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Chinese Text Project

U+89AA

Seal script

Jinwen

Simplified character

Semantic variant
𡩁
Semantic variant
𢈥
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 9 strokes = 16 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.102#26 p.394#27 Kangxi: p.1136#12 Cihai: p.1230r5c04 GSR: 382.o Hanyu: v6,p3671#12
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𫥝 𮥰 𡤅 𭣋 𮍊 𥗒 𥨾 𮜽 𧭼 𮜪 𨯦
Mandarin:qīn qìng xīn ㄑㄧㄣ ㄑㄧㄥˋ ㄒㄧㄣ
Cantonese:can1 can3
Tang reconstruction:*tsin
Shuowen:見部》親:至也。从見亲聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·上平聲··》親:愛也,近也。《說文》至也。七人切,三。
廣韻·去聲··》親:親家。七遴切,又七鄰切,四。
Kangxi:康熙字典·見部·》親:〔古文〕𢈥寴𡩁《唐韻》《正韻》七人切《集韻》《韻會》雌人切,𠀤七平聲。《廣韻》愛也。《孝經序》親譽日著。《註》慈愛之心曰親。《荀子·不苟篇》交親而不比。《註》親謂仁恩。《周語》慈惠保民,親也。又近也。《易·乾卦》本乎天者親上,本乎地者親下。又《增韻》躬也。《·小雅》弗躬弗親。《箋》言不躬而親之也。《禮·文王世子》世子親齊𤣥而養。《註》親,猶自也。又《釋名》襯也。言相隱襯也。《增韻》姻也。《禮·大傳》親者,屬也。《疏》謂有親者,各以屬而爲之服。《左傳·昭十四年》祿勳合親。《杜註》親,九族也。《周禮·地官·大司徒》以隂禮敎親,則民不怨。《註》謂男女之禮,婚姻以時,則男不曠,女不怨。又六親,父母、兄弟、妻子也。《管子·牧民篇》上服度則六親固。又《前漢·禮樂志註》如淳曰:父、子、從父昆弟、從祖昆弟、曾祖昆弟、族昆弟,爲六親。又姓。《史記·孟嘗君傳》齊王逐周最,而聽親弗。《註》親弗,人姓名。《戰國策》作祝弗。又通作新。《大學》在親民。《程註》親,當作新。又《唐韻》七遴切《集韻》《韻會》七刃切《正韻》寸遴切,𠀤七去聲。《左傳·桓二年》庶人工商,各有分親。《註》以親疏爲分別。《釋文》有平去兩音。又《廣韻》親家也。《集韻》婚姻相謂爲親。又叶蒼先切,音千。《楊方·合歡詩》磁石引長針,陽燧下焱煙,宮商聲相和,心同自相親。《字彙》古从𣐽。今省作亲。《集韻》或作媇儭。○按字彙補又作𧠍𧠸𧡘,非。
考證:〔《·小雅》勿躬勿親。〕謹照原文改爲弗躬弗親。
Fanqie:七人 (《廣韻·上平聲··》) 七遴 (《廣韻·去聲··》) 七鄰 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:relatives, parents; intimate

CTP Dictionary


qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (1.1): 父母。 Parents.
墨子·小取》:獲之1,人也。
Huo's parents are people.
論語·顏淵》:一朝之忿,忘其身,以及其,非惑與?
For a morning's anger to disregard one's own life, and involve that of his parents - is not this a case of delusion?
禮記·曲禮下》:有疾,飲藥,子先嘗之。
When a parent is ill, and has to drink medicine, the son first tastes it.
qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (1.2): 親戚,親人。 Relatives.
墨子·尚賢下》:當王公大人之於此也,雖有骨肉之,無故富貴、面目美好者,實知其不能也,不使之也,是何故?
For these, the ruler would not employ his relatives, the rich without merit, and the good-looking, because he knew clearly they were incapable. He was afraid they would spoil the things to be attended to.
論語·泰伯》:君子篤於,則民興於仁。
When those who are in high stations perform well all their duties to their relations, the people are aroused to virtue.
韓非子·姦劫弒臣》:夫君臣非有骨肉之,正直之道可以得利,則臣盡力以事主。
淮南子·主術訓》:夫臣主之相與也,非有父子之厚,骨肉之也,而竭力殊死,不辭其軀者,何也?
史記·趙世家》:子義聞之,曰:「人主之子,骨肉之也,猶不能持無功之尊,無勞之奉,而守金玉之重也,而況於予乎?」
禮記·文王世子》:素服居外,不聽樂,私喪之也,骨肉之無絕也。
qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (2.1): 愛,寵愛。 Love, favour.
孟子·梁惠王下》:君行仁政,斯民其上、死其長矣。
If you will put in practice a benevolent government, this people will love you and all above them, and will die for their officers.
韓非子》:薄子曰:「疑之母疑,以疑為能相萬乘所不窕也。」
淮南子·道應訓》:成王問政于尹佚曰:「吾何德之行,而民其上?」
荀子·議兵》:政脩則民其上,樂其君,而輕為之死。
說苑·政理》:成王問政於尹逸曰:「吾何德之行而民其上?」
呂氏春秋·愛士》:行德愛人則民其上,民其上則皆樂為其君死矣。
qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (2.2): 近,親密。 Close, intimate.
論語·學而》:子曰:「弟子入則孝,出則弟,謹而信,汎愛眾,而仁。」
The Master said, "A youth, when at home, should be filial, and, abroad, respectful to his elders. He should be earnest and truthful. He should overflow in love to all, and cultivate the friendship of the good."
韓非子·愛臣》:愛臣太,必危其身。
qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (3): 接觸。 Contact, touch.
孟子·公孫丑下》:且比化者,無使土膚,於人心獨無恔乎?
And moreover, is there no satisfaction to the natural feelings of a man, in preventing the earth from getting near to the bodies of his dead?
禮記·坊記》:故男女授受不
Thus male and female, in giving and receiving, do not allow their hands to touch.
韓非子·難一》:今師曠非平公之行,不陳人臣之諫,而行人主之誅,舉琴而其體,是逆上下之位,而失人臣之禮也。
qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (4.1): 親自。 Personally.
墨子·經上》:知,聞、說、,名、實、合、為。
Zhi (know). By hearsay, by explanation, by personal experience. The name, the object, how to relate, how to act.
詩經·韓奕》:韓侯受命、王命之、纘戎祖考。
[Along which came] the marquis of Han to receive investiture. The king himself gave the charge: 'Continue the services of your ancestors.'
國語·吳語》:命之曰:「我有大事,子有父母耆老,而子為我死,子之父母將轉于溝壑,子為我禮已重矣。」
qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (4.2): 躬親,親自治理。 Do oneself.

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