Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates Follow us on sina.com's microblogging site to receive important updates Follow us on Douban to receive important updates
Chinese Text Project

U+8070

Seal script

Alternate form

Semantic variant

Simplified character

Radical:+ 11 strokes = 17 strokes total.
References:Kangxi: p.969#06 Cihai: p.1085r2c01 GSR: 1199.f Hanyu: v4,p2795#01
Composition:Left: , right: . Compositionally related: 聰 . Component of: 𧃿
Mandarin:cōng ㄘㄨㄥ
Cantonese:cung1
Tang reconstruction:tsung
Shuowen:耳部》聰:察也。从耳怱聲。
Kangxi:康熙字典·耳部·十一》聰:《唐韻》《正韻》倉紅切《集韻》麤叢切,𠀤音驄。《說文》察也。《廣韻》聞也,明也,通也,聽也。《·洪範》聰作謀。《史記·商君傳》反聽之謂聰,內視之謂明。《管子·宙合篇》耳司聽,聽必順聞,聞審謂之聰。《註》耳之所聞,旣順且審,故謂之聰。又《韻補》叶千剛切,音倉。《陳琳·柳賦》穆穆天子,亶聽聰兮。德音允塞,民所望兮。宜爾嘉樹,配甘棠兮。望平聲。
Unihan definition:intelligent, clever, bright

