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Chinese Text Project

U+8CA0

Seal script

Simplified character

Radical:+ 2 strokes = 9 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.322#37 Kangxi: p.1204#06 Cihai: p.1268r5c01 GSR: 1000.a Hanyu: v6,p3623#04
Composition:Top: 𠂊, bottom: . Component of: 𡥼 𡯿 𬌻 𮠂 𧶙 𫻉 𮚱 𪃓 𪍏
Mandarin: ㄈㄨˋ
Cantonese:fu6
Tang reconstruction:*bhiou
Shuowen:貝部》負:恃也。从人守貝,有所恃也。一曰受貸不償。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》負:擔也,荷也,又受貸不償曰負背恩忘德曰負也。
Kangxi:康熙字典·貝部·》負:《唐韻》房久切《集韻》《韻會》扶缶切,𠀤音婦。《說文》恃也。从人守貝,有所恃也。《史記·魏其武安侯傳》武安負貴而好權。又《說文》一曰受貸不償。《前漢·鄧通傳》通家尚負責數鉅萬。又《釋名》負,背也。置項背也。《玉篇》擔也。或作偩。《廣韻》荷也。《易·解卦》負且乗,致𡨥至。《·大雅》是任是負。《左傳·莊二十年》弛於負擔。又背也。《禮·明堂位》天子負斧,依南鄕而立。《註》負之言背也。又依也。《孟子》虎負嵎。《趙岐註》虎依嵎而怒。又失也。《戰國策》公負令秦與强齊戰。《註》負,猶失也。又老母之稱。《史記·高祖紀》常從王媼、武負貰酒。《漢書註》如淳曰:俗謂老大母爲阿負。師古曰:《列女傳》云魏曲沃負者,魏大夫如耳之母也。古語謂老母爲負耳。又敗也。《史記·𨻰丞相世家》無益於勝負之數。《孫子·攻謀篇》一勝一負。又憂也。《後漢·章帝紀》刺史二千石不爲負。《註》負,猶憂也。又愧也。《後漢·張步傳》負負無可言。《註》負,愧也。又《廣韻》背恩忘德曰負。《李陵·答蘇武書》陵雖孤恩,漢亦負德。又《類篇》違也。《史記·信陵君傳》以負於魏。《註》索隱曰:負音佩。又《唐韻正》叶房以切。《·小雅》螟蛉有子,果蠃負之。敎誨爾子,式穀似之。又叶房遇切。《王延壽·魯靈光殿賦》傍夭矯以橫出,互黝糾而搏負。下岪蔚以璀錯,上崎嶬而重注。○按負字,古音房以反。自《魯靈光殿賦》始讀爲房遇反。
Fanqie:房久 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
Unihan definition:load, burden; carry, bear

CTP Dictionary


負夏
xià ㄈㄨˋ ㄒㄧㄚˋ : [地名] [Name of a place]
孟子·離婁下》:孟子曰:「舜生於諸馮,遷於負夏,卒於鳴條,東夷之人也。」
Mencius said, 'Shun was born in Zhu Feng, removed to Fu Xia, and died in Ming Tiao - a man near the wild tribes on the east.'
史記·五帝本紀》:舜耕歷山,漁雷澤,陶河濱,作什器於壽丘,就時於負夏
Ploughed on Li mountain, fished in Thunder lake, made pots on the bank of the river, fashioned various articles at Shouqiu, and went now and then to Fuxia.
禮記·檀弓上》:曾子吊於負夏,主人既祖,填池,推柩而反之,降婦人而後行禮。
Zeng-zi having gone on a visit of condolence to Fu-Xia, the chief mourner had already presented the sacrifice of departure, and removed the offerings. He caused the bier, however, to be pushed back to its former place, and made the women come down (again), after which (the visitor) went through his ceremony.
國語·齊語》:筑葵茲、晏、負夏、領釜丘,以御戎狄之地,所以禁暴于諸侯也。
韓詩外傳·卷三》:舜生於諸馮,遷於負夏,卒於鳴條,東夷之人也。

負黍
shǔ ㄈㄨˋ ㄕㄨˇ : [地名] [Name of a place]
史記·周本紀》:五十九年,秦取韓陽城負黍,西周恐,倍秦,與諸侯約從,將天下銳師出伊闕攻秦,令秦無得通陽城。
春秋左傳》:周儋翩率王子朝之徒,因鄭人將以作亂于周,鄭於是乎伐馮,滑,胥靡,負黍,狐人,闕外,六月,晉閻沒戍周,且城胥靡。
後漢書·馮衍傳下》:求善卷之所存兮,遇許由於負黍

