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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+7530

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Radical:+ 0 strokes = 5 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.134#25 Kangxi: p.756#11 Cihai: p.909r3c02 GSR: 362.a Hanyu: v4,p2524#01
Composition:Component of: 𤰓 𪞛 𤰕 𪪮 𠓦 𤰖 𪽇 𤰗 𤰘 𤰙 𤰚 𬎿 𤰛 𤰜 [More]
Mandarin:tián ㄊㄧㄢˊ
Cantonese:tin4
Tang reconstruction:*dhen
Shuowen:田部》田:陈也。树谷曰田。象四囗。十,阡陌之制也。凡田之属皆从田。
Guangyun:广韵·下平声··》田:《释名》云:土已耕者曰田田塡也,五稼塡满其中也,又姓出北平敬仲自陈适齐后改田氏九代遂有齐国。徒年切,十九。
Kangxi:康熙字典·田部·田部》田:《唐韵》待年切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》亭年切,𠀤音阗。《说文》𨻰也。树谷曰田,象四口。十,阡陌之制也。《玉篇》土也,地也。《正韵》土已耕曰田。《释名》塡也。五稼塡满其中也。《易·乾卦》见龙在田。《·小雅》雨我公田。《通典》古有井田,画九区如井字形,八家耕之,中爲公田,乃公家所藉。圭田者,禄外之田,以供祭祀。加田者旣赏之,又重赐之田也。又爰田,卽辕田。《左传·僖十五年》晋于是乎作爰田。《注》分公田之税,应入公者,爰之于所赏之衆。《晋语》作辕田。《前汉·食货志》岁耕种者爲不易上田,休一岁者爲一易中田,休二岁者爲再易下田,三岁更耕之,自爰其处。农民戸人已受田,其家衆男爲馀夫,以口受田如比。《注》师古曰:爰,更互也,比例也。又名田。《前汉·董仲舒传》古井田法,虽难卒行,宜少近古。限民名田,以赡不足。《通典》名田,占田也。各爲立限,不使富者过制,则贫弱之。家可足也。又代田。《通典》汉武征和三年,以赵过爲搜粟都尉。过能爲代田,一畮三甽,岁代其处,每耨必附根,根深能水旱。一岁之收常过缦田,一斛以上,用力少而得谷多。又屯田。《正字通》汉晋率兵屯,领以帅,唐率民屯,领以官。宋率营田,以民。汉赵充国于金城,留步士万人屯田,击先零,条上屯田十二事,宣帝从之。明初兼行官屯,民屯,兵屯,商屯,腹屯,边屯诸法。永乐时著令,每一都司另拨旗军十一,名耕种,号样田。据所收子粒多寡,以辨别岁之丰凶,军之勤惰。虽养军百万,不费民闲一粒。兵法所谓屯田一石,可当转输二十石也。又营田。《通典》宇文融括隐田曰:浮戸十共作一坊,官立庐舍,谓之营田戸。言爲官营田,非屯田戸也。又职田,职分田也。