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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+8086

Seal script

Alternate form
Semantic variant
Specialized semantic variant
𢑨
Semantic variant
𦘨
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 7 strokes = 13 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.354#29 Kangxi: p.971#15 Cihai: p.1087r6c01 GSR: 509.h Hanyu: v5,p3167#04
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of:
Mandarin: ㄙˋ ㄊㄧˋ
Cantonese:sei3 si3
Tang reconstruction:
Guangyun:广韵·去声··》肆:陈也,恣也,极也,放也。《说文》从隶极陈也,又姓何氏姓苑有渔阳太守肆敏。
Kangxi:康熙字典·聿部·》肆:〔古文〕𦘨𢑨《玉篇》《广韵》《集韵》《类篇》《韵会》息利切《正韵》悉渍切,𠀤音四。《说文》极陈也。《尔雅·释言》肆,力也。《疏》极力也。《左传·昭十二年》昔穆王欲肆其心,周行天下。《注》肆,极也。《周语》薮泽肆旣。《注》肆,极也。旣,尽也。又《玉篇》放也,恣也。《易·系辞》其事肆而隐。《疏》其辞放肆显露,而所论义理深而幽隐也。《左传·昭三十二年》伯父若肆大惠,复二文之业,弛周室之忧。《注》肆,展放也。《礼·表记》君子庄敬日强,安肆日偷。《注》肆,犹放恣也。又遂也。《·舜典》肆类于上帝。《传》肆,遂也。又次也。《诗·小雅·跂彼织女终日七襄笺》襄,驾也。驾谓更其肆也。《疏》谓止舍处也。天有十二次,日月所止舍也。舍卽肆也。在天爲次,在地爲辰,每辰爲肆,是历其肆舍有七也。又陈也,列也。《·牧誓》昬弃厥肆祀弗答。《传》昏,乱也。肆,陈也。《·大雅》肆筵设席。《注》肆者,陈设之意。又《古今注》肆,所以陈货鬻之物也。《周礼·地官·司市》掌以陈肆辨物而平市。《注》肆,谓陈物处。《前汉·𠛬法志》开市肆以通之。《注》师古曰:肆,列也。又《韵会》旣𠛬,陈尸曰肆。《礼·月令》仲春之月,命有司省囹圄,去桎梏,毋肆掠。《注》肆,谓死𠛬暴尸也。《周礼·秋官·掌囚》凡杀人者,踣诸市,肆之三日。又《尔雅·释诂》肆,故也。《疏》肆之爲故,语更端辞也。《又》肆,今也。《注》肆旣爲故,又爲今,此义相反而兼通者。《·大禹谟》肆予以尔衆士,奉辞代罪。《传》肆,故也。《·大雅》肆不殄厥愠,亦不陨厥问。《传》肆,故今也。又《博雅》伸也。《左传·僖三十年》旣东封郑,又欲肆其西封。《注》肆,申也。又《小尔雅》馀也。又缓也。《·舜典》眚灾肆赦。《传》肆,缓也,过而有害,当缓赦之。《左传·庄二十二年》肆大眚。《疏》肆,缓也。◎按公羊传注:肆,跌也,过度也。谷梁传注:肆,失也。三传异义。又《玉篇》量也。又大也。《·梓材》越厥疆土,于先王肆。《传》能远拓其界壤,则于先王之道遂大。又长也。《·大雅》其诗孔硕,其风肆好。《传》肆,长也。又弃也。《扬雄·长杨赋》故平不肆险。安不忘危也。《注》服虔曰:肆,弃也。又《小尔雅》突也。《·大雅》是伐是肆。《传》肆,疾也。《笺》肆犯突也。《疏》肆爲犯突,言犯师而冲突之。《左传·文十二年》若使轻者,肆焉其可。《注》肆,暂往而退也。又《周礼·春官·小胥》凡县锺磬,半爲堵,全爲肆。《注》编县之,二十六枚在一虡,谓之堵。锺一堵,磬一堵,谓之肆。《左传·襄十一年》歌锺二肆。《注》肆,列也。县锺十六爲一肆。二肆,三十六枚。又官名。《周礼·地官》肆长各掌其肆之政令。又姓。《何氏姓苑》有渔阳太守肆敏。又祭名。《史记·周本纪》肆祀不答。又《集韵》息七切,音悉。放也。又《韵会》羊至切。与肄同。《五音集韵》习也,嫩条也。《礼·玉藻》肆束及带,勤者有事则收之,走则拥之。《注》肆,读爲肄。肄,馀也。《释文》肆,音肄。又音陔。《礼·礼器》其出也,肆夏而送之,盖重礼也。《注》肆夏,当爲陔夏。《释文》肆,依注作陔,古来切。又《集韵》他历切,音逖。解也。《礼·郊特牲》腥肆爓腍祭。《注》治肉曰肆。《疏》肆,剔也。《释文》肆,敕历切。《周礼·地官·大司徒》祀五帝,奉牛牲,羞其肆。《注》郑司农云,肆,陈骨体也。士丧礼曰:肆解去蹄。《贾疏》羞,进也。肆,解也。谓于俎上进所解牲体于神座前。《释文》肆,他历切。
考证:〔《易·系辞》其事肆而应。〕谨照原文应改隐。〔《周礼·天官·司市》掌以陈肆辨物。〕谨照原书天官改地官。照原文辨物下增而平市三字。〔《周礼·地官·大司徒》祀五帝,奉牛牲,羞其肆。《释文》羞,进也。〕谨按羞进也,句出贾疏非释文,今据改爲贾疏。
Fanqie:息利 (《广韵·去声··》)
Unihan definition:indulge; excess; numeral four; particle meaning now, therefore; shop

