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Chinese Text Project

U+8650

Seal script

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant

Alternate form
𣑅
Semantic variant
𧆱
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 3 strokes = 9 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.502#35 Kangxi: p.1073#09 Cihai: p.1183r4c01 GSR: 1118.a Hanyu: v4,p2820#05
Composition:Component of: 𪪛 𭝬 𭹦 𦞐 𥈴 𨩽 𪘽
Mandarin:nüè ㄋㄩㄝˋ
Cantonese:joek6
Tang reconstruction:ngiɑk
Shuowen:虍部》虐:殘也。从虍,虎足反爪人也。
Guangyun:廣韻·入聲··》虐:酷虐。《說文》作◲虐几殘也。魚約切,三。
Kangxi:康熙字典·虍部·》虐:〔古文〕𧆱𣑅《唐韻》魚約切《集韻》《韻會》逆約切,𠀤音瘧。《增韻》苛也。《·湯誥》以敷虐于爾萬方百姓。又災也。《·盤庚》殷降大虐。《傳》我殷家于天降大災。又《說文》殘也。《左傳·襄十八年》陵虐神主。《註》數伐魯,殘民人。又《韻補》宜照切,叶去聲。《毛詩》匪用爲敎,覆用爲虐。借曰未知,亦聿旣髦。又宜戟切,音逆。《史記·敘傳》子羽暴虐,漢行功德。《類篇》本作𧆩,亦作䖈、𧆝。
Fanqie:魚約 (《廣韻·入聲··》)
Unihan definition:cruel, harsh, oppressive

