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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+8981

Seal script
𠾅
Semantic variant
𡢗
Semantic variant
𦥼
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 3 strokes = 9 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.150#15 p.413#57 Kangxi: p.1128#16 Cihai: p.1226r2c01 GSR: 1142.a Hanyu: v4,p2805#08
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of: 𠙞 𬮲 𢃽 𢞅 𬘱 𢰳 𤚘 𤧄 𦝫 𧟰 𭒍 𭦫 [More]
Mandarin:yào yāo yǎo ㄧㄠˋ ㄧㄠ ㄧㄠˇ
Cantonese:jiu1 jiu3
Tang reconstruction:*qiɛ̀u
Shuowen:𦥑部》要:身中也。象人要自𦥑之形。从𦥑,交省声。
Guangyun:广韵·下平声··》要:俗言要勒。《说文》曰:身中也,象人要自由之形今作腰又姓吴人要离之后汉有河南令要兢。于霄切,又一𥬇切,九。
广韵·去声·𥬇·》要:约也,于𥬇切,又于招切,三。
Kangxi:康熙字典·襾部·》要:〔古文〕𡢗𦥼𠾅《唐韵》于霄切《集韵》《韵会》伊消切,𠀤音邀。《博雅》约也。《论语》久要不忘平生之言。《注》久要,旧约也。《左传·哀十四年》使季路要我,吾无盟矣。又求也。《孟子》修其天爵,以要人爵。又䙅也。《·魏风》要之襋之,好人服之。又会也。《礼·乐记》要其节奏。《注》要,犹会也。《释文》要,一遥反。又《广韵》勒也。又劫也。《前汉·文帝纪》上自欲征匈奴,羣臣谏不听,皇太后固要,上乃止。又劾也,察也。《周礼·秋官·鄕士》异其死𠛬之罪而要之。《疏》要,劾实也。《书·康诰要囚传》要察囚情,得其辞以断狱。又衞圻之外,谓之要服。《·禹贡》五百里要服。又姓。《通志·氏族略》吴人要离之后,汉有河南令要兢,唐建中朔方大将军要珍。又水名。《水经注》濡水,又东南流与要水合。又靑要,山名。《山海经》靑要之山,寔惟帝之密都。又高要,县名。《一统志》属广州府。又与腰通。《说文》身中也,象人要自𦥑之形。今作腰。别详肉部。又《广韵》于笑切。读去声。《篇海》凡要也,要会也。《孝经》先王有至德要道。《晋书·宣帝纪》军事大要有五。又《论语》久要,亦读去声。《王安石·老人行》古来人事已如此,今日何须论久要。叶入诮韵。又《集韵》伊鸟切,音杳。与騕同。騕褭,良马名。或作要。又以绍切,音𤕷。与偠同。偠绍或作要绍。舒缓貌也。
Fanqie:于霄 (《广韵·下平声··》) 一𥬇 (《广韵·下平声··》) 于𥬇 (《广韵·去声·𥬇·》) 于招 (《广韵·去声·𥬇·》)
Equivalent readings: (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·告子章句上》)
Unihan definition:necessary, essential; necessity

