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Chinese Text Project
西
U+897F

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant

Alternate form
𠧧
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 0 strokes = 6 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.90#12 Kangxi: p.1128#10 Cihai: p.1221r6c03 GSR: 594.a Hanyu: v4,p2805#02
Composition:Top: , bottom: 𠁤. Component of: 𧟢 𨚹 𪠧 𬘟 𡧳 𡶼 𢬣 𤞏 𥙘 𤈇 [More]
Mandarin: ㄒㄧ
Cantonese:sai1
Tang reconstruction:*sei
Shuowen:西部》西:鳥在巢上。象形。日在西方而鳥棲,故因以為東西之西。凡西之屬皆从西。
Guangyun:廣韻·上平聲··西》西:秋方。《說文》曰:鳥在巢上也,日在西方而鳥西故因以爲東西之西篆文作㢴象形亦州名本漢車師國之地至貞觀討平以其地爲西州亦姓又漢複姓十一氏左傳秦師西乞術宋大夫西鉏吾西郷錯出丗本又黃帝娶西陵氏爲妃名纍祖史記魏文侯鄴令西門豹周末分爲東西二周武公庶子西周爲氏晉有北海西郭陽何承天以爲西朝名士慕容廆以北平西方虔爲股肱何氏姓苑有西野氏西宫氏王符潛夫論姓氏志曰如有東門西郭南宫北郭皆是因居也。先稽切,十六。
Kangxi:康熙字典·襾部·襾部》西:〔古文〕𠧧㢴《唐韻》先稽切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》先齊切,𠀤音粞。《類篇》金方也。《說文》鳥在巢上也。日在西方而鳥栖,故因以爲東西之西篆。文作㢴,象形也。《前漢·律歷志》少隂者西方,西遷也。隂氣遷落物,於時爲秋。《尚書·大傳》西方者何,鮮方也。或曰鮮方,訊訊之方也。訊者,訊人之貌。又地名。《晉書·地理志》西郡。《韻會》唐置西州。又姓。《通志·氏族略》西氏。《姓苑》西門豹之後,改爲西。又《集韻》相咨切,音私。義同。又《篇海》蘇前切,音先。《前漢·郊祀歌》象載瑜,白集西,食甘露,飮榮泉。《後漢·趙壹傳·窮鳥賦》幸賴大賢,我矜我憐。昔濟我南,今振我西。又《韻補》斯人切,叶音辛。《王延壽·魯靈光殿賦》𤣥醴騰湧於隂溝,甘露被宇而下臻。朱桂黝鯈於南北,芝蘭阿那於東西。又《類篇》乙却切,音約。平量也。又《廣韻》籀文作𠧧。○按《玉篇》等書西字另一部。今从《字彙》《正字通》附入襾部。
考證:〔《前漢·郊祀志》象載瑜,白集西,食甘露,飮榮泉。〕謹按郊祀志無此文,謹照原書改郊祀歌。
Fanqie:先稽 (《廣韻·上平聲··西》)
Unihan definition:west(ern); westward, occident

