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Chinese Text Project

U+7A37

Seal script

Jinwen
𥞷
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 10 strokes = 15 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.527#36 Kangxi: p.857#19 Cihai: p.994r3c07 GSR: 922.b Hanyu: v4,p2623#05
Composition:Left: , right: .
Mandarin: ㄐㄧˋ ㄗㄜˋ
Cantonese:zik1
Tang reconstruction:tziək
Shuowen:禾部》稷:𪗉也。五穀之長。从禾畟聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·入聲··》稷:五穀之揔名一曰黍屬周禮注云社稷土穀之神有德者配食焉共工氏之子曰句龍食於社有厲山氏之子曰柱食於稷湯遷之而祀棄俗作稷亦姓后稷之後。
Kangxi:康熙字典·禾部·》稷:〔古文〕𥞷《唐韻》子力切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》節力切,𠀤音卽。《說文》齋也。五穀之長。《徐曰》案本草,稷卽穄,一名粢。楚人謂之稷,關中謂之𪎭,其米爲黃米。《通志》稷苗穗似蘆,而米可食。《月令章句》稷,秋種夏熟,歷四時,備隂陽,穀之貴者。《·王風》彼稷之苗。《禮·曲禮》稷曰明粢。又神名。《風俗通義》稷,五穀之長。五穀衆多,不可徧祭,故立稷而祭之。又農官名曰后稷。《·舜典》汝后稷播時百穀。《左傳·昭二十九年》蔡墨曰:稷,田正也。有烈山氏之子曰柱,爲稷,自夏以上祀之。周棄亦爲稷,自商以來祀之。又疾也。《·小雅》旣齊旣稷。《註》齊整稷疾。言祭祀禮容莊敬也。○按《毛傳》訓稷爲疾。鄭箋仍訓黍稷之稷。朱註本《毛傳》,宜从毛訓爲是。又姓。漢上津令稷嗣。又地名。《左傳·宣十五年》晉侯治兵于稷。《註》稷,晉地。河東聞喜縣西有稷山。《前漢·地理志》西河郡美稷縣。又與昃通。《穀梁傳·定十五年》戊午日下稷,乃克葬。《註》稷,昃也。下稷謂脯時。○按《隷釋·郙閣𥓓》言劬勞曰稷,用《穀梁》日下稷之文,與《堯母𥓓》日不稷,《費鳳𥓓》乾乾日稷同。《集韻》或作𥠈。
Fanqie:子力 (《廣韻·入聲··》)
Unihan definition:god of cereals; minister of agriculture

