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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+800C

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Radical:+ 0 strokes = 6 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.60#38 Kangxi: p.961#18 Cihai: p.1080r2c03 GSR: 982.a Hanyu: v4,p2810#01
Composition:Top: , bottom: 𦓐. Component of: 𦓏 𦓑 𦓎 𭸄 𡜚 𨒩 𭹄 [More]
Mandarin:ér néng ㄦˊ ㄋㄥˊ
Cantonese:ji4
Tang reconstruction:*njiə
Shuowen:而部》而:颊毛也。象毛之形。《周礼》曰:“作其鳞之而。”凡而之属皆从而。
Guangyun:广韵·上平声··》而:语助。《说文》曰:颊毛也。如之切,二十一。
Kangxi:康熙字典·而部·而部》而:《广韵》如之切《集韵》《韵会》人之切,𠀤音栭。《正韵》如支切,音儿。《说文》颊毛也。《注》臣铉等曰:今俗别作髵,非是。《周礼·冬官考工记·梓人》作其鳞之而。《注》之而,颊𩑔也。又《玉篇》语助也。《·齐风》俟我于著乎而。又《·洪范》而康而色。《传》汝当安汝颜色。又《·小雅》垂带而厉。《笺》而亦如也。又《·大雅》子岂不知而作。《笺》而,犹与也。又《礼·檀弓》而曰然。《注》而,犹乃也。又《韵会》因辞,因是之谓也。《论语》学而时习之。又《韵会》抑辞,抑又之辞也。《论语》不好犯上而好作乱者。又《韵会》发端之辞也。又《集韵》奴登切,音能。《易·屯卦》宜建侯而不宁。《释文》郑读而曰能,能犹安也。
考证:〔《周礼·冬官考工记·梓人》其鳞之而。〕谨照原文其上增作字。
Fanqie:如之 (《广韵·上平声··》)
Unihan definition:and; and then; and yet; but

