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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+7D02

Seal script

Simplified character
𩋰
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 3 strokes = 9 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.323#35 Kangxi: p.915#18 Cihai: p.1029r4c01 Hanyu: v5,p3364#03
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𠷵 𦋝 𩋰
Mandarin:zhòu ㄓㄡˋ
Cantonese:zau6
Shuowen:糸部》纣:马緧也。从糸,肘省声。
Guangyun:广韵·上声··》纣:殷王号也,方言云自关而东谓䋺曰纣俗作𩋰。除柳切,六。
Kangxi:康熙字典·糸部·》纣:《广韵》除柳切《集韵》《韵会》丈九切,𠀤音䈙。《说文》马缯也。《扬子·方言》䋺车纣,自关而西谓之纣。《广韵》俗作𩋰。又《史记·殷本纪》帝辛,天下谓之纣。《注》《諡法》残忍捐义曰纣。
Fanqie:除柳 (《广韵·上声··》)
Unihan definition:name of an emperor; saddle part

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

论语·子张》:子贡曰:“之不善,不如是之甚也。”
Zi Gong said, "Zhou's wickedness was not so great as that name implies."
孟子·尽心上》:孟子曰:“伯夷辟,居北海之滨,闻文王作兴,曰:‘盍归乎来!’”
Mencius said, 'Bo Yi, that he might avoid Zhou, was dwelling on the coast of the northern sea when he heard of the rise of king Wen. He roused himself and said, "Why should I not go and follow him?'"
扬子法言》:绍桀之后,纂之馀,法度废,礼乐亏,安坐而视天下民之死,无为平?
But as for those who inherited the throne after Jie and Zhou, when laws were abandoned and ritual and music were lost, to sit quietly and watch the death of all people under Heaven—would this have been wuwei?
墨子·亲士》:不以其无天下之士邪?
Was it not because they would not employ the scholars, that Jie and Zhou lost their empire and their lives?
庄子·人间世》:且昔者桀杀关龙逢,杀王子比干,是皆修其身以下伛拊人之民,以下拂其上者也,故其君因其修以挤之。
And formerly Jie killed Guan Long-feng, and Zhou killed the prince Bi-gan. Both of these cultivated their persons, bending down in sympathy with the lower people to comfort them suffering (as they did) from their oppressors, and on their account opposing their superiors. On this account, because they so ordered their conduct, their rulers compassed their destruction
商君书·赏刑》:汤与桀战于鸣条之野,武王与战于牧野之中,大破九军,卒裂土封诸侯,士卒坐陈者里有书社,车休息不乘,从马华山之阳,从牛于农泽,从之老而不收,此汤武之赏也。
Tang fought a battle with Jie in the fields of Ming-tiao, Wu-wang fought a battle with Zhou in the fields of mu, and utterly defeated the "nine armies", and finally split up the land and gave fiefs to the feudal lords. The officers and soldiers, who retired from the ranks, all received land, with the peasants belonging to it, in hamlets of 25 families; the chariots were given a rest, and were no longer mounted; the horses were set at liberty on the southern slopes of Mount Hua; the oxen were set at liberty in the meadows, and they were allowed to grow old without being reassembled (for war). This was the way of Tang and Wu of giving rewards.
