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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+83D1

Seal script

Semantic variant

Semantic variant

Semantic variant

Semantic variant
𠙹
Semantic variant
𠙾
Semantic variant
𠚀
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 8 strokes = 14 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.62#11 Kangxi: p.1037#24 Cihai: p.1149r2c01 GSR: 969.d Hanyu: v5,p3242#18
Composition:Top: , bottom: .
Mandarin: zāi ㄗㄞ ㄗˋ
Cantonese:zi1 zoi1
Tang reconstruction:jriə
Shuowen:草部》灾:不耕田也。从草、甾。《》曰:“不灾畲。
Kangxi:康熙字典·草部·》灾:〔古文〕𠙹𠙾𠚀《唐韵》侧持切,音缁。《说文》不耕田也。《徐曰》从草从𡿧从田。𡿧,川壅也,田不耕则草壅塞之。《尔雅·释地》田一岁曰葘。《注》今江东呼初耕地反草爲葘。《·小雅》于此葘亩。《疏》葘者,灾也,始灾杀其草木也。《·无妄》不葘畲。《疏》不敢首发新田,惟治其葘熟之地。又水名。《山海经》常蒸之山,葘水出焉。又地名。《史记·孝景帝纪注》葘川县,故剧城。又姓。《通志·氏族略》孔融集有葘庄,靑州人。又《正韵》将来切,同灾。《·大雅》无葘无害。又《韵会》侧吏切,音厠。木立死曰葘。《·大雅》其葘其翳。又《周礼·冬官·轮人注》察其灾蚤不齵则轮,虽敝不匡。郑注灾辐入毂中者谓建辐也。泰山平原所树立物爲葘。声如胾。博立枭棊亦爲灾。《前汉·武帝纪瓠子歌》隤林竹兮揵石葘。《师古注》石葘,谓𦥛石立之也。又资四切,音恣。剖也,裂也。《周礼·冬官考工记》居干之道,葘栗不迤。又与椔通。《荀子·非相篇》身如断葘。灾、缁、椔诸字从𡿧作。
考证:〔《周礼·冬官·轮人注》葘谓辐入毂中者。《郑注》谓建辐也。又泰山平原所树立物爲葘。《周礼·冬官考工记注》博立枭棊于中央亦爲葘。〕谨照原文自注灾至于中央四十字,改察其灾蚤不齵则轮,虽敝不匡。郑注灾辐入毂中者谓建辐也。泰山平原所树立物爲葘。声如胾。博立枭棊亦爲灾。
Unihan definition:to weed grass; land which has been under cultivation for one year

