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Chinese Text Project

U+7687

Seal script

Jinwen

Jianbo
𤽙
Semantic variant
𤽚
Semantic variant
𤽧
Semantic variant
𦤍
Semantic variant
𦤐
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 4 strokes = 9 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.181#14 Kangxi: p.786#14 Cihai: p.735r5c02 GSR: 708.a Hanyu: v4,p2645#01
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Compositionally related: . Component of: 𨜔 𬤍 𪪱 𡈁 𡙙 𪩅 𣹛 𤟡 𫗮 [More]
Mandarin:huáng wǎng ㄏㄨㄤˊ ㄨㄤˇ
Cantonese:wong4
Tang reconstruction:*huɑng
Shuowen:王部》皇:大也。从自。自,始也。始皇者,三皇,大君也。自,讀若鼻,今俗以始生子為鼻子。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》皇:君也,美也,天也。《說文》作皇大也,又姓左傳鄭大夫皇頡。
Kangxi:康熙字典·白部·》皇:〔古文〕𦤍𦤐𤽙𤽚𤽧《唐韻》《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤胡光切,音黃。《說文》大也。《風俗通》天也。《爾雅·釋天疏》尊而君之,則稱皇天。《·大禹謨》皇天眷命。又《湯誥》惟皇上帝。《傳》皇,大。上帝,天也。又三皇,伏犧,神農,黃帝是也。《尚書·序疏》稱皇者,以皇是美大之名。言大於帝也。《風俗通》三皇道德元泊,有似皇天,故稱曰皇。皇者,中也,光也,弘也。又有天下者之通稱。《爾雅·釋詁》君也。《白虎通》號也。號之爲皇者,煌煌人莫違也。《書·呂𠛬》皇帝淸問下民。《·大雅》皇王維辟。《春秋·繁露》德侔天地者稱皇帝。《蔡邕·獨斷》皇帝,至尊之稱也。上古天子庖犧氏,神農氏稱皇。堯,舜稱帝。夏,殷,周稱王。秦幷以爲號,漢因之不改。《前漢·高帝紀》漢王卽皇帝位,尊王后曰皇后,太子曰皇太子,又尊太公爲太上皇。《註》太上,極尊之稱。天子之父,故號曰皇。不預冶國,故不言帝。《明制》太子稱皇,諸王以下不稱皇,皇族各戚屬宗人府掌之。又《禮·曲禮》祭王父曰皇祖考,王母曰皇祖妣,父曰皇考,母曰皇妣,夫曰皇辟。