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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+8CA0

Seal script

Simplified character

Radical:+ 2 strokes = 9 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.322#37 Kangxi: p.1204#06 Cihai: p.1268r5c01 GSR: 1000.a Hanyu: v6,p3623#04
Composition:Top: 𠂊, bottom: . Component of: 𡥼 𡯿 𬌻 𮠂 𧶙 𫻉 𮚱 𪃓 𪍏
Mandarin: ㄈㄨˋ
Cantonese:fu6
Tang reconstruction:*bhiou
Shuowen:贝部》负:恃也。从人守贝,有所恃也。一曰受贷不偿。
Guangyun:广韵·上声··》负:担也,荷也,又受贷不偿曰负背恩忘德曰负也。
Kangxi:康熙字典·贝部·》负:《唐韵》房久切《集韵》《韵会》扶缶切,𠀤音妇。《说文》恃也。从人守贝,有所恃也。《史记·魏其武安侯传》武安负贵而好权。又《说文》一曰受贷不偿。《前汉·邓通传》通家尚负责数钜万。又《释名》负,背也。置项背也。《玉篇》担也。或作偩。《广韵》荷也。《易·解卦》负且乗,致𡨥至。《·大雅》是任是负。《左传·庄二十年》弛于负担。又背也。《礼·明堂位》天子负斧,依南鄕而立。《注》负之言背也。又依也。《孟子》虎负嵎。《赵岐注》虎依嵎而怒。又失也。《战国策》公负令秦与强齐战。《注》负,犹失也。又老母之称。《史记·高祖纪》常从王媪、武负贳酒。《汉书注》如淳曰:俗谓老大母爲阿负。师古曰:《列女传》云魏曲沃负者,魏大夫如耳之母也。古语谓老母爲负耳。又败也。《史记·𨻰丞相世家》无益于胜负之数。《孙子·攻谋篇》一胜一负。又忧也。《后汉·章帝纪》刺史二千石不爲负。《注》负,犹忧也。又愧也。《后汉·张步传》负负无可言。《注》负,愧也。又《广韵》背恩忘德曰负。《李陵·答苏武书》陵虽孤恩,汉亦负德。又《类篇》违也。《史记·信陵君传》以负于魏。《注》索隐曰:负音佩。又《唐韵正》叶房以切。《·小雅》螟蛉有子,果蠃负之。敎诲尔子,式谷似之。又叶房遇切。《王延寿·鲁灵光殿赋》傍夭矫以横出,互黝纠而搏负。下岪蔚以璀错,上崎嶬而重注。○按负字,古音房以反。自《鲁灵光殿赋》始读爲房遇反。
Fanqie:房久 (《广韵·上声··》)
Unihan definition:load, burden; carry, bear

CTP Dictionary


负夏
xià ㄈㄨˋ ㄒㄧㄚˋ : [地名] [Name of a place]
孟子·离娄下》:孟子曰:“舜生于诸冯,迁于负夏,卒于鸣条,东夷之人也。”
Mencius said, 'Shun was born in Zhu Feng, removed to Fu Xia, and died in Ming Tiao - a man near the wild tribes on the east.'
史记·五帝本纪》:舜耕历山,渔雷泽,陶河滨,作什器于寿丘,就时于负夏
Ploughed on Li mountain, fished in Thunder lake, made pots on the bank of the river, fashioned various articles at Shouqiu, and went now and then to Fuxia.
礼记·檀弓上》:曾子吊于负夏,主人既祖,填池,推柩而反之,降妇人而后行礼。
Zeng-zi having gone on a visit of condolence to Fu-Xia, the chief mourner had already presented the sacrifice of departure, and removed the offerings. He caused the bier, however, to be pushed back to its former place, and made the women come down (again), after which (the visitor) went through his ceremony.
国语·齐语》:筑葵兹、晏、负夏、领釜丘,以御戎狄之地,所以禁暴于诸侯也。
韩诗外传·卷三》:舜生于诸冯,迁于负夏,卒于鸣条,东夷之人也。

负黍
shǔ ㄈㄨˋ ㄕㄨˇ : [地名] [Name of a place]
史记·周本纪》:五十九年,秦取韩阳城负黍,西周恐,倍秦,与诸侯约从,将天下锐师出伊阙攻秦,令秦无得通阳城。
春秋左传》:周儋翩率王子朝之徒,因郑人将以作乱于周,郑于是乎伐冯,滑,胥靡,负黍,狐人,阙外,六月,晋阎没戍周,且城胥靡。
后汉书·冯衍传下》:求善卷之所存兮,遇许由于负黍

