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Chinese Text Project

U+8A15

Seal script

Semantic variant

Simplified character

Radical:+ 3 strokes = 10 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.127#20 p.405#12 Kangxi: p.1148#11 Cihai: p.1238r2c02 GSR: 193.e Hanyu: v6,p3941#06
Composition:Left: , right: . Compositionally related: .
Mandarin:shàn ㄕㄢˋ
Cantonese:saan3
Shuowen:言部》訕:𧩂也。从言山聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·上平聲··》訕:謗也。
廣韻·去聲··》訕:謗也,所晏切,又所攀切,七。
Kangxi:康熙字典·言部·》訕:《唐韻》《廣韻》《集韻》《類篇》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤所晏切,刪去聲。《說文》謗也。从言山聲。《玉篇》毀語也。《禮·少儀》爲人臣下者,有諫而無訕。《論語》惡居下流而訕上者。《關尹子·九藥篇》不可以訕謗德已。《揚子·法言》妄譽,仁之賊也。妄毀,義之賊也。賊仁近鄕原,賊義近鄕訕。又《廣韻》所姦切《正韻》師姦切,𠀤音刪。又《集韻》師閒切,音山。義𠀤同。又叶輸旃切,音羶。《三略軍讖》同位相訕,是謂亂源。又叶所戰切,音扇。《歐陽修·讀書詩》何時乞殘體,萬一免罪譴。信哉蠹書魚,韓子語非訕。又《正字通》亦作𧧚。《字彙補》譌作𧧪,非。
Fanqie:所諫 (《四書章句集注·論語集注·陽貨第十七》) 所姦 (《廣韻·上平聲··》) 所晏 (《廣韻·去聲··》) 所攀 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:abuse, slander; vilify; ridicule

Example usage

論語·陽貨》:子曰:「有惡:惡稱人之惡者,惡居下流而上者,惡勇而無禮者,惡果敢而窒者。」
The Master said, "He has his hatreds. He hates those who proclaim the evil of others. He hates the man who, being in a low station, slanders his superiors. He hates those who have valor merely, and are unobservant of propriety. He hates those who are forward and determined, and, at the same time, of contracted understanding."
孟子·離婁下》:與其妾其良人,而相泣於中庭
On this, along with the concubine she reviled their husband, and they wept together in the middle hall.
禮記·少儀》:為人臣下者,有諫而無,有亡而無疾。
One in the position of a minister and inferior might remonstrate (with his ruler), but not speak ill of him; might withdraw (from the state), but not (remain and) hate (its Head).
揚子法言》:賊仁近鄉原,賊義近鄉
The thief of ren is close to the village worthy. The thief of yi is close to the village detractor.
荀子·大略》:為人臣下者,有諫而無,有亡而無疾,有怨而無怒。
春秋繁露·楚莊王》:義不上,智不危身。
白虎通德論·諫諍》:事君,進思盡忠,退思補過,去而不,諫而不露。
蔡中郎集》:頃者立朝之士,曾不以忠信見賞,恆被謗之誅,遂使群下結口,莫圖正辭。
文始真經·九藥》:不可以謗,德己。
三略·上略》:招舉姦枉,抑挫仁賢,背公立私,同位相,是謂亂源。
吳越春秋·五年》:今君為此臺七年,國人怨焉,財用盡焉,年榖敗焉,百姓煩焉,諸侯忿怨,卿士謗:豈前王之所盛,人君之美者耶?
鹽鐵論·地廣》:文學能言而不能行,居下而上,處貧而非富,大言而不從,高厲而行卑,誹譽訾議,以要名采善於當世。
漢書·宣元六王傳》:有司奏王,王舅張博數遺王書,非毀政治,謗天子,褒舉諸侯,稱引周、湯。
前漢紀》:小臣居下上。
東觀漢記·魏成》:魏成曾孫純坐訐,國除。
後漢書·逸民列傳》:口囂囂兮余,嗟恇恇兮誰留?
說文解字·言部》::𧩂也。
抱朴子·金丹》:第一禁,勿令俗人之不信道者,謗評毀之,必不成也。
三國志·崔琰傳》:十三年,融對孫權使,有謗之言,坐棄市
群書治要·陽貨》:惡居下流而上者,,謗毁也。
藝文類聚·言志》:《魏丁儀厲志賦》曰:覽前志而博觀,求余心之所安,雖疲駑而才弱,敢舍力而不攀,懿躬稼之克任,賤善射而隕殘,羨首陽之遺譽,憎千駟之餘,宗舍藏之偉節,薄鼎角之自干,嘉法言之令揚,悼說難之喪韓,鑒登險之敗績,顧清道以自閑,瞻亢龍而懼進,退廣志於伐檀,雖德厚而祚卑,猶不忘於盤桓,薰以芬香而自燒,兔亦取斃於豪翰,援大雅以為戒,眺龔勝而自歎,嗟世俗之參差,將未審乎好惡,咸隨情而與議,固真偽以紛錯,穢杯盂之周用,令瑚璉以抗閣,恨騾驢之進庭,屏騏驥於溝壑,疾青蠅之染白,悲小弁之靡託,惡晨婦之蒙厚,痛三代之見薄,惟受性之樸拙,亮未達乎測度,顧鍾子之既沒,牙輟絃而不作,敦三思之彌憤,勤循墻之茲恪,勉夕改以補朝,履日新而悔昨。
通典·歷代制上》:而閹豎等搆成釁故,乃誣告群士以交結謗,圖為不軌。
意林·唐子一十卷》:君子守真仗信,遭時不容,雖有辱之恥、幽垢之謗,猶傷體毛耳。
四書章句集注》:子曰:「有惡:惡稱人之惡者,惡居下流而上者,惡勇而無禮者,惡果敢而窒者。」
論語注疏·雍也》:散,也,飲不省節,為人謗
西遊記》:平時間劖言語,鬥他耍子,怎知他有這般真實本事。
三國演義》:方今國運衰微,朝政錯亂,不可令佞臣執筆於幼主左右,使吾等蒙其議也。
金瓶梅》:這花娘遂羞滿面而回,不題
廣韻·》::謗也。
太平御覽·始皇帝》:因矜其所習,自任私智,笑三代,蕩滅古法,竊自號為皇帝,而子弟為匹夫。
太平廣記·王承休》:情非上,理直憂君。
朱子語類》:或曰:「今人志在趨利,聞人道及此等事,則多非訐笑。」
紅樓夢》:況且那野史中,或謗君相,或貶人妻女,姦淫凶惡,不可勝數,更有一種風月筆墨,其淫穢污臭,最易壞人子弟。
全唐詩·聖政紀頌》:愚得是言,非非伐。
康熙字典·》:𨴕:《集韻》所晏切,音

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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