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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+89AA

Seal script

Jinwen

Simplified character

Semantic variant
𡩁
Semantic variant
𢈥
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 9 strokes = 16 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.102#26 p.394#27 Kangxi: p.1136#12 Cihai: p.1230r5c04 GSR: 382.o Hanyu: v6,p3671#12
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𫥝 𡤅 𭣋 𮥰 𮍊 𥗒 𥨾 𧭼 𮜪 𮜽 𨯦
Mandarin:qīn qìng xīn ㄑㄧㄣ ㄑㄧㄥˋ ㄒㄧㄣ
Cantonese:can1 can3
Tang reconstruction:*tsin
Shuowen:见部》亲:至也。从见亲声。
Guangyun:广韵·上平声··》亲:爱也,近也。《说文》至也。七人切,三。
广韵·去声··》亲:亲家。七遴切,又七邻切,四。
Kangxi:康熙字典·见部·》亲:〔古文〕𢈥寴𡩁《唐韵》《正韵》七人切《集韵》《韵会》雌人切,𠀤七平声。《广韵》爱也。《孝经序》亲誉日著。《注》慈爱之心曰亲。《荀子·不苟篇》交亲而不比。《注》亲谓仁恩。《周语》慈惠保民,亲也。又近也。《易·乾卦》本乎天者亲上,本乎地者亲下。又《增韵》躬也。《·小雅》弗躬弗亲。《笺》言不躬而亲之也。《礼·文王世子》世子亲齐𤣥而养。《注》亲,犹自也。又《释名》衬也。言相隐衬也。《增韵》姻也。《礼·大传》亲者,属也。《疏》谓有亲者,各以属而爲之服。《左传·昭十四年》禄勋合亲。《杜注》亲,九族也。《周礼·地官·大司徒》以隂礼敎亲,则民不怨。《注》谓男女之礼,婚姻以时,则男不旷,女不怨。又六亲,父母、兄弟、妻子也。《管子·牧民篇》上服度则六亲固。又《前汉·礼乐志注》如淳曰:父、子、从父昆弟、从祖昆弟、曾祖昆弟、族昆弟,爲六亲。又姓。《史记·孟尝君传》齐王逐周最,而听亲弗。《注》亲弗,人姓名。《战国策》作祝弗。又通作新。《大学》在亲民。《程注》亲,当作新。又《唐韵》七遴切《集韵》《韵会》七刃切《正韵》寸遴切,𠀤七去声。《左传·桓二年》庶人工商,各有分亲。《注》以亲疏爲分别。《释文》有平去两音。又《广韵》亲家也。《集韵》婚姻相谓爲亲。又叶苍先切,音千。《杨方·合欢诗》磁石引长针,阳燧下焱烟,宫商声相和,心同自相亲。《字汇》古从𣐽。今省作亲。《集韵》或作媇儭。○按字汇补又作𧠍𧠸𧡘,非。
考证:〔《·小雅》勿躬勿亲。〕谨照原文改爲弗躬弗亲。
Fanqie:七人 (《广韵·上平声··》) 七遴 (《广韵·去声··》) 七邻 (《广韵·去声··》)
Unihan definition:relatives, parents; intimate

CTP Dictionary


qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (1.1): 父母。 Parents.
墨子·小取》:获之1,人也。
Huo's parents are people.
论语·颜渊》:一朝之忿,忘其身,以及其,非惑与?
For a morning's anger to disregard one's own life, and involve that of his parents - is not this a case of delusion?
礼记·曲礼下》:有疾,饮药,子先尝之。
When a parent is ill, and has to drink medicine, the son first tastes it.
qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (1.2): 亲戚,亲人。 Relatives.
墨子·尚贤下》:当王公大人之于此也,虽有骨肉之,无故富贵、面目美好者,实知其不能也,不使之也,是何故?
For these, the ruler would not employ his relatives, the rich without merit, and the good-looking, because he knew clearly they were incapable. He was afraid they would spoil the things to be attended to.
论语·泰伯》:君子笃于,则民兴于仁。
When those who are in high stations perform well all their duties to their relations, the people are aroused to virtue.
韩非子·奸劫弑臣》:夫君臣非有骨肉之,正直之道可以得利,则臣尽力以事主。
淮南子·主术训》:夫臣主之相与也,非有父子之厚,骨肉之也,而竭力殊死,不辞其躯者,何也?
史记·赵世家》:子义闻之,曰:“人主之子,骨肉之也,犹不能持无功之尊,无劳之奉,而守金玉之重也,而况于予乎?”
礼记·文王世子》:素服居外,不听乐,私丧之也,骨肉之无绝也。
qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (2.1): 爱,宠爱。 Love, favour.
孟子·梁惠王下》:君行仁政,斯民其上、死其长矣。
If you will put in practice a benevolent government, this people will love you and all above them, and will die for their officers.
韩非子》:薄子曰:“疑之母疑,以疑为能相万乘所不窕也。”
淮南子·道应训》:成王问政于尹佚曰:“吾何德之行,而民其上?”
荀子·议兵》:政修则民其上,乐其君,而轻为之死。
说苑·政理》:成王问政于尹逸曰:“吾何德之行而民其上?”
吕氏春秋·爱士》:行德爱人则民其上,民其上则皆乐为其君死矣。
qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (2.2): 近,亲密。 Close, intimate.
论语·学而》:子曰:“弟子入则孝,出则弟,谨而信,泛爱众,而仁。”
The Master said, "A youth, when at home, should be filial, and, abroad, respectful to his elders. He should be earnest and truthful. He should overflow in love to all, and cultivate the friendship of the good."
韩非子·爱臣》:爱臣太,必危其身。
qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (3): 接触。 Contact, touch.
孟子·公孙丑下》:且比化者,无使土肤,于人心独无恔乎?
And moreover, is there no satisfaction to the natural feelings of a man, in preventing the earth from getting near to the bodies of his dead?
礼记·坊记》:故男女授受不
Thus male and female, in giving and receiving, do not allow their hands to touch.
韩非子·难一》:今师旷非平公之行,不陈人臣之谏,而行人主之诛,举琴而其体,是逆上下之位,而失人臣之礼也。
qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (4.1): 亲自。 Personally.
墨子·经上》:知,闻、说、,名、实、合、为。
Zhi (know). By hearsay, by explanation, by personal experience. The name, the object, how to relate, how to act.
诗经·韩奕》:韩侯受命、王命之、缵戎祖考。
[Along which came] the marquis of Han to receive investiture. The king himself gave the charge: 'Continue the services of your ancestors.'
国语·吴语》:命之曰:“我有大事,子有父母耆老,而子为我死,子之父母将转于沟壑,子为我礼已重矣。”
qīn ㄑㄧㄣ (4.2): 躬亲,亲自治理。 Do oneself.

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