Example usage

論語·鄉黨》:版者。
To any person in mourning he bowed forward to the crossbar of his carriage; he bowed in the same way to any one bearing the tables of population.
孟子·離婁下》:昔沈猶有芻之禍,從先生者七十人,未有與焉。
Formerly, when Shen You was exposed to the outbreak of the grass-carriers, there were seventy disciples in our master's following, and none of them took part in the matter.
禮記·深衣》:繩及踝以應直。
The cord-like (seam) at the back descended to the ankles, as if it had been a straight line.
揚子法言》:秦之有司,秦之法度。
The Qin's own officials turned their backs Qin law.
莊子·逍遙遊》:且夫水之積也不厚,則大舟也無力。
And moreover, (to speak of) the accumulation of water; if it be not great, it will not have strength to support a large boat.
道德經》:萬物陰而抱陽,沖氣以為和。
All things leave behind them the Obscurity (out of which they have come), and go forward to embrace the Brightness (into which they have emerged), while they are harmonised by the Breath of Vacancy.
商君書·更法》:且夫有高人之行者,固見於世。
Moreover, he who conducts himself as an outstanding man is, as a matter of course, disapproved of by the world.
孫子兵法·始計》:曰:主孰有道,將孰有能,天地孰得,法令孰行,兵眾孰強,士卒孰練,賞罰孰明,吾以此知勝矣。
In this wise: (1) Which of the two sovereigns is imbued with the Moral law? (2) Which of the two generals has most ability? (3) With whom lie the advantages derived from Heaven and Earth? (4) On which side is discipline most rigorously enforced? (5) Which army is stronger? (6) On which side are officers and men more highly trained? (7) In which army is there the greater constancy both in reward and punishment? By means of these seven considerations I can forecast victory or defeat.
史記·五帝本紀》:堯曰:「鯀命毀族,不可。」
Yao said, 'Gun disobeys orders, and ruins his companions. He will not do.'
荀子·正論》:居則設張容,依而坐,諸侯趨走乎堂下。
說苑·脩文》:衣必荷規而承矩,繩而準下。
春秋繁露·竹林》:繼其業者,宜務善以覆之,父伐人喪,子以喪伐人,父加不義於人,子施失恩於親,以犯中國,是父故惡於前,己起大惡於後。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:乃夫釜甑,妻戴經器,變易姓字,莫知其所之
大戴禮記·主言》:孔子不應,曾子懼,退序而立。
白虎通德論·鄉射》:俱降,以宗禮讓,可以選士。
新書·耳痺》:越於是果逆謀約,襲剉夫差,兼吳而拊。
新序·善謀下》:酈生說漢王曰:「方今燕、趙已復,唯齊未下,今田橫據千里之齊,田閒據二十萬之軍於歷城,諸田宗強,海岱阻河齊,南近楚,民多變詐,陛下雖遣數十萬師,未可以歲月下也。」
中論·爵祿》:周公之為諸侯、猶臣也,及其踐明堂之祚,斧扆而立,則越裳氏來獻白雉。
孔子家語·致思》:子路見於孔子曰:「重涉遠,不擇地而休。」
潛夫論·遏利》:伯夷、叔齊餓于首陽,白駒、介推遯逃於山谷,顏、原、公拆困饉於郊野,守志篤固,秉節不虧,寵祿不能固,威勢不能移,雖有南面之尊、公侯之位,德義有殆,禮義不班,撓志如芷,心若芬,固弗為也。
論衡·累害》:夫采玉者破石拔玉,選士者棄惡取善,夫如是,累害之人世以行,指擊之者從何往哉?
太玄經·》:上九,其勤其勤,抱車入淵,舟上山。
風俗通義·六國》:到王芻,遂為秦所滅。
孔叢子·記問》:其父析薪,其子弗克荷,是謂不肖。
新語·慎微》:是以伊尹鼎,屈於有莘之野,修達德於草廬之下,躬執農夫之作,意懷帝王之道,身在衡門之裏,志圖八極之表,故釋鼎之志,為天子之佐,剋夏立商,誅逆征暴,除天下之患,辟殘賊之類,然後海內治、百姓寧。
蔡中郎集·釋誨》:故伊摯有鼎之衒,仲尼設執鞭之言,甯子有清商之歌,百里有豢牛之事。
墨子·經說下》::衡木加1重焉而不撓,極勝重也。
列子·仲尼》:然則臣之名不以其力者也,以能用其力者也,不猶愈於其力者乎?
鶡冠子·近迭》:鶡冠子曰:「行枉則禁,反正則舍,是故不殺降人,主道所高,莫貴約束,得地失信,聖王弗據,倍言約,各將有故。」
文子·精誠》:虙犧氏之王天下,枕方寢繩,殺秋約冬,方州,抱員天,陰陽所擁沈不通者竅理之,逆氣戾物傷民厚積者絕止之,其民童蒙不知西東,視瞑瞑,行蹎蹎,侗然自得,莫知其所由,浮游汎然,不知所本,罔養不知所如往,當此之時,禽獸蟲蛇無不懷其爪牙,藏其螫毒,功揆天地。
文始真經·一宇》:兩人奕,相遇則勝見。
列仙傳·馬師皇》:一旦,龍皇而去。
老子河上公章句》:萬物陰而抱陽,萬物無不陰而向陽,迴心而就日。
韓非子·初見秦》:乃復悉士卒以攻邯鄲,不能拔也,棄甲弩,戰竦而卻,天下固已量秦力二矣。
申不害·大體》:今使烏獲、彭祖千鈞之重,而懷琬琰之美,令孟賁、成荊帶干將之劍衛之,行乎幽道,則盜猶偷之矣。
慎子·民雜》:人君自任,而務為善以先下,則是代下任蒙勞也,臣反逸矣。
諫逐客書》:由此觀之,客何於秦哉!
管子·輕重丁》:桓公曰:「崢丘之戰,民多稱貸,子息,以給上之急,度上之求,寡人欲復業產,此何以洽?」
吳子·料敵》:武侯問曰:「吾欲觀敵之外以知其內,察其進以知其止,以定勝,可得聞乎?」
六韜·五音》:武王問太公曰:「律音之聲,可以知三軍之消息、勝之決乎?」
司馬法·仁本》:固不服則侵之。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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