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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+8349

Seal script

Semantic variant

Semantic variant

Semantic variant

Radical:+ 6 strokes = 12 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.302#31 Kangxi: p.1030#17 Cihai: p.1136r6c01 GSR: 1049.b Hanyu: v5,p3203#04
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of: 𠌓 𨕡 𠹊 𣺞 𦳕 𦷖 𤌸 𦞻 𭆍 𢾳 𮪤 𦸶 𦳕 𦹯 𦹵 𦹸 𭡶 𮏱 [More]
Mandarin:cǎo zào ㄘㄠˇ ㄗㄠˋ
Cantonese:cou2
Tang reconstruction:*tsɑ̌u
Shuowen:草部》草:草斗,栎实也。一曰象斗子。从草早声。
Guangyun:广韵·上声··》草:《说文》作草百卉也,经典相承作草。采老切,七。
Kangxi:康熙字典·草部·》草:〔古文〕屮《唐韵》采老切《集韵》在早切《韵会》《正韵》采早切,𠀤音懆。《说文》作草,百卉也。经典相承作草。《·禹贡》厥草惟繇。《·小雅》在彼丰草。《礼·祭统》草艾则墨,未发秋政,则民弗敢草也。《注》草艾,谓艾取草也。《论衡》地性生草,山性生木。《大戴礼·易本命》食草者善走而愚。又《史记·陈丞相世家》恶草具进。《注》草,粗也。又《篇海》苟𥳑曰草草。《春秋·隐四年》公及宋公遇于淸。《注》遇者草次之期,二国各𥳑其礼也。《疏》草次,犹造次也。又《·小雅》劳人草草。《传》草草,劳心也。又《易·屯卦》天造草昧。《疏》言天造万物于草创之始。又《前汉·淮南王传》常召司马相如等视草廼遣。《注》谓爲文之草藳。《百官志注》一曹有六人,主作文书起草。《后汉·𨻰宠传》萧何草律。又《魏志·衞觊传》觊好古文,隷、草无所不善。又姓。《正字通》草中。又《韵补》脞五切,徂上声。《徐干·齐都赋》焚梗林,燎圃草。又此苟切,凑上声。《边让·章华赋》携西子之弱腕兮,援毛嫱之素肘。形便纤以婵娟兮,若流风之靡草。又《说文》自保切,音皂。草斗,栎实也,一曰橡斗子。《徐铉曰》今俗以此爲草木之草,别作皂字,爲黑色之皂。案栎实可染白爲黑,故曰草,通用。今俗书或从白从十,或从白从七,皆无意义。
考证:〔《说文》自保切,音皂。斗栎实也,橡斗子。〕谨照原文皂下增草字。橡斗上增一曰二字。〔《徐铉曰》实可染白爲黑。〕谨照原文白改帛。
Fanqie:采老 (《广韵·上声··》)
Unihan definition:grass, straw, thatch, herbs

