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Chinese Text Project

U+8B39

Seal script

Simplified character

Radical:+ 11 strokes = 18 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.279#40 Kangxi: p.1178#23 Cihai: p.1254r2c02 GSR: 480.u Hanyu: v6,p4010#13
Composition:Left: , right: . Compositionally related: . Component of: 𭀑 𡄾 𢥢 𤄲
Mandarin:jǐn ㄐㄧㄣˇ
Cantonese:gan2
Shuowen:言部》謹:愼也。从言堇聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》謹:絜也,愼也。居隱切,十。
Kangxi:康熙字典·言部·十一》謹:《唐韻》居隱切《集韻》《韻會》几隱切,𠀤音卺。《說文》愼也。《玉篇》敬也。《廣韻》絜也。《增韻》毖也,專也,重也。《易·乾卦》庸行之謹。《·盤庚》恪謹天命。《·大雅》以謹無良。《禮·月令》孟冬,命百官謹蓋藏。《史記·萬石君傳》丞相醇謹而已。《前漢·酈食其傳》舉大事不細謹。又嚴禁也。《荀子·王制篇》謹盜賊。又姓,見《姓苑》。又《字彙》渠斤切,音芹。與墐同。《禮·內則》炮取豚若將,塗之以謹塗。《註》謹當爲墐,聲之誤也。《說文》本作𧭩。
Fanqie:居隱 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
Unihan definition:prudent, cautious; attentive

Example usage

論語·學而》:子曰:「弟子入則孝,出則弟,而信,汎愛眾,而親仁。」
The Master said, "A youth, when at home, should be filial, and, abroad, respectful to his elders. He should be earnest and truthful. He should overflow in love to all, and cultivate the friendship of the good."
孟子·梁惠王上》:庠序之教,申之以孝悌之義,頒白者不負戴於道路矣。
Let careful attention be paid to education in schools, inculcating in it especially the filial and fraternal duties, and grey-haired men will not be seen upon the roads, carrying burdens on their backs or on their heads.
孝經·庶人》:用天之道,分地之利,身節用,以養父母,此庶人之孝也。
They follow the course of heaven (in the revolving seasons); they distinguish the advantages afforded by (different) soils; they are careful of their conduct and economical in their expenditure - in order to nourish their parents. This is the filial piety of the common people.
揚子法言》:君子於言,慎於好,亟於時。
The junzi is careful in speech, cautious in desire, and pressed by time.
墨子·所染》:其友皆好仁義,淳畏令,則家日益,身日安,名日榮,處官得其理矣,則段干木、禽子、傅說之徒是也。
If one has for friends none but those who Iove magnanimity and righteousness and who are careful and respectful of course one's family will become more prosperous, one's person more at peace, and one's name more honorable every day; and, as an official, one will be properly qualified. Examples of such are Duan Gan Mu, Qinzi, and Fu Yue.
莊子·德充符》:仲尼曰:「子不,前既犯患若是矣。」
Zhongni said to him, By your want of circumspection in the past, Sir, you have incurred such a calamity.
商君書·壹言》:凡將立國,制度不可不時也,治法不可不慎也,國務不可不也,事本不可不摶也。
When about to establish a state, it is necessary to examine standards and measures, to pay attention to law and order, to be vigilant in government duties, and to consolidate occupations with what is primary.
史記·五帝本紀》:順事父及後母與弟,日以篤,匪有解。
Yet he obediently served his father, stepmother, and brother, and was day by day generous, careful, and never negligent.
禮記·緇衣》:則民於言而慎於行。
荀子·大略》:君子之檃栝,不可不也。
說苑·脩文》:》云:「告爾民人,爾侯度,用戒不虞。」
春秋繁露·竹林》:問者曰:其書戰伐甚
韓詩外傳·卷三》:於是遂其禮節祑皮革,以交諸侯
大戴禮記·夏小正》:鮪者,魚之先至者也,而其至有時,記其時。
白虎通德論·社稷》:敬潔清也。
新書·六術》:脩六行,則亦可以合六法矣。
新序·善謀下》:項王見人恭,言語呴呴,人疾病,涕泣分食飲,至使人有功當封爵,印刓綬弊,忍不能與,此所謂婦人之仁。
孔子家語·始誅》:夫慢令誅,賊也。
潛夫論·務本》:忠信慎,此德義之基也。
論衡·命義》:受氣時,母不慎,心妄慮邪。
太玄經·》:初一,于媐㐜,初貞後寧。
風俗通義·三皇》:按:《易》稱:「古者伏羲氏之王天下也,仰則觀象於天,俯則觀法於地,始作八卦,以通神明之德,以類萬物之情。」
孔叢子·廣言》:愿,也。
忠經·百工章》:守位常,非忠之道。
新語·無為》:夫道莫大於無為,行莫大於敬。
列子·湯問》:造父執禮愈乃告之曰:「古詩言:『良弓之子,必先為箕,良冶之子,必先為裘。』」
鶡冠子·度萬》:夫法不敗是,令不傷理,故君子得而尊,小人得而,胥靡得以全。
文子·上義》:故小者元成功,訾行者不容眾,體大者節疏,度巨者譽遠,論臣之道也。
韓非子·主道》:保吾所以往而稽同之,執其柄而固握之。
申不害·大體》:今人君之所以高為城郭,用門閭之閉者,為寇戎盜賊之至也。
慎子·逸文》:百節之禮於廟宇,不能不弛一容於獨居之餘。
管子·輕重丁》:故君守泉金之謝,物且為之舉。
孫子兵法·行軍》:軍旁有險阻、潢井、蒹葭、林木、翳薈者,必覆索之,此伏姦之所也。
吳子·圖國》:起對曰:「古之明王,必君臣之禮,飾上下之儀,安集吏民,順俗而教,簡募良材,以備不虞。」
六韜·選將》:有外廉而內無至誠者。
司馬法·天子之義》:既致教其民,然後選而使之。
尉繚子·戰威》:王國富民,伯國富士,存之國富大夫,亡國富食府,所謂上滿下漏,患無所救。
孫子算經·》:立規矩,準方圓,法度,約尺丈,立權衡,平重輕,剖毫釐,析黍絫。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:是故立功之人,簡於行而于時。
呂氏春秋·貴直》:能意者,使乎論於主之側,亦必不阿主。
尹文子·大道下》:禮者,所以行恭,亦所以生惰慢。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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