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Chinese Text Project

U+8349

Seal script

Semantic variant

Semantic variant

Semantic variant

Radical:+ 6 strokes = 12 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.302#31 Kangxi: p.1030#17 Cihai: p.1136r6c01 GSR: 1049.b Hanyu: v5,p3203#04
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of: 𠌓 𠹊 𣺞 𦳕 𨕡 𢾳 𦷖 𤌸 𦞻 𭆍 𮪤 𦸶 𦳕 𦹯 𦹵 𦹸 𭡶 𮏱 [More]
Mandarin:cǎo zào ㄘㄠˇ ㄗㄠˋ
Cantonese:cou2
Tang reconstruction:*tsɑ̌u
Shuowen:艸部》草:草斗,櫟實也。一曰象斗子。从艸早聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》草:《說文》作艸百卉也,經典相承作草。采老切,七。
Kangxi:康熙字典·艸部·》草:〔古文〕屮《唐韻》采老切《集韻》在早切《韻會》《正韻》采早切,𠀤音懆。《說文》作艸,百卉也。經典相承作草。《·禹貢》厥草惟繇。《·小雅》在彼豐草。《禮·祭統》草艾則墨,未發秋政,則民弗敢草也。《註》草艾,謂艾取草也。《論衡》地性生草,山性生木。《大戴禮·易本命》食草者善走而愚。又《史記·陳丞相世家》惡草具進。《註》草,粗也。又《篇海》苟𥳑曰草草。《春秋·隱四年》公及宋公遇于淸。《註》遇者草次之期,二國各𥳑其禮也。《疏》草次,猶造次也。又《·小雅》勞人草草。《傳》草草,勞心也。又《易·屯卦》天造草昧。《疏》言天造萬物于草創之始。又《前漢·淮南王傳》常召司馬相如等視草廼遣。《註》謂爲文之草藳。《百官志註》一曹有六人,主作文書起草。《後漢·𨻰寵傳》蕭何草律。又《魏志·衞覬傳》覬好古文,隷、草無所不善。又姓。《正字通》草中。又《韻補》脞五切,徂上聲。《徐幹·齊都賦》焚梗林,燎圃草。又此苟切,凑上聲。《邊讓·章華賦》攜西子之弱腕兮,援毛嬙之素肘。形便纖以嬋娟兮,若流風之靡草。又《說文》自保切,音皁。草斗,櫟實也,一曰橡斗子。《徐鉉曰》今俗以此爲艸木之艸,別作皁字,爲黑色之皁。案櫟實可染白爲黑,故曰草,通用。今俗書或从白从十,或从白从七,皆無意義。
考證:〔《說文》自保切,音皁。斗櫟實也,橡斗子。〕謹照原文皁下增草字。橡斗上增一曰二字。〔《徐鉉曰》實可染白爲黑。〕謹照原文白改帛。
Fanqie:采老 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
Unihan definition:grass, straw, thatch, herbs

