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Chinese Text Project

U+8CE2

Seal script

Jinwen

Semantic variant

Semantic variant
Semantic variant

Simplified character

Radical:+ 8 strokes = 15 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.133#37 Kangxi: p.1209#28 Cihai: p.1276r5c02 GSR: 368.e Hanyu: v6,p3646#06
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of: 𫣴 𡮷 𡮺 𢤞 𢸒 𤂐 𪦬
Mandarin:xián ㄒㄧㄢˊ
Cantonese:jin4
Tang reconstruction:*hen
Shuowen:貝部》賢:多才也。从貝臤聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》賢:善也,能也,大也,亦姓。胡田切,十七。
Kangxi:康熙字典·貝部·》賢:〔古文〕臤贒《廣韻》《正韻》戸田切《集韻》《韻會》戸千切,𠀤音弦。《說文》多才也。《玉篇》有善行也。《易·鼎卦》大亨,以養聖賢。又《繫辭》可久則賢人之德,可大則賢人之業。《·大禹謨》野無遺賢。又《咸有一德》任官惟賢材。又《禮·內則》若富,則具二牲獻其賢者於宗子。《註》賢,猶善也。又勝也。《禮·投壷》某賢於某若干純。《註》以勝爲賢。又下見切,音現。《周禮·冬官考工記》《輪人》:五分其轂之長,去一以爲賢。《註》賢,大穿也。又《韻補》叶下珍切。《·小雅》我從事獨賢。叶上臣。《前漢·敘傳》旣登爵位,祿賜頤賢,布衾疏食,用儉飭身。
Fanqie:胡田 (《廣韻·下平聲··》)
Unihan definition:virtuous, worthy, good; able

Example usage

論語·學而》:子夏曰:「易色,事父母能竭其力,事君能致其身,與朋友交言而有信。」
Zi Xia said, "If a man withdraws his mind from the love of beauty, and applies it as sincerely to the love of the virtuous; if, in serving his parents, he can exert his utmost strength; if, in serving his prince, he can devote his life; if, in his intercourse with his friends, his words are sincere"
孟子·盡心上》:仁者無不愛也,急親之為務。
The benevolent embrace all in their love, but what they consider of the greatest importance is to cultivate an earnest affection for the virtuous.
禮記·緇衣》:子曰:「輕絕貧賤,而重絕富貴,則好不堅,而惡惡不著也。」
The Master said, 'When a man on light grounds breaks off his friendship with the poor and mean, and only on great grounds with the rich and noble, his love of worth cannot be great, nor does his hatred of evil clearly appear.'
揚子法言》:人則異眾人矣,聖人則異人矣。
The worthy are different from the common man, and the sage is different from the worthy.
莊子·人間世》:且苟為悅而惡不肖,惡用而求有以異?
Further, if perchance he takes pleasure in men of worth and hates those of an opposite character, what is the use of your seeking to make yourself out to be different (from such men about him)?
道德經》:不尚,使民不爭。
Not to value and employ men of superior ability is the way to keep the people from rivalry among themselves.
商君書·更法》:者更禮,而不肖者拘焉。
A man of talent reforms rites, but a worthless man is enslaved by them.
荀子·大略》:古之人,賤為布衣,貧為匹夫,食則饘粥不足,衣則豎褐不完。
說苑·君道》:對曰:「人君之道清淨無為,務在博愛,趨在任。」
春秋繁露·玉杯》:是故雖有至,能為君親含容其惡,不能為君親令無惡。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:君人者、降禮尊而王,重法愛民而霸,好利多詐而危,權謀傾覆而亡。
大戴禮記·主言》:孔子曰:「上敬老則下益孝,上順齒則下益悌,上樂施則下益諒,上親則下擇友,上好德則下不隱,上惡貪則下恥爭,上強果則下廉恥,民皆有別,則貞、則正,亦不勞矣,此謂七教。」
白虎通德論·》:極於百里。
新書·脩政語上》:故諸君子得而舉之,得而與之,譬其若登山乎。
新序·善謀下》:今陛下能封聖人之墓,表人之閭,軾智者之門乎?
中論·治學》:者不能學於遠,乃學於近,故以聖人為師。
孔子家語·始誅》:陳道德以先服之,而猶不可,尚以勸之。
潛夫論·讚學》:先聖得道之精者以行其身,欲人自勉以入於道。
論衡·命義》:及長,置以師良傅,教君臣、父子之道。
太玄經·》:測曰,「虛邪」「矢夫」、得臣也。
風俗通義》:今俗語雖云浮淺,然愚所共咨論,有似犬馬,其為難矣。
孔叢子·廣詁》:、裒、繁、優、饒、夥,多也。
申鑒·政體》:惟先哲王之政,一曰承天,二曰正身,三曰任,四曰恤民,五曰明制,六曰立業。
忠經·聖君章》:祿官能,式敷大化。
素書·原始章》:人君子,明於盛衰之道,通乎成敗之數,審乎治亂之勢,達乎去就之理。
新語·道基》:聖人王世,者建功,湯舉伊尹,周任呂望,行合天地,德配陰陽,承天誅惡,剋暴除殃,將氣養物,明□設光,耳聽八極,目覩四方,忠進讒退,直立邪亡,道行姦止,不得兩張,□本理,杜漸消萌。
獨斷·卷下》:天子冠通天冠,諸侯王冠遠遊冠,公侯冠進冠,公王三梁,卿大夫、尚書、二千石博士冠兩梁,千石、六百石以下至小吏冠一梁。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:珠冕、爵冔收、通天冠、進冠、長冠、緇布冠、委貌冠、皮弁、惠文冠,古者天子冠所加者,其次在漢禮。
墨子·大取》:舉己,非也。
列子·天瑞》:又有人鍾世,矜巧能,脩名譽,誇張於世,而不知己者,亦何人哉?
鶡冠子·博選》:君也者,端神明者也,神明者,以人為本者也,人者,以聖為本者也,聖者,以博選為本者也,博選者,以五至為本者也。
文子·道原》:有餘者有名,有名者高也。
文始真經·一宇》:一情善,為人。
鬻子》:聖人在上,士百里而有一人,則猶無有也。
老子河上公章句》:稟氣有厚薄,得中和滋液,則生聖,得錯亂污辱,則生貪淫也。
韓非子·難言》:故子胥善謀而吳戮之,仲尼善說而匡圍之,管夷吾實而魯囚之。
申不害·大體》:今人君之力,非乎烏獲、彭祖,而勇非乎孟賁、成荊也。
慎子·威德》:而屈於不肖者,權輕也。
管子·明法解》:明主之擇人也,言勇者試之以軍,言智者試之以官,試於軍而有功者則舉之,試於官而事治者則用之。
孫子兵法·用間》:故明君將,所以動而勝人,成功出于眾者,先知也。
吳子·圖國》:君能使者居上,不肖者處下,則陳已定矣。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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