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Chinese Text Project

U+81EA

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant
𦣹
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 0 strokes = 6 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.355#48 Kangxi: p.1000#07 Cihai: p.1108r3c01 GSR: 1237.m Hanyu: v5,p3046#01
Composition:Component of: 𦣺 𦣻 𭃙 𬣰 𧠆 𭎗 𦣾 𡇝 𭓫 𦣿 𭠪 𦤀 𡜍 𢍂 [More]
Mandarin: ㄗˋ
Cantonese:zi6
Tang reconstruction:*dzhì
Shuowen:自部》自:鼻也。象鼻形。凡自之屬皆从自。
Guangyun:廣韻·去聲··》自:從也,用也,由也,率也。疾二切,二。
Kangxi:康熙字典·自部·自部》自:〔古文〕𦣹《唐韻》《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤疾二切,音字。《玉篇》由也。《集韻》從也。《易·需卦》自我致寇,敬愼不敗也。《疏》自,由也。《·湯誥》王歸自克夏,至于亳。《·召南》退食自公,委蛇委蛇。《傳》自,從也。又《玉篇》率也。又《廣韻》用也。《書·臯陶謨》天秩有禮,自我五禮,有庸哉。《傳》自,用也。《·周頌》自彼成康,奄有四方,斤斤其明。《傳》自彼成康,用彼成安之道也。《古義》自彼者,近數昔日之辭。又自然,無勉强也。《世說新語》絲不如竹,竹不如肉,漸近自然。又《集韻》己也。《正韻》躬親也。《易·乾卦》天行健,君子以自彊不息。又《五音集韻》古文鼻字。註詳部首。◎按說文作鼻本字。
Fanqie:疾二 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:self, private, personal; from

CTP Dictionary


ㄗˋ (1): 自己,自身。 Oneself.
墨子·小取》:此與彼同
2,世有彼而不非也,墨者有此而罪非之,無也故焉,所謂內膠外閉與心毋空乎?
This and that are the same, the world has that and do not oppose themselves. We Mohists have these and yet they blame and oppose us. There can be no other reason than that they are stopped up within and closed without; their heart-minds are all filled in!
論語·顏淵》:子曰:「忠告而善道之,不可則止,無辱焉。」
The Master said, "Faithfully admonish your friend, and skillfully lead him on. If you find him impracticable, stop. Do not disgrace yourself."
孟子·滕文公上》:曰:「許子奚為不織?」
Why does Xu not weave it himself?
莊子·應帝王》:老聃曰:「明王之治,功蓋天下而似不自己,化貸萬物而民弗恃,有莫舉名,使物喜,立乎不測,而遊於無有者也。」
Lao Dan replied, 'In the governing of the intelligent kings, their services overspread all under the sky, but they did not seem to consider it as proceeding from themselves; their transforming influence reached to all things, but the people did not refer it to them with hope. No one could tell the name of their agency, but they made men and things be joyful in themselves. Where they took their stand could not be fathomed, and they found their enjoyment in (the realm of) nonentity.'
禮記·大學》:所謂誠其意者,毋欺也,如惡惡臭,如好好色,此之謂自謙,故君子必慎其獨也!
What is meant by "making the thoughts sincere." is the allowing no self-deception, as when we hate a bad smell, and as when we love what is beautiful. This is called self-enjoyment. Therefore, the superior man must be watchful over himself when he is alone.
韓非子》:鄭人有且置履者,先度其足而置之其坐,至之市而忘操之,已得履,乃曰:「吾忘持度。」
ㄗˋ (2): 始。 Begin, beginning.
韓非子·心度》:刑者,愛之也。
ㄗˋ (3): 從。 From.
論語·學而》:有朋遠方來,不亦樂乎?
Is it not delightful to have friends coming from distant quarters?
孟子·公孫丑上》:有生民以來,未有孔子也。
Since there were living men until now, there never was another Confucius.
莊子·山木》:莊周遊乎雕陵之樊,睹一異鵲南方來者,翼廣七尺,目大運寸,感周之顙而集於栗林
As Zhuang Zhou was rambling in the park of Diao-ling he saw a strange bird which came from the south. Its wings were seven cubits in width, and its eyes were large, an inch in circuit. It touched the forehead of Zhou as it passed him, and lighted in a grove of chestnut trees.
史記·殷本紀》:北門,遇女鳩、女房,作女鳩女房。
And as he entered by the north gate met Rujiu and Rufang, and the 'Rujiu' and 'Rufang' were written.
禮記·檀弓上》:士之有誄,此始也。
The practice of giving such names to (ordinary) officers began from this.
詩經·日月》:日居月諸、出東方
O sun; O moon, Which come forth from the east!
ㄗˋ (4): 原來,本來。 Originally.
韓非子·顯學》:夫必恃直之箭,百世無矢。
ㄗˋ (5): 自然。 Natural, naturally.
商君書·錯法》:臣聞古之明君,錯法而民無邪,舉事而材練,行賞而兵強,此三者治之本也。
I have heard that when the intelligent princes of antiquity established laws, the people were not wicked; when they undertook an enterprise, the required ability was practised spontaneously; when they distributed rewards, the army was strong. These three principles were the root of government.
ㄗˋ (6): 假如,若。 Supposing, if.
春秋左傳》:非聖人,外寧必有內憂。
ㄗˋ (7): 即使,雖。 Even, even if.
史記·平準書》:漢興,接秦之獘,丈夫從軍旅,老弱轉糧馕,作業劇而財匱,天子不能具鈞駟,而將相或乘牛車,齊民無藏蓋。

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