Example usage

論語·堯曰》:子曰:「不教而殺謂之。」
The Master said, "To put the people to death without having instructed them - this is called cruelty."
孟子·公孫丑上》:民之憔悴於政,未有甚於此時者也。
Never was there a time when the sufferings of the people from tyrannical government were more intense than the present.
禮記·檀弓下》:曰:「天久不雨,而暴人之疾子,,毋乃不可與!」
'Heaven, indeed,' was the reply, 'does not send down rain; but would it not be an improper act of cruelty, on that account to expose the diseased son of some one in the sun?'
揚子法言》:世,然後知聖人之為郛郭也。
After harsh government and a chaotic age, one knows the sage is a bastion wall.
史記·五帝本紀》:諸侯相侵伐,暴百姓,而神農氏弗能征。
The princes made raids on each other and harassed the people, but Shennong could not chastise them.
詩經·淇奧》:善戲謔兮、不為兮。
Skilful is he at quips and jokes, But how does he keep from rudeness in them!
尚書·大禹謨》:稽于眾,舍己從人,不無告,不廢困窮,惟帝時克。
(But) to obtain the views of all; to give tip one's opinion and follow that of others; to keep from oppressing the helpless, and not to neglect the straitened and poor - it was only the (former) Di who could attain to this.
荀子·宥坐》:不教而責成功,也。
說苑·辨物》:國將亡,其君貪冒淫僻,邪佚荒怠,蕪穢暴
春秋繁露·俞序》:或奢侈使人憤怨,或暴賊害人,終皆禍及身。
韓詩外傳·卷三》:不戒致期,謂之
大戴禮記·少閒》:桀不率先王之明德,乃荒耽于酒,淫泆于樂,德昏政亂,作宮室高臺汙池,土察,以民為,粒食之民惛焉幾亡。
新書·道術》:兄敬愛弟謂之友,反友為
新序·善謀下》:有德則易以王,無德則易以亡,凡居此者,欲令周務德以致人,不欲恃險阻,令後世驕奢以民。
中論·虛道》:夫《》曰:「誨爾諄諄,聽之藐藐,匪用為教,覆用為。」
孔子家語·始誅》:不試則成,也。
潛夫論·忠貴》:於是廢仁義而尚威,滅禮信而務譎詐。
論衡·本性》:丹朱土於唐宮,商均生於虞室,唐、虞之時,可比屋而封,所與接者,必多善矣,二帝之旁,必多賢也,然而丹朱慠,商均,並失帝統,歷世為戒。
風俗通義》:州吁既殺其君,而用其人,石碏惡之,而厚與焉,大義滅親,君子猶曰:「純臣之道備矣。」
孔叢子·抗志》:夫義者、不必徧利天下也,暴者、不必盡海內也。
申鑒·政體》:故在上者,必有武備,以戒不虞,以遏寇,安居則寄之內政,有事則用之軍旅,是謂秉威。
新語·道基》:行則怨積,德布則功興,百姓以德附,骨肉以仁親,夫婦以義合,朋友以義信,君臣以義序,百官以義承,曾、閔以仁成大孝,伯姬以義建至貞,守國者以仁堅固,佐君者以義不傾,君以仁治,臣以義平,鄉黨以仁恂恂,朝廷以義便便,美女以貞顯其行,烈士以義彰其名,陽氣以仁生,陰節以義降,《鹿鳴》以仁求其群,《關雎》以義鳴其雄,《春秋》以仁義貶絕,《詩》以仁義存亡,《乾》、《坤》以仁和合,《八卦》以義相承,《書》以仁敘九族,君臣以義制忠,《禮》以仁盡節,樂以禮升降。
獨斷·卷下》:帝謚:違拂不成曰隱,靖民則法曰黃,翼善傳聖曰堯,仁聖盛明曰舜,殘人多壘曰桀,殘義損善曰紂,慈惠愛親曰孝,愛民好與曰惠,聖善同文曰宣,聲聞宣遠曰昭,克定禍亂曰武,聰明睿智曰獻,溫柔聖善曰懿,布德執義曰穆,仁義說民曰元,安仁立政曰神,布綱治紀曰平,亂而不損曰靈,保民耆艾曰明,辟土有德曰襄,貞心大度曰匡,大慮慈民曰定,知過能改曰恭,不生其國曰聲,一德不懈曰簡,夙興夜寐曰敬,清白自守曰貞,柔德好眾曰靖,安樂治民曰康,小心畏忌曰僖,中身早折曰悼,慈仁和民曰順,好勇致力曰莊,恭人短折曰哀,在國逢難曰愍,名實過爽曰繆,壅遏不通曰幽,暴無親曰厲,致志大圖曰景,辟土兼國曰桓,經緯天地曰文,執義揚善曰懷,短折不成曰殤,去禮遠眾曰煬,怠政外交曰攜,治典不敷曰祈。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:帝謚:違拂不成曰隱,靖民則法曰黃,翼善傳聖曰堯,仁聖盛明曰舜,殘人多壘曰桀,殘義損善曰紂,慈惠愛親曰孝,愛民好與曰惠,聖善同文曰宣,聲聞宣遠曰昭,克定禍亂曰武,聰明睿智曰獻,溫柔聖善曰懿,布德執義曰穆,仁義說民曰元,安仁立政曰神,布綱治紀曰平,亂而不損曰靈,保民耆艾曰明,辟土有德曰襄,貞心大度曰匡,大慮慈民曰定,知過能改曰恭,不生其國曰聲,一德不懈曰簡,夙興夜寐曰敬,清白自守曰貞,柔德好眾曰靖,安樂治民曰康,小心畏忌曰僖,中身早折曰悼,慈仁和民曰順,好勇致力曰莊,恭人短折曰哀,在國逢難曰愍,名實過爽曰繆,壅遏不通曰幽,暴無親曰厲,致志大圖曰景,辟土兼國曰桓,經緯天地曰文,執義揚善曰懷,短折不成曰殤,去禮遠眾曰煬,怠政外交曰攜,治典不敷曰祈。
墨子·經說下》:且有損而后益智者,若病之之於也。
列子·楊朱》:凡此諸閼,廢之主。
文子·道原》:夫形傷乎寒暑燥濕之者,形究而神杜,神傷於喜怒思慮之患者,神盡而形有餘。
列仙傳·師門》:夏王之,神存質斃。
老子河上公章句》:是以聖人處上而民不重,聖人在民上為主,不以尊貴下,故民戴而不為重。
韓非子·和氏》:昔者吳起教楚悼王以楚國之俗曰:「大臣太重,封君太眾,若此則上偪主而下民,此貧國弱兵之道也。」
管子·形勢解》:身行不正,使人暴,遇人不信,行發於身,而為天下笑者,此不可復之行,故明主不行也。
六韜·發啟》:商王極,罪殺不辜,公尚助予憂民,如何?
三略·上略》:軍讖曰:上行,則下急刻。
淮南子·主術訓》:故皋陶瘖而為大理,天下無刑,有貴於言者也。
呂氏春秋·達鬱》:周厲王民,國人皆謗。
尹文子·大道下》:所謂亂、亡之國者,凶殘暴不與焉。
春秋左傳》:弗戢,將自焚也,夫州吁弒其君,而用其民,於是乎不務令德,而欲以亂成,必不免矣。
逸周書·周書序》:昔在文王,商紂並立,困于政,將弘道以弼無道,作度訓。
國語·越語下》:王孫雒曰:「子范子,先人有言曰:『無助天為,助天為者不祥。』」
晏子春秋》:今君臨民若寇讎,見善若避熱,亂政而危賢,必逆于眾,肆欲于民,而誅于下,恐及于身。
吳越春秋》:謂大夫種曰:「孤用夫子之策,免於天之誅,還歸於國。」

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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