Example usage

論語·季氏》:孔子曰:「君子有九思:視思明,聽思,色思溫,貌思恭,言思忠,事思敬,疑思問,忿思難,見得思義。」
Confucius said, "The superior man has nine things which are subjects with him of thoughtful consideration. In regard to the use of his eyes, he is anxious to see clearly. In regard to the use of his ears, he is anxious to hear distinctly. In regard to his countenance, he is anxious that it should be benign. In regard to his demeanor, he is anxious that it should be respectful. In regard to his speech, he is anxious that it should be sincere. In regard to his doing of business, he is anxious that it should be reverently careful. In regard to what he doubts about, he is anxious to question others. When he is angry, he thinks of the difficulties (his anger may involve him in). When he sees gain to be got, he thinks of righteousness."
孟子·離婁上》:孟子曰:「離婁之明,公輸子之巧,不以規矩,不能成方員:師曠之,不以六律,不能正五音。」
Mencius said, 'The power of vision of Li Lou, and skill of hand of Gong Shu, without the compass and square, could not form squares and circles. The acute ear of the music-master Kuang, without the pitch-tubes, could not determine correctly the five notes.'
禮記·王制》:悉其明、致其忠愛以盡之。
He must exert his intelligence to the utmost, and give the fullest play to his generous and loving feeling, to arrive at his final judgment.
揚子法言·》:天降生民,倥侗顓蒙,恣乎情性,明不開,訓諸理,譔《學行》。
When Tian gives birth to the masses, they are naive and ignorant. They give free reign to their desires and original natures, and their intelligence is undeveloped. To teach them the proper principles, I have written "Learning and Practice."
莊子·大宗師》:顏回曰:「墮肢體,黜明,離形去知,同於大通,此謂坐忘。」
Yan Hui replied, 'My connexion with the body and its parts is dissolved; my perceptive organs are discarded. Thus leaving my material form, and bidding farewell to my knowledge, I am become one with the Great Pervader. This I call sitting and forgetting all things.'
孫子兵法·軍形》:聞雷霆,不為耳。
To hear the noise of thunder is no sign of a quick ear.
史記·五帝本紀》:生而神靈,弱而能言,幼而徇齊,長而敦敏,成而明。
Born a genius he could speak when a baby, as a boy he was quick and smart, as a youth simple and earnest, and when grown up intelligent.
荀子·》:以盲為明,以聾為,以危為安,以吉為凶。
說苑·君道》:故牧者所以辟四門,明四目,達四也,是以近者親之,遠者安之
春秋繁露·保位權》:故為君虛心靜處,聽其響,明視其影,以行賞罰之象。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:傳曰:者自聞,明者自見,明則仁愛著而廉恥分矣。
大戴禮記·五帝德》:生而神靈,弱而能言,幼而慧齊,長而敦敏,成而明。
白虎通德論·致仕》:臣七十懸車致仕者,臣以執事趨走為職,七十陽道極,耳目不明,跂踦之屬,是以退去,避賢者,所以長庶恥也。
新書·禮容語下》:》曰:「敬之敬之,天惟顯思,命不易哉,毋曰高高在上,陟降厥士,日監在茲,維予小子,不敬止,日就月將,學有緝熙于光明,佛時仔肩,視我顯德行。」
新序·雜事五》:故獨視不如與眾視之明也,獨聽不如與眾聽之
中論·脩本》:故明莫大乎自見,莫大乎自聞,睿莫大乎自慮。
孔子家語·三恕》:子曰:「明叡智,守之以愚。」
潛夫論·讚學》:夫此四子者,耳目明,忠信廉勇,未必無儔也,而及其成名立績,德音令問不已,而有所以然,夫何故哉?
論衡·書虛》:師曠之,不能聞百里之外。
太玄經·》:次四,爰爰明,左右橿橿。
風俗通義·葉令祠》:《周書》稱:「靈王太子晉,幼有盛德,明博達,師曠與言,弗能尚也。」
孔叢子·敘世》:然而世俗人達者寡,隨聲者眾,持論無主,俯仰為資,因貴勢而附從,託浮說以為定,不求之於本,不考之於理。
忠經·觀風章》:惟臣以天子之命,出於四方以觀風,聽不可以不,視不可以不明。
獨斷·卷下》:帝謚:違拂不成曰隱,靖民則法曰黃,翼善傳聖曰堯,仁聖盛明曰舜,殘人多壘曰桀,殘義損善曰紂,慈惠愛親曰孝,愛民好與曰惠,聖善同文曰宣,聲聞宣遠曰昭,克定禍亂曰武,明睿智曰獻,溫柔聖善曰懿,布德執義曰穆,仁義說民曰元,安仁立政曰神,布綱治紀曰平,亂而不損曰靈,保民耆艾曰明,辟土有德曰襄,貞心大度曰匡,大慮慈民曰定,知過能改曰恭,不生其國曰聲,一德不懈曰簡,夙興夜寐曰敬,清白自守曰貞,柔德好眾曰靖,安樂治民曰康,小心畏忌曰僖,中身早折曰悼,慈仁和民曰順,好勇致力曰莊,恭人短折曰哀,在國逢難曰愍,名實過爽曰繆,壅遏不通曰幽,暴虐無親曰厲,致志大圖曰景,辟土兼國曰桓,經緯天地曰文,執義揚善曰懷,短折不成曰殤,去禮遠眾曰煬,怠政外交曰攜,治典不敷曰祈。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:帝謚:違拂不成曰隱,靖民則法曰黃,翼善傳聖曰堯,仁聖盛明曰舜,殘人多壘曰桀,殘義損善曰紂,慈惠愛親曰孝,愛民好與曰惠,聖善同文曰宣,聲聞宣遠曰昭,克定禍亂曰武,明睿智曰獻,溫柔聖善曰懿,布德執義曰穆,仁義說民曰元,安仁立政曰神,布綱治紀曰平,亂而不損曰靈,保民耆艾曰明,辟土有德曰襄,貞心大度曰匡,大慮慈民曰定,知過能改曰恭,不生其國曰聲,一德不懈曰簡,夙興夜寐曰敬,清白自守曰貞,柔德好眾曰靖,安樂治民曰康,小心畏忌曰僖,中身早折曰悼,慈仁和民曰順,好勇致力曰莊,恭人短折曰哀,在國逢難曰愍,名實過爽曰繆,壅遏不通曰幽,暴虐無親曰厲,致志大圖曰景,辟土兼國曰桓,經緯天地曰文,執義揚善曰懷,短折不成曰殤,去禮遠眾曰煬,怠政外交曰攜,治典不敷曰祈。
墨子·經上》:聞,耳之也。
列子·黃帝》:又十有五年,憂天下之不治,竭明,進智力,營百姓,焦然肌色皯黣,昏然五情爽惑。
鶡冠子·度萬》:見日月者不為明,聞雷霆者不為,事至而議者不能使變無生。
文子·道原》:是故疾而不搖,遠而不勞,四支不動,明不損,而照明天下者,執道之要,觀無窮之地。
文始真經·五鑑》:耳聞交響者,愈傷。
老子河上公章句》:五氣輕微,為精、神、、明、音聲五性。
韓非子·有度》:獨制四海之內,智不得用其詐,險躁不得關其佞,姦邪無所依。
申不害·佚文》:獨視者謂明,獨聽者謂
慎子·逸文》:諺云:不不明,不能為王。
管子·明法解》:亂主則不然,聽無術數,斷事不以參伍,故無能之士上通,邪枉之臣專國,主明蔽而塞,忠臣之欲謀諫者不得進,如此者,侵主之道也。
六韜·大禮》:太公曰:「目貴明,耳貴,心貴智。」
尉繚子·原官》:下達上通,至之聽也。
三略·上略》:毀譽並興,壅塞主,各阿所私,令主失忠。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:所謂者,非謂聞彼也,自聞而已。
呂氏春秋·任數》:以其耳之也。
鬼谷子·權篇》:故智貴不妄、聽貴、智貴明、辭貴奇。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


Enjoy this site? Please help.Site design and content copyright 2006-2022. When quoting or citing information from this site, please link to the corresponding page or to https://ctext.org. Please note that the use of automatic download software on this site is strictly prohibited, and that users of such software are automatically banned without warning to save bandwidth. 沪ICP备09015720号-3Comments? Suggestions? Please raise them here.