《文献通考》隋开皇中,始给职田,又给公廨田。唐贞观,以职田给逃还贫戸,每畞给粟二斗,谓之地子。十八年复给职田。永泰元年,百官请纳职田,充军粮。宋眞宗兴复职田。庆历均公田,复限职田。绍兴复职田。金元志官皆有职田。又方田,卽均田。《通典》宋煕宁五年重修方田法,元丰罢之。郭谘摄肥鄕令,以千步方田法。四出量括,遂得其数,收逋赋八十万。又区田。《泛胜之书》汤有七年之旱,伊尹作爲区田法,敎民粪种,负水浇稼。贾思勰曰:区田,以粪气爲美,不必皆良田。又不耕旁地,庶尽地力。又籍田,天子亲耕之田也。《礼·月令》孟春,天子帅三公九卿,躬耕帝籍。又弄田。《前汉·昭帝纪》上耕于钩盾弄田。《师古注》谓宴游之田,天子所戏弄。又一井爲田。《鲁语》季康子欲以田赋。《注》田,一井也。《管子·乗马篇》五制爲一田,二田爲一夫。又《·无逸》文王𤰞服,卽康功田功。《注》康者,安民之功。田者,养民之功。言文王不侈服饰,专安养斯民也。又猎也,与畋佃通。俗作𤝗。《易·恒卦》田无禽。《疏》田者,田猎也。《·郑风》叔于田。《传》田,取禽也。又姓。《五音集韵》出北平,敬仲自𨻰适齐,后攺田氏。《史记·田敬仲完世家注》敬仲奔齐,以𨻰田二字声相近,遂爲田氏。又《黄庭经》尺宅寸田可治生。《注》尺宅,面也。寸田,两眉闲爲上丹田,心爲绛宫田,脐下三寸爲下丹田。又官名。《·豳风》田畯至喜。《传》田畯,田大夫也。《左传·昭二十九年》稷,田正也。《疏》稷爲田官之长。《周礼·夏官》田仆上士十有二人。又星名。苍龙之宿。《石氏星传》龙左角曰天田。又神名。《·小雅》以御田祖。《传》田祖,先啬也。《周礼·地官·大司徒》设其社稷之壝,而树之田主。《注》田主,田神,后土田正之所依也。又鼓名。《·周颂》应田县鼓。《传》田,大鼓也。《释文》田如字,郑作𣌾,音胤。又车名。《周礼·夏官》田仆掌驭田路。《注》田路,木路也。又地名。《尔雅·释地》郑有圃田。《左传·隐八年》郑伯请释泰山之祀而祀,周公以泰山之祊易许田。《疏》许田,鲁国朝宿之邑。又《僖二年》虢公败戎于桑田。《注》桑田,虢地,在弘农陕县东北。又《成六年》晋迁于新田。《注》今平阳绛邑县是也。《后汉·郡国志》京兆蓝田出美玉。又州名。《韵会》广南化外,唐开蛮洞置。又草名。《尔雅·释草》皇守田。《注》似燕麦,子如雕胡米,可食,生废田中,一名守气。又《何晏·景福殿赋》騈田胥附。《注》騈田胥附,罗列相著也。又《礼·奔丧》殷殷田田,如坏墙然。《疏》言将欲倒也。又莲叶貌。《江南曲》江南可采莲,莲叶何田田。又《集韵》地因切,树谷曰田。又《正韵》荡练切,音电。《·齐风》无田甫田。《朱注》田,谓耕治之也。《释文》无田,音佃。又《字汇补》池邻切,音𨻰。《晋语》佞之见佞,果丧其田。《释文》田音,与𨻰同。又转音亭。《韩愈·越裳操》孰荒于门,孰治于田,四海旣均,越裳是臣。又《法苑珠林颂》贤人慕高节,志愿菩提音。御鹤翔伊水,策马出王田。又《易林》邪径贼田,恶政伤民。夫妇呪诅,太山覆顚。顚,音丁。
Fanqie:徒年 (《广韵·下平声··》)
Unihan definition:field, arable land, cultivated