《註》更設稱號,尊神異于人也。又《宋史·眞宗紀》祥符五年,親祀玉皇於朝元殿。《註》玉皇,天帝聖號。又《鴻苞博蒐》佛一稱覺皇。又《博雅》美也。《·大雅》思皇多士。又《爾雅·釋言》皇正也。《·豳風》四國是皇。又莊盛也。《儀禮·聘禮》賔入門皇。又美盛貌。《·大雅》穆穆皇皇。又猶煌煌也。《·小雅》皇皇者華。《爾雅·釋言》皇,華也。《疏》草木之華一名皇。又猶熒熒也。《揚子·太𤣥經》物登明堂,矞矞皇皇。又猶栖栖也。《禮·檀弓》皇皇如有,望而弗至。又於皇,歎美辭。《·周頌》於皇來牟。《註》於,音烏。又聿皇,疾貌。《前漢·揚雄·校獵賦》武騎聿皇。又遹皇,往來貌。《張衡·思𤣥賦》察二紀五緯之綢繆遹皇。又冠名。上畫羽飾也。《禮·王制》有虞氏皇而祭。又屏風名。王坐所置也。《周禮·天官》掌次設皇邸。又舞名。析五采羽,持以舞也。《周禮·地官》舞師掌敎皇舞。帥而舞旱暵之事。《註》皇或爲䍿。又鳳皇,靈鳥也。《·益稷》鳳皇來儀。《傳》雄曰鳳,雌曰皇。皇,通作凰。《集韻》亦作䳨。又《爾雅·釋鳥疏》皇,一名黃鳥。俗呼爲黃離留。又《爾雅·釋草疏》皇,一名守田。似燕麥子,如彫胡米,生廢田中。又《埤雅》驪馬黃白曰皇。《·豳風》皇駁其馬。又星名。《前漢·天文志》歲星,十月出,名天皇。又國皇星,大而赤。又餘皇,舟名。《左傳·昭十七年》楚敗吳師,獲其乘舟餘皇。俗作艅艎。又矞皇,神名。《前漢·司馬相如傳》前長離而後矞皇。《史記》作潏湟。又冢前闕曰皇。《左傳·莊十九年》葬于絰皇。又寢門闕曰皇。《左傳·宣十三年》屨及于窒皇。又室無四壁曰皇。《前漢·胡建傳》列坐堂皇上。《博雅》作堭,非。又㵎名。《·大雅》夾其皇㵎。又山水名。《山海經》皇人之山,皇水出焉。又地名。《春秋·昭二十二年》劉子單子以王猛居于皇。又姓。《左傳疏》宋戴公子皇父,其子孫以皇爲氏。又皇甫,複姓。又《諡法》靖民則法曰皇。又與遑偟徨𠀤通。《左傳·昭三十二年》不皇啓處。《·小雅》作遑。《爾雅·釋訓》作偟,暇也。《前漢·揚雄甘泉賦》溶方皇于西淸。《註》猶仿偟也。一作彷徨。又《正韻》戸廣切,黃上聲。《禮·少儀》祭祀之美,齊齊皇皇。陸德明讀。又《正韻》于放切,黃去聲。義同。徐邈讀。又《集韻》羽兩切,音往。皇皇,祭祀之儀。《禮·少儀註》皇,讀如歸往之往。《疏》謂心所繫往,孝子祭祀,威儀嚴正,必有繼屬,故齊齊皇皇也。《·魯頌》烝烝皇皇。《箋》皇皇,當作暀暀。猶往往也。《說文》本从自,始也。《徐曰》自,從也。故爲始也。今省作白。
考證:〔《爾雅·釋天疏》尊而君子,則稱皇天。〕謹照原文君子改君之。〔《爾雅·釋言》匡正也。〕謹照原文文義匡改爲皇。〔《前漢·天文志》太歲,十月出,名天皇。〕謹照原文太歲改歲星。
Fanqie:胡光 (《廣韻·下平聲··》)
Unihan definition:royal, imperial; ruler, superior