Example usage

论语·乡党》:版者。
To any person in mourning he bowed forward to the crossbar of his carriage; he bowed in the same way to any one bearing the tables of population.
孟子·离娄下》:昔沈犹有刍之祸,从先生者七十人,未有与焉。
Formerly, when Shen You was exposed to the outbreak of the grass-carriers, there were seventy disciples in our master's following, and none of them took part in the matter.
礼记·深衣》:绳及踝以应直。
The cord-like (seam) at the back descended to the ankles, as if it had been a straight line.
扬子法言》:秦之有司,秦之法度。
The Qin's own officials turned their backs Qin law.
庄子·逍遥游》:且夫水之积也不厚,则大舟也无力。
And moreover, (to speak of) the accumulation of water; if it be not great, it will not have strength to support a large boat.
道德经》:万物阴而抱阳,冲气以为和。
All things leave behind them the Obscurity (out of which they have come), and go forward to embrace the Brightness (into which they have emerged), while they are harmonised by the Breath of Vacancy.
商君书·更法》:且夫有高人之行者,固见于世。
Moreover, he who conducts himself as an outstanding man is, as a matter of course, disapproved of by the world.
孙子兵法·始计》:曰:主孰有道,将孰有能,天地孰得,法令孰行,兵众孰强,士卒孰练,赏罚孰明,吾以此知胜矣。
In this wise: (1) Which of the two sovereigns is imbued with the Moral law? (2) Which of the two generals has most ability? (3) With whom lie the advantages derived from Heaven and Earth? (4) On which side is discipline most rigorously enforced? (5) Which army is stronger? (6) On which side are officers and men more highly trained? (7) In which army is there the greater constancy both in reward and punishment? By means of these seven considerations I can forecast victory or defeat.
史记·五帝本纪》:尧曰:“鲧命毁族,不可。”
Yao said, 'Gun disobeys orders, and ruins his companions. He will not do.'
荀子·正论》:居则设张容,依而坐,诸侯趋走乎堂下。
说苑·修文》:衣必荷规而承矩,绳而准下。
春秋繁露·竹林》:继其业者,宜务善以覆之,父伐人丧,子以丧伐人,父加不义于人,子施失恩于亲,以犯中国,是父故恶于前,己起大恶于后。
韩诗外传·卷二》:乃夫釜甑,妻戴经器,变易姓字,莫知其所之
大戴礼记·主言》:孔子不应,曾子惧,退序而立。
白虎通德论·乡射》:俱降,以宗礼让,可以选士。
新书·耳痹》:越于是果逆谋约,袭锉夫差,兼吴而拊。
新序·善谋下》:郦生说汉王曰:“方今燕、赵已复,唯齐未下,今田横据千里之齐,田闲据二十万之军于历城,诸田宗强,海岱阻河齐,南近楚,民多变诈,陛下虽遣数十万师,未可以岁月下也。”
中论·爵禄》:周公之为诸侯、犹臣也,及其践明堂之祚,斧扆而立,则越裳氏来献白雉。
孔子家语·致思》:子路见于孔子曰:“重涉远,不择地而休。”
潜夫论·遏利》:伯夷、叔齐饿于首阳,白驹、介推遯逃于山谷,颜、原、公拆困馑于郊野,守志笃固,秉节不亏,宠禄不能固,威势不能移,虽有南面之尊、公侯之位,德义有殆,礼义不班,挠志如芷,心若芬,固弗为也。
论衡·累害》:夫采玉者破石拔玉,选士者弃恶取善,夫如是,累害之人世以行,指击之者从何往哉?
太玄经·》:上九,其勤其勤,抱车入渊,舟上山。
风俗通义·六国》:到王刍,遂为秦所灭。
孔丛子·记问》:其父析薪,其子弗克荷,是谓不肖。
新语·慎微》:是以伊尹鼎,屈于有莘之野,修达德于草庐之下,躬执农夫之作,意怀帝王之道,身在衡门之里,志图八极之表,故释鼎之志,为天子之佐,克夏立商,诛逆征暴,除天下之患,辟残贼之类,然后海内治、百姓宁。
蔡中郎集·释诲》:故伊挚有鼎之衒,仲尼设执鞭之言,甯子有清商之歌,百里有豢牛之事。
墨子·经说下》::衡木加1重焉而不挠,极胜重也。
列子·仲尼》:然则臣之名不以其力者也,以能用其力者也,不犹愈于其力者乎?
鶡冠子·近迭》:鶡冠子曰:“行枉则禁,反正则舍,是故不杀降人,主道所高,莫贵约束,得地失信,圣王弗据,倍言约,各将有故。”
文子·精诚》:虙牺氏之王天下,枕方寝绳,杀秋约冬,方州,抱员天,阴阳所拥沈不通者窍理之,逆气戾物伤民厚积者绝止之,其民童蒙不知西东,视瞑瞑,行蹎蹎,侗然自得,莫知其所由,浮游泛然,不知所本,罔养不知所如往,当此之时,禽兽虫蛇无不怀其爪牙,藏其螫毒,功揆天地。
文始真经·一宇》:两人奕,相遇则胜见。
列仙传·马师皇》:一旦,龙皇而去。
老子河上公章句》:万物阴而抱阳,万物无不阴而向阳,回心而就日。
韩非子·初见秦》:乃复悉士卒以攻邯郸,不能拔也,弃甲弩,战竦而却,天下固已量秦力二矣。
申不害·大体》:今使乌获、彭祖千钧之重,而怀琬琰之美,令孟贲、成荆带干将之剑卫之,行乎幽道,则盗犹偷之矣。
慎子·民杂》:人君自任,而务为善以先下,则是代下任蒙劳也,臣反逸矣。
谏逐客书》:由此观之,客何于秦哉!
管子·轻重丁》:桓公曰:“峥丘之战,民多称贷,子息,以给上之急,度上之求,寡人欲复业产,此何以洽?”
吴子·料敌》:武侯问曰:“吾欲观敌之外以知其内,察其进以知其止,以定胜,可得闻乎?”
六韬·五音》:武王问太公曰:“律音之声,可以知三军之消息、胜之决乎?”
司马法·仁本》:固不服则侵之。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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