CTP Dictionary

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Example usage

孟子·尽心上》:百亩之,匹夫耕之,八口之家足以无饥矣。
The husbandmen cultivated their farms of 100 mu, and thus their families of eight mouths were secured against want.
礼记·问丧》:妇人不宜袒,故发胸击心爵踊,殷殷,如坏墙然,悲哀痛疾之至也。
The women could not bare their arms, and therefore they (merely) pushed out the breast, and smote upon their hearts, moving their feet with a sliding, hopping motion, and with a constant, heavy sound, like the crumbling away of a wall. The expression of grief, sorrow, and deep-seated pain was extreme.
扬子法言》:或曰:“者莠乔乔,思远人者心忉忉。”
The other said: If one plants too large a field, the weeds grow higher and higher. If one thinks of those far away, the heart grows more miserable.
论衡·率性》:魏之行百亩,邺独二百,西门豹灌以漳水,成为膏腴,则亩收一锺。
In Wei the land was divided in lots of a hundred mu, in Ye alone the lots measured two hundred mu. Ximen Bao irrigated his land with water from the Zhang and made it so fertile, that it yielded one bushel per mu.
墨子·明鬼下》:其三年,周宣王合诸侯而于圃,车数百乘,从数千,人满野
In three years, King Xuan assembled the feudal lords at Putian. There were several hundred carts. Attendants numbered by the thousand and the multitude covered the fields.
庄子·齐物论》:梦哭泣者,旦而猎。
Those who dream of wailing and weeping may in the morning be going out to hunt.
道德经》:驰骋猎,令人心发狂。
The chariot course, and the wild hunting waste Make mad the mind.
商君书·垦令》:爱子不惰食,惰民不窳,则故不荒。
And when beloved sons cannot eat in laziness and lazy people cannot be inactive, then the fields will not lie fallow.
史记·夏本纪》:赋上上错,中中,常、卫既从,大陆既为。
Its contribution of revenue was the first of the highest class with some admixture of the second, while its fields were the average of the middle class. The Chang and Wei rivers flowed in their proper channels, and the Dalu plain was formed.
荀子·大略》:农精于,而不可以为师,工贾亦然。
说苑·君道》:二国者,未见文王之身,而让其所争以为闲而反
春秋繁露·王道》:观乎许,知诸侯不得专封。
韩诗外传·卷二》:秽稼恶,籴贵民饥,道有死人。
大戴礼记·主言》:毕弋猎之得,不以盈宫室也:徵敛于百姓,非以充府库也。
白虎通德论·》:王制》曰:“公、侯方百里,伯七十里,子、男五十里。
新书·》:豺不祭兽,不猎。
新序·善谋下》:留侯张子房曰:“雒阳虽有此固,国中小不过数百里,地狭,四面受敌,此非用武之国。”
中论·爵禄》:昔周公相王室以君天下,圣德昭闻,王勋弘大,成王封以少昊之墟,地方七百里,锡之山川土,附庸备物,典策官司,彝器龙旗九旒,祀帝于郊。
孔子家语·相鲁》:孔子使兹无还对曰:“而不返我汶阳之,吾以共命者,亦如之。”
潜夫论·务本》:故力所以富国也。
太玄经·》:阳跃于渊、于泽,于、于岳,物企其足。
风俗通义·三皇》:结绳为网罟,以以渔。
孔丛子·嘉言》:过此以往,齐其氏矣。
申鉴·政体》:帝耕籍,后桑蚕宫,国无游民,野无荒业,财不虚用,力不妄加,以周民事,是谓养生。
新语·术事》:故性藏于人,则气达于天,纤微浩大,下学上达,事以类相从,声以音相应,道唱而德和,仁立而义兴,王者行之于朝,疋夫行之于,治末者调其本,端影者正其形,养其根者则枝叶茂,志气调者即道冲。
独断·卷上》:先帝故事,所至见长吏三老官属,亲临轩,作乐,赐食皂帛越巾刀佩带,民爵有级数,或赐租之半,是故谓之幸,皆非其所当得而得之。
蔡中郎集·独断》:又有戎立车以征伐,三盖车名耕根车,一名芝车,亲耕耤乘之。
列子·天瑞》:燕之为蛤也,鼠之为鹑也,朽瓜之为鱼也,老韭之为苋也。
鶡冠子·天则》:不因地形,不能成谷,为化不因民,不能成俗。
文子·道原》:视瞑瞑,立井而饮,耕而食,不布施,不求德,高下不相倾,长短不相形,风齐于俗可随也,事周于能易为也,矜伪以惑世,轲行以迷众,圣人不以为俗。
老子河上公章句》:农事废,不修。
韩非子·初见秦》:然而兵甲顿,士民病,蓄积索,畴荒,囷仓虚,四邻诸侯不服,霸王之名不成,此无异故,其谋臣皆不尽其忠也。
慎子·君人》:是以分马者之用策,分者之用钩,非以钩策为过于人智也。
管子·轻重戊》:“禽兽者,群害也,明王之所弃逐也,今齐以其重宝贵买吾群害,则是楚之福也,天且以齐私楚也,子告吾民,急求生鹿,以尽齐之宝”,楚民即释其耕农而鹿
吴子·图国》:革车奄户,缦轮笼毂,观之于目则不丽,乘之以则不轻,不识主君安用此也?
六韬·文师》:文王将,史编布卜,曰:“于渭阳,将大得焉。”
司马法·仁本》:冢宰与百官布令于军曰:“入罪人之地,无暴神祇,无行猎,无毁土功,无燔墙屋,无伐林木,无取六畜、禾黍、器械。”
尉缭子·战威》:必也因民所生而制之,因民所营而显之,禄之实,饮食之亲,乡里相劝,死丧相救,兵役相从,此民之所励也。
九章算术·均输》:今令一人一日自发、耕、耰种之,问治几何?
孙子算经·卷中》:今有丘周六百三十九步,径三百八十步。
淮南子·道应训》:骈以道术说齐王,王应之曰:“寡人所有,齐国也。”

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