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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+77E9

Seal script

Jinwen

Alternate form

Radical:+ 5 strokes = 10 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.263#41 Kangxi: p.824#11 Cihai: p.956r4c02 GSR: 95.c Hanyu: v4,p2582#02
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𬄃 𩰤
Mandarin: ㄐㄩˇ
Cantonese:geoi2
Tang reconstruction:giǔ
Guangyun:广韵·上声··》矩:法也,常也。俱雨切,十一。
Kangxi:康熙字典·矢部·》矩:《广韵》俱雨切《集韵》《韵会》果羽切,𠀤音踽。正方之则也。《尔雅·释诂》常也。《疏》度方有常也。《玉篇》圆曰规,方曰矩。《礼·经解》规矩诚设,不可欺以方圆。《前汉·律历志》矩者,所以矩方器械,令不失其形也。《管子·轻重已篇》心生规,规生矩,矩生方。又《尔雅·释诂》法也。《论语》不逾矩。《前汉·叙传》濞之受吴,疆土逾矩。《注》矩,法制也。又《增韵》仪也,廉隅也。又《周礼·冬官考工记输人》凡斩毂之道,必矩其隂阳。《注》矩,谓刻识之也。又《扬子·太𤣥经》天道成规,地道成矩,规动周营,矩静安物。《陆倕石阙铭》制模下矩。《注》地也。又《周𩩙算经》智出于句,句出于矩。《注》矩,谓之表,表不移亦爲句,爲句将正,故曰句出于矩焉。又规矩,戎名。《汲冢周书》规矩以麟者,兽也。又通作萭。《周礼·冬官考工记》轮人爲轮,可规可萭。又通作句。《庄子·田子方》履句屦者知地形。《说文》本作巨,从工,象手持之形。重文作榘,从木矢。矢者,其中正也。《六书正譌》巨从工,中象方形,亦会意。
Fanqie:俱雨 (《广韵·上声··》)
Unihan definition:carpenter's square, ruler, rule

Example usage

论语·为政》:子曰:“吾十有五而志于学,三十而立,四十而不惑,五十而知天命,六十而耳顺,七十而从心所欲,不逾。”
The Master said, "At fifteen, I had my mind bent on learning. At thirty, I stood firm. At forty, I had no doubts. At fifty, I knew the decrees of Heaven. At sixty, my ear was an obedient organ for the reception of truth. At seventy, I could follow what my heart desired, without transgressing what was right."
孟子·告子上》:大匠诲人,必以规
A master-workman, in teaching others, uses the compass and square.
礼记·深衣》:古者深衣,盖有制度,以应规、、绳、权、衡。
Anciently the long dress had definite measurements, so as to satisfy the requirements of the compass and square, the line, the balance, and the steelyard.
扬子法言》:如委己而从人,虽有规准绳,焉得而用之。
If he had given up on himself and followed others, then even though he had compass and square, level and marking line, how could he have been able to use them?
墨子·经说上》:方:见攴也。
The carpenter's square shows it in the rough (?).
庄子·逍遥游》:其大本拥肿而不中绳墨,其小枝卷曲而不中规,立之涂,匠者不顾。
Its trunk swells out to a large size, but is not fit for a carpenter to apply his line to it; its smaller branches are knotted and crooked, so that the disk and square cannot be used on them. Though planted on the wayside, a builder would not turn his head to look at it.
史记·夏本纪》:左准绳,右规,载四时,以开九州,通九道,陂九泽,度九山。
On the one hand he used the marking-line, and on the other the compass and square. Working as the seasons permitted, and with a view to open up the nine provinces, he made the roads communicable, banked up the marshes, surveyed the hills.
荀子·》:有物于此,居则周静致下,动则綦高以钜,圆者中规,方者中,大参天地,德厚尧禹,精微乎毫毛,而盈大乎寓宙。
说苑·修文》:衣必荷规而承,负绳而准下。
春秋繁露》:亲有尊卑,位有上下,各死其事,事不逾,执权而伐。
韩诗外传·卷一》:古者、天子左五钟,将出,则撞黄钟,而右五钟皆应之,马鸣中律,驾者有文,御者有数,立则磬折,拱则抱鼓,行步中规,折旋中,然后太师奏升车之乐,告出也。
大戴礼记》:行中绳,而不伤于本。
白虎通德论》:父者,也,以法度教子。
新书·兵车之容》:行以采荠,趋以肆夏,步中规,折中
中论·法象》:周旋中规,折旋中
孔子家语·王言解》:周制,三百步为里,千步而井,三井而埒,埒三而,五十里而都,封百里而有国。
潜夫论·赞学》:故圣人之制经以遗后贤也,譬犹巧倕之为规准绳以遗后工也。
太玄经·》:次六,准绳规,不同其施。
风俗通义》:父字叔,遭母忧,既葬之后,饘粥不赡。
新语·道基》:故制事因短而动益长,以圆制规,以立方。
蔡中郎集·团扇赋》:裁帛制扇,陈象应
列子·汤问》:弟子东门贾、禽滑厘,闻偃师之巧,以告二子,二子终身不敢语艺,而时执规
鶡冠子·王鈇》:成鸠既见上世之嗣失道亡功倍本灭德之则,故为之不朽之国定位牢祭,使鬼神亶曰,增规不圆,益不方。
文子·符言》:老子曰:道至高无上,至深无下,平乎准,直乎绳,圆乎规,方乎,包裹天地而无表里,洞同覆盖而无所荬,是故体道者,不怒不喜,其坐无虑,寝而不梦,见物而名,事至而应。
韩非子·有度》:故曰:巧匠目意中绳,然必先以规为度。
管子·轻重己》:清神生心,心生规,规生生方,方生正,正生历,历生四时,四时生万物,圣人因而理之,道徧矣。
六韬·军用》:天浮铁螳蜋,内圆外,径四尺以上,环络自副,三十二具。
三略·中略》:王者,制人以道,降心服志,设备衰,四海会同,王职不废,虽有甲兵之备,而无战斗之患。
海岛算经》:今有望深谷,偃岸上,令句高六尺。
孙子算经·》:立规,准方圆,谨法度,约尺丈,立权衡,平重轻,剖毫厘,析黍絫。
周髀算经·卷上》:圆出于方,方出于
淮南子·齐俗训》:若夫规钩绳者,此巧之具也,而非所以巧也。
吕氏春秋·序意》:文信侯曰:“尝得学黄帝之所以诲颛顼矣,爰有大圜在上,大在下,汝能法之,为民父母。”
邓析子·无厚》:是以规一而不易,不为秦楚缓节,不为胡越改容。
晏子春秋》:大匠曰:“立室以宫为之。”
吴越春秋》:孙子复撝鼓之,当左右进退,回旋规,不敢瞬目,二队寂然无敢顾者
战国策》:问其故,对曰:‘吾已大饴,年已长矣,吾苦夫匠人,且以绳墨案规刻镂我。’
盐铁论·通有》:弦高贩牛于周,五羖赁车入秦,公输子以规,欧冶以熔铸。
汉书·叙传下》:濞之受吴,疆土逾,虽戒东南,终用齐斧。
前汉纪》:规圆而生
东观汉记·朱勃》:勃衣方领,能步,辞言娴雅。

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