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Chinese Text Project

U+83C1

Seal script

Radical:+ 8 strokes = 14 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.190#18 Kangxi: p.1036#45 Cihai: p.1142r4c01 GSR: 812.f' Hanyu: v5,p3227#06
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of: 𠎐 𣃄 𫻄 𫋛 𮯖
Mandarin:jīng ㄐㄧㄥ
Cantonese:cing1 zing1
Tang reconstruction:tziɛng
Shuowen:艸部》菁:韭華也。从艸青聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》菁:蕪菁菜也。
Kangxi:康熙字典·艸部·》菁:《唐韻》子盈切《集韻》《類篇》咨盈切,𠀤音精。《說文》韭華也。《張衡·南都賦》秋韭冬菁。《註》廣雅曰:韭,其華謂之菁。又菁茅。《·禹貢》包匭菁茅。《管子·輕重丁》江、淮之閒,有一茅而三脊,母至其本,名之曰菁茅。又蔓菁。《周禮·天官》醢人菁菹。《註》菁,蔓菁也。又蕪菁,《後漢·桓帝紀》種蕪菁以助人食。又菁,華英也。《張衡·西京賦》麗服颺菁。又《集韻》倉經切,音靑。菁菁,花盛貌。《·唐風》有杕之杜,其葉菁菁。又地名。《謝靈運·山居賦》三菁五奧。《自註》三菁,在太平之北。
考證:〔《管子·菁茅謀》〕謹照原書篇名改管子輕重丁。〔《·唐風》有杕之左,其葉菁菁。〕謹照原文左改杜。
Fanqie:子盈 (《廣韻·下平聲··》)
Unihan definition:flower of leek family; turnip