CTP Dictionary


yāo ㄧㄠ (1.1): 人体的腰部。 Waist.
墨子·兼爱下》:昔荆灵王好小,当灵王之身,荆国之士饭不逾乎一,固据而后兴,扶垣而后行。
Formerly, Lord Ling of the state of Jing liked slender waists. In his time people in the state of Jing ate not more than once a day. They could not stand up without support, and could not walk without leaning against the wall.
庄子·达生》:,带之适也。
To be unthought of by the waist is the fitness of a girdle.
战国策》:莫敖子华对曰:“昔者先君灵王好小,楚士约食,冯而能立,式而能起。”
新书·大都》:天下之势,方病大尰,一胫之大几如,一指之大几如股,恶病也,平居不可屈信,一二指搐,身固无聊也。
汉书·贾谊传》:一胫之大几如,一指之大几如股,平居不可屈信,一二指搐,身虑亡聊。
yāo ㄧㄠ (1.2): 佩带在腰间。 Wear around the waist.
史记·孔子世家》:孔子绖,季氏飨士,孔子与往。
yāo ㄧㄠ (2): 约束。 Restrict, constrain.
国语·鲁语下》:子服惠伯见韩宣子,曰:“夫盟,信之也。”
yāo ㄧㄠ (3.1): 半路拦截。 Intercept.
孟子·滕文公下》:葛伯率其民,其有酒食黍稻者夺之,不授者杀之。
The chief of Ge led his people to intercept those who were thus charged with wine, cooked rice, millet, and paddy, and took their stores from them, while they killed those who refused to give them up.
春秋左传》:吴人而击之。
yāo ㄧㄠ (3.2): 邀请,约请。 Invite, call upon.
孟子·万章上》:万章问曰:“人有言‘伊尹以割烹汤’”
Wan Zhang asked Mencius, saying, 'People say that Yi Yin sought an introduction to Tang by his knowledge of cookery.'
汉书·张陈王周传》:良因项伯见沛公。
后汉书》:会邓禹率车骑将军邓弘等引归,与异相遇,禹、弘异共攻赤眉。
yāo ㄧㄠ (4): 要挟,威胁。 Coerce, threaten.
论语·宪问》:子曰:“臧武仲以防求为后于鲁,虽曰不君,吾不信也。”
The Master said, "Zang Wu Zhong, keeping possession of Fang, asked of the duke of Lu to appoint a successor to him in his family. Although it may be said that he was not using force with his sovereign, I believe he was."
孝经·五刑》:君者无上,非圣人者无法,非孝者无亲。
When constraint is put upon a ruler, that is the disowning of his superiority. When the authority of the sages is disallowed, that is the disowning of (all) law. When filial piety is put aside, that is the disowning of the principle of affection.
晏子春秋》:所言不义,不敢以君。
yāo ㄧㄠ (5): 求取,追求。 Seek.
孟子·告子上》:今之人修其天爵,以人爵。
The men of the present day cultivate their nobility of Heaven in order to seek for the nobility of man.
庄子·让王》:今周见殷之乱而遽为政,上谋而下行货,阻兵而保威,割牲而盟以为信,扬行以说众,杀伐以利,是推乱以易暴也。
But now Zhou, seeing the disorder of Yin, has suddenly taken the government into its hands; with the high it has taken counsel, and with those below employed bribes; it relies on its troops to maintain the terror of its might; it makes covenants over victims to prove its good faith; it vaunts its proceedings to please the masses; it kills and attacks for the sake of gain: this is simply overthrowing disorder and changing it for tyranny.
yāo ㄧㄠ (6): 设法取得信任和重用。 Seek to gain trust and favour.
后汉书》:夫士以才智君,女以媚道求主。
yāo ㄧㄠ (7): 制止。 End, put a stop to.
史记·孝文本纪》:皇太后固帝,帝乃止。
yāo ㄧㄠ (8): 核实。 Confirm, verify.
周礼·秋官司寇》:辨其狱讼,异其死刑之罪而之,旬而职听于朝。
yào ㄧㄠˋ (9): 关键,要领。 The key, the main point.
淮南子·主术训》:法生于义,义生于众适,众适合于人心,此治之也。
荀子·议兵》:临武君与孙卿子议兵于赵孝成王前,王曰:请问兵
三略·下略》:逆者乱之招,顺者治之
文子·上义》:老子曰:法生于义,义生于众适,众适合乎人心,此治之也。
后汉书》:窃见度辽将军马续素有谋谟,且典边日久,深晓兵,每得续书,与臣策合。
yào ㄧㄠˋ (10): 主要,简要。 The important.
墨子·所染》:此六君者,非不重其国,爱其身也,以不知故也。
Now, it is not that these six princes do not value their states or hold their lives cheap, it is really that they do not understand the relative importance of things.
史记·太史公自序》:儒者博而寡,劳而少功,是以其事难尽从。
吕氏春秋·当染》:不能为君者,伤形费神,愁心劳耳目,国愈危,身愈辱,不知故也。
汉书·司马迁传》:儒者博而寡,劳而少功,是以其事难尽从,然其叙君臣父子之礼,列夫妇长幼之别,不可易也。
yào ㄧㄠˋ (11): 总括,概括。 Summarize.
史记·张仪列传》:之,此两人真倾危之士哉!
yào ㄧㄠˋ (12): 终究。 Ultimately, in the end.
yào ㄧㄠˋ (13): 需要。 Need, require.
yào ㄧㄠˋ (14): 将要。 Will, shall.
汉书·武五子传》:黄泉下兮幽深,人生死,何为苦心!
yào ㄧㄠˋ (15): 想要。 Desire, wish.
yǎo ㄧㄠˇ (16): Same as “yǎo ㄧㄠˇ: 見“騕褭”。 See "騕褭".
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