哀痛疾之至也。
The women could not bare their arms, and therefore they (merely) pushed out the breast, and smote upon their hearts, moving their feet with a sliding, hopping motion, and with a constant, heavy sound, like the crumbling away of a wall. The expression of grief, sorrow, and deep-seated pain was extreme.
揚子法言》:或曰:「者莠喬喬,思遠人者心忉忉。」
The other said: If one plants too large a field, the weeds grow higher and higher. If one thinks of those far away, the heart grows more miserable.
論衡·率性》:魏之行百畝,鄴獨二百,西門豹灌以漳水,成為膏腴,則畝收一鍾。
In Wei the land was divided in lots of a hundred mu, in Ye alone the lots measured two hundred mu. Ximen Bao irrigated his land with water from the Zhang and made it so fertile, that it yielded one bushel per mu.
墨子·明鬼下》:其三年,周宣王合諸侯而於圃,車數百乘,從數千,人滿野
In three years, King Xuan assembled the feudal lords at Putian. There were several hundred carts. Attendants numbered by the thousand and the multitude covered the fields.
莊子·齊物論》:夢哭泣者,旦而獵。
Those who dream of wailing and weeping may in the morning be going out to hunt.
道德經》:馳騁獵,令人心發狂。
The chariot course, and the wild hunting waste Make mad the mind.
商君書·墾令》:愛子不惰食,惰民不窳,則故不荒。
And when beloved sons cannot eat in laziness and lazy people cannot be inactive, then the fields will not lie fallow.
史記·夏本紀》:賦上上錯,中中,常、衛既從,大陸既為。
Its contribution of revenue was the first of the highest class with some admixture of the second, while its fields were the average of the middle class. The Chang and Wei rivers flowed in their proper channels, and the Dalu plain was formed.
荀子·大略》:農精於,而不可以為師,工賈亦然。
說苑·君道》:二國者,未見文王之身,而讓其所爭以為閑而反
春秋繁露·王道》:觀乎許,知諸侯不得專封。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:穢稼惡,糴貴民飢,道有死人。
大戴禮記·主言》:畢弋獵之得,不以盈宮室也:徵斂於百姓,非以充府庫也。
白虎通德論·》:王制》曰:「公、侯方百里,伯七十里,子、男五十里。
新書·》:豺不祭獸,不獵。
新序·善謀下》:留侯張子房曰:「雒陽雖有此固,國中小不過數百里,地狹,四面受敵,此非用武之國。」
中論·爵祿》:昔周公相王室以君天下,聖德昭聞,王勛弘大,成王封以少昊之墟,地方七百里,錫之山川土,附庸備物,典策官司,彝器龍旗九旒,祀帝於郊。
孔子家語·相魯》:孔子使玆無還對曰:「而不返我汶陽之,吾以共命者,亦如之。」
潛夫論·務本》:故力所以富國也。
太玄經·》:陽躍于淵、于澤,于、于嶽,物企其足。
風俗通義·三皇》:結繩為網罟,以以漁。
孔叢子·嘉言》:過此以往,齊其氏矣。
申鑒·政體》:帝耕籍,后桑蠶宮,國無遊民,野無荒業,財不虛用,力不妄加,以周民事,是謂養生。
新語·術事》:故性藏於人,則氣達於天,纖微浩大,下學上達,事以類相從,聲以音相應,道唱而德和,仁立而義興,王者行之於朝,疋夫行之於,治末者調其本,端影者正其形,養其根者則枝葉茂,志氣調者即道沖。
獨斷·卷上》:先帝故事,所至見長吏三老官屬,親臨軒,作樂,賜食皁帛越巾刀珮帶,民爵有級數,或賜租之半,是故謂之幸,皆非其所當得而得之。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:又有戎立車以征伐,三蓋車名耕根車,一名芝車,親耕耤乘之。
列子·天瑞》:鷰之為蛤也,鼠之為鶉也,朽瓜之為魚也,老韭之為莧也。
鶡冠子·天則》:不因地形,不能成穀,為化不因民,不能成俗。
文子·道原》:視瞑瞑,立井而飲,耕而食,不布施,不求德,高下不相傾,長短不相形,風齊於俗可隨也,事周於能易為也,矜偽以惑世,軻行以迷眾,聖人不以為俗。
老子河上公章句》:農事廢,不修。
韓非子·初見秦》:然而兵甲頓,士民病,蓄積索,疇荒,囷倉虛,四鄰諸侯不服,霸王之名不成,此無異故,其謀臣皆不盡其忠也。
慎子·君人》:是以分馬者之用策,分者之用鉤,非以鉤策為過於人智也。
管子·輕重戊》:「禽獸者,群害也,明王之所棄逐也,今齊以其重寶貴買吾群害,則是楚之福也,天且以齊私楚也,子告吾民,急求生鹿,以盡齊之寶」,楚民即釋其耕農而鹿
吳子·圖國》:革車奄戶,縵輪籠轂,觀之於目則不麗,乘之以則不輕,不識主君安用此也?
六韜·文師》:文王將,史編布卜,曰:「於渭陽,將大得焉。」
司馬法·仁本》:冢宰與百官布令於軍曰:「入罪人之地,無暴神祇,無行獵,無毀土功,無燔牆屋,無伐林木,無取六畜、禾黍、器械。」
尉繚子·戰威》:必也因民所生而制之,因民所營而顯之,祿之實,飲食之親,鄉里相勸,死喪相救,兵役相從,此民之所勵也。
九章算術·均輸》:今令一人一日自發、耕、耰種之,問治幾何?
孫子算經·卷中》:今有丘周六百三十九步,徑三百八十步。
淮南子·道應訓》:駢以道術說齊王,王應之曰:「寡人所有,齊國也。」

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