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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+7F70

Seal script

Jinwen

Simplified character

Alternate form

Radical:+ 9 strokes = 14 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.477#39 Kangxi: p.948#33 Cihai: p.1065r5c04 GSR: 308.a Hanyu: v4,p2923#03
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of:
Mandarin: ㄈㄚˊ
Cantonese:fat6
Tang reconstruction:*bhɛ̌i bhiæt
Guangyun:广韵·入声··》罚:罪罚元命包曰网言爲詈刀詈爲罚罚之言网陷于害。
Kangxi:康熙字典·网部·》罚:《广韵》《集韵》《韵会》𠀤房越切,音伐。《说文》辠之小者。从刀从詈。未以刀有所贼,但持刀骂詈,则应罚。《春秋·元命包》罔言爲詈,刀詈爲罚。罚之言罔陷于害。《易·豫卦》则𠛬罚淸而民服。《书·吕𠛬》五𠛬不𥳑,正于五罚。《传》出金赎罪。《周礼·地官·司救》凡民之有衺恶者,三让而罚。《注》罚谓挞击之也。又《韵补》叶扶废切《江淹·齐高帝诔》缀机剟贼,轻章削罚。矜𤰞广慈,合贱兼爱。爱字音炁。○按《说文》在刀部,今倂入。
考证:〔《周礼·地官·司徒》凡民之有衺恶者,三让而罚之。〕谨照原文司徒改司救。三让而罚下省之字。
Fanqie:房越 (《广韵·入声··》)
Unihan definition:penalty, fine; punish, penalize

Example usage

论语·子路》:礼乐不兴,则刑不中。
When proprieties and music do not flourish, punishments will not be properly awarded.
孟子·滕文公下》:》曰:‘徯我后,后来其无。’
It is said in the Book of History, "We have waited for our prince. When our prince comes, we may escape from the punishments under which we suffer."
礼记·缁衣》:子曰:“政之不行也,教之不成也,爵禄不足劝也,刑不足耻也。”
The Master said, 'When (the measures of) government do not take effect, and the lessons of the ruler do not accomplish their object, (it is because) the giving of rank and emoluments is unfit to stimulate the people to good, and (the infliction of) punishments and penalties is unfit to make them ashamed (of evil).'
墨子·经上》:,上报下之罪也。
Fa (punishment) is requital from above for crime below.
庄子·在宥》:故举天下以赏其善者不足,举天下以其恶者不给,故天下之大不足以赏
If now the whole world were taken to reward the good it would not suffice, nor would it be possible with it to punish the bad. Thus the world, great as it is, not sufficing for rewards and punishments.
商君书·去强》:轻赏,则上爱民,民死上。
If penalties are made heavy and rewards light, the ruler loves his people and they will die for him.
孙子兵法·始计》:曰:主孰有道,将孰有能,天地孰得,法令孰行,兵众孰强,士卒孰练,赏孰明,吾以此知胜负矣。
In this wise: (1) Which of the two sovereigns is imbued with the Moral law? (2) Which of the two generals has most ability? (3) With whom lie the advantages derived from Heaven and Earth? (4) On which side is discipline most rigorously enforced? (5) Which army is stronger? (6) On which side are officers and men more highly trained? (7) In which army is there the greater constancy both in reward and punishment? By means of these seven considerations I can forecast victory or defeat.
史记·夏本纪》:今予维共行天之
And I am now but reverently executing the punishment appointed by Heaven.
荀子·大略》:多积财而羞无有,重民任而诛不能,此邪行之所以起,刑之所以多也。
说苑·君道》:故不赏而民劝,不而民治。
春秋繁露·王道》:今求财不足,行如将不胜,杀戮如屠,仇仇其民,鱼烂而亡,国中尽空。
韩诗外传·卷一》:晋为盟主而不救,天惧及矣。
大戴礼记·礼察》:若夫庆赏以劝善,刑以惩恶,先王执此之正,坚如金石,行此之信,顺如四时。
白虎通德论》:诸侯比王者为阴,南面赏为阳,法雷也。
新书·修政语上》:故不赏而民劝,不而民治,先恕而后行,是以德音远也。
新序·善谋》:楚王方侈,天其或者欲盈其心,以厚其毒而降之,未可知也。
中论·法象》:无刑之威,而万民畏之。
孔子家语·辩政》:谀其君者,刑不足以诛也。
潜夫论·考绩》:其受事而重选举,审名实而取赏也如此。
论衡·幸偶》:或奸盗大辟而不知,或赎小罪而发觉。
风俗通义·五帝》:谨按:《易》、《尚书大传》:“天立五帝以为相,四时施生,法度明察,春夏庆赏,秋冬刑,帝者任德设刑,以则象之。”
孔丛子·广言》:俘,也。
申鉴·政体》: 兴农桑以养其生,审好恶以正其俗,宣文教以章其化,立武备以秉其威,明赏以统其法。
忠经·保孝行章》:自贻伊,求安可乎?
素书·原始章》:义者人之所宜,赏善恶,以立功立事。
新语·道基》:于是皋陶乃立狱制罪,悬赏设,异是非,明好恶,检奸邪,消佚乱。
蔡中郎集》:今始闻善政,旋复变易,足令海内测度朝政,宜追定八使,纠举非法,更选忠清,平章赏,三公岁尽
列子·周穆王》:华子既悟,乃大怒,黜妻子,操戈逐儒生。
鶡冠子·夜行》:五行业也,五政道也,五音调也,五声故也,五味事也,赏约也。
文子·精诚》:故赏善暴者,正令也。
老子河上公章句》:民不畏死,治国者刑酷深,民不聊生,故不畏死也。
韩非子·初见秦》:言赏则不与,言则不行,赏不信,故士民不死也。
慎子·君人》:者虽当,望轻无已。
管子·轻重己》:牺牲以彘,发号出令曰:“而勿赏,夺而勿予,罪狱诛而勿生,终岁之罪,毋有所赦,作衍牛马之实在野者王”,天子之秋计也。
公孙龙子·迹府》:不以为臣者,之也。
吴子·料敌》:秦性强,其地险,其政严,其赏信,其人不让,皆有鬭心,故散而自战。
六韬·盈虚》:所爱者,有罪必
司马法·天子之义》:古者,贤王明民之德,尽民之善,故无废德,无简民,赏无所生,无所试。
尉缭子·制谈》:明赏于前,决于后,是以发能中利,动则有功。
三略·上略》:故将无还令,赏必信,如天如地,乃可使人,士卒用命,乃可越境。
淮南子·齐俗训》:乱世之法,高为量而罪不及,重为任而不胜,危为禁而诛不敢。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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