Example usage

论语·宪问》:子服景伯以告,曰:“夫子固有惑志于公伯寮,吾力犹能诸市朝。”
Zi Fu Jing Bo informed Confucius of it, saying, "Our master is certainly being led astray by the Gong Bo Liao, but I have still power enough left to cut Liao off, and expose his corpse in the market and in the court."
孟子·尽心下》:不殄厥愠,亦不陨厥问。
And again, "Though he did not remove their wrath, He did not let fall his own fame."
扬子法言》:好书而不要诸仲尼,书也。
People who love books but do not seek instruction from Confucius are like a bookshop.
墨子·尚贤上》:故古者圣王之为政,列德而尚贤,虽在农与工之人,有能则举之,高予之爵,重予之禄,任之以事,断予之令,曰:“爵位不高则民弗敬,蓄禄不厚则民不信,政令不断则民不畏”,举三者授之贤者,非为贤赐也,欲其事之成。
Therefore in administering the government, the ancient sage-kings ranked the morally excellent high and exalted the virtuous. If capable, even a farmer or an artisan would be employed - commissioned with high rank, remunerated with liberal emoluments, trusted with important charges, and empowered to issue final orders. For, if his rank were not high, people would not respect him; if his emoluments were not liberal, people would not have confidence in him; if his orders were not final, people would not stand in awe before him. To place these three (honours) upon the virtuous is not so much to reward virtue, as to bring about the success of the enterprise (of government).
庄子·田子方》:彼已尽矣,而女求之以为有,是求马于唐也。
But that is passed away, and you look for it, as if it were still existing, just as if you were looking for a horse in the now empty place where it was formerly exhibited for sale.
道德经》:是以圣人方而不割,廉而不刿,直而不,光而不耀。
Therefore the sage is (like) a square which cuts no one (with its angles); (like) a corner which injures no one (with its sharpness). He is straightforward, but allows himself no license; he is bright, but does not dazzle.
史记·殷本纪》:帝太甲元年,伊尹作伊训,作命,作徂后。
In the first year of Emperor Taijia, Yiyin wrote the 'Instructions of Yi,' the 'Declaration of the Appointment of Heaven,' and the 'Deceased Sovereign.'
诗经·楚茨》:或剥或亨、或或将。
Some flay [the victims]; some boil [their flesh]; Some arrange [the meat]; some adjust [the pieces of it].
礼记·月令》:命有司省囹圄,去桎梏,毋掠,止狱讼。
荀子·哀公》:且丘闻之,好不守折,长者不为市。
说苑·辨物》:对曰:“其国数散,其君幼弱,其诸卿货其大夫,比党以求禄爵,其百官断而无告,其政令不竟而数化,其士巧贪而有怨,此其妖也。”
韩诗外传·卷一》:中知人,能使人之。
大戴礼记·夏小正》:狸子肇
白虎通德论·诛伐》:尚书》曰:“朕诞以尔东征。
新书·兵车之容》:行以采荠,趋以夏,步中规,折中矩。
新序·义勇》:屈庐曰:“诗有之,曰:‘莫莫葛藟,于条枝,恺悌君子,求福不回。’”
中论·考伪》:此二物者、所以惩而去贪也。
孔子家语·好生》:且臣闻之,好不守折,而长者不为市,窃夫其有益与无益,君子所以知。
潜夫论·本政》:高祖所以共取天下者,缯、狗屠也。
论衡·讥日》:海内屠,六畜死者日数千头,不择吉凶,早死者、未必屠工也。
太玄经·》:次三,䎡其䣛,守其节,虽勿,终无拂。
风俗通义·五伯》:庄王僭号,自下摩上,观兵京师,问鼎轻重,恃强忿,几亡宋国,易子析骸,厥祸亦巨。
孔丛子·广诂》:、赴、捷,疾也。
申鉴·政体》:制败则欲,虽四表不能充其求矣。
蔡中郎集·笔赋》:纪三王之功伐兮,表八百之觐。
列子·周穆王》:不恤国事,不乐臣妾,意远游。
文子·守易》:不纵身意而制度,可以为天下仪,量腹而食,制形而衣,容身而居,适情而行,馀天下而不有,委万物而不利,岂为贫富贵贱失其性命哉!
文始真经·六匕》:一鰕至微,亦能放乎大海。
列仙传·酒客》:酒客萧綷,寄沽梁
老子河上公章句》:直而不,申也。
韩非子·说难》:略事陈意则曰怯懦而不尽,虑事广则曰草野而倨侮。
慎子·逸文》:故智者不得越法而谋,辩者不得越法而议,士不得背法而有名,臣不得背法而有功。
管子·揆度》:管子曰:“善正商任者,省有。”
司马法·定爵》:不服,不信,不和,怠,疑,厌,慑,枝柱,诎,烦,,崩,缓,是谓战患。
尉缭子·武议》:兵之所加者,农不离其田业,贾不离其宅,士大夫不离其官府,由其武议在于一人,故兵不血刃,而天下亲焉。
淮南子·齐俗训》:古者非不知繁升降盘还之礼也,蹀采齐、夏之容也,以为旷日烦民而无所用,故制礼足以佐实喻意而已矣。
吕氏春秋·慎大》:汤立为天子,夏民大说,如得慈亲,朝不易位,农不去畴,商不变,亲郼如夏。
春秋左传》:二十二年,春,王正月,大眚。
逸周书·武纪解》:静以待众,力不与争,权弗果据,德不国,若是而可毁也。
国语·越语下》:与大夫觞饮,无忘国常。
晏子春秋》:今君临民若寇雠,见善若避热,乱政而危贤,必逆于众,欲于民,而诛虐于下,恐及于身。

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