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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+8CDE

Seal script

Jinwen

Jianbo

Simplified character

Radical:+ 8 strokes = 15 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.312#18 Kangxi: p.1209#19 Cihai: p.1276r4c01 GSR: 725.n Hanyu: v6,p3647#07
Composition:Top: 𫩠, bottom: . Component of: 𢤗 𫲐 𭣁 𤪸 𦘆 𧭢 𮩗
Mandarin:shǎng ㄕㄤˇ
Cantonese:soeng2
Tang reconstruction:*shiɑ̌ng
Shuowen:贝部》赏:赐有功也。从贝尚声。
Guangyun:广韵·上声··》赏:赐也,又吴姓有赏氏。书两切,五。
Kangxi:康熙字典·贝部·》赏:《广韵》书两切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》始两切,𠀤音向。《说文》赐有功也。《·大禹谟》赏延于世。又《仲虺之诰》功懋懋赏。《周礼·天官·大宰》三载,则计羣吏之治而诛赏之。又《战国策》故赏韩王,以近河外。《注》赏,犹劝也。又《类篇》一曰玩也,嘉也。《陶潜·移居诗》奇文共欣赏。又凡贻与者亦曰赏。《柳宗元·送薛存义序》于其往也,赏以酒肉,重之以辞。又姓。《姓纂》晋人赏庆,注《周易》。
Fanqie:书两 (《广韵·上声··》)
Unihan definition:reward, grant, bestow; appreciate

Example usage

论语·颜渊》:孔子对曰:“苟子之不欲,虽之不窃。”
Confucius said, "If you, sir, were not covetous, although you should reward them to do it, they would not steal."
扬子法言》:忠以卫上,君念其
If you show loyalty by protecting those above, the ruler's thoughts will be on rewards.
墨子·经上》:,上报下之功也。
Shang (reward) is requital from above for achievement below.
庄子·胠箧》:故逐于大盗,揭诸侯,窃仁义并斗斛、权衡、符玺之利者,虽有轩冕之弗能劝,斧钺之威弗能禁。
Thus they hasten to become great robbers, carry off princedoms, and steal benevolence and righteousness, with all the gains springing from the use of pecks and bushels, weights and steelyards, tallies and seals: even the rewards of carriages and coronets have no power to influence (to a different course), and the terrors of the axe have no power to restrain in such cases.
商君书·去强》:重罚轻,则上爱民,民死上。
If penalties are made heavy and rewards light, the ruler loves his people and they will die for him.
孙子兵法·始计》:曰:主孰有道,将孰有能,天地孰得,法令孰行,兵众孰强,士卒孰练,罚孰明,吾以此知胜负矣。
In this wise: (1) Which of the two sovereigns is imbued with the Moral law? (2) Which of the two generals has most ability? (3) With whom lie the advantages derived from Heaven and Earth? (4) On which side is discipline most rigorously enforced? (5) Which army is stronger? (6) On which side are officers and men more highly trained? (7) In which army is there the greater constancy both in reward and punishment? By means of these seven considerations I can forecast victory or defeat.
史记·夏本纪》:用命,于祖。
You who obey my orders shall be rewarded in the ancestral temple.
礼记·月令》:还反,公卿、诸侯、大夫于朝。
荀子·大略》:刑罚,通类而后应。
说苑·君道》:故不而民劝,不罚而民治。
春秋繁露·盟会要》:公心以是非,善诛恶而王泽洽,始于除患,正一而万物备。
韩诗外传·卷二》:治心术则不妄喜怒,不妄喜怒则罚不阿。
大戴礼记·主言》:孔子曰:“至礼不让而天下治,至不费而天下之士说,至乐无声而天下之民和。”
白虎通德论》:诸侯比王者为阴,南面罚为阳,法雷也。
新书·修政语上》:故不而民劝,不罚而民治,先恕而后行,是以德音远也。
新序·善谋下》:战胜而不得其,拔城而不得其封。
中论·法象》:无爵禄之,而万民怀之。
孔子家语·王言解》:不费而天下士说。
潜夫论·务本》:故仁以义费于彼者,天之于此
论衡·幸偶》:晋文修文德,徐偃行仁义,文公以赐,偃王以破灭。
风俗通义·五帝》:谨按:《易》、《尚书大传》:“天立五帝以为相,四时施生,法度明察,春夏庆,秋冬刑罚,帝者任德设刑,以则象之。”
孔丛子·记问》:其君以誉为,以毁为罚,贤者不居焉。
申鉴·政体》: 兴农桑以养其生,审好恶以正其俗,宣文教以章其化,立武备以秉其威,明罚以统其法。
忠经·武备章》:以劝之。
素书·原始章》:义者人之所宜,善罚恶,以立功立事。
新语·道基》:于是皋陶乃立狱制罪,悬设罚,异是非,明好恶,检奸邪,消佚乱。
独断·卷上》:《尚书》曰:“用命于祖,不用命戮于社。”
蔡中郎集·独断》:《尚书》曰:“用命于祖,不用命戮于社。”
列子·黄帝》:遂与商丘开俱乘高台,于众中漫言曰:“有能自投下者百金。”
鶡冠子·夜行》:五行业也,五政道也,五音调也,五声故也,五味事也,罚约也。
文子·精诚》:善罚暴者,正令也。
列仙传·稷丘君》:武帝时,以道术受赐。
鬻子》:无有无罪而见诛,无有有功而不
老子河上公章句》:善,恐伪善生。
韩非子·初见秦》:则不与,言罚则不行,罚不信,故士民不死也。
慎子·威德》:明君动事分功必由慧,定分财必由法,行德制中必由礼。
管子·轻重己》:牺牲以彘,发号出令曰:“罚而勿,夺而勿予,罪狱诛而勿生,终岁之罪,毋有所赦,作衍牛马之实在野者王”,天子之秋计也。
公孙龙子·迹府》:有功则之,无功则亦之,而怨人之不理也,可乎?
吴子·料敌》:秦性强,其地险,其政严,其罚信,其人不让,皆有鬭心,故散而自战。
六韬·盈虚》:所憎者,有功必
司马法·天子之义》:从命为士上,犯命为士上戮,故勇力不相犯。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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