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Chinese Text Project

U+77DC

Seal script

Semantic variant

Radical:+ 4 strokes = 9 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.200#10 Kangxi: p.822#04 Cihai: p.955r2c01 GSR: 369.a Hanyu: v4,p2764#06
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of:
Mandarin:jīn guān qín ㄐㄧㄣ ㄍㄨㄢ ㄑㄧㄣˊ
Cantonese:ging1 gwaan1 gwan1
Tang reconstruction:giəng
Shuowen:矛部》矜:矛柄也。从矛今聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》矜:本矛柄也,巨巾切字㨾借爲矜憐字。
Kangxi:康熙字典·矛部·》矜:《唐韻》《集韻》巨巾切《韻會》《正韻》渠巾切,𠀤音㨷。《說文》矛柄。《史記·主父偃傳》起窮巷,奮棘矜。《註》矜者,戟鋋之杷也。《揚子·方言》矜謂之杖。《註》矛戟,矜卽杖也。《集韻》或作𥎊㮗,通作槿。又《廣韻》巨斤切《集韻》渠斤切,𠀤音勤。又《集韻》渠京切,音擎。義𠀤同。又《廣韻》《集韻》《韻會》𠀤居陵切,音兢。《六書略》矜本矛柄,因音借爲矜憐之矜。《爾雅·釋訓》矜憐,撫掩之也。又《釋言》苦也。《註》可矜憐者亦辛苦。《·泰誓》天矜于民。《·小雅》爰及矜人。《註》貧窮可憐之人也。《公羊傳·宣十五年》見人之厄則矜之。《註》矜,憫也。又《小爾雅》惜也。《·旅獒》不矜細行,終累大德。《註》矜,憐惜之意。《傳》矜持也。又《博雅》危也。《·小雅》居以凶矜。《箋》凶危之地,謂四裔也。又哀也。《揚子·方言》齊魯之閒曰矜。又遽也。《揚子·方言》秦晉或曰矜。或曰遽。又自賢曰矜。《·大禹謨》汝惟不矜,天下莫與汝爭能。《公羊傳·僖九年》矜之者何。猶曰莫若我也。《註》色自美大之貌。《管子·法法篇》彼矜者滿也,細之屬也。《註》滿招損,小人之類也。又莊以持已曰矜。《論語》君子矜而不爭。又敬也。《孟子》使諸大夫國人皆有所矜式。又尚也。《賈誼·治安策》嬰以廉恥,故人矜節行。又竦也。《張衡·思𤣥賦》魚矜鱗而幷凌。又《·小雅》矜矜兢兢。《註》羊羣堅强也。又《集韻》居覲切,兢去聲。亦憐也。又《集韻》《韻會》姑頑切《正韻》姑還切。𠀤與瘝同。《後漢·和帝紀》寤寐恫矜。《註》病也。又同鰥。《·大雅》不侮矜寡。《禮·王制》老而無妻者謂之矜。《集韻》通作𩶊𥎅。《琅邪代醉編》鰥寡之鰥,禮記作矜。哀矜之矜,前漢于定國傳作鰥。二字通聲互用也。《六書正譌》矜从令。
Fanqie:居陵 (《廣韻·下平聲··》)
Unihan definition:pity, feel sorry for, show sympat