CTP Dictionary


ér ㄦˊ (1): 颊毛。 Whiskers.
说文解字·而部》::颊毛也。
周礼·冬官考工记》:凡攫杀、援噬之类,必深其爪,出其目,作其鳞之
ér ㄦˊ (2): 如,像,似。 Like, similar to.
诗经·都人士》:彼都人士、垂带厉。
Those officers of the [old] capital, With their girdles hanging elegantly down! -
新序·杂事三》:谚曰:‘有白头新,倾盖而故。’
ér ㄦˊ (3.1): 代词:你,你们。 Pronoun: you.
史记·高祖本纪》:吕后复问其次,上曰:“此后亦非所知也。”
新书·春秋》:所知也。
ér ㄦˊ (3.2): 代词:此,这样。 Pronoun: this, like this.
战国策》:豫让拔剑三跃,呼天击之曰:“可以报知伯矣。”
ér ㄦˊ (4.1): 连词:表示并列,相当于“和”、“与”。 Connective: and, with.
春秋左传》:吾闻之,哀乐乐哀,皆丧心也,心之精爽,是谓魂魄,魂魄去之,何以能久。
新书·礼容语下》:吾闻之:哀乐乐哀,皆丧心也。
ér ㄦˊ (4.2): 连词:表示顺承,相当于“就”、“才”。 Connective: and, then.
墨子·小取》:马四足者,一马四足也,非两马四足也。
Horses have four feet: one horse has four feet; two horses do not have four feet.
论语·学而》:子曰:“学时习之,不亦说乎?”
The Master said, "Is it not pleasant to learn with a constant perseverance and application?"
史记·殷本纪》:汤崩,太子太丁未立卒,于是乃立太丁之弟外丙,是为帝外丙。
After the demise of Tang his eldest son, Taiding (Great D), died before he could come to the throne; and so Taiding's younger brother Waibing (Outer C), that is Emperor Waibing, came to the throne.
韩非子》:郑人有且置履者,先自度其足置之其坐,至之市忘操之,已得履,乃曰:“吾忘持度。”
淮南子·说山训》:孕妇见兔子缺唇,见麋而子四目。
荀子·天论》:雨,何也?
ér ㄦˊ (4.3): 连词:表示假设,相当于“如果”。 Connective: if, supposing.
论语·为政》:子曰:“人无信,不知其可也。”
The Master said, "I do not know how a man without truthfulness is to get on."
史记·魏世家》:夫诸侯骄人则失其国,大夫骄人则失其家。
ér ㄦˊ (4.4): 连词:表示转折,相当于“却”、“但是”。 Connective: yet, however.
墨子·小取》:有一宅于国,不为有国。
Having a house within the state is not having the state.
论语·学而》:人不知不愠,不亦君子乎?
Is he not a man of complete virtue, who feels no discomposure though men may take no note of him?
荀子·劝学》:青、取之于蓝,青于蓝。
大戴礼记·劝学》:君子曰:学不可以已矣,青取之于蓝,青于蓝。
ér ㄦˊ (4.5): 连词:表示因果,相当于“因而”、“所以”。 Connective: therefore, hence.
墨子·经上》:故,所得后成也。
The gu (reason/cause) of something is what it must get before it will come about.
淮南子·说山训》:故玉在山草木润,渊生珠岸不枯。
史记·齐太公世家》:战,齐急,丑父恐齐侯得,乃易处,顷公为右,车絓于木止。
荀子·劝学》:玉在山草木润,渊生珠崖不枯。
春秋左传》:逢丑父与公易位,将及华泉,骖絓于木止。
文子·上德》:玉在山草木润,珠生渊岸不枯,蚯蚓无筋骨之强,爪牙之利,上食咘堁,下饮黄泉,用心一也。
ér ㄦˊ (4.6): 连词:表示方式或状态。 Connective: expresses method or state.
孟子·告子上》:嘑尔与之,行道之人弗受。
If they are offered with an insulting voice, even a tramper will not receive them.
史记·秦始皇本纪》:故使天下之士,倾耳而听,重足立,钳口而不言。
新书·过秦下》:故使天下之士倾耳听,重足立,阖口不言。
ér ㄦˊ (5.1): 助词:相当于“之”。 Particle: of.
论语·宪问》:子曰:“君子耻其言过其行。”
The Master said, "The superior man is modest in his speech, but exceeds in his actions."
淮南子·人闲训》:虞之与虢,相恃势也。
ér ㄦˊ (5.2): 助词:表示语气,相当于“啊”或“吧”。 Expressive particle.
论语·子罕》:唐棣之华,偏其反
How the flowers of the aspen-plum flutter and turn!
春秋左传》:若敖氏之鬼,不其馁
néng ㄋㄥˊ (6.1): Same as “能(3)néng ㄋㄥˊ: 能夠,勝任。 Able to, competent.
墨子·尚同下》:以尚同一义为政故也。
Just because the administration is based on the principle of Identification with the Superior.
淮南子·原道训》:托小以包大,在中以制外,行柔刚,用弱强,转化推移,得一之道,而以少正多。
楚辞·昔往日》:不逢汤武与桓缪兮,世孰云知之。
néng ㄋㄥˊ (6.2): Same as “能(2.1)néng ㄋㄥˊ: 才能。 Ability, talent.
庄子·逍遥游》:故夫知效一官,行比一乡,德合一君徵一国者,其自视也亦若此矣。
Thus it is that men, whose wisdom is sufficient for the duties of some one office, or whose conduct will secure harmony in some one district, or whose virtue is befitting a ruler so that they could efficiently govern some one state, are sure to look on themselves in this manner (like the quail).

而后
ér hòu ㄦˊ ㄏㄡˋ : 以后,然后。 And then, only then.
论语·为政》:子曰:“先行其言,而后从之。”
The Master said, "He acts before he speaks, and afterwards speaks according to his actions."

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