史记·殷本纪》:帝乙崩,子辛立,是为帝辛,天下谓之
Emperor Yi died, and his son Xin sat on the throne. Emperor Xin was called by everybody in the empire Zhou (the tyrant).
礼记·明堂位》:昔殷乱天下,脯鬼侯以飨诸侯。
荀子·大略》:虽桀不能去民之好义。
说苑·杂言》:使舜居桀之世,能自免于刑戮固可也,又何官得治乎?
春秋繁露·王道》:皆圣王之后,骄溢妄行。
韩诗外传·卷一》:天下举忠而士不与焉,举信而士不与焉,举廉而士不与焉,三者存乎身,名传于世,与日月并而息,天不能杀,地不能生,当桀之世不之能污也,然则非恶生而乐死也,恶富贵好贫贱也,由其理,尊贵及己而仕也不辞也。
大戴礼记·保傅》:汤以殷王,以殷亡。
白虎通德论·礼乐》:为恶日久,其恶最甚,斫涉刳胎,残贼天下。
新书·大政下》:故汤以桀之乱氓为治,武王以之北卒为强。
新序·善谋下》:周之先自后稷,尧封之邰,积德累善十馀世,公娇避桀居邠,大王以狄伐去邠,杖马策居岐国,人争归之,及文王为西伯,断虞芮讼,始受命,吕望、伯夷自海滨来归之,武王伐,不期而会孟津上八百诸侯,灭殷,成王即位,周公之属傅相,乃营成周雒邑,以为天下中,诸侯四方,纳贡职道里均矣。
中论·贵验》:为天子而称独夫,仲尼为匹夫而称素王,尽此类也。
孔子家语·观周》:孔子观乎明堂,覩四门墉有尧舜与桀之象,而各有善恶之状、兴废之诫焉。
潜夫论·论荣》:夫桀、者,夏、殷之君王也,崇侯、恶来,天子之三公也,而犹不免于小人者,以其心行恶也。
论衡·逢遇》:伊尹遇成汤,箕子遇商也。
风俗通义·三王》:《尚书》:“武王戎车三百两,虎贲八百人,擒于牧之野。”
孔丛子·抗志》:子思曰:“文王葬朽骨而天下知仁,商斫朝涉而天下称暴。”
申鉴·时事》:桀、不易民而乱,汤、武不易民而治,政也。
新语·术事》:故说事者上陈五帝之功,而思之于身,下列桀、之败,而戒之于己,则德可以配日月,行可以合神灵,登高及远,达幽洞冥,听之无声,视之无形,世人莫覩其兆,莫知其情,校修《五经》之本末,道德之真伪,既□其意,而不见其人。
独断·卷下》:帝谥:违拂不成曰隐,靖民则法曰黄,翼善传圣曰尧,仁圣盛明曰舜,残人多垒曰桀,残义损善曰,慈惠爱亲曰孝,爱民好与曰惠,圣善同文曰宣,声闻宣远曰昭,克定祸乱曰武,聪明睿智曰献,温柔圣善曰懿,布德执义曰穆,仁义说民曰元,安仁立政曰神,布纲治纪曰平,乱而不损曰灵,保民耆艾曰明,辟土有德曰襄,贞心大度曰匡,大虑慈民曰定,知过能改曰恭,不生其国曰声,一德不懈曰简,夙兴夜寐曰敬,清白自守曰贞,柔德好众曰靖,安乐治民曰康,小心畏忌曰僖,中身早折曰悼,慈仁和民曰顺,好勇致力曰庄,恭人短折曰哀,在国逢难曰愍,名实过爽曰缪,壅遏不通曰幽,暴虐无亲曰厉,致志大图曰景,辟土兼国曰桓,经纬天地曰文,执义扬善曰怀,短折不成曰殇,去礼远众曰炀,怠政外交曰携,治典不敷曰祈。
蔡中郎集·独断》:帝谥:违拂不成曰隐,靖民则法曰黄,翼善传圣曰尧,仁圣盛明曰舜,残人多垒曰桀,残义损善曰,慈惠爱亲曰孝,爱民好与曰惠,圣善同文曰宣,声闻宣远曰昭,克定祸乱曰武,聪明睿智曰献,温柔圣善曰懿,布德执义曰穆,仁义说民曰元,安仁立政曰神,布纲治纪曰平,乱而不损曰灵,保民耆艾曰明,辟土有德曰襄,贞心大度曰匡,大虑慈民曰定,知过能改曰恭,不生其国曰声,一德不懈曰简,夙兴夜寐曰敬,清白自守曰贞,柔德好众曰靖,安乐治民曰康,小心畏忌曰僖,中身早折曰悼,慈仁和民曰顺,好勇致力曰庄,恭人短折曰哀,在国逢难曰愍,名实过爽曰缪,壅遏不通曰幽,暴虐无亲曰厉,致志大图曰景,辟土兼国曰桓,经纬天地曰文,执义扬善曰怀,短折不成曰殇,去礼远众曰炀,怠政外交曰携,治典不敷曰祈。
列子·黄帝》:夏桀、殷、鲁桓、楚穆,状貌七窍,皆同于人,而有禽兽之心。
鶡冠子·世兵》:汤能以七十里放桀,武王以百里伐,知一不烦,千方万曲,所杂齐同,胜道不一,知者计全,明将不倍时而弃利,勇士不怯死而灭名,欲喻至德之美者,其虑不与俗同,欲验九天之高者,行不径请,是以忠臣不先其身而后其君,寒心孤立悬命,将军野战,则国弊民罢,城守则食人灼骸,计失,其国削主困,为天下笑,持国计者可以无详乎?
文子·道德》:使桀循道行德,汤武虽贤,无所建其功也。
列仙传·吕尚》:之乱,隐于辽东四十年。
鬻子》:二十七世,积岁五百七十六岁至
韩非子·初见秦》:昔者为天子,将率天下甲兵百万,左饮于淇溪,右饮于洹溪,淇水竭而洹水不流,以与周武王为难。
慎子·逸文》:之有天下也,四海之内皆乱,关龙逢、王子比干不与焉。
管子·版法解》:武王伐,士卒往者,人有书社,入殷之日,决钜桥之粟,散鹿台之钱,殷民大说,此所谓能以所不有予人者也。
吴子·图国》:故成汤讨桀而夏民喜悦,周武伐而殷人不非。
尉缭子·天官》:武王伐,背济水向山阪而阵,以二万二千五百人,击之亿万而灭商,岂不得天官之阵哉
淮南子·齐俗训》:其遭桀、之世,天授也。
吕氏春秋·行论》:昔者为无道,杀梅伯而醢之,杀鬼侯而脯之,以礼诸侯于庙。
尹文子·大道上》:桀、、幽、厉之败,或是或非,失时则亡。
邓析子·转辞》:至于栗陆氏杀东里子,宿沙氏戮箕文,桀诛龙逢,刳比干,
1四主者乱君,故其疾贤若仇。
春秋左传》:臧文仲曰,宋其兴乎,禹汤罪己,其兴也悖焉,桀罪人,其亡也忽焉,且列国有凶,称孤礼也,言惧而名礼,其庶乎。

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