Example usage

論語·顏淵》:君子之德風,小人之德
The relation between superiors and inferiors is like that between the wind and the grass.
孟子·萬章下》:孟子曰:「在國曰市井之臣,在野曰莽之臣,皆謂庶人。」
Mencius replied, 'A scholar residing in the city is called "a minister of the market-place and well," and one residing in the country is called "a minister of the grass and plants." In both cases he is a common man.'
禮記·曲禮下》:天子之六府:曰司土、司木、司水、司、司器、司貨,典司六職。
The six treasuries of the son of Heaven are under the charge of the superintendent of the land; the superintendent of the woods; the superintendent of the waters; the superintendent of the grass; the superintendent of articles of employment; and the superintendent of wares. These preside over the six departments of their charges.
揚子法言》:曰:「羊質而虎皮,見而說,見豺而戰,忘其皮之虎矣。」
Yangzi said: One who has a sheep's zhi and a tiger's skin sees grass and is happy, sees a jackal and shivers. He forgets he is wearing a tiger's skin.
墨子·節葬下》:若法若言,行若道使王公大人行此,則必不能蚤朝,五官六府,辟木,實倉廩。
Adopting such a doctrine and practising such a principle rulers cannot come to court early (and retire late); the officials cannot attend to the five offices and six posts and encourage farming and forestry and fill the granaries.
莊子·馬蹄》:馬,蹄可以踐霜雪,毛可以禦風寒,齕飲水,翹足而陸。
Horses can with their hoofs tread on the hoarfrost and snow, and with their hair withstand the wind and cold; they feed on the grass and drink water; they prance with their legs and leap:
道德經》:萬物木之生也柔脆,其死也枯槁。
(So it is with) all things. Trees and plants, in their early growth, are soft and brittle; at their death, dry and withered.
商君書·更法》:於是遂出墾令。
Thereupon, in consequence, he issued the order to bring waste lands under cultivation.
史記·五帝本紀》:時播百穀木,淳化鳥獸蟲蛾,旁羅日月星辰水波土石金玉,勞勤心力耳目,節用水火材物。
The planting of the crops, plants, and trees in their seasons, and the transformations of birds, beasts, insects, and moths. He also prepared a record of the movements of the sun, moon, and stars; the flow of the tides; and the properties of clay, stones, metals, and gems. He devoted much careful attention to these things, and his observation was applied to ascertaining how fire, water, wood, and other elements could be used economically.
荀子·彊國》:堂上不糞,則郊不瞻曠芸。
說苑·君道》:夫上之化下,猶風靡,東風則靡而西,西風則靡而東,在風所由而為之靡,是故人君之動不可不慎也。
春秋繁露·王道》:故天為之下甘露,朱生,醴泉出,風寸時,嘉禾興,鳳凰麒麟游於郊。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:木根荄淺,未必撅也。
大戴禮記·禮察》:湯武置天下於仁義禮樂而德澤洽,禽獸木廣育,被蠻貊四夷,累子孫十餘世,歷年久五六百歲,此天下之所共聞也。
白虎通德論·封禪》:德至木朱生,木連理。
新書·耳痺》:越王之窮,至乎吃山,飲腑水,易子而食。
新序·善謀》:夫韓、魏父子兄弟,接踵而死於秦者,將十世矣,本國殘,社稷壞,宗廟隳,刳腹絕腸,折顙摺頸,身首分離,暴骨澤,頭顱僵仆,相望于境,係臣束子為群虜者,相及於路,鬼神潢洋無所食,民不聊生,族類離散,流亡為僕妾者,盈海內矣,故韓、魏之不亡,秦社稷之憂也。
中論·法象》:子圉以《大明》昭亂,薳罷以《既醉》保祿,良霄以《鶉奔》喪家,子展以《蟲》昌族。
孔子家語·問禮》:未有火化,食木之實、鳥獸之肉,飲其血,茹其毛。
潛夫論·忠貴》:五代之臣,以道事君,以仁撫世,澤及木,兼利外內,普天率土,莫不被德,其所安全,直天工也。
論衡·命義》:春秋之時,敗績之軍,死者蔽,尸且萬數。
太玄經·太玄數》:三八為木,為東方,為春,日甲乙,辰寅卯,聲角,色青,味酸,臭羶,形詘信,生火,勝土,時生,藏脾,侟志,性仁,情喜,事貌,用恭,撝肅,徵旱,帝太昊,神勾芒,星從其位,類為鱗,為雷,為鼓,為恢聲,為新,為躁,為戶,為牖,為嗣,為承,為葉,為緒,為赦,為解,為多子,為出,為予,為竹,為,為果,為實,為魚,為䟽器,為規,為田,為木工,為矛,為青怪,為鼽,為狂。
風俗通義》:風者、天氣有寒煖,地形有險易,水泉有美惡,木有剛柔也。
孔叢子·廣言》:莾、蕪,也。
申鑒·雜言下》:是言情者,應感而動者也,昆蟲木,皆有性焉,不盡善也
新語·道基》:至於神農,以為行蟲走獸,難以養民,乃求可食之物,嘗百之實,察酸苦之味,教民食五穀。
蔡中郎集·釋誨》:踊躍萊,祗見其愚。
列子·周穆王》:其民食根水實,不知火食。
鶡冠子·度萬》:唯聖人能正其音調其聲,故其德上反太清,下及泰寧,中及萬靈,膏露降,白丹發,醴泉出,朱生,眾祥具,故萬口云,帝制神化,景星光潤。
文子·道原》:和陰陽,節四時,調五行,潤乎木,浸乎金石,禽獸碩大,毫毛潤澤,鳥卵不敗,獸胎不殰,父無喪子之憂,兄無哭弟之哀,童子不孤,婦人不孀,虹蜺不見,盜賊不行,含德之所致也。
文始真經·八籌》:木俄茁茁,俄停停,俄蕭蕭。
列仙傳·馬師皇》:乃其下口中,以甘湯飲之而愈
老子河上公章句》:天地生萬物,人最為貴,天地視之如芻狗畜,不貴望其報也。
韓非子·說難》:略事陳意則曰怯懦而不盡,慮事廣肆則曰野而倨侮。
慎子·威德》:地雖不憂人之貧,伐木刈必取己富焉,則地無事也。
管子·輕重己》:宜芸而不芸,百皆存,民以僅存,不芸之害也。
孫子兵法·行軍》:絕斥澤,惟亟去勿留,若交軍于斥澤之中,必依水,而背眾樹,此處斥澤之軍也。
吳子·治兵》:起對曰:「夫馬必安其處所,適其水,節其飢飽。」
六韜·發啟》:吾觀其野,管勝穀。
尉繚子·治本》:馬牛之性食飲水,而給菽粟。
孫子算經·卷中》:但聞中分絹,人得六匹,盈六匹。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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