Example usage

史記·夏本紀》:貢羽、旄、齒、革,金三品,杶、榦、栝、柏,礪、砥、砮、丹,維箘簬、楛,三國致貢其名,包匭茅,其篚玄纁璣組,九江入賜大龜。
Its tribute consisted of feathers, hair, ivory, hides, gold, silver, copper, woods of the wild varnish, cudrania, triloba, juniper, and cypress trees, with grindstones, whetstones, stone arrowheads, and cinnabar, likewise the Jun and Lu bamboos, and the wood of the redthorn, of which the three states brought the most noted specimens. The three ribbed rush was put in cases which were wrapped up, while the baskets were filled with dark and purple silks and strings of coarse pearls. From the country of the nine rivers the great tortoise was presented.
詩經·杕杜》:有杕之杜、其葉
There is a solitary russet pear tree, [But] its leaves are abundant.
尚書·禹貢》:包匭茅,厥篚玄纁璣組,九江納錫大龜。
The three-ribbed-rush was sent in bundles, put into cases. The baskets were filled with silken fabrics, azure and deep purple, and with strings of pearls that were not quite round. From the (country of the) nine Jiang, the great tortoise was presented when specially required (and found).
新序·雜事四》:為陽穀之會,貫澤之盟,遠國皆來,南伐強楚,以致茅之貫。
中論·藝紀》:大胥掌學士之版,春入學舍,采合萬舞,秋班學合聲,諷誦講習,不解於時,故《》曰:「者莪,在彼中阿。」
列仙傳·陸通》:好養生,食橐廬木實及蕪子。
韓非子》:桓公不聽,仲父曰:「必不得已,楚之茅不貢於天子三年矣,君不如舉兵為天子伐楚,楚服,因還襲蔡曰:余為天子伐楚而蔡不以兵聽從,因遂滅之。」
呂氏春秋·本味》:具區之
春秋左傳》:冬,晉以江故告于周,王叔桓公,晉陽處父,伐楚,以救江,門于方城,遇息公子朱而還,晉人懼其無禮於公也,請改盟,公如晉,及晉侯盟,晉侯饗公,賦者莪,莊叔以公降拜,曰,小國受命於大國,敢不慎儀,君貺之以大禮,何樂如之,抑小國之樂,大國之惠也,晉侯降辭,登成拜,公賦嘉樂。
戰國策》:以問夏侯公,夏侯公曰:「孟嘗君重非諸侯也,而奉我四馬百人之食。」
列女傳·齊宿瘤女》:》云:「者莪,在彼中阿,既見君子,樂且有儀。
春秋穀梁傳》:茅之貢不至,故周室不祭。
漢書·王莽傳下》:予親設文石之平,陳茅四色之土,欽告于岱宗泰社后土、先祖先妣,以班授之。
東觀漢記》:詔司隸:「蝗水為災,五穀不登,令所傷郡國皆種蕪,以助民食。」
後漢書》:昔姬周政弱,王道陵遲,天子遷徙,諸侯背畔,故齊桓立柯會之盟,晉文為踐土之會,伐荊楚以致茅,誅曹、衛以章無禮。
周禮·天官冢宰》:朝事之豆,其實韭菹、蚳醢,昌本、麋臡,菹、鹿臡,茆菹、麇臡。
儀禮·公食大夫禮》:昌本南麋臡以西菹、鹿臡。
詩說·小雅》:《鹿鳴》:天子燕賓師之歌,蓋《鹿鳴》:《伐木》:《莪》:《隰桑》皆燕賢者而詞有重輕,敬有隆殺,所謂尊賢之等也,三章皆以《鹿鳴》起興而賦之。
說文解字·艸部》:似蕪,實如小尗者。
方言·第三》:蘴、蕘,蕪也。
急就篇》:蘘荷冬日藏。
金匱要略》:根多食,令人氣脹。
抱朴子·雜應》:或以苦酒煮蕪子令熟,曝乾,末服方寸匕,日三,盡一斗,能夜視有所見矣。
金樓子·立言上》:華領袖,備在其中。
水經注·睢水》:睢水又東南流,歷于竹圃,水次緑竹蔭渚,實望,世人言梁王竹園也。
三國志·公孫瓚傳》:昔姬周政弱,王道陵遲,天子遷都,諸侯背叛,於是齊桓立柯亭之盟,晉文為踐土之會,伐荊楚以致茅,誅曹、衞以彰無禮。
高士傳·陸通》:於是夫負釜甑,妻戴紝器,變名易姓,游諸名山,食桂櫨實,服黃子,隱蜀峨眉山,壽數百年
群書治要·小雅》:者莪廢,則無禮儀矣。
藝文類聚·荊州》:《尚書禹貢》曰:荊及衡陽惟荊州,厥貢羽毛齒革,惟金三品,杶幹栝柏,礪砥砮丹,惟箘簬楛,苞匭茅,厥篚玄纁璣組,九江納錫大龜。
通典·祫禘上》:葅、鹿臡,茆葅、穈臡。
論語注疏·憲問》:茅,茅也。
西遊記》:蘿蔔羊頭埋,紅莧青菘紫芥。
封神演義》:玉手蔥,懶傍粧臺騎劣馬。
廣韻·》:蘴:蕪苗也。
孝經注疏》:明皇遂於先儒注中,採摭英,芟去煩亂,撮其義理允當者,用為注解。
太平御覽·》:又曰:南方地暑熱,交趾麥不成秀,蒜不生,蕪無根。
太平廣記》:欲下山,以杯取水,見蕪葉流下,甚鮮妍。
朱子語類·論文上》:到他上宰相書,用「者莪」,詩注一齊都寫在裏面。
郁離子·采藥》:岣嶁之山有木焉,碧幹而瓊枝,綠葉,上拂穹青,下臨層崖,霜雪灑之而不凝,赤日過之而不炎,其馨菲菲,其味如飴,鬼魅畏之,避不敢窺,其名日桂。
紅樓夢》:你看獨有那幾竿翠竹蔥,這不是瀟湘館麼?
全唐詩》:一千篇裏選,三百首英。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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