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

論語·堯曰》:曰:「予小子履,敢用玄牡,敢昭告于后帝:有罪不敢赦。」
Tang said, "I, the child Lu, presume to use a dark-colored victim, and presume to announce to Thee, O most great and sovereign God, that the sinner I dare not pardon."
孟子·滕文公下》:傳曰:『孔子三月無君,則如也,出疆必載質。』
The Record says, "If Confucius was three months without being employed by some ruler, he looked anxious and unhappy. When he passed from the boundary of a State, he was sure to carry with him his proper gift of introduction."
禮記·服問》:傳曰:「有從輕而重,公子之妻為其姑。」
The Directory for Mourning says, 'There are cases in which parties wear deep mourning, while those, in consequence of their connexion with whom they assume it, wear only light.' Such is the mourning for her husband's mother by the wife of the son of a ruler (by a concubine).
揚子法言》:堯、舜、禹、湯、文、武汲汲,仲尼,其已久矣。
Yao, Shun, Yu, Tang, Wen, and Wu's intensity! Confucius's brilliance, oh how long ago!
墨子·尚賢中》:先王之書呂刑道之曰:『帝清問下民,有辭有苗。』
"It is found in the " Penal Code of Lu," a book of an early king, thus: "The Emperor (Yao) inquired among his subjects, and complaints were made against the Miaos (barbarians)."
莊子·在宥》:得吾道者,上為而下為王。
He who attains to my Dao, if he be in a high position, will be one of the August ones, and in a low position, will be a king.
史記·五帝本紀》:於是禹乃興九招之樂,致異物,鳳來翔。
And Yu then performed the nine tunes, and the result was that strange creatures and phœnixes flew to and fro.
荀子·大略》:言語之美,穆穆
說苑·辨物》:黃帝降至東階,西面啟首曰:「天降茲,敢不承命?」
春秋繁露》:親殷故夏,絀虞謂之帝舜,以軒轅為黃帝,推神農以為九
韓詩外傳·卷三》:》曰:「牧野洋洋,檀車,駟騵彭彭,維師尚父,時維鷹揚,涼彼武王,肆伐大商,會朝清明。」
大戴禮記》:機之銘曰:「惟敬,口生㖃,口戕口。」
白虎通德論·》:何以「言」亦稱天子也
新書·耳痺》:誅殺不當,辜殺一匹夫,其罪聞天。
新序·善謀下》:帝疑,問左右大臣,皆山東人,多勸上都雒陽,東有成皋,西有肴澠,倍河海,嚮伊洛,其固亦足恃,且周數百年,秦二世而亡,不如都周。
中論·考偽》:汲汲乎常懼當時之不我尊也,爾又懼來世之不我尚也。
孔子家語·六本》:孔子曰:「《》云:『上天,其命不忒,天之以善,必報其德。』」
潛夫論·思賢》:后兄弟,主壻外孫,年雖童妙,未脫桎梏,由籍此官職,功不加民,澤不被下而取侯,多受茅土,又不得治民效能以報百姓,虛食重祿,素餐尸位,而但事淫侈,坐作驕奢,破敗而不及傳世者也。
論衡·逢遇》:許由、者之輔也,生於帝者之時。
太玄經·》:陽交於陰,陰交於陽,物登明堂,矞矞
風俗通義·皇霸》:故《易》紀三,《書》敘唐、虞,惟天為大,唯堯則之,巍巍其有成功,煥乎其有文章。
孔叢子·獨治》:秦始東并。
申鑒·政體》: 天作道,作極,臣作輔,民作基。
忠經·聖君章》:故得猷丕丕,行於四方,揚於後代,以保社稷,以光祖考。
新語·無為》:秦始帝設,為車裂之誅,以斂姦邪,築長城於戎境,以備胡、越,征大吞小,威震天下,將帥橫行,以服外國,蒙恬討亂於外,李斯治法於內,事逾煩,天下逾亂,法逾滋而姦逾熾,兵馬益設而敵人逾多,秦非不欲為治,然失之者,乃舉措暴眾,而用刑太極故也。
獨斷·卷上》:漢天子正號曰「帝」,自稱曰「朕」,臣民稱之曰「陛下」,其言曰「制詔」,史官記事曰「上」。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:又有蹋豬車,慢輪有畫,田獵乘之,綠車名曰孫車,天子孫乘之,以從。
列子·黃帝》:簫韶九成,鳳來儀:此以聲致禽獸者也。
鶡冠子·天則》:之制,主不虛王,臣不虛貴階級。
文子·道原》:古者三,得道之統,立於中央,神與化遊,以撫四方。
列仙傳·馬師皇》:馬師者,黃帝時馬醫也。
老子河上公章句》:五帝垂象,倉頡作書,不如三結繩無文。
韓非子·十過》:昔者黃帝合鬼神於泰山之上,駕象車而六蛟龍,畢方並轄,蚩尤居前,風伯進掃,雨師灑道,虎狼在前,鬼神在後,騰蛇伏地,鳳覆上,大合鬼神,作為清角。
諫逐客書》:二十餘年,竟并天下,尊主為帝,以斯為丞相。
管子·小匡》:管子對曰:「夫鳳鸞鳥不降,而鷹隼鴟梟豐,庶神不格,守龜不兆。」
六韜·五音》:古者,三之世,虛無之情以制剛彊。
司馬法·仁本》:乃告于天上帝,日月星辰,禱于后土四海神祇,山川冢社,乃造于先王。
三略·中略》:夫三無言,而化流四海,故天下無所歸功。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:故三五帝,法籍殊方,其得民心均也。
呂氏春秋·開春》:王者厚其德,積眾善,而鳳聖人皆來至矣。
春秋左傳》:十九年,春,楚子禦之,大敗於津,還,鬻拳弗納,遂伐黃,敗黃師于踖陵,還及湫,有疾,夏,六月,庚申,卒,鬻拳葬諸夕室,亦自殺也,而葬於絰,初,鬻拳強諫楚子,楚子弗從,臨之以兵,懼而從之,鬻拳曰,吾懼君以兵,罪莫大焉,遂自刖也,楚人以為大閽,謂之大伯,使其後掌之,君子曰,鬻拳可謂愛君矣,諫以自納於刑,刑猶不忘納君於善。

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