Example usage

論語·衛靈公》:子曰:「君子而不爭,群而不黨。」
The Master said, "The superior man is dignified, but does not wrangle. He is sociable, but not a partisan."
孟子·公孫丑下》:他日,王謂時子曰:「我欲中國而授孟子室,養弟子以萬鍾,使諸大夫國人皆有所式。」
Another day, the king said to the officer Shi, 'I wish to give Mencius a house, somewhere in the middle of the kingdom, and to support his disciples with an allowance of 10,000 zhong, that all the officers and the people may have such an example to reverence and imitate.'
禮記·檀弓下》:曰:「君王討敝邑之罪,又而赦之,師與,有無名乎?」
The reply was, 'O ruler and king, you came and punished the offences of our poor state. If the result of the campaign be that you now compassionate and forgive it, will the campaign be without its (proper) name?'
墨子·所染》:其友皆好奮,創作比周,則家日損,身日危,名日辱,處官失其理矣,則子西、易牙、豎刀1之徒是也。
(On the contrary) if one has for friends none but those who are proud and quarrelsome and who pretend to be intimate, naturally one's family will be reduced to straits, one's person will be more in danger, and one's name more dishonourable every day and one will not be qualified for office. And, examples of such are Zi Xi, Yi Ya, and Shu Diao.
莊子·在宥》:昔者黃帝始以仁義攖人之心,堯、舜於是乎股無胈,脛無毛,以養天下之形,愁其五藏以為仁義,其血氣以規法度。
Anciently, Huang-Di was the first to meddle with and disturb the mind of man with his benevolence and righteousness. After him, Yao and Shun wore their thighs bare and the hair off the calves of their legs, in their labours to nourish the bodies of the people. They toiled painfully with all the powers in their five viscera at the practice of their benevolence and righteousness; they tasked their blood and breath to make out a code of laws
道德經》:不自,故長。
From self-complacency, and therefore he acquires superiority.
史記·五帝本紀》:眾皆言於堯曰:「有在民閒,曰虞舜。」
All the courtiers said to Yao, 'There is an unmarried man of the lower orders called Shun of Yu.'
詩經·鴻雁》:爰及人、哀此鰥寡。
All were objects of pity, But alas for those wifeless and widows!
荀子·君子》:備而不,一自善也,謂之聖。
說苑·反質》:男女飾美以相而能無淫泆者,未嘗有也。
春秋繁露·竹林》:今子反出己之心,宋之民,無計其閒,故大之也。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:華元曰:「吾聞君子見人之困則之,小人見人之困則幸之。」
大戴禮記》:不畏強禦,不侮寡。
白虎通德論·考黜》:威武有,嚴仁堅強,賜以虎賁,以備非常。
新書·大政上》:下為非則而恕之,道而赦之,柔而假之。
新序·義勇》:閔公,婦人妒,其言曰:「爾魯之囚虜爾,何知?」
中論·治學》:然鄙儒之博學也,務於物名,詳於器械,於詁訓,摘其章句,而不能統其大義之所極以獲先王之心,此無異乎女史誦《》、內豎傳令也。
孔子家語·好生》:黼紱袞冕者,容不褻慢,非性莊,服使然也。
潛夫論·務本》:今或家賑而貸之,遺賑貧窮,恤疾苦,則必不久居富矣
論衡·書虛》:葵丘之會,桓公驕,當時諸侯畔者九國。
太玄經·》:次四,將成敗。
風俗通義》:原有堂構之稱,於法度。
孔叢子·廣言》:,惜也。
申鑒·政體》:故先王之刑也,官師以成之,棘槐以斷之,情訊以寬之,朝市以共之,哀以恤之,刑斯斷,樂不舉,慎之至也。
新語·資質》:𡻭𡻭詰屈,委曲不同,然生於大都之廣地,近於大匠之名工,則材器制斷,規矩度量,堅者補朽,短者續長,大者治罇,小者治觴,飾以丹漆,斁以明光,上備太牢,春秋禮庠,褒以文彩,立禮莊,冠帶正容,對酒行觴,卿士列位,布陳宮堂,望之者目眩,近之者鼻芳。
蔡中郎集》:母氏鞠育,載載憐。
列子·天瑞》:又有人鍾賢世,巧能,脩名譽,誇張於世,而不知己者,亦何人哉?
鶡冠子·世兵》:聖人捐物,從理與舍,眾人域域,迫於嗜欲,小知立趨,好惡自懼,夸者死權,自貴容,列士徇名,貪夫徇財,至博不給,知時何羞,不肖繫俗,賢爭於時,細故袃蒯,奚足以疑,事成欲得,又奚足夸,千言萬說,卒賞謂何。
文子·道原》:無為為之而合乎生死,無為言之而通乎德,恬愉無而得乎和,有萬不同而便乎生。
老子河上公章句》:不自故長。
韓非子·揚權》:而好能,下之所欺。
慎子·知忠》:是以過修於身,而下不敢以善驕
管子·形勢解》:亂主自智也,而不因聖人之慮,奮自功,而不因眾人之力,專用己,而不聽正諫。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:亂世則不然,為行者相揭以高,為禮者相以偽,車輿極於雕琢,器用逐於刻鏤。
呂氏春秋·行論》:使者報言燕王之甚恐懼而請罪也,畢,又復之,以左右官實。
尹文子·大道上》:接萬物使分,別海內使不雜,見侮不辱,見推不,禁暴息兵,救世之闘,此仁君之德,可以為主矣。
春秋左傳》:十月,晉陰飴甥會秦伯,盟于王城,秦伯曰,晉國和乎,對曰,不和,小人恥失其君,而悼喪其親,不憚征繕,以立圉也,曰,必報讎,寧事戎狄,君子愛其君,而知其罪,不憚征繕以待秦命,曰,必報德,有死無二,以此不和,秦伯曰,國謂君何,對曰,小人慼,謂之不免,君子恕,以為必歸,小人曰,我毒秦,秦豈歸君,君子曰,我知罪矣,秦必歸君,貳而執之,服而舍之,德莫厚焉,刑莫威焉,服者懷德,貳者畏刑,此一役也,秦可以霸,納而不定,廢而不立,以德為怨,秦不其然,秦伯曰,是吾心也,改館晉侯,饋七牢焉蛾析謂慶鄭曰,盍行乎,對曰,陷君於敗,敗而不死,又使失刑,非人臣也,臣而不臣,行將焉入,十一月,晉侯歸,丁丑,殺慶鄭而後入,是歲,晉又饑,秦伯又餼之粟,曰,吾怨其君而其民,且吾聞唐叔之封也,箕子曰,其後必大,晉其庸可冀乎,姑樹德焉,以待能者,於是秦始征晉河東,置官司焉。
逸周書·小明武解》:凡攻之道,必得地勢,以順天時,觀之以今,稽之以古,攻其逆政,毀其地阻,立之五教,以惠其下,寡無告,實為之主,五教允中,枝葉代興,國為偽巧,後宮飾女,荒田逐獸,田獵之所,游觀崇臺,泉池在下,淫樂無既,百姓辛苦,上有困令,乃有極□,上困下騰,戎遷其野,敦行王法,濟用金鼓,降以列陳,無悗怒□,按道攻巷,無襲門戶,無受貨賂,攻用弓弩,上下禱祀,靡神不下,其行衝梯,振以長旗,懷戚思終,左右憤勇,無食六畜,無聚子女,群振若雷,造于城下,鼓行參呼,以正什伍,上有軒冕,斧鉞在下,勝國若化,故曰明武。
國語·越語下》:天道盈而不溢,盛而不驕,勞而不其功。
晏子春秋》:且公伐宮室之美,衣服之麗,一衣而五彩具焉,帶球玉而亂首被髮,亦室一容矣,萬乘之君,而壹心于邪,君之魂魄亡矣,以誰與圖霸哉?
吳越春秋》:夫吳之志猛,驕而自,必輕諸侯而凌鄰國。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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