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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+8B39

Seal script

Simplified character

Radical:+ 11 strokes = 18 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.279#40 Kangxi: p.1178#23 Cihai: p.1254r2c02 GSR: 480.u Hanyu: v6,p4010#13
Composition:Left: , right: . Compositionally related: . Component of: 𭀑 𡄾 𢥢 𤄲
Mandarin:jǐn ㄐㄧㄣˇ
Cantonese:gan2
Shuowen:言部》谨:愼也。从言堇声。
Guangyun:广韵·上声··》谨:洁也,愼也。居隐切,十。
Kangxi:康熙字典·言部·十一》谨:《唐韵》居隐切《集韵》《韵会》几隐切,𠀤音卺。《说文》愼也。《玉篇》敬也。《广韵》洁也。《增韵》毖也,专也,重也。《易·乾卦》庸行之谨。《·盘庚》恪谨天命。《·大雅》以谨无良。《礼·月令》孟冬,命百官谨盖藏。《史记·万石君传》丞相醇谨而已。《前汉·郦食其传》举大事不细谨。又严禁也。《荀子·王制篇》谨盗贼。又姓,见《姓苑》。又《字汇》渠斤切,音芹。与墐同。《礼·内则》炮取豚若将,涂之以谨涂。《注》谨当爲墐,声之误也。《说文》本作𧭩。
Fanqie:居隐 (《广韵·上声··》)
Unihan definition:prudent, cautious; attentive

Example usage

论语·学而》:子曰:“弟子入则孝,出则弟,而信,泛爱众,而亲仁。”
The Master said, "A youth, when at home, should be filial, and, abroad, respectful to his elders. He should be earnest and truthful. He should overflow in love to all, and cultivate the friendship of the good."
孟子·梁惠王上》:庠序之教,申之以孝悌之义,颁白者不负戴于道路矣。
Let careful attention be paid to education in schools, inculcating in it especially the filial and fraternal duties, and grey-haired men will not be seen upon the roads, carrying burdens on their backs or on their heads.
孝经·庶人》:用天之道,分地之利,身节用,以养父母,此庶人之孝也。
They follow the course of heaven (in the revolving seasons); they distinguish the advantages afforded by (different) soils; they are careful of their conduct and economical in their expenditure - in order to nourish their parents. This is the filial piety of the common people.
扬子法言》:君子于言,慎于好,亟于时。
The junzi is careful in speech, cautious in desire, and pressed by time.
墨子·所染》:其友皆好仁义,淳畏令,则家日益,身日安,名日荣,处官得其理矣,则段干木、禽子、傅说之徒是也。
If one has for friends none but those who Iove magnanimity and righteousness and who are careful and respectful of course one's family will become more prosperous, one's person more at peace, and one's name more honorable every day; and, as an official, one will be properly qualified. Examples of such are Duan Gan Mu, Qinzi, and Fu Yue.
庄子·德充符》:仲尼曰:“子不,前既犯患若是矣。”
Zhongni said to him, By your want of circumspection in the past, Sir, you have incurred such a calamity.
商君书·壹言》:凡将立国,制度不可不时也,治法不可不慎也,国务不可不也,事本不可不抟也。
When about to establish a state, it is necessary to examine standards and measures, to pay attention to law and order, to be vigilant in government duties, and to consolidate occupations with what is primary.
史记·五帝本纪》:顺事父及后母与弟,日以笃,匪有解。
Yet he obediently served his father, stepmother, and brother, and was day by day generous, careful, and never negligent.
礼记·缁衣》:则民于言而慎于行。
荀子·大略》:君子之檃栝,不可不也。
说苑·修文》:》云:“告尔民人,尔侯度,用戒不虞。”
春秋繁露·竹林》:问者曰:其书战伐甚
韩诗外传·卷三》:于是遂其礼节祑皮革,以交诸侯
大戴礼记·夏小正》:鲔者,鱼之先至者也,而其至有时,记其时。
白虎通德论·社稷》:敬洁清也。
新书·六术》:修六行,则亦可以合六法矣。
新序·善谋下》:项王见人恭,言语呴呴,人疾病,涕泣分食饮,至使人有功当封爵,印刓绶弊,忍不能与,此所谓妇人之仁。
孔子家语·始诛》:夫慢令诛,贼也。
潜夫论·务本》:忠信慎,此德义之基也。
论衡·命义》:受气时,母不慎,心妄虑邪。
太玄经·》:初一,于媐㐜,初贞后宁。
风俗通义·三皇》:按:《易》称:“古者伏羲氏之王天下也,仰则观象于天,俯则观法于地,始作八卦,以通神明之德,以类万物之情。”
孔丛子·广言》:愿,也。
忠经·百工章》:守位常,非忠之道。
新语·无为》:夫道莫大于无为,行莫大于敬。
列子·汤问》:造父执礼愈乃告之曰:“古诗言:‘良弓之子,必先为箕,良冶之子,必先为裘。’”
鶡冠子·度万》:夫法不败是,令不伤理,故君子得而尊,小人得而,胥靡得以全。
文子·上义》:故小者元成功,訾行者不容众,体大者节疏,度巨者誉远,论臣之道也。
韩非子·主道》:保吾所以往而稽同之,执其柄而固握之。
申不害·大体》:今人君之所以高为城郭,用门闾之闭者,为寇戎盗贼之至也。
慎子·逸文》:百节之礼于庙宇,不能不弛一容于独居之馀。
管子·轻重丁》:故君守泉金之谢,物且为之举。
孙子兵法·行军》:军旁有险阻、潢井、蒹葭、林木、翳荟者,必覆索之,此伏奸之所也。
吴子·图国》:起对曰:“古之明王,必君臣之礼,饰上下之仪,安集吏民,顺俗而教,简募良材,以备不虞。”
六韬·选将》:有外廉而内无至诚者。
司马法·天子之义》:既致教其民,然后选而使之。
尉缭子·战威》:王国富民,伯国富士,存之国富大夫,亡国富食府,所谓上满下漏,患无所救。
孙子算经·》:立规矩,准方圆,法度,约尺丈,立权衡,平重轻,剖毫厘,析黍絫。
淮南子·齐俗训》:是故立功之人,简于行而于时。
吕氏春秋·贵直》:能意者,使乎论于主之侧,亦必不阿主。
尹文子·大道下》:礼者,所以行恭,亦所以生惰慢。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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