Example usage

孟子·离娄上》:安其危而利其,乐其所以亡者。
Their perils they count safety, their calamities they count profitable, and they have pleasure in the things by which they perish.
礼记·表记》:子曰:“口惠而实不至,怨及其身。”
The Master said, 'Dissatisfaction and calamity will come to him whose lip-kindness is not followed by the corresponding deeds.'
扬子法言》:异:董相、夏侯胜、京房。
Disasters and strange phenomena: Dong Zhongshu, Xiahou Sheng, and Jing Feng.
墨子·尚同上》:天下之百姓皆上同于天子,而不上同于天,则犹未去也。
If, however, the people all identify themselves with the Son of Heaven but not with Heaven itself, then the jungle is still unremoved.
庄子·人间世》:而强以仁义绳墨之言术暴人之前者,是以人恶有其美也,命之曰人。
When in such a case he forcibly insists on benevolence and righteousness, setting them forth in the strongest and most direct language, before the tyrant, then he, hating (his reprover's) possession of those excellences, will put him down as doing him injury.
诗经·采芑》:薄言采芑、于彼新田、于此亩。
They were gathering the white millet, In those new fields, And in these acres brought only one year under cultivation.
尚书·大诰》:厥父,厥子乃弗肯播,矧肯获?
Or if the father had broken up the ground, and his son be unwilling to sow the seed, how much less will he be willing to reap the crop!
周易·䷘无妄》:六二:不耕获,不畲,则利有攸往。
The second SIX, divided, shows one who reaps without having ploughed (that he might reap), and gathers the produce of his third year's fields without having cultivated them the first year for that end. To such a one there will be advantage in whatever direction he may move.
荀子·天论》:其说甚尔,其甚惨。
说苑·修文》:古者有者谓之厉,君一时素服,使有司吊死问疾,忧以巫医,匍匐以救之,汤粥以方之。
韩诗外传·卷十》:东海有勇士曰丘欣,以勇猛闻于天下。
新书·修政语上》:是以明君慎其举,而君子慎其与,然后福可必归,可必去也。
新序·杂事四》:庄王曰:“吾闻之,古者盂不穿,皮不蠹,不出四方,以是君子重礼而贱利也,要其人不要其土,人告徙而不赦,不祥也,吾以不祥立乎天下,之及吾身,何日之有矣。”
论衡·艺增》:苏秦说齐王曰:“临之中,车毂击,人肩磨,举袖成幕,连衽成帷,挥汗成雨。”
太玄经·》:上九,栖于,初亡后得基。
风俗通义·六国》:到王建用后胜之计,又宾客多受秦金,劝王朝秦,不修战备,秦兵平步入临,民无敢格者,迁王建于共。
鶡冠子·度万》:过生于上,罪死于下,有世将极,驱驰索祸,开门逃福,贤良为笑,愚者为国,天咎先见,害并杂,人孰兆生,孰知其极。
管子·轻重丁》:人民百姓皆献其谷菽粟泉金,归其财物,以佐君之大事,此谓乘天而求民邻财之道也
淮南子·道应训》:孔子曰:“、渑之水合,易牙尝而知之。”
吕氏春秋·辩土》:所谓今之耕也,营而无获者:其蚤者先时,晚者不及时,寒暑不节,稼乃多,实。
史记·项羽本纪》:齐将田都从共救赵,因从入关,故立都为齐王,都临
春秋左传》:晋人纳捷于邾,弗克纳。
逸周书·职方解》:东北曰幽州,其山镇曰医无闾,其泽薮曰貕养,其川河泲,其浸时,其利鱼盐,其民一男三女,其畜宜四扰,其谷宜三种。
晏子春秋》:晏公游于,闻晏子死,公乘侈舆服繁驵驱之。
越绝书》:齐故治临,今济北、平原、北海郡、川、辽东、城阳,虚、危也。
战国策》:水,有老人涉而寒,出不能行,坐于沙中。
盐铁论·论诽》:故堤防成而民无水,礼义立而民无乱患。
春秋谷梁传》:晋人纳捷于邾。
春秋公羊传》:晋人纳接于邾娄,弗克纳。
汉书·匈奴传下》:往时尝屠大宛之城,蹈乌桓之垒,探姑缯之壁,籍荡姐之场,艾朝鲜之旃,拔两越之旗,近不过旬月之役,远不离二时之劳,固已犁其庭,扫其闾,郡县而置之,云彻席卷,后无馀
前汉纪》:川人杨叔传其学。
后汉书》:明年,光武下诏,封般为丘侯,奉孝王祀,使就国。
周礼·夏官司马》:东北曰幽州,其山镇曰医无闾,其泽薮曰貕养,其川河、泲,其浸、时,其利鱼盐,其民一男三女,其畜宜四扰,其谷宜三种。
山海经·中山经》:水出焉,而北流注于河。
焦氏易林·比之》:蒙:彭生为娱,白虎行
说文解字·草部》::不耕田也。
尔雅·释地》:田,一岁曰,二岁曰新田,三岁曰畲。
水经注·河水》:然以《山海经》求之,、曹字相类,是或有曹阳之名也。
三国志·武帝纪》:太祖曰:“孙膑救赵而攻魏,耿弇欲走西安攻临。”
群书治要》:草郁则为,秽。
艺文类聚·》:《宋傅亮喜雨赋》曰:惟二仪之顺动,数有积而时偏,垫襄陵于唐籍,戚云汉于周篇,匪叔叶之或遘,在盛王其固然,伊元嘉之初载,肇休明于此年,懿玉烛之方熙,愠积阳之独愆,涸凉泉于井谷,委嘉颖于中田,嗟我皇之翼翼,怅临朝而辍娱,踵冲谦于禹汤,协至诚于在余,且东作之未晏,庶雨露之夙濡,遵悬子徙廛,尤鲁侯之焚巫,祗桑林之六祷,修季宰之再雩,诚在幽其必贯,感何远而不孚,聆晨鹳于高垤,候宵毕于天隅,发曾云于触石,晦重阳于八区,春霆殷以远响,兴雨霈而载涂,洒丰浸于中畴,覃馀润于嘉蔬,殷啬人于亩,衍将繁于中衢,嗣良颂于多稔,兆嘉梦于樵渔,矧具臣之逢运,又均休而等虞,陶曲成于暮稔,金归驾于董疏。

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