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

論語·述而》:西華曰:「正唯弟子不能學也。」
Gong Xi Hua said, "This is just what we, the disciples, cannot imitate you in."
孟子·盡心上》:吾聞西伯善養老者。
I have heard that the chief of the West knows well how to nourish the old.
禮記·奔喪》:齊衰以下不及殯:先之墓,西面哭盡哀,免麻于東方,即位,與主人哭成踴,襲。
At the rites for other relations, after those for the mother or father, the mourner who did not arrive while the coffin was in the house, first went to the grave, and there wailed with his face to the west, giving full vent to his sorrow. He then put on the cincture and hempen sash, and went to his station on the east, where he wailed with the presiding mourner, and went through the leaping. After this he covered his arms.
孝經·感應》:》云:『西自東,自南自北,無思不服。
It is said in the Book of Poetry: From the west to the east, From the south to the north, There was not a thought but did him homage.
揚子法言》:魏武侯與吳起浮於西河,寶河山之固。
Wei Wuhou and Wu Qi were sailing on the West River, praising the strategic defensibility of the river and mountains.
墨子·經說上》:宇:東西家南北。
'East and West' covers North and South.
莊子·逍遙遊》:西跳梁,不避高下。
East and west it leaps about, avoiding neither what is high nor what is low.
商君書·來民》:而晉之無有也信,秦之有餘也必,如此而民不西者,秦士戚而民苦也。
Now, whereas it is probable that these are what Jin does not have, it is beyond doubt that Qin has them in surplus. If, this being so, people do not, nevertheless, come west, it is because the soldiers of Qin are in sad plight and the people suffer hardships.
史記·五帝本紀》:西至于空桐,登雞頭。
Westward to 'Hollow cave' and Cock's-head hills.
荀子·大略》:堯學於君疇,舜學於務成昭,禹學於西王國。
說苑·君道》:夫上之化下,猶風靡草,東風則草靡而西西風則草靡而東,在風所由而草為之靡,是故人君之動不可不慎也。
春秋繁露·王道》:曰:古者周公東徵,則西國怨。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:荊伐陳,陳西門壞,因其降民使脩之,孔子過而不式。
大戴禮記·保傅》:帝入西學,上賢而貴德,則聖智在位,而功不匱矣。
白虎通德論·社稷》:尚書》亡篇曰:「太社唯松,東社唯柏,南社唯梓,西社唯栗,北社唯槐。」
新書·脩政語上》:是故堯教化及雕題蜀越,撫交趾,身涉流沙,地封獨山,西見王母,訓及大夏渠叟,北中幽都,及狗國與人身而鳥面,及焦僥。
新序·善謀下》:高皇帝疑,問左右大臣,皆山東人,多勸上都雒陽,東有成皋,西有肴澠,倍河海,嚮伊洛,其固亦足恃,且周數百年,秦二世而亡,不如都周。
中論·爵祿》:太公亮武王克商寧亂,王封之爽鳩氏之墟,東至於海,西至於河,南至於穆陵,北至於無棣。
孔子家語·相魯》:行之一年,而西方之諸侯則焉。
潛夫論·論榮》:衛青、霍去病,平陽之私人也,而武帝以為司馬,實攘北狄,郡河西
論衡·無形》:禹、益見西王母,不言有毛羽。
太玄經·玄測都序》:經則有南有北,緯則有西有東。
風俗通義·六國》:成王時入據三公,出為二伯,自陝以西,召公主之。
孔叢子·論書》:西赤曰:「聞諸晏子,湯及太甲、祖乙、武丁,天下之大君。」
申鑒·俗嫌》:西方主殺,生者不寡。
新語·術事》:文王生於東夷,大禹出於西羌,世殊而地絕,法合而度同。
獨斷·卷上》:秋夕朝月于西門之外,別陰陽之義也。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:漢家不言禘祫,五年而再殷祭,則西廟惠帝、景、昭皆別祠,成、哀、平三帝以非光武所後,藏主長安,故高廟四時祠于東廟,京兆尹侍祠衣冠車服,如太常祠行陵廟之禮,順帝母故云姓李,或姓張。
列子·黃帝》:華胥氏之國在弇州之西,台州之北,不知斯齊國幾千萬里。
鶡冠子·環流》:斗柄東指,天下皆春,斗柄南指,天下皆夏,斗柄西指,天下皆秋,斗柄北指,天下皆冬。
文子·道原》:古民童蒙,不知東西,貌不離情,言不出行,行出無容,言而不文,其衣致,神德不全於身者,不知何遠之能壞,欲害之心忘乎中者,即飢虎可尾也,而況於人?
文始真經·九藥》:關尹子曰:「古今之俗不同,東西南北之俗又不同,至於一家、一身之善又不同。」
列仙傳·赤松子》:往往至崑崙山上,常止西王母石室中,隨風雨上下。
鬻子》:湯之治天下也,得慶誧、伊尹、湟里且、東門虛、南門蝡、西門疵、北門側,得七大夫佐以治天下,而天下治。
韓非子·初見秦》:臣聞天下陰燕陽魏,連荊固齊,收韓而成從,將西面以與秦強為難,臣竊笑之。
慎子·威德》:毛嬙、西施,天下之至姣也。
諫逐客書》:昔繆公求士,西取由余於戎,東得百里奚於宛,迎蹇叔於宋,來丕豹、公孫支於晉。
管子·輕重己》:以夏日至始,數九十二日謂之秋至,秋至而禾熟,天子祀於太惢,西出其國,百三十八里而壇,服白而絻白,搢玉總,帶錫監,吹塤箎之風,動金石之音,朝諸侯卿大夫列士,循於百姓,號曰祭月。
吳子·圖國》:於是文侯身自布席,夫人捧觴,醮吳起於廟,立為大將,守西河。
六韜·兵道》:欲其西,襲其東。
尉繚子·天官》:今有城,東西攻不能取。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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