Example usage

论语·颜渊》:君子之德风,小人之德
The relation between superiors and inferiors is like that between the wind and the grass.
孟子·万章下》:孟子曰:“在国曰市井之臣,在野曰莽之臣,皆谓庶人。”
Mencius replied, 'A scholar residing in the city is called "a minister of the market-place and well," and one residing in the country is called "a minister of the grass and plants." In both cases he is a common man.'
礼记·曲礼下》:天子之六府:曰司土、司木、司水、司、司器、司货,典司六职。
The six treasuries of the son of Heaven are under the charge of the superintendent of the land; the superintendent of the woods; the superintendent of the waters; the superintendent of the grass; the superintendent of articles of employment; and the superintendent of wares. These preside over the six departments of their charges.
扬子法言》:曰:“羊质而虎皮,见而说,见豺而战,忘其皮之虎矣。”
Yangzi said: One who has a sheep's zhi and a tiger's skin sees grass and is happy, sees a jackal and shivers. He forgets he is wearing a tiger's skin.
墨子·节葬下》:若法若言,行若道使王公大人行此,则必不能蚤朝,五官六府,辟木,实仓廪。
Adopting such a doctrine and practising such a principle rulers cannot come to court early (and retire late); the officials cannot attend to the five offices and six posts and encourage farming and forestry and fill the granaries.
庄子·马蹄》:马,蹄可以践霜雪,毛可以御风寒,齕饮水,翘足而陆。
Horses can with their hoofs tread on the hoarfrost and snow, and with their hair withstand the wind and cold; they feed on the grass and drink water; they prance with their legs and leap:
道德经》:万物木之生也柔脆,其死也枯槁。
(So it is with) all things. Trees and plants, in their early growth, are soft and brittle; at their death, dry and withered.
商君书·更法》:于是遂出垦令。
Thereupon, in consequence, he issued the order to bring waste lands under cultivation.
史记·五帝本纪》:时播百谷木,淳化鸟兽虫蛾,旁罗日月星辰水波土石金玉,劳勤心力耳目,节用水火材物。
The planting of the crops, plants, and trees in their seasons, and the transformations of birds, beasts, insects, and moths. He also prepared a record of the movements of the sun, moon, and stars; the flow of the tides; and the properties of clay, stones, metals, and gems. He devoted much careful attention to these things, and his observation was applied to ascertaining how fire, water, wood, and other elements could be used economically.
荀子·强国》:堂上不粪,则郊不瞻旷芸。
说苑·君道》:夫上之化下,犹风靡,东风则靡而西,西风则靡而东,在风所由而为之靡,是故人君之动不可不慎也。
春秋繁露·王道》:故天为之下甘露,朱生,醴泉出,风寸时,嘉禾兴,凤凰麒麟游于郊。
韩诗外传·卷二》:木根荄浅,未必撅也。
大戴礼记·礼察》:汤武置天下于仁义礼乐而德泽洽,禽兽木广育,被蛮貊四夷,累子孙十馀世,历年久五六百岁,此天下之所共闻也。
白虎通德论·封禅》:德至木朱生,木连理。
新书·耳痹》:越王之穷,至乎吃山,饮腑水,易子而食。
新序·善谋》:夫韩、魏父子兄弟,接踵而死于秦者,将十世矣,本国残,社稷坏,宗庙隳,刳腹绝肠,折颡摺颈,身首分离,暴骨泽,头颅僵仆,相望于境,系臣束子为群虏者,相及于路,鬼神潢洋无所食,民不聊生,族类离散,流亡为仆妾者,盈海内矣,故韩、魏之不亡,秦社稷之忧也。
中论·法象》:子圉以《大明》昭乱,薳罢以《既醉》保禄,良霄以《鹑奔》丧家,子展以《虫》昌族。
孔子家语·问礼》:未有火化,食木之实、鸟兽之肉,饮其血,茹其毛。
潜夫论·忠贵》:五代之臣,以道事君,以仁抚世,泽及木,兼利外内,普天率土,莫不被德,其所安全,直天工也。
论衡·命义》:春秋之时,败绩之军,死者蔽,尸且万数。
太玄经·太玄数》:三八为木,为东方,为春,日甲乙,辰寅卯,声角,色青,味酸,臭膻,形诎信,生火,胜土,时生,藏脾,侟志,性仁,情喜,事貌,用恭,撝肃,徵旱,帝太昊,神勾芒,星从其位,类为鳞,为雷,为鼓,为恢声,为新,为躁,为户,为牖,为嗣,为承,为叶,为绪,为赦,为解,为多子,为出,为予,为竹,为,为果,为实,为鱼,为䟽器,为规,为田,为木工,为矛,为青怪,为鼽,为狂。
风俗通义》:风者、天气有寒暖,地形有险易,水泉有美恶,木有刚柔也。
孔丛子·广言》:莾、芜,也。
申鉴·杂言下》:是言情者,应感而动者也,昆虫木,皆有性焉,不尽善也
新语·道基》:至于神农,以为行虫走兽,难以养民,乃求可食之物,尝百之实,察酸苦之味,教民食五谷。
蔡中郎集·释诲》:踊跃莱,祗见其愚。
列子·周穆王》:其民食根水实,不知火食。
鶡冠子·度万》:唯圣人能正其音调其声,故其德上反太清,下及泰宁,中及万灵,膏露降,白丹发,醴泉出,朱生,众祥具,故万口云,帝制神化,景星光润。
文子·道原》:和阴阳,节四时,调五行,润乎木,浸乎金石,禽兽硕大,毫毛润泽,鸟卵不败,兽胎不殰,父无丧子之忧,兄无哭弟之哀,童子不孤,妇人不孀,虹霓不见,盗贼不行,含德之所致也。
文始真经·八筹》:木俄茁茁,俄停停,俄萧萧。
列仙传·马师皇》:乃其下口中,以甘汤饮之而愈
老子河上公章句》:天地生万物,人最为贵,天地视之如刍狗畜,不贵望其报也。
韩非子·说难》:略事陈意则曰怯懦而不尽,虑事广肆则曰野而倨侮。
慎子·威德》:地虽不忧人之贫,伐木刈必取己富焉,则地无事也。
管子·轻重己》:宜芸而不芸,百皆存,民以仅存,不芸之害也。
孙子兵法·行军》:绝斥泽,惟亟去勿留,若交军于斥泽之中,必依水,而背众树,此处斥泽之军也。
吴子·治兵》:起对曰:“夫马必安其处所,适其水,节其饥饱。”
六韬·发启》:吾观其野,管胜谷。
尉缭子·治本》:马牛之性食饮水,而给菽粟。
孙子算经·卷中》:但闻中分绢,人得六匹,盈六匹。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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