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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+79C1

Seal script

Alternate form

Radical:+ 2 strokes = 7 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.54#11 Kangxi: p.849#05 Cihai: p.987r3c01 GSR: 557.b Hanyu: v4,p2589#06
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𭈀 𦮺 𥢅 𥢆 𫁅
Mandarin:
Cantonese:si1
Tang reconstruction:*si
Shuowen:禾部》私:禾也。从禾厶声。北道名禾主人曰私主人。
Guangyun:广韵·上平声··》私:不公也。《说文》曰:禾也。息夷切,五。
Kangxi:康熙字典·禾部·》私:《唐韵》息夷切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》相咨切,𠀤音司。《说文》禾也。北道名禾主人曰私主人。又对公而言谓之私。《·周官》以公灭私。《·小雅》雨我公田,遂及我私。《礼·孔子闲居》天无私覆,地无私载,日月无私照。又家臣称私。《仪礼·士相见礼》见于大夫曰:某也,夫子之贱私。《礼·玉藻》士自称于大夫曰外私。《注》此大夫非己所臣,则称外私。又恩私也。《仪礼·燕礼》寡君,君之私也。《注》谓独受恩厚。《礼·郊特牲》妇餕馀,私之也。《释名》私,恤也,所恤念也。又《尔雅·释亲》女子谓姊妹之夫曰私。《诗·衞风》谭公维私。又天子以下皆曰私。《前汉·张放传》大官私官。《服虔注》私官,皇后之官。《后汉·百官志》中宫私府令一人。又姓。汉私匡。又便也。《左传·襄十五年》师慧过宋,朝将私焉。《注》谓小便。○按《说文》专以禾训私,而厶自爲部,训奸衺也。引韩非、仓颉作字,自营爲厶,则私不兼公私义。今经传公厶字皆作私,不复作厶矣。
Fanqie:息夷 (《广韵·上平声··》)
Unihan definition:private, personal; secret

Example usage

论语·为政》:退而省其,亦足以发。
He has retired, and I have examined his conduct when away from me, and found him able to illustrate my teachings.
孟子·尽心上》:孟子曰:“君子之所以教者五:有如时雨化之者,有成德者,有达财者,有答问者,有淑艾者。”
Mencius said, 'There are five ways in which the superior man effects his teaching. There are some on whom his influence descends like seasonable rain. There are some whose virtue he perfects, and some of whose talents he assists the development. There are some whose inquiries he answers. There are some who privately cultivate and correct themselves.'
礼记·深衣》:故规矩取其无,绳取其直,权衡取其平,故先王贵之。
In its squareness and roundness they saw its warning against selfishness; in its line-like straightness they saw its admonition to be correct, and in its balance-like evenness they saw its lesson of impartiality. Therefore the ancient kings attached a high value to it.
扬子法言》:曰:“事得其序之谓训,胜己之之谓克。”
Yangzi said: Affairs being put into their proper order is called "compliance." Overcoming one's own selfish desires is called "conquest."
墨子·经上》:名,达、类、
Ming (name). Unrestricted; classifying; private.
庄子·齐物论》:其有焉?
Or do you love some more than others?
道德经》:非以其无耶?
Is it not because he has no personal and private ends.
商君书·垦令》:无宿治,则邪官不及为利于民,而百官之情不相稽。
If there is no procrastination in the creating of order, depraved officials have no opportunity of gaining private profits at the expense of the people, nor will the hundred officials be in a condition to temporise and to shift responsibilities on to one another.
荀子·大略》:觌、见也。
说苑·杂言》:遍予而无,似德。
春秋繁露·精华》:徐行不反者,谓不以亲害尊,不以妨公也。
韩诗外传·卷一》:曰:“惧、吾也,死君、吾公也。”
大戴礼记·礼察》:处此之功,无如天地尔,岂顾不用哉?
白虎通德论·》:公者通公正无之意也。
新书·道术》:兼覆无谓之公,反公为
新序·善谋》:虽然,试言公之
中论·虚道》:由此观之,人无贤愚,见善则誉之,见恶则谤之,此人情也,未必有爱也,未必有憎也。
孔子家语·相鲁》:费人攻之,及台侧,孔子命申句须、乐颀,勒士众,下伐之,费人北,遂隳三都之城,强公室,弱家,尊君卑臣,政化大行。
潜夫论·务本》:今民去农桑,赴游业,披采众利,聚之一门,虽于家有富,然公计愈贫矣。
论衡·异虚》:御人见太子,太子曰:“吾闻为人子者,尽和顺于君,不行欲,共严承令,不逆君安。”
太玄经·》:测曰,“怀利满匈”、营门也。
风俗通义》:惧后进,益以迷昧,聊以不才,举尔所知,方以类聚,凡一十卷,谓之《风俗通义》。
孔丛子·嘉言》:既宴而焉,曰:“齐其危矣!”
申鉴·政体》:一曰伪,二曰,三曰放,四曰奢。
忠经·天地神明章》:忠者、中也,至公无
素书·本德宗道章》:败莫败于多
蔡中郎集·青衣赋》:感昔郑季,平阳是
列子·天瑞》:若之盗,心也,故得罪。
鶡冠子·天则》:故政在家而弗能取,重人掉权而弗能止,赏加无功而弗能夺,法废不奉而弗能立。
文子·道原》:天下莫柔弱于水,水为道也,广不可极,深不可测,长极无穷,远沦无涯,息耗减益,过于不訾,上天为雨露,下地为润泽,万物不得不生,百事不得不成,大苞群生而无好,泽及蚑蛲而不求报,富赡天下而不既,德施百姓而不费,行不可得而穷极,微不可得而把握,击之不创,刺之不伤,斩之不断,灼之不熏,淖约流循而不可靡散,利贯金石,强沦天下,有馀不足,任天下取与,禀受万物而无所先后,无无公,与天地洪同,是谓至德。
文始真经·二柱》:浑人我,同天地,而彼智,认而已之。
列仙传·江妃二女》:交甫遇之,凭情言
老子河上公章句》:农事修,公无
韩非子·爱臣》:故人臣处国无朝,居军无交,其府库不得贷于家,此明君之所以禁其邪。
申不害·佚文》:天道无,是以常正。
慎子·威德》:凡立公,所以弃也。
谏逐客书》:昭王得范睢,废穰侯,逐华阳,强公室,杜门,蚕食诸侯,使秦成帝业。
管子·轻重戊》:“禽兽者,群害也,明王之所弃逐也,今齐以其重宝贵买吾群害,则是楚之福也,天且以齐楚也,子告吾民,急求生鹿,以尽齐之宝”,楚民即释其耕农而田鹿
孙子兵法·九地》:是故不争天下之交,不养天下之权,信己之,威加于敌,故其城可拔,其国可堕。
吴子·图国》:不敢信其谋,必告于祖庙,启于元龟,参之天时,吉乃后举。
尉缭子·攻权》:凡挟义而战者,贵从我起,争结怨,应不得已。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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