Example usage

論語·先進》:子路曰:「有民人焉,有社焉。」
Zi Lu said, "There are (there) common people and officers; there are the altars of the spirits of the land and grain."
孟子·盡心上》:有安社臣者,以安社為悅者也。
There are ministers who seek the tranquillity of the State, and find their pleasure in securing that tranquillity.
禮記·曲禮下》:國君去其國,止之曰:「奈何去社也!」
When the ruler of a state (is proposing to) leave it, they should (try to) stop him, saying, 'Why are you leaving the altars of the spirits of the land and grain?'
孝經·聖治》:昔者,周公郊祀後以配天,宗祀文王於明堂,以配上帝。
Formerly the duke of Zhou at the border altar sacrificed to Hou Ji as the correlate of Heaven, and in the Brilliant Hall he honored king Wen and sacrificed to him as the correlate of God.
揚子法言》:種、蠡不強諫而山棲,俾其君詘社之靈而童僕,又終斃吳,賢皆不足邵也,至蠡策種而遁,肥矣哉!
Wen Zhong and Fan Li did not strongly remonstrate against King Gou Jian of Yue's plan to attack the state of Wu, and he was held by King Fuchai of Wu for three years on Mount Kuaiji. They caused their ruler to yield the altars of the spirits of earth and become a servant boy to King Fuchai. In the end, they destroyed Wu, but none of them were good enough to be considered worthy. In the end Fan Li sent Wen Zhong a letter warning him to flee and then escaped to go fatten himself!
墨子·七患》:以七患居國,必無社8
With these seven causes present in the maintenance of the state, the state will perish.
莊子·胠篋》:闔四竟之內,所以立宗廟社,治邑、屋、州、閭、鄉曲者,曷嘗不法聖人哉!
All within its four boundaries, the establishment of the ancestral temples and of the altars of the land and grain, and the ordering of the hamlets and houses, and of every corner in the districts, large, medium, and small, were in all particulars according to the rules of the sages.
道德經》:是以聖人云:受國之垢,是謂社主。
Therefore a sage has said, 'He who accepts his state's reproach, Is hailed therefore its altars' lord.
商君書·更法》:君曰:「代立不忘社,君之道也。」
The prince said: "Not to forget, at his succession, the tutelary spirits of the soil and of grain, is the way of a prince."
史記·五帝本紀》:而禹、皋陶、契、后、伯夷、夔、龍、倕、益、彭祖自堯時而皆舉用,未有分職。
Now Yu, Gaoyao, Xie, Houji, Boyi, Kui, Long, Chui Yi, and Pengzu were all from the time of Yao promoted to office, but had not separate appointments.
荀子·成相》:得后,五穀殖。
說苑·君道》:當堯之時,舜為司徒,契為司馬,禹為司空,后為田疇,夔為樂正,倕為工師,伯夷為秩宗,皋陶為大理,益掌敺禽,堯體力便巧不能為一焉,堯為君而九子為臣,其何故也?
春秋繁露·竹林》:請俱死,無辱宗廟,無羞社
韓詩外傳·卷二》:夫闢土殖穀者、后也,決江流河者,禹也,聽獄執中者,皋陶也,然而聖后者,堯也。
大戴禮記》:孔子愀然作色而對曰:「合二姓之好,以繼先聖之後,以為天地、社、宗廟之主,君何謂已重乎?」
白虎通德論·》:諸侯改元,即事社
新書·大政下》:諸侯即位享國,社血食,而政有命國無君也。
新序·善謀下》:周之先自后,堯封之邰,積德累善十餘世,公嬌避桀居邠,大王以狄伐去邠,杖馬策居岐國,人爭歸之,及文王為西伯,斷虞芮訟,始受命,呂望、伯夷自海濱來歸之,武王伐紂,不期而會孟津上八百諸侯,滅殷,成王即位,周公之屬傅相,乃營成周雒邑,以為天下中,諸侯四方,納貢職道里均矣。
中論·爵祿》:、契、伯益、伊尹、傅說得之者也,顏淵、閔子騫、冉耕、仲弓不得者也。
孔子家語·大昏解》:孔子愀然作色而對曰:「合二姓之好,以繼先聖之後,以為天下宗廟社之主,君何謂已重乎?」
潛夫論·本政》:故君臣法令善則民安樂,民安樂則天心惣,天心惣則陰陽和,陰陽和則五穀豐,五穀豐而民眉壽,民眉壽則興於義,興於義而無姦行,無姦行則世平,而國家寧、社安,而君尊榮矣。
論衡·命祿》:懷銀紆紫,未必、契之才。
太玄經·》:上九,元離之極,君子應以大
風俗通義·六國》:然社血食者八九百載,於姬姓獨後亡,非盛德之遺烈,豈其然乎?
孔叢子·論書》:於《大禹》、《皋陶謨》、《益》見禹、、皋陶之忠勤功勳焉。
申鑒·雜言上》:曰:「人主承天命以養民者也,民存則社存,民亡則社亡,故重民者,所以重社而承天命也。」
忠經·天地神明章》:忠能固君臣、安社、感天地、動神明,而況於人乎?
新語·道基》:於是后乃列封彊,畫畔界,以分土地之所宜。
獨斷·卷上》:右社,西曰右,宗廟、社皆在庫門之內、雉門之外,天子三昭三穆與太祖之廟七,七廟一壇一墠,曰考廟、皇考廟、顯考廟、祖考廟,皆月祭之。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:《思文》、一章八句,祀后配天之所歌也。
列子·天瑞》:生乎巨跡,伊尹生乎空桑。
鶡冠子·近迭》:過生於上,罪死於下,讎既外結,諸侯畜其罪則,危覆社,世主懾懼寒心,孤立不伐。
文子·符言》:脩其境內之事,盡其地方,勸民守死,堅其城郭,上下一心,與之守社,即為飾者不伐無罪,為利者不攻難得,此必全之道,必利之理。
文始真經·五鑑》:曰:識如:認黍為、認玉為石者,浮游罔象,無所底止。
列仙傳·稷丘君》:丘君者,泰山下道士也。
老子河上公章句》:故貴以賤為本,言必欲尊貴,當以薄賤為本,若禹躬稼,舜陶河濱,周公下白屋也。
韓非子·初見秦》:而謀臣不為,引軍而退,復與荊人為和,令荊人得收亡國,聚散民,立社,主置宗廟,令率天下西面以與秦為難,此固以失霸王之道一矣。
管子·輕重丁》:三敗,殺君二重臣,定社者吾,此皆以孤突之地封者也,故山地者山也,水地者澤也。
吳子·圖國》:有扈氏之君,恃眾好勇,以喪其社
六韜·明傳》:夫將棄予,周之社,將以屬汝。
尉繚子·兵教上》:所以開封疆